Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
The purpose of this study was to analyze task commitment types of science learning in high school students' biology classification. Thirty students were selected as the representatives of five task commitment types according to task commitment type inventory scores. They participated in think-aloud biology classification task. To analyze the procedural characteristics of task commitment, a coding scheme and think-aloud task were developed. Characteristics of respective task commitment types were identified from the result of the think-aloud protocol coding analysis. They are TGC(task goal commitment) type, LGC(low goal commitment) type, CC(conditional commitment) type, SC(suspended commitment) type, and DC(delayed commitment) type. Findings gained from this study are expected to serve as the foundation of task commitment enhancement strategies and as the information on the characteristics of each task commitment type. Also, future studies are required to investigate the commitment-related properties not only in biology classification but also in other science learning situations.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of perceived organizational support on organizational commitment and career commitment of nurses. Method: The subjects of this study were 336 nurses who were working in the 6 hospitals. The data were collected by structured questionnaire from Oct. 9 to Nov. 7 of 2006. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression. Results: The mean score of POS was 2.87, organizational commitment was 3.30 and career commitment was 3.08. The POS was positively correlated with organizational commitment and career commitment. The POS and marital status explained 21.3% of the variance for affective commitment, 12.1% of the variance of continuous commitment. The POS and career explained 14.8% of the variance for career commitment. Conclusion: The findings showed that POS was important factor for enhancing organizational commitment and career commitment of clinical nurses. Therefore, the nurse manager must establish the strategies to improve the POS of the nurses in order to promote the organizational commitment and career commitment.
Purpose - Domestic franchise market has been grown steadily, reaching 50 trillion won in sales and 3,360 franchise headquarters in 2014. A franchise system is an effective business system for the franchisees to lower the failure rate due to the fact that the inexperienced entrepreneurs are supported by their headquarters through the franchisee contract. However, there are also conflicts between franchiser and franchisee behind the quantitative growth of domestic franchise industry. Therefore, it is very important to structure the causes of conflicts and to examine the effect of factors on the relationship commitment and performances. Research design, data, and methodology - In this study, the author divides the composite incompatibility between the franchise and the franchisee into goal incongruity, domain dissensus, and perceptual differences, and examines each dimension to the relationship with commitment and performances. To verify the proposed research model and test hypotheses, the author selected 200 franchise responses in food and beverage industry. The data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 and AMOS structural equation modeling program. Results - The empirical findings provide goal incongruity and perceptual differences have a negative effect on the affective commitment, but not the calculative commitment. In addition, affective commitment and calculative commitment are found to have a positive effect on re-contractual intention and extended brand shop running intention, respectively. Affective commitment have a stronger effect on re-contractual intention than calculative commitment. Conclusions - First of all, the fact that goal incongruity and perceptual differences negatively affect the affective commitment, but it does not affect the calculative commitment. It means the relationship commitment in distribution channel are multi-dimensional concept that may be attributed to emotional or affective dimensions but may exist in terms of necessity or power-dependence. Second, the level of relationship commitment such as affective and calculative commitment to franchise headquarters positively affects the re-contractual intention and franchiser's extend brand shop running intention suggest that franchiser should encourage and support existing franchisee's commitment. Third, the fact that affective commitment has a greater effect on relationship performance than calculative commitment means to induce franchisee's affective commitment and to prevent the inconsistency between goals and perceptual differences.
This study investigates "commitment" , which is the crucial variable in the study of relationship marketing, because I pay attention to the importance of relationship marketing toward consumers in virtual environment. This dissertation whose main issue is about virtual environment focuses on "commitment" from two perspectives. One is customers′ relationship commitment toward enterprises or corporations through internet sites and the other is relationship commitment between customers. The main purpose is to verify antecedents and consequents which influence relationship commitment toward internet sites (corporations or enterprises) and between customers. The hypotheses are that (1) share values and relationship benefit from internet sites affect relationship commitment toward internet sites (2) share values and interactions between customers affect relationship commitment between customers (3) interactions with relationship commitments toward internet sites and between customers exist (4) these relationship commitments affect future intentions. The subjects are university students who I think get used to using internet. The results indicate that (1) antecedents of relationship commitment toward internet sites and between customers are significantly influential (2) relationship commitment toward internet sites influences relationship commitment between customers, but the effect of relationship commitment between customers on relationship commitment toward internet sites is not significant (3) relationship commitment between customers influences future intentions, but the effect of relationship commitment toward internet sites on future intentions is not significant.
Rhee, Kyung Yong;Lee, Ki Beom;Allen, Natalie J.;Cho, Young Sook
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
This study was carried out in order to confirm the reliability and validity of the commitment inventory developed by Meyer and Allen, and to investigate commitment level of health manager, to compare two different professionals of health manager such as industrial health nurse and industrial hygienist to find out some characteristics that have effect on commitment. This survey was done by self-administered questionnaire to 227 respondents as the trainees of Industrial Safety Training Center, KISCO from June to December 1996. Authors classified commitment into two categories ; professional commitment and organizational commitment, and these two types of commitments have three different aspects ; affective, continuance, and normative commitment based on Meyer's inventory. The results were as follows; 1. Items of whole scales of the both type of commitments have three factors that represent three aspects of commitment ; affective, continuance, and normative commitment. This means that each type of commitment was reliable to use as measurement tool of three different aspects of commitment. Classification of items by factor analysis was more consistent in professional commitment than organizational commitment. Among 16 items of organizational commitment, four items were classified into different aspects of commitment with similar factor loading. 2. Commitment level of industrial health nurse was higher than that of industrial hygienist in affective, continuance professional commitment controlled by other characteristics. These differences can be due to other characteristics of specific task and background of health managers that were not used in this study. 3. The level of affective professional commitment was statistically different in age, sex, educational level, and that of organizational commitment was statistically different in only two variables such as age, and job tenure. The level of continuance professional and organizational commitments were different in sex group, but past history of employment have effect on continuance organizational commitment. The level of normative organizational commitment was affected by only age. As the above results, the tools of measurement of commitment developed by Meyer and Allen can be useful to measure the level of commitment of health manager. Three aspects of two types of commitments were influenced by different characteristics of health manager. Authors suggested future study on the affecting variables to the commitment such as background, task of health manager and organizational characteristics.
Purpose: The purpose of this study examines the mediating effect of clan leadership in the relationship between hierarchy culture and organizational commitment. Most previous research focused on the relationship between organizational culture and organizational performance or organizational culture and job satisfaction. There are few empirical studies that focus on organizational commitment data because it is difficult to collect in many cases of export-driven small and medium sized enterprises. However, this research measures affective commitment, continuance commitment, and normative commitment differently than previous research, which is mostly focused on the hierarchy culture, clan leadership, and organizational commitment measurements. Research design, data, methodology: Conceptual research model is based on the studies of Cameron and Quinn (2011), and Gungor and Sahin (2018). The model is designed with three constructs such as hierarchy culture, organizational commitment, and clan leadership. The monitor culture and coordinator culture are as proxy for the hierarchy culture. The affective commitment, continuance commitment, and normative commitment are as proxy for the organizational commitment. And also the facilitator leadership and mentor leadership are as proxy for the clan leadership. Based on three hundred cases such as export-driven small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), this study verify the hypothesis. Hypothesis was analyzed with the structural equation modeling. Results: In case of export-driven small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), clan leadership acts as a mediator in the relationship between hierarchy culture and organizational commitment. In case of export-driven small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) with high organizational commitment, clan leadership acts as a mediator in the relationship between hierarchy culture and organizational commitment. In case of export-driven small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) with low organizational commitment, clan leadership did not act as a mediator in the relationship between hierarchy culture and organizational commitment. Conclusions: By controlling for the mediating effect of clan culture, this study have improved the academic contributions as well as policy and practical implications through empirical study of clan leadership that affect organizational commitment in the fields of hierarchy culture. In addition, this study means that the mediating effects on the variables of clan leadership were examined.
The purposed of this study is to examine the general tendency of the degree of marital commitment and its relationship with marital satisfaction by comparison level , and to find out the factors which affect the marital commitment. For these purposed, a questionnaire was consisted of 35 items, of which 22 questions are for marital satisfaction and 13 questions for the degree of marital commitment(3 of instrumental commitment, 4 for moral commitment , 6 for affective commitment) The analytical methods adopted in this study were frequency, t-test, oneway-ANOVA, Duncan test, and Multiple Regression Analysis. The major findings of this study are follows; 1)The degree of marital commitment is high as a whole. 2)Marital satisfaction affects on the degree of marital commitment significantly. The more Marital satisfaction, the more the degree of marital commitment. 3) The degree of marital commitment is affected by the variables such as age the number of children. husband' job, wives' employment, and marriage type. 4) The factors which ha a especially strong relationships with marital commitment are marital satisfaction husbands' job, and the number of children.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
Purpose: The purpose of this study aims to provide a fundamental basis for more efficient human resource management of hospitals through career development and through lowering the rate of turnover of nurses. Method: The target group was 370 nurses who are currently employed at four general hospitals. Three hundred and twenty-nine documents were collected, and the statistical results were generated by the SAS program. Result: The average mean score of organizational commitment, career commitment and turnover intention were: 3.13 points for affective commitment, 3.09 points for continuance commitment and 2.92 points for normative commitment, out of a five point scale. The average mean score of career commitment and turnover intention was 2.89 and 3.28 points. The most influential variable in turnover intention was affective commitment out of organizational commitment. Conclusions: This study verified that organizational commitment and career commitment are key variables that could decrease turnover intentions.
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of person-job fit on organizational deviance and mediating effects of job satisfaction and organizational commitment(affective commitment and continuance commitment) on this relationship. Data were collected from 533 employees who were working in social welfare organizations by questionnaires. The result indicated that there were significantly positive relationships between person-job fit and job satisfaction or organizational commitment(affective commitment and continuance commitment). Also, there were significantly positive relationships between job satisfaction and affective commitment or continuance commitment. In addition, job satisfaction and affective commitment were negatively related to organizational deviance, and job satisfaction is more strongly related to organizational deviance than affective commitment. It was found that job satisfaction partially mediated the relationship between person-job fit and organizational commitment(affective commitment and continuance commitment) and affective commitment partially mediated the relationship between job satisfaction and organizational deviance. It was found that the person-job fit indirectly impacts organizational deviance though job satisfaction and affective commitment. Based on these results, the implication of this study and future research tasks were discussed.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the effects of university hospital nurses' organizational conflict between organizational commitment and labor union commitment, so as to provide data on prevention of conflict with the hospital and to improve work achievement with commitment of two different groups: hospital and labor union commitment. Methods: Data collection was conducted from May 15 to 31, 2011 for nurses registered in the labor union of a university hospital. The collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test and multiple regression. Results: Organizational commitment of the nurses showed significant differences according to age, position and work experience, and degree of labor union commitment according to academic achievement. The factors affecting labor union commitment were organizational conflict and recognition of need for labor union, which accounted for 19% of the variance. Factors affecting organizational commitment were organizational conflict, recognition of need for labor union, participation in organizational events, and renewal of membership in the union, which accounted for 33% of the variance. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that there is a need to improve work achievement by minimizing conflict and preventing labor disputes for better organizational commitment and labor union commitment of nurses.
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