• Title, Summary, Keyword: Community Policing

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Unification of Community Policing (지역사회 경찰활동의 통합적 정립)

  • Park, Jae-Poong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.284-293
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    • 2011
  • Today's policing is toward to the Community Policing. Despite its widespread popularity, there exists a lack of common understanding among academics and practitioners alike regarding the scope of the community policing philosophy and of its ability to integrate these complementary ideas within it. These are Problem-oriented policing, broken windows, Compstat, third-party policing, and hot spots. We will present a definition of community policing and demonstrate how these other policing approaches can be incorporated into the overarching community policing philosophy. We will also discuss the potential benefits of taking such a unified approach with the hope of encouraging further integration among policing innovations.

On Methods for Activating Third Party Policing for Enhancing Citizen Participation in Policing (적극적 시민참여활동을 위한 Third Party Policing의 도입방안)

  • Kim, Dong-Bok;Kim, Sung-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.12
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    • pp.309-317
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    • 2010
  • A participating civilian in the policing is become very important issue and strongly encouraged since variety and intelligent crimes have occurred. Moreover, necessity of invigorates of Problem-Oriented Policing has been emphasized in Korea because the effects of the Problem-Oriented Policing in the Case-Oriented Policing had been proved. Lastly, practical use of the Third Party Policing (TPP) is a main purpose to deal with spreading of the Gated community, which controls the outside. To utilizing the Third Party Policing in Korea, several solutions are suggested such as making the manual of operation process, organizing task force team for TPP (the Third Party Policing), changing the sense of civilian and police organization and realistic way to motivating.

A Study on Improvement Plan of Korea Tourist Police through Application of Community Policing (지역사회 경찰활동 적용을 통한 한국관광경찰대의 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sung-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.582-589
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    • 2017
  • Foreign tourists visiting our country are increasing. Accordingly, diverse crime and inconvenient points of tourism are occurring. It may have the negative effect on the development of tourist industry of our country if this is neglected. The Tourist Police Force has been introduced in 2013 to prevent this. The current status for the Tourist Police Force being implemented in Seoul, Incheon and Busan and the current status in relation to the tourism of our country are checked and following 4 kinds of points at issue have been deducted in this research. First, the cooperation deficit with the regional community and related institutions, second, the incompletion for the selection criteria of Tourist Police Force, third, the insufficient manpower, finally, it is the uniformity of maneuver. The application for the community policing has been proposed as the plan to improve this. For further details, the improvement plan has been proposed by applying the Problem-Oriented Policing, Neighborhood-Oriented Policing and Strategic-Oriented Policing being the component of community policing.

A Study on Multilateralization of Policing in Korea (한국 경찰활동의 다변화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sang-Ku;Jo, Hyun-Bin
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.14
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    • pp.89-108
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    • 2007
  • Since Korea Police Agency had established in 1948, our police have developed with many difficulty. And now, our police have diversity in policing through decentralization and democratization of police organization. But, new policing methods has introduced without our social control system which have based on national police system, without considering basic principles of our police systems. new policing methods are as follows.; enlargement private policeing, introducing community policing, introducing police service, introducing privatization of policing. Therefore, this study examined development process of police conception and policing which is based on many police studies. And this study suggested how we can understand Multilateralization of Policing in Korea. Because basic police conception, public safety and order maintenance function is never changable in spite of various changes in policing.

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Community Policing Program Operation Case of the U.S.A - Centering Sanmateo County California State - (미국의 지역사회경찰활동 프로그램 운용 사례 - 캘리포니아주 산마테오 카운티를 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Maeng-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.306-319
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    • 2010
  • Recently, crime prevention is away of important criminal justice policy and police activity also pursuit different change compare to the present times. After modern times, as get to know crime control change, eventually on the basis of experience that crime prevention is best way of crime control, what come out with new sight angle for the role of police is community policing. And emphasis points in police activity are variety of police activity, positive entry of community. In relation to this, we are learning crime prevention of the U.S.A and the program of community policing through crime prevention theory books that published in domestic. Then, there are misunderstanding possibilities that the programs which introduced relation books are doing someways all around the U.S.A In this research two cities san mateo county. california, of the U.S.A made a choice, and is going to search main crime present condition of these cities and really done community policing program or crime prevention program operation case.

A Study on the Direction of Policing for Effective Disaster Prevention and Management (효과적인 재난 예방 및 관리를 위한 경찰활동 방향)

  • Lee, Ju-Lak;Shin, So-Young
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.51
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    • pp.317-334
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    • 2017
  • The burden of addressing the damage and financial losses caused by disaster events falls primarily on local governments. Given this reality, preparing for disasters and assessing the effects of disaster management would be more effective if both were carried out at the local level. However, disaster management in South Korea is realized at the national level, revolving around the central government. The Ministry of Public Safety and Security, which was newly established after the sinking of MV Sewol, was criticized for failing to carrying out its role as a "disaster control tower" in dealing with the earthquakes near the city of Gyeongju in 2016. The criticism, as well as deep anxiety concerning the ministry's ability to effectively respond to disasters, means that there is a need for a practical alternative plan to the current method of dealing with disasters. As such, there is an increasing call to re-examine the role of the police force, which played an integral part in past disaster response efforts, in future disaster events. Among the various activities the police force performs, this study focused on one particular role and function of the police, namely community policing. Specifically, this study examined community policing within the context of local governments. The primary purpose of community policing is crime prevention. But the police must respond to citizens' expectations and desires that the police expand the scope of its role. Thus, to maximize public safety and order, the police must be actively engaged in conducting disaster response activities. Hence, this study concentrated on the measures, including community policing, that need to be taken to enable the police to respond rapidly and effectively to disaster events, thereby minimizing losses, and to contribute meaningfully to disaster recovery efforts. Because community policing requires public cooperation, community-oriented disaster response and disaster management are closely examined. This study basically seeks to expand the scope of community policing to strengthen disaster safety. Furthermore, this study aims to assert that disaster safety can be promoted by establishing a cooperation system between the police and private security; changing how the role of community policing in disaster response activities is perceived; increasing professional manpower and establishing a comprehensive and independent department dedicated to disaster-related matters; and merging consultative organizations into one organization. Additionally, this study states that an integrated CCTV platform and police cars on disaster prevention patrol duties would enhance the capability of the police to respond to disasters and perform their community policing activities.

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A Unification of Community policing (지역사회 경찰활동의 통합적 정립)

  • Park, jae-poong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.173-174
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    • 2011
  • 현대의 경찰활동은 지역사회 경찰활동(Community Policing)으로 귀결된다. 지역사회 경찰활동에 대한 많은 논의가 있어왔지만 지역사회 경찰활동이라는 패러다임에 관한 통합적인 모색은 등한시 되어 온 것이 사실이다. 지역사회 경찰활동에서 파생된 프로그램 및 전략들은 실질적인 경찰활동과 관련이 있다. 이러한 프로그램들은 경찰조직의 이슈 혹은 특정한 문제를 해결하기 위하여 지역사회 경찰활동보다 의도적으로 좁은 범위로 한정하고 있다. 그러한 초점을 가진 대표적인 프로그램은 문제지향적 경찰활동(Problem-oriented policing), 깨진 창(Broken Windows), 컴스탯(Comstat), 제3자 경찰활동(Third party policing), 우범지대(Hot spots)로 볼 수 있다. 그러나 이러한 프로그램 및 전략들은 매우 한정된 범위 내에서 존재하고 운영되는 것들이기 때문에 오늘날의 경찰활동의 근거나 기초를 지역사회 경찰활동만큼 제공해주지 못하고 있다. 지역사회 경찰활동과 관련된 경찰개혁 프로그램이나 전략들을 통합하여 다시 한 번 의미를 재정립하는 것은 현장의 경찰관들이 보다 쉽게 경찰행정의 의미를 이해하고 실제로 실현해 나갈 수 있는 방법을 안내하기 위함이다.

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A Study on Improvements of the Community Policing and Citizen's Relation (지역사회 경찰활동과 시민관계 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Keon-Sup
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.4
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    • pp.137-167
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    • 2001
  • The Police main roles are order maintenance, law enforcement, community service, etc. Recently it is increasing service function to community that in the course of diverse roles. This study analyze recognition and attitudes of citizens on the Policing, present orientations of What should be trusted from citizens. The Research method examine theoretical literatures and survey questionnaire for empirical analysis. The SPSS(WIN) 10.0 Program is using analyze the data.

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Review on the Cooperative Policing System in Japan (일본의 민경협력치안제도에 대한 고찰 및 시사점)

  • Kim, Gyoo-Sik;Choi, Eung-Ryul
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.36
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    • pp.29-55
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    • 2013
  • In modern society, citizen's expectation about policing levels have been rising over time and it limited resources of the police to deal with the security services are insufficient. Until now, the state monopoly of the police activity was changing to subject of a variety in cooperation with public security system. The citizens considers community not the destination to police enforce the law but space for effective policing partners. Japanese police focus on cooperation oriented policing to strengthen the police and local residents with crime prevention for a long time. Also, the community through a variety of problem-solving policing activities to identify problems such as anxiety and anguish of the people. The legal basis for cooperative policing activity is that Nagaoka city crime prevention regulation in 1979. In recent years, Tokyo local government legislated the safe town development regulations(東京都安全 安心まちづくり條例) and set up the hot-spot area to promote the safety of public facilities. Cooperative policing not police intervention for crime prevention but national policy for the city reclamation in Japan. Police as well as the Ministry of Land and Transport, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Education, Prime Minister and all government departments thread safe city, crime prevention, and has been working to make the safe city. Japan's cooperative policing is a system that receives the most attention and greater implications.

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Field Police Activity Focused on Community Policig (지역사회 경찰활동 관점에서 본 현장 경찰활동)

  • Kim, Hyun-Dong;Lee, Moon-Soo;Jo, Hyun-Bin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.177-186
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    • 2013
  • Recently, with the sudden changes in the security environment, expectations towards the police and fear towards safety are increasing. Thus, the local community police operation, which creates a mutually cooperative relationship between the police and local residents, is coming to the fore as the paradigm of the nationwide police operation. The police operation in Korea has also gone through change, and as part of the local community police operation, Korea has implemented a community police system since 2003. Recently, the system has been going through change in that the operations are centralizing around not only prevention of crime including the safe city program, protection of multicultural families, response to foreign crime, protection of the socially disadvantaged but also life security of the citizens. Along these lines, this study seeks to examine conditions of the three elements of local community police operation - Strategic Oriented Policing (SOP), Neighborhood Oriented Policing (NOP), Problem Oriented Policing (POP) - and policy suggestions accordingly.