• Title, Summary, Keyword: Competence

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Job Competence of College Students in Korea: An Expansion of Core Competence Theory

  • Park, Cheol Kyun
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.55-75
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to find what competence determines the employment of college students using data from the K-CESA (Korea Collegiate Essential Skills Assessment) of a Korean university during 2009-2014. This test comprises of 6 categories of competence: self-management, global readiness, interpersonal relationship, resource/information/technology handling, communication and comprehensive reasoning. In addition to these competences, we add the comprehensive variable, grade point average. In order to identify the qualities of employment, employment was classified into 3 types: all employment, employment in decent jobs and employment in the top 500 companies. Results are as follows: For all employment and decent jobs, GPA and comprehensive reasoning were the meaningful variables. However in case of the top 500 companies, interpersonal relationship was added. Based on the analysis, this study suggests the fundamental concepts of college students' job competence: job specific competence, job basic competence, and basic competence.

Influence of Self-Efficacy and Intercultural Communicative Competence on the Cultural Competence of Allied Health College Students (보건의료계열 대학생의 자신감과 문화 간 의사소통능력이 문화적 역량에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Nam Young;Song, Min Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.147-154
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The study examined the effects of self-efficacy and intercultural communicative competence on the cultural competence of allied health college students. Methods: The participants were 176 allied health college students. Data collection was conducted from June 12 to 30, 2018. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression analysis with the SPSS program. Results: The mean self-efficacy score was 3.52;, the mean intercultural communicative competence score was 3.24;, and the mean cultural competence score was 3.26. Cultural competence differed significantly by grade(p=.008), major(p<.001), overseas study exchange(p=.020), foreign language skill(p=.011), domestic multicultural friends (p=.002) and contact with people(p=.026) of general characteristics. Statistically significant positive relationships were observed between self-efficacy(r=.23), intercultural communicative competence(r=.58), and cultural competence. A total of 35.9% of cultural competence was explained by intercultural communicative competence and grade. Conclusion: These results can be used to develop cultural education programs to improve cultural competence, with consideration for intercultural communicative competence and grade levels.

The Relation Between Family Environment, Mother's Psychosocial Competence And Children's Social Competence. (가족환경, 어머니의 사회심리적 역량과 아동의 사회적 역량간의 관계)

  • Chong, Young-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.27-55
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    • 1992
  • The Purpose of this study was to examine the predictive capacity of mother's perception of the family environment (cohesion, expressiveness, conflict, mother's psychosocial competence) for children's social competence. The hypotheses of this reserch were 1) There will be significant positive relationships among mother's cohesion, expressiveness, and mother's psychosocial competence. 2) There will be significant negative relationships between mother's conflict and measures of children's social competence. 3) There will not be a significant relationships between SES and measures of children's social competence. 4) There will be significant relationships between children's gender and measures of children's social competence. The subjects of this study were 133 family of mother-child. The period of research was from Aug. 20, 1990 to Feb. 29, 1992. Correlations, t-test, F-test, and multiple regression analyses were conducted to determine the relationships among variables and measures of total sample, daughter sample, and son sample. The results of this study appeared as follow: 1. Family environment (cohesion, expressiveness, and conflict) and mother's psychosocial competence were related to children's social competence. 2. There were negative relationship between mother's conflict and daughter's social competence. 3. Daughters had the higher social competence than sons. 4. Socioeconomic status(perceived by mother) of family was not related to children's social competence. 5. Sociodemographic variables affecting to children's competence were mother's school career, mother's age, mother's religion.

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Revisiting Communicative Competence in Korean EFL Education

  • Lee, Jae-Keun;Lee, Hi-Kyoung
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.71-90
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this paper is to discuss recent notions of communicative competence, especially as it is presented in Korean EFL education. Communicative competence has been modified and reinterpreted several times since the term was introduced by Hymes (1970). Paulston (1974) and Savignon (1983) focus on social interaction while Canale and Swain (1980) offer four categories of communicative competence: grammatical competence, discourse competence, sociolinguistic competence, and strategic competence. In addition, Tarone and Yule (1989) can be viewed as a systematic and comprehensive concept as well as a multi-dimensional mode (Bachman, 1990). Brown (2000) presents linguistic and functional aspects and Savignon's (1983) sociolinguistic competence has been transformed into sociocultural competence (Savignon, 2001). This study shows which aspects of Korean EFL education have been changed' and what needs to be accomplished for enhancing student's communicative competence.

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Meanings of Communicative Competence in Different Learning Contexts

  • Jung, Woo-Hyun
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.19-38
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    • 2010
  • This study surveyed L2 learners' needs for different components of communicative competence. It aimed to determine what abilities the learners strongly need to achieve communicative competence in different learning contexts. It also examined gender differences in the learners' need for phonological competence. A total of 359 students participated in this study, divided into three learner groups: high school, vocational college, and university students. The data were collected via a questionnaire, which was based on Bachman's (1990) framework of language competence. The study drew some important findings: (a) The vocational trainees expressed a stronger need for illocutionary competence than the high school students and for sociolinguistic competence than the high school and the university groups; (b) The high school and the university groups equated grammatical, textual, illocutionary, and strategic competences in their needs with lesser attention to sociolinguistic competence; (c) To the high school and the university groups, pragmatic competence was assessed higher than organizational competence; (d) Female students showed greater sensitivity to pronunciation ability than did male students. On the basis of these results, pedagogical implications are discussed, along with some helpful suggestions.

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Relationships among Technology Development Strategy, Marketing Competence, Knowledge Management Competence, and Company Performance of Textile and Clothing Companies (섬유의류기업의 기술개발전략, 마케팅역량, 지식관리역량, 기업성과간의 관계)

  • Yoh, Eun-Ah;Park, Kwang-Hee;Kim, Mun-Young
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.172-178
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to explore relationships among technology development strategy, marketing competence, knowledge management competence, and company performance of textile and clothing companies. Survey data collected from 187 employees in the textile and clothing companies were analyzed by descriptive statistics, factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. In results, certain levels of correlations were found among technological development strategy, marketing competence, knowledge management competence, and company performance. Specifically, technological gap which was one of the technology development strategy factors was a variable significantly affecting innovation performance and financial performance of textile and clothing companies. Knowledge management competence affected innovation performance whereas marketing competence affected financial competence of textile and clothing companies.

The Relationship between Maternal Psychosocial Competence, Acceptance and Children's Social Competence (어머니의 사회심리적(社會心理的) 역량(力量) 및 자녀에 대한 수용성(受容性)과 아동의 사회적(社會的) 역량(力量)과의 관계)

  • Park, Ho-Joon;Chong, Young-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this study is to identify what relationship exists between the children's social competence and psychosocial competence of mother, mother's acceptance for her children and is to clarify how children's sex, the demographic backgrounds of the families are affecting for the children's social competence. The detailed research areas which were dealt with in this study can be described as follows :1) Are there any relationships between mother's psychosocial competence and children's social competence? 2) Are there any relationships between mother's acceptance and children's social competence? 3) Are there any differences in children's social competence according to their sex? 4) Are there any differences in children's social competence according to familie's demographic backgrounds? Third grade 314 children who attend primary-school in Chongju were randomly selected as the subjects for the study and their mothers were also involved as subjects. Among them, mother-daughter pairs are 151 and mother-son pairs are 163. The result of this study is as follows: 1. There appeared significant positive correlations between the mothers' psychosocial competence and children's social competence. 2. There appeared significant positive correlations between the maternal acceptance and children's social competance. As the result of a stepwise multiple regression analysis, maternal acceptance appeared as a variable which indicates children's social competence. 3. There appeared differences in competence between boys and girls, and girls' social competence was higher than that of boys. 4. There appeared children's social competence differences according to the socioeconomic status of a family. Among demographic backgrounds of a family, mothers' academic careers, mothers' age, fathers' jobs, income were the variables which affect children's social competence.

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Exploring on the job competence of the staff in center for teaching and learning (교수학습지원센터 실무자의 직무역량 탐색)

  • Kim, Jeongkyoum
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.6163-6172
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    • 2013
  • This study examined the job competence of the staff at the center for teaching and learning(CTL) in university and to find out the level of job competence, which has been asked to the staff of the CTL. For that, the factor of the job competence, which is required of the staff of the CTL, was inquired through a literature review. Based on the job competence, this study examined the required job competence of the staff in Daejeon city and Chungnam province. The result suggests that the job competence required of staff are the basic job competence, planning-analysis job competence, management job competence for the project, and evaluation job competence. The first factor in basic job competence is the attitude to change and innovation. In the planning-analysis job competence, the first factor is an analysis and consultation of instruction. In managing the job competence for the project, the first factor is the management of human resources, and the first factor in evaluating the job competence is an evaluation of the effectiveness of the media. Therefore, to revitalize the CTL, there is a need to organize an expert pool, plan and support program that is suitable for professional development.

Factors Affecting Clinical Competence in Dental Hygiene Students

  • Lee, Hyun-Ok;Kim, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.271-278
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    • 2019
  • Background: This study aimed to examine the factors that influence clinical performance of dental hygiene students to provide useful data for developing strategies to improve clinical competence. Methods: The effects of variables on clinical competence by quantile level were analyzed using quantile regression analysis in 247 dental hygiene students. Quantile regression and multiple regression analyses were conducted using the Stata 11.0 program to analyze predictors of clinical competence. Results: The clinical competence score of dental hygiene students was 42.69±5.90, the satisfaction of clinical practice was 49.90±7.44, the clinical practice stress was 50.62±7.37, and the professional self-concept was 31.68±4.41. Empathy was the highest at 50.87±4.93. Multiple regression analysis showed that school year, stress from clinical training, satisfaction with clinical training, professional self-concept, and empathy had significant impact on clinical competence. Quantile regression analysis showed that the effects varied depending on the clinical competence level. School year and professional self-concept had a significant positive effect, regardless of the clinical competence level, while empathy had a significant positive effect at the top 10% (Q90) of the clinical competence level. Satisfaction with clinical practice affected clinical competence at Q25, Q50, and Q90. Stress from clinical practice had significant effects at Q25, Q50, and Q90 (p<0.05). Conclusion: According to the study results, different factors affected clinical competence according to the quantile of clinical competence. This study provides valuable implications for designing clinical competence enhancement programs and strategies. In addition, objective indicators for considering factors that may affect the clinical competence, such as academic competence and satisfaction of practice hospitals, are expected to require detailed analysis and measures.

Effects of Social-Emotional Competence Program Utilizing Group Play Therapy for Young Children on Prosociality, Teacher-Child Relation and Peer Competence (집단놀이치료를 활용한 유아 사회정서적 유능감 프로그램이 친사회성, 유아-교사관계 및 또래유능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Ha, Young-Rye
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.57-72
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of the present investigation was to analyze the effects of a social-emotional competence program utilizing group play therapy in promoting young children's prosociality, teacher-child relations and peer competence. The subjects were 90 five-year-old kindergarten children. The experimental treatment was performed in 14 sessions for 7 weeks. Instruments were the Prosocial Behavior Scale for Young Children (2003), Student-Teacher Relationship Scale (2004), and Iowa Social Competence Scales (1997). Data was analyzed by ANCOVA. Results were that the experiment group showed significantly higher social competence scores than the comparison and control groups. Conclusions were that a social-emotional competence program utilizing group play therapy can be effective in enhancing young children's improvement of prosociality, teacher-child relations, and peer competence.

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