• Title, Summary, Keyword: Communicative Competence

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The Impact of Communicative Competence on the Teaching Efficacy and Job Satisfaction of Early Childhood Teachers (유아교사의 의사소통능력이 교수효능감 및 직무만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sa Nyeo;Pu, Sung Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.511-524
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the communicative competence of early childhood teachers on their teaching efficacy and job satisfaction in an attempt to provide some information on the development of the communicative competence of early childhood teachers. Study results show that, first, the teaching efficacy of early childhood teachers differed according to their age, education and career level and their communicative competence differed according to their career level. Second, communicative competence had a statistically significant positive correlation with teaching efficacy and job satisfaction. Third, among the sub-factors of communicative competence, focusing attention and responding exerted a statistically significant positive influence on teaching efficacy. Among the sub-factors of communicative competence, focusing attention, analyzing and evaluating exerted a statistically significant positive influence on job satisfaction.

Influence of Self-Efficacy and Intercultural Communicative Competence on the Cultural Competence of Allied Health College Students (보건의료계열 대학생의 자신감과 문화 간 의사소통능력이 문화적 역량에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Nam Young;Song, Min Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.147-154
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The study examined the effects of self-efficacy and intercultural communicative competence on the cultural competence of allied health college students. Methods: The participants were 176 allied health college students. Data collection was conducted from June 12 to 30, 2018. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression analysis with the SPSS program. Results: The mean self-efficacy score was 3.52;, the mean intercultural communicative competence score was 3.24;, and the mean cultural competence score was 3.26. Cultural competence differed significantly by grade(p=.008), major(p<.001), overseas study exchange(p=.020), foreign language skill(p=.011), domestic multicultural friends (p=.002) and contact with people(p=.026) of general characteristics. Statistically significant positive relationships were observed between self-efficacy(r=.23), intercultural communicative competence(r=.58), and cultural competence. A total of 35.9% of cultural competence was explained by intercultural communicative competence and grade. Conclusion: These results can be used to develop cultural education programs to improve cultural competence, with consideration for intercultural communicative competence and grade levels.

A study on NNS teachers' needs for the training period in improving their general and classroom communicative competence, and its relations with teacher variables (영어교사 의사소통능력 향상을 위한 연수시간 요구도와 교사변인 연구)

  • Kwon, Sun-Hee
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.107-131
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    • 2010
  • The goals of the present study are two-fold: 1) to examine NNS teachers' needs for training period in improving their general communicative competence and classroom communicative competence, and 2) to explore the relationships of teachers' needs for the training period, and their current levels of general/classroom communicative competence and other background variables. Data was collected from seventy primary and secondary school English teachers (N=70) who participated in the six-month intensive teacher training program in South Korea. The teacher trainees responded to four questionnaires of 1) the self-diagnosis of their current levels of four language skills (L/S/R/W) in both general/classroom communicative competence, 2) the training period required to improve their general/classroom communicative competence for teaching both English and other subjects through English, 3) the period of their English teaching, and 4) the proportion of their English use in class. The data analysis has shown that there were the strong relationships between trainee needs for the training period and their teaching period, and the proportion of their English use in class. In terms of trainees' communicative competence, the significant relations of both their general/classroom communicative competence and their needs for the training period were found. Implications of the findings are discussed.

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Revisiting Communicative Competence in Korean EFL Education

  • Lee, Jae-Keun;Lee, Hi-Kyoung
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.71-90
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this paper is to discuss recent notions of communicative competence, especially as it is presented in Korean EFL education. Communicative competence has been modified and reinterpreted several times since the term was introduced by Hymes (1970). Paulston (1974) and Savignon (1983) focus on social interaction while Canale and Swain (1980) offer four categories of communicative competence: grammatical competence, discourse competence, sociolinguistic competence, and strategic competence. In addition, Tarone and Yule (1989) can be viewed as a systematic and comprehensive concept as well as a multi-dimensional mode (Bachman, 1990). Brown (2000) presents linguistic and functional aspects and Savignon's (1983) sociolinguistic competence has been transformed into sociocultural competence (Savignon, 2001). This study shows which aspects of Korean EFL education have been changed' and what needs to be accomplished for enhancing student's communicative competence.

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A study on effective ways of teaching English grammar (효과적인 문법지도 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Bu-Ja
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.109-132
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of the present study is to explore effective ways of teaching English grammar, which is geared toward improving students' communicative competence. Grammatical competence is essential to communicative competence. Grammatical knowledge cannot be acquired unconsciously in an EFL environment such as in Korea. Therefore learners should be given grammar instruction. More importantly, they should be instructed in grammar so that they can develop their grammatical abilities which are the foundation of communicative competence. The following is proposed for the grammar instruction placing the focus on improving communicative competence. First, it is effective to explain the form, meaning and pragmatics of a grammatical rule to learners in Korean. Second, learners should be given instruction in grammatical patterns that deals with constructions and meanings together, which can enable them to produce sentences by themselves. Third, it should be taught to understand constructions and meanings on the basis of word orders. Then the following steps of grammar instruction are suggested. In the first step of grammatical instruction, students should be provided with the illustrations of grammatical structures which link communicative functions and grammar. In the second step, learners should be gotten to practice grammatical constructions repeatedly enough to use them unconsciously. Lastly, communicative activities such as description and role plays should be included in grammar instruction to integrate grammar practice and communicative language use.

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How to improve the level of communicative competence (의사소통능력 향상을 위한 영어교육의 방향)

  • Choe, Yong-Jae
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • no.4
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    • pp.39-51
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    • 1998
  • This paper aims at implementing a new program designed to improve the level of communicative competence of Korean learners of English. For this purpose, the most important issue to be resolved is defined first. Then, a brief survey of the literature on the nature of communicative competence. Next, methodological considerations are added in because they are thought to be the keys to success. Lastly, the main teaching points are presented to ensure the success. The paper as a whole is a presentation of a new program for a better communicative competence. The new program is nothing other than actual communicative practice which ensures an authentic interaction.

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The Mediating Roles of Child Care Teachers' Communicative Competence in the Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Job Stress (보육교사의 정서지능과 직무스트레스 간의 관계에서 의사소통능력의 매개적 역할)

  • Park, Mi Ja;Park, Bokyung;Lim, Hee Ok
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.257-276
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between child care teachers' emotional intelligence, communicative competence, and job stress. Methods: Four hundred and fifty child care teachers answered questionnaires on three research variables. Data were analyzed by correlation analyses and regression analyses. Results: First, child care teachers' emotional intelligence, i.e. self-emotion appraisal, others' emotion appraisal, uses of emotion, and regulation of emotion, were negatively related to job stress. Second, child care teachers' emotional intelligence, i.e. self-emotion appraisal, others' emotion appraisal, uses of emotion, and regulation of emotion, were positively associated with communicative competence. Third, child care teachers' communicative competence was negatively linked to job stress. Lastly, child care teachers' communicative competence partially mediated the relationship between self-emotion appraisal, others' emotion appraisal, regulation of emotion, and job stress, and child care teachers' communicative competence fully mediated the relationship between uses of emotion and job stress. Conclusion/Implications: This study suggests that high emotional intelligence and effective communication are important in order to reduce child care teachers' job stress.

Meanings of Communicative Competence in Different Learning Contexts

  • Jung, Woo-Hyun
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.19-38
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    • 2010
  • This study surveyed L2 learners' needs for different components of communicative competence. It aimed to determine what abilities the learners strongly need to achieve communicative competence in different learning contexts. It also examined gender differences in the learners' need for phonological competence. A total of 359 students participated in this study, divided into three learner groups: high school, vocational college, and university students. The data were collected via a questionnaire, which was based on Bachman's (1990) framework of language competence. The study drew some important findings: (a) The vocational trainees expressed a stronger need for illocutionary competence than the high school students and for sociolinguistic competence than the high school and the university groups; (b) The high school and the university groups equated grammatical, textual, illocutionary, and strategic competences in their needs with lesser attention to sociolinguistic competence; (c) To the high school and the university groups, pragmatic competence was assessed higher than organizational competence; (d) Female students showed greater sensitivity to pronunciation ability than did male students. On the basis of these results, pedagogical implications are discussed, along with some helpful suggestions.

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Engineering Students' Perception of Speaking Ability and Their Communicative Competence Assessment (공과대학생의 '말하기 능력'에 대한 인식과 평가)

  • Hwang, Soonhee
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.18-31
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    • 2019
  • In addition to technical skills and competencies, communication competence has been identified to be important to engineering students who will be drivers of innovation in a rapidly changing society. Drawing on the previous studies, this research examines the results of an empirical exploration of engineering students' perception of speaking ability and their communicative competence. To date, there has been most of the research conducted on 'writing' (e.g., its educational process, class designs, ability, etc.) for engineering students. However, relatively little attention has been paid to engineering students' speaking ability perception and their competence diagnosis. This study relies on quantitative data obtained from one survey questionnaire and one test conducted respectively. The sample consists of 386 engineering students as well as 481 non-engineering students for the 1st survey. And to measure communicative competence, 150 engineering students as well as 136 non-engineering students participated in the test. Our findings show that firstly, there were significant differences in perception of speaking ability by majors and gender. Whereas there was no difference in the same survey by grade. Secondly, there was a close and significant relationship between sub-factors of speaking ability. Thirdly, there were significant differences in communicative competence by majors. Whereas there was no difference by gender and grade. Fourthly, there was a close and significant relationship between sub-factors of communicative competence. These findings are expected to provide an explanation for the improvement on engineering students' speaking ability and to encourage the participation in extra-curricular activities and programs in engineering school.

Healthcare Workers' Cultural Competence and Multi-Cultural Job Stress (의료종사자의 다문화 역량과 직무스트레스)

  • Kwon, Su A;Yang, Nam Young;Song, Min Sun;Kim, Nam Yi
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.206-215
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of cultural competence, intercultural communicative competence, and multi-cultural job stress among healthcare workers and to explore factors that are related to their cultural competence. Methods: The study subjects were 142 healthcare workers at a general hospital. Data were collected using a questionnaire on cultural competence, intercultural communicative competence, and multi-cultural job stress. A t-test, ANOVA Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis were conducted using SPSS. Results: Cultural competence was significantly related to the necessity of multi-cultural education, and intercultural communicative competence was significantly related to age, a vocational career, communication in foreign languages, and having multi-cultural neighbors. Moreover, multi-cultural job stress was significantly related to religion. In multiple regression results, cultural competence was found to be related to intercultural communicative competence and multi-cultural job stress. Conclusion: Healthcare workers who are set to care for multi-cultural patients should improve intercultural communicative competence and reduce multi-cultural job stress.