• Title, Summary, Keyword: Community Spirit

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The Mediating Effects of Fathers' Community Spirit on the Relationship between Fathers' Rejective Parenting Style and Their Children's Humanity (아버지의 거부적 양육태도와 유아 인성 간의 관계에서 아버지 공동체 의식의 매개효과)

  • Na, Eun Suk;Kim, Kyoung Hoe
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.115-131
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    • 2015
  • This study is aimed to determine the relation among fathers' rejective parenting style, fathers' community spirit, and their children's humanity. We also examined whether fathers' community spirit mediates the association between fathers' rejective parenting style and children's humanity. The study used data from 207 4-to 5-year-old children and their fathers from a kindergarten located in Seoul, South Korea. We estimated Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ and Pearson's correlation coefficient, and employed a two-way ANOVA and a multiple regression analysis. In addition, a Sobel test was conducted to examine the mediation effect. The results are as follows. First, There were no significant differences in fathers' rejective parenting style, fathers' community spirit, and their children's humanity by children's sex and age. Second, children's humanity was negatively related to fathers' rejective parenting style and positively related to fathers' community spirit. That is, children's humanity can be improved further by lowering fathers' rejective parenting style and increasing fathers' community spirit. Third, our results showed that fathers' community spirit mediated the association between fathers' rejective parenting style and their children's humanity.

Study on Mediating Effects of Relational Factors between Family Deficiency and Community Spirit in Adolescence (청소년의 결손가정 요인이 공동체의식에 미치는 영향에서 관계적 요인의 매개효과)

  • Park, Sun-Sook;Lee, Inn-Seok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.185-196
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    • 2014
  • This study aimed to exam the mediating effects of relational factors between family deficiency and community spirit in adolescence. Relation factors were composed of some factors, parents relation, peer relation, teacher relation, neighbor relation. Using samples from Korean Youth Panel Study(KYPS) 2012, authors analyzed 4,362, 6th grader and 9th grader, with a hierarchical regression to answer research questions proposed by the study. Results showed that the level of community spirit vary with significant in gender, age, health, family deficiency. Among control factors, girls, grade, recognition of health, earning affected the community spirit. In the relationship between family deficiency and community spirit in adolescence was proven to be influential. In conclusion, the researcher's hypothesized research model between relational factors and community spirit was proved to be true. Therefore this study suggested that adolescents in family deficiency were needed to be boosted a many relational factors. Finally, it remarked the limits of the study and the suggestions for the further research direction.

A Study on Causal Relationships among Cultural Tendency, Social Maturity, Community Spirit and Multicultural Perception of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 문화성향, 사회성숙도, 공동체의식 및 다문화인식의 인과관계)

  • Choi, Dongwon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.395-405
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a structural equation model on the relationships among cultural tendency, social maturity, community spirit and multicultural perception of nursing students. The survey was performed on 395 nursing students in two universities. Data were collected using a structured questionnaires and analyzed with SPSS 22.0 and Amos 22.0 program. Individualism, social maturity and community spirit showed a direct effect on multicultural perception. And community spirit and Social maturity work as complete mediators in the relationship between collectivism and multicultural perception. These variables explained 59.2% of acts towards multicultural perception. The results of this study suggest that development of programs enhancing proper personalities like community spirit for nursing students.

Impact of Peer Attachment, Community Spirit and Multi-cultural Acceptance on School Life Adaption in Children (또래애착, 공동체 의식, 다문화 수용도가 아동의 학교생활 적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-Chun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.321-331
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    • 2014
  • This research purposed to verify the effects of children's peer attachment, community spirit, and multi-cultural acceptability on their adaptation to school. Also, I verified the difference of school life adaptation according to the degrees of peer communication, trust, alienation, community spirit, and multi-cultural acceptability. This research utilized Korean Children and Adolescent Panel Survey data to get more comprehensive and objective research result. As a result, the children who had higher peer attachment relationships (with more peer communication and better trust), higher community spirit, and higher level of multi-cultural awareness and acceptability adapted to school better. In particular, peer attachment had the highest effect on the children's school adaptation, community spirit next, followed by multi-cultural acceptability. Therefore, children's education needs to enhance their intimacy with peer groups, compliance with basic norms in school communities, and arouse rightful multi-cultural awareness in order to help them adapt to school better.

Team-Spirit Experiences for New Nurses through off-the Job Training (직장 외 교육훈련을 통한 신입 간호사의 팀 정신 경험)

  • Shin, Mi-Ja;Ahn, Sung-Hee;Lee, Mi-Aie
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.108-116
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the experiences of Team-Spirit training in new nurses. Method: Data was collected through open-ended and self-reported questionnaires which were received from 47 new nurses who had finished team-spirit training for 2 days. The content analysis method was used to derive the core-category, categories and concepts of Team-Spirit training for new nurses. Result: The care category identified in new nurses trained in Team-Spirit was upgrade myself and our team. The following 4 categories also emerged; companion, interdependency, importance of community, and future growth of myself and our community. The derived 12 subcategories were intimacy, importance of companions, binding, partaking in difficulties, empowerment, observing rules, cooperation, consensus, self-pledge as a subordinator, motivating vision formation, developing professionalism, contribution and devotion. The 34 concepts were derived from the new nurses' statements. Conclusion: These results imply that Team-Spirit Training for nurses could contribute to companionship, interdependency, importance of community, and future growth of oneself and the hospital team.

Structure Changes of Macrobenthic Community on Rocky Shores After the Hebei Spirit Oil Spill (Hebei Spirit 유류유출 사고 이후 암반 조간대 대형저서동물 군집 변화)

  • Jung, Yun-Hwan;Park, Heung-Sik;Yoon, Kon-Tak;Lee, Hyung-Gon;Ma, Chae-Woo
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.219-228
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    • 2013
  • In Korea, more than 300 oil spill accidents occur every year. Despite the frequency, only a small pool of data is available on the initial effect of oil spill on macrobenthic fauna inhabiting rocky shores. The aim of this study was to analyze the variation of macrobenthic fauna composition and community structure on rocky shores, and understand the impact of oil on rocky shore organisms after the Hebei Spirit oil spill. Field surveys were carried out in five regions dose to the wreck site in January, April and September 2008. Polluted sites after the Hebei Spirit oil spill showed that biological index consistently decreased for 9 months limited to breeding and recruitment of organisms by spilled oil. Macrobenthic community was subdivided into 3 groups by species elimination and differences between density of major dominant species: enriched biota community under a relatively stable environment, the second with relatively low ecological index and the last with poor community. In this study, species number did not clearly reflect the effect of oil on the rare and mobile species. However, mean density, biomass and community structure showed the effect of oil by considering breeding activity, decline in recruitment and variation pattern with time.

A Converged Study on the Longitudinal Relationship between Self-esteem and Community Spirit in Adolescents: Focusing on the Data of KCYPS (청소년의 자아존중감과 공동체의식에 관한 종단적 융합연구 -한국아동·청소년패널조사를 중심으로-)

  • Choi, Jung-Hyun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.62-70
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    • 2019
  • The study used cross-lagged path modeling to examine the longitudinal associations between self-esteem and community spirit among adolescents. This is a longitudinal study designed to examine the developmental changes of adolescents' self-esteem and community spirit in Korea. This study used the data collected by the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) from 2014 through 2016. Participants were surveyed from the 5th grade to the 7th, which belonged to the 1st elementary school cohort panel of the KCYPS. To be used as the data of this study, children should have all information at 3-time points: the 5th grade; 6th grade; 7th grade. The collected data were analyzed with PSAW 18.0 and AMOS statistical program. The participants in this study were 903 males (51.6%) and 847 females (48.4%). The level of self-esteem was 3.29±.51, 3.19±.55, and 3.15±.57 point at 5th grade, 6th grade, and 7th grade each. The level of community spirit was 3.12±.52, 3.09±.59, 3.15±.55 point respectively. Community spirit from elementary school to middle school is consistently predicted by previous self-esteem. Likewise self-esteem has a significant predictive effect on subsequent community spirit.

The Effect of Parenting Attitude on the Multicultural expropriation of University student According to Community Spirit (부모의 양육태도가 공동체의식에 따라 대학생의 다문화 수용에 미치는 영향)

  • Woo, Ann-Soon;Park, Bong-Seon
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.8
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    • pp.189-197
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of parents' positive and negative parenting attitudes on multicultural expropriation and the mediating effect of community spirit in the process. For this purpose, 1,336 first - year students who entered the university were sampled based on the 7th year data of Korea Youth Policy Institute for a regression analysis. The main results are as follows. First, the positive parenting attitude of the parents recognized by university students has a positive influence on multicultural expropriation, and the negative parenting attitude has a negative influence on multicultural expropriation. Second, Community spirit is found to have a positive influence on multicultural expropriation by university students and shown to have a partial mediated effect between positive or negative parenting and multicultural expropriation. Based on the above research results, various programs were developed and applied to enhance parents' positive parenting attitude and multicultural expropriation, and to promote positive parenting attitude and community spirit.

The Effect of Community Spirit on Participation Time to the Youth Volunteer Activities -Mediating Effect of the Level of Satisfaction in Youth Volunteer Activities- (청소년의 자원봉사활동 참여시간이 공동체의식에 미치는 영향 -청소년 자원봉사활동 만족도 매개효과-)

  • Jeon, Myeung-Sook;Park, Sun-Nyeo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.228-237
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to concretely verify the mediating effect of the level of satisfaction of youth volunteer activities where the youth volunteer activities had the effect on community spirit. The data was collected from 927 students in 2091 students who participated in 5th [Korea Children Youth Panel Study] (KCYPS) in 2014. The results from the analyzed data are as follows. First, it was found that participation time to the youth volunteer activities had the meaningful effect on the youth's community spirit. Second, it was found that participation time to the youth volunteer activities had the meaningful effect on the level of satisfaction in youth volunteer activities. Third, it was found that there was a mediating effect between the participation time and community spirit when considering the level of satisfaction of volunteer activities. Based on the results of these studies, we proposed a volunteer education program for the scheme and the youth that it is possible to improve the satisfaction of the volunteer activities of young people to participate in volunteer activities.