• Title, Summary, Keyword: Compression wave

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Computational Study of The Pulse Waves Discharged From The Open End of a Duct (관 출구로부터 방출되는 펄스파의 수치해석적 연구)

  • Kim, H.D.;Kim, H.S.;Kweon, Y.H.;Lee, D.H.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.355-360
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    • 2001
  • This study addresses a computational work of the impulsive wave which is discharged from the open end of a pipe. An initial compression wave inside the pipe is assumed to propagate toward atmosphere. The over pressure and wave-length of the initial compression wave are changed to investigate the characteristic values of the impulsive wave. The second order total variation diminishing (TVD) scheme is employed to solve the axisymmetric, compressible, unsteady Euler equations. The relationship between the initial compression wave form and impulsive wave is characterized in terms of the peak pressure of the impulsive wave and its directivity. The results obtained show that for the initial compression wave of a large wave-length the peak pressure of the impulsive wave does not depend on the over pressure of the initial compression wave, but for the initial compression wave of a very short wave-length, like a shock wave, the peak pressure of the impulsive wave is increased with an increase in the over pressure of the initial compression wave. The directivity of the impulsive wave to the pipe axis becomes significant with a decrease in the wave-length of the initial compression wave.

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Study of Shock Tube for Wave Phenomenon in High Speed Railway Tunnel(1) - On the characteristics of Compression Wave - (고속철도 터널에서 발생하는 파동현상에 관한 충격파관의 연구(1) - 압축파의 특성에 대하여 -)

  • ;松尾一泰
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.2686-2697
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    • 1994
  • When a railway train enters a tunnel at high speed, a compression wave is formed in front of the train and propagates along the tunnel. The compression wave subsequently emerges from the exit of the tunnel, which causes an impulsive noise. In order to estimate the magnitudes of the noises and to effectively minimize them, the characteristics of the compression wave propagating in a tunnel must be understood. In the present paper, the experimental and analytical investigations on the attenuation and distortion of the propagating compression waves were carried out using a model tunnel. This facility is a kind of open-ended shock tube with a fast-opening gate valve instead of a general diaphragm. One-dimensional flow model employed in the present study could appropriately predict the strength of the compression wave, Mach number and flow velocity induced by the compression wave. The experimental results show that the strength of a compression wave decreases with the distance from the tunnel entrance. The decreasing rate of the wave strength and pressure gradient in the wave is strongly dependent on the strength of the initial compression wave at the tunnel entrance.

Study of Shock Tube for Wave Phenomenon in High Speed Railway Tunnel(II)-attenuation and Nonlinear Effect of Compression Waves- (고속철도 터널에서 발생하는 파동현상에 관한 충격파관의 연구(2)-압축파의 감쇠와 비선형효과-)

  • ;;Matsuo, Kazuyasu
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.1972-1981
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    • 1995
  • As a railway train enters a tunnel at high speed, a compression wave is formed in front of the train and propagates along the tunnel. The compression wave subsequently emerges from the exit of the tunnel, which causes an impulsive noise. The impulsive noise is closely related to the pressure gradient of the compression wave propagating the tunnel. In order to investigate the characteristics of the compression waves, in the present study an experiment was made using a shock tube. The results show that the strength of a compression wave decreases with the distance from the tunnel entrance and the nonlinear effect of compression wave appears to be significant if strength of the initial compression wave is greater than 7 kPa. Furthermore if the wave pattern is known, attenuation of the compression wave propagating in a tunnel can be reasonably predicted by a theoretical equation considering viscous action and heat transfer in boundary layer.

One-Dimensional Numerical Study of Compression Wave Propagating in High-Speed Railway Tunnel (고속철도 터널내를 전파하는 압축파의 일차원 수치해석)

  • 김희동;엄용균;송미일태
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.1280-1290
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    • 1995
  • In order to investigate the compression wave propagating in a high-speed railway tunnel, a numerical calculation was applied to the wave phenomenon occurring in a model tunnel. Unsteady, one-dimensional inviscid or viscous flows were solved by an explicit TVD scheme, and the calculated flows were compared with the results of measurement in real tunnels. Tunnel noises caused by emission of the compression wave were characterized in terms of excess pressure of compression wave, pressure gradient in the wave front and width of the compression wave. Calculated attenuation, pressure gradient and width of compression wave with the propagating distance agreed with the results of measurement in the real tunnels. The results also show that tunnel noises are proportional to the train velocity entering the tunnel.

Computational and Analytical Studies on the Impulse Wave Discharged from the Exit of a Pipe (관출구로부터 방출하는 펄스파에 대한 수치계산과 해석적 연구)

  • Lee, D.H.;Kim, H.S.;Kim, H.D.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.432-437
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    • 2001
  • A computational work of the impulse wave which is discharged from the open end of a pipe is compared to the Lighthill's aeroacoustics theory. The second-order total variation diminishing(TVD) scheme is employed to solve the axisymmetric, compressible, unsteady Euler equations. The relationship between the initial compressure wave form and the resulting impulse wave is characterized in terms of the peak pressure. The overpressure, pressure gradient and wavelength of the initial compression wave are changed to investigate the influence of the initial compressure wave form on the peak pressure of impulse wave. The results obtained show that for the initial compression wave of a large wavelength and small pressure gradient the peak pressure of the impulse wave depends upon the wavelength and pressure gradient of compression wave, but for the initial compression wave of a short wavelength and large pressure gradient the peak pressure of the impulse wave is almost constant regardless of the wavelength and pressure gradient of compression wave. The peak pressure of the impulse wave is increased with an increase in the overpressure of the initial compression wave. The results from the numerical analysis are well compared to the results from the aeroacoutics theory with a good agreement.

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A Study on the Characteristics of the Impulse Wave Discharged from the Exit of a Pipe (관출구로부터 방출하는 펄스파 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 이동훈;김희동;이명호;박종호
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.48-56
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    • 2002
  • A computational work of the impulse wave which is discharged from the open end of a pipe is compared to the Lighthill\`s aeroacoustics theory. The second-order total variation diminishing(TVD) scheme is employed to solve the axisymmetric, compressible, unsteady Euler equations. The relationship between the initial compressure wave form and the resulting impulse wave is characterized in terms of the peak pressure. The overpressure, pressure gradient and wavelength of the initial compression wave are changed to investigate the influence of the initial compressure wave form on the peak pressure of impulse wave. The results obtained show that for the initial compression wave of a large wavelength and small pressure gradient the peak pressure of the impulse wave depends upon the wavelength and pressure gradient of compression wave, but for the initial compression wave of a short wavelength and large pressure gradient the peak pressure of the impulse wave is almost constant regardless of the wavelength and pressure gradient of compression wave. The peak pressure of the impulse wave is increased with an increase in the overpressure of the initial compression wave. The results from the numerical ana1ysis are well compared to the results from the aeroacoutics theory with a food agreement.

Experimental study on compression wave propagating in a sudden reduction duct (급축소관을 전파하는 압축파에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Hui-Dong;Matsuo, Kazuyasu
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.21 no.9
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    • pp.1139-1148
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    • 1997
  • Compression waves propagating in a high-speed railway tunnel develops large pressure fluctuations on the train body or tunnel structures. The pressure fluctuations would cause an ear discomfort for the passengers and increase the aerodynamic resistance of trains. As a fundamental research to resolve the pressure wave phenomenon in the tunnel, experiments were carried out by using a shock tube with an open end. A blockage to model trains inside the tunnel was installed on the lower wall of shock tube, thus forming a sudden cross-sectional area reduction. The compression waves were obtained by the fast opening gate valve instead of a conventional diaphragm of shock tube and measured by the flush mounted pressure transducers with a high sensitivity. The experimental results were compared with the previous theoretical analyses. The results show that the ratio of the reflected to the incident compression wave at the sudden cross-sectional area reduction increases but the ratio of the passing to the incident compression wave decreases, as the incident compression wave becomes stronger. This experimental results are in good agreements with the previous theoretical ones. The maximum pressure gradient of the compression wave abruptly increases but the width of the wave front does not vary, as it passes over the sudden cross-sectional area reduction.

Numerical study on the interaction between unsteady compression and unsteady expansion wave (비정상 압축파와 비정상 팽창파의 간섭에 관한 수치해석적 연구)

  • Kim, Hui-Dong;Setoguchi, Toshiaki
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.21 no.11
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    • pp.1413-1421
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    • 1997
  • A new control method to alleviate the impulsive noise at the exit of high-speed railway tunnel was applied to the compression wave at the entrance of the tunnel. This method uses the interaction phenomenon of unsteady expansion wave and unsteady compression wave. Unsteady expansion wave was assumed to be made instantaneously by the simple theory of shock tube. Total Variation Diminishing method was employed to solve the axisymmetric unsteady compressible flow field with a specified compression wave. Numerical results show that the maximum pressure gradient of the propagating compression wave decreases with increase of the wave length of the unsteady expansion wave. It is found that the impulsive noise reduction can be obtained when the unsteady expansion wave with a large wave length is emitted just before the train enters the tunnel. The present results give the possibility to reduce the impulsive noise at the exit of tunnel.

Characteristics of High-Speed Railway Tunnel Entry Compression Wave (고속철도 터널입구에서 형성되는 압축파의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Heuy-Dong;Kim, Tae-Ho;Lee, Jong-Su;Kim, Dong-Hyeon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.234-242
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    • 1999
  • Flow phenomena such as the pressure transients Inside a high-speed railway tunnel and the Impulsive waves at the exit of the tunnel are closely associated with the characteristics of the entry compression wave, which is generated by a train entering the tunnel. Tunnel entrance hood may be an effective means for alleviating the Impulsive waves and pressure transients. The objective of the current work is to explore the effects of the train nose shape and the entrance hood on the characteristics of the entry compression wave. Numerical calculations using the method of characteristics were applied to one-dimensional, unsteady, compressible flow field with respect to high-speed railway/tunnel systems. Two types of the entrance hoods and various train nose shapes were employed to reveal their influences on the entry compression wave for a wide range of train speeds. The results showed that the entry compression wave length increases as the train nose becomes longer and the train speed becomes lower. The entry compression wave length in the tunnel with hood becomes longer than that of no hood. Maximum pressure gradient in the compression wavefront reduces by the entrance hood. The results of the current work provide useful data for the design of tunnel entrance hood.

Propagation Characteristics of Compression Waves Reflected from the Open End of a Duct

  • Kim, Heuy-Dong;Lee, Dong-Hoon;H. Kashimura;T. Setoguchi
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.718-725
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    • 2003
  • The present study addresses the distortion of the compression wave reflected from an open end of a shock tube. An experiment is carried out using the simple shock tube with an open end Computational work is also performed to represent the experimented flows. The second-order Total Variation Diminishing scheme is employed to numerically solve the unsteady, axisy-mmetric, inviscid, compressible governing equations. Both the experimented and predicted results are in good agreement. The generation and development mechanisms of the compression wave, which Is reflected from the open end of the shock tube, are obtained in detail from the present computations. The effect of size of the baffle plate at the open-end that causes the reflection of the incident expansion wave is found negligible. A good correlation is obtained for transition of the reflected compression wave to a shock wave inside the tube. The present data show that for a given wave length of the incident expansion wave the transition of the reflected compression wave to a shock wave can be predicted with good accuracy.