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Group Locomotor Imagery Training-Combined Knowledge of Performance in Community-Dwelling Individuals With Chronic Stroke: A Pilot Study

  • Choi, Bo-Ram;Hwang, Su-Jin;Lee, Hee-Won;Kang, Sun-Young;Jeon, Hye-Seon
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.74-80
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    • 2013
  • We evaluated whether group locomotor imagery training-combined knowledge of performance (KP) lead to improvements in gait function in community dwelling individuals with chronic stroke. Ten adults who had suffered a hemiparetic stroke at least 6 months earlier participated in group locomotor imagery training-combined KP for 5 weeks, twice per week, with 2 h intensive training. Dynamic gait index scores increased significantly after the group locomotor imagery training-combined KP. However, times for the timed up-and-go test did not improve significantly after the training. Group locomotor imagery training-combined KP may be a useful option for the relearning of gait performance for community dwelling individuals with chronic hemiparetic stroke.

Effect of Taeyeumjowee-Tang and Electroacupuncture Combined-therapy on (태음조위탕(太陰調胃湯)과 전기침(電氣鍼) 병행치료의 비만에 대한 효과)

  • Cho, Jung-Hoon;Song, Byung-Jae;Jang, Young-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.77-83
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    • 2001
  • We wanted to study the effect of Taeyeumjowee-tang and electroacupunctre combined-therapy on obese patients. From 1 March, 2000 to 30, September, 2000 we studied 33 out-ward patients who clinically diagnosed obesity and classified Tae-Em-In by QSCC(Questionnaire of Sasang Constitution Classification). We treated the patients by electroacupuncture therapy and taeyeumjowee-tang for 6 weeks, We investigated the change of mean body weight, mean body mass index, mean obesity degree, percent body fat and waist-hip circumference ratio. To analyze the results we used repeat measure method by SPSS ver 7.5. The results were as follows: 1. From $70.4{\pm}11.4\;to\;64.9{\pm}8.7$, mean body weight was significantly decreased according to combined-therapy. 2. From $27.2{\pm}3.2\;to\;24.6{\pm}2.7$, mean BMI was significantly decreased according to combined-therapy. 3. From $116.7{\pm}13.9\;to\;104.4{\pm}12.1$, mean obesity degree was significantly decreased according to combined-therapy. 4. From $32.1{\pm}6.8\;to\;27.4{\pm}7.5$, percent body fat was significantly decreased according to combined-therapy. 5. From $0.90{\pm}0.06\;to\;$0.86{\pm}0.06$, waist-hip circumference ratio was significantly decreased according to combined-therapy. In this study we knew the combined-therapy of electroacupuncture and taeyeumjowee-tang is very efficient in obese patient.

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A Systemic Review of Korean Medical Treatment Combined with Continuous Passive Motion Therapy on the Knee Joint Postoperative Rehabilitation (슬관절 수술 후 재활에 대한 Continuous Passive Motion 치료와 한의 병행치료의 체계적 문헌 고찰)

  • Ha, Hyun Ju;Oh, Min-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.33-45
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    • 2017
  • Objectives The objective of this study is to report the evidence that continuous passive motion (CPM) therapy combined with Korean Medicine is effective for knee injuries. Methods We searched 2 Korean medical electronic databases, and 2 Chinese electronic databases to find randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) that treat knee injuries with Korean Medicine combined with CPM therapy. We selected studies by screening. We extracted data from selected RCTs, and analyzed RCTs by using Cochrane's Risk of bias criteria. Results 386 studies are searched, and 7 RCTs are selected. According to the study, several kinds of Korean Medicine such as hydrotherapy, decoction, acupuncture, moxibustion, and manual therapy are used with CPM therapy for the knee joint postoperative rehabilitation. We found the encouraging evidence that Korean Medicine and CPM combined therapy is more effective than single CPM therapy by alleviating pain, increasing range of motion, and improving knee function, etc. However, the risk of bias in most RCTs was judged to be uncertain. Conclusions Combination of Korean Medicine and CPM therapy can compensate the defect of single CPM therapy, and promotes the recovery of knee joint function.

The Clinical study on the change of pain after needle acupuncture and needle acupuncture combined herbal acupuncture therapy in the musculoskeletal disorder (근골격계질환에 있어서 침치료와 침과 약침복합치료 자극 후 통증의 변화)

  • Lim, Jeong-A;Kim, Sung-Nam;Lee, Sung-Yong;Lee, Sang-Kwan;Moon, Hyung-Cheol;Koo, Sung-Tae;Choi, Sun-Mi;Kim, Sung-Chul
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2005
  • Objective : This study was performed to compare needle acupuncture combined herbal acupuncture therapy with only needle acupuncture therapy in VAS and pain threshold. Methods : We used pressure algometer to evaluate the change of pain threshold before and after treatment. The numberical value of pressure algometer is obtained twice and averaged by identical acupuncturist. Visual analogue scale(VAS) was used to estimate the efficacy of needle acupuncture combined herbal acupuncture therapy. Result : The following results were obtained; 1. The significant difference in VAS was showed before and after treatment in only needle acupuncture therapy. 2. The significant difference in pain threshold and VAS was showed before and after treatment in needle acupuncture combined herbal acupuncture therapy. 3. In the pain threshold, the significant difference between only needle acupuncture and needle acupuncture combined herbal acupuncture therapy was not showed. 4. Needle acupuncture combined herbal acupuncture therapy showed the more effective change of VAS than only needle acupuncture therapy. Conclusions : In the pain control, needle acupuncture combined herbal acupuncture therapy is more effective than only needle acupuncture therapy.

Influence of Bridge Exercise Combined with Whole Body Vibration on Muscle Activity and Balance of Stroke Patient (전신 진동을 결합한 교각운동이 뇌졸중 환자의 근활성도와 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Daejung;Park, Seungkyu;Kang, Jungil;Kim, Jeho;Jung, Daekeun;Oh, Suwhan;Uhm, Yohan
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.291-300
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    • 2019
  • Purpose : This study focuses on the influence of bridge exercise combined with whole body vibration on muscle activity and balance. Methods : 30 stroke patients were recruited for subjects. The subjects were divided to bridge exercise combined stable surface (Group I), bridge exercise combined unstable surface (Group II), and bridge exercise combined bridge exercise (Group III), of which 10 subjects were randomly allocated. The subjects were given 30 minutes of neurologic physical therapy which included gait training and muscular strength training, and additionally given 30 minutes of bridge exercise combined stable surface, bridge exercise combined unstable surface, and bridge exercise combined whole body vibration for each group, five times a week, for 8 weeks. Their muscle activity and balance were analyzed before the intervention. After 8 weeks of the intervention, the mentioned parameters were measured once more for between-group analysis. Results : Comparative analysis of the muscle activity and balance between the groups showed statistically significant difference, and post-hoc analysis showed the Group III had greater changes in muscle activity and balance than Group Iand Group II. Conclusion : Such results revealed that bridge exercise combined with whole body vibration is effective in muscle activity and balance. Based on the current study, more effective program is to be proposed for elite athletes as well as stroke patients. Based on the current study, studies that incorporates various frequencies of vibration is required for development of effective whole body vibration exercise program.

Modified Sustained Natural Apophyseal Glides of Back Pain due to Combined Movement Dysfunction (복합운동 기능장애로 인한 요통의 수정된 SNAGs)

  • Park, Ji-Whan
    • The Journal of Korean of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 2002
  • The main purpose of this article is to suggest a modified SNAGs manual method in based of Mulligan techniques. And this study aimed to resolve the back pain which has combined movement dysfunction in lumbar spine, in addition to upgrade of manual therapy technique in clinical field. The results of this study were as following; 1. The first introduction of SNAGs in Korea is the 'International Mulligan Concepts and Techniques Seminar' by Prof. Russell M. Woodman(Quinnipiac college, USA), 1998. SNAGs is defined a mobilization with movement manual therapy that facet joints of the lesion mobilized to anterior-superior direction according to the treatment plane in apophyseal joint of hypomobility. 2. A treatment mechanism of the SNAGs is, Mulligan say, HIVD which is the result of posterior disk bulging from a increased between intervertebral pressure due to hypo-mobile of facet joints in abnormal spine, so therapist should be necessary mobilization of zygophyseal joints especially in disk lesion. 3. Because Mulligan does not yet mentioned SNAGs techniques about a back pain with combined movements dysfunction, so we suggest a modified SNAGs method for manual therapy of back pain patients due to combined movement dysfunction at lumbar.

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Chuna Manual Therapy Combined Acupuncture for Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Systematic Review (삼차신경통에 대한 추나와 침 복합치료의 효과: 체계적 문헌고찰)

  • Kim, Chan-Young;Heo, In;Hwang, Eui-Hyoung
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2016
  • Objectives To determine the effectiveness of Chuna manual therapy combined acupuncture for trigeminal neuralgia. Methods We searched 6 electronic databases (Pubmed, CAJ, Oasis, RISS, DBPIA, KoreanTK) and 2 journals up to August 2016. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using Chuna manual therapy combined acupuncture for trigeminal neuralgia. The methodological quality of each RCT was assessed by the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Results 3 RCT studies were eligible in our review. The meta-analysis of 3 studies showed favorable results for the use of Chuna manual therapy combined acupuncture. High risk of bias were observed in all studies. Conclusions Although there are favorable results with meta-analysis, our systematic review are highly dependent on the single source of Chinese electrical database, CAJ. Now limited evidence is available to support Chuna manual therapy combined acupuncture for trigeminal neuralgia and further well-designed RCTs should be encouraged.

The Effects of Combined Exercise Program for Patients with Chronic Neck Pain (만성 경부통 환자를 위한 복합운동프로그램의 효과)

  • Jang, Hyun-Jeong;Kim, Hyun-Hee;Song, Chang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.81-92
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare combined exercise program group to conventional physiotherapy for patients with chronic neck pain. Methods : Participants were randomly allocated to two groups by experimental(n=17) and control(n=17). Combined exercise program group involved stretching, stability, strengthening and endurance, proprioceptive exercises along with an educational programme. Patient attended for 60min, three times a weeks. Control group was treated as conventional physiotherapy on 40 min, three times a weeks. Outcome variables included pain, disability, range of motion, fatigability at 0 and 6 weeks. Results : Pain, Disability Index, Fatigability significantly decreased(p<.05) and Range of motion improved significantly after active exercise program(p<.05). In conclusion. Combined exercise program improves pain and disability, range of motion, fatigability. Conclusion : These results suggest that combined exercise program is suitable for chronic neck pain.

The Effect of Exercise Combined with Behavior Modification Therapy on the Degree of Obesity, Blood Lipid Level and Self-Esteem in Obese Middle-Aged Women (운동.행동수정요법을 병행한 프로그램이 중년기 비만 여성의 비만도 혈중지질 및 자아존중감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim In-Hong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.234-243
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    • 2001
  • Purpose : To investigate the effects of exercise combined with behavior modification therapy on the degree of obesity. blood lipid level and self-esteem in obese middle aged women. Method : 18 obese middle-aged women volunteers with a BMI over 30% were assigned to exercise combined with behavior modification therapy (n=9) or to a control group(n=9). For the intervention the experiment group used walking outdoors as excercise and behavior modification therapy for 12 weeks. Result Body weight, BMI, TC, TG, LDL-C, and % TC/HDL-C were significantly decreased in experimental group. Changes in HDL-C and self-esteem were significantly increased in the experimental group. Conclusion : This study provides evidence that regular exercise combined with behavior modification is effective in changing the degree of obesity, blood lipid level and self esteem in obese middle-aged women over 12 weeks.

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