• Title, Summary, Keyword: Conditional deletions

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Multiple Deletions in Logistic Regression Models

  • Jung, Kang-Mo
    • Communications for Statistical Applications and Methods
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.309-315
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    • 2009
  • We extended the results of Roy and Guria (2008) to multiple deletions in logistic regression models. Since single deletions may not exactly detect outliers or influential observations due to swamping effects and masking effects, it needs multiple deletions. We developed conditional deletion diagnostics which are designed to overcome problems of masking effects. We derived the closed forms for several statistics in logistic regression models. They give useful diagnostics on the statistics.

Functional Analysis of the Stress-Inducible Soybean Calmodulin Isoform-4 (GmCaM-4) Promoter in Transgenic Tobacco Plants

  • Park, Hyeong Cheol;Kim, Man Lyang;Kang, Yun Hwan;Jeong, Jae Cheol;Cheong, Mi Sun;Choi, Wonkyun;Lee, Sang Yeol;Cho, Moo Je;Kim, Min Chul;Chung, Woo Sik;Yun, Dae-Jin
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.475-480
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    • 2009
  • The transcription of soybean (Glycine max) calmodulin isoform-4 (GmCaM-4) is dramatically induced within 0.5 h of exposure to pathogen or NaCl. Core cis-acting elements that regulate the expression of the GmCaM-4 gene in response to pathogen and salt stress were previously identified, between -1,207 and -1,128 bp, and between -858 and -728 bp, in the GmCaM-4 promoter. Here, we characterized the properties of the DNA-binding complexes that form at the two core cis-acting elements of the GmCaM-4 promoter in pathogen-treated nuclear extracts. We generated GUS reporter constructs harboring various deletions of approximately 1.3-kb GmCaM-4 promoter, and analyzed GUS expression in tobacco plants transformed with these constructs. The GUS expression analysis suggested that the two previously identified core regions are involved in inducing GmCaM-4 expression in the heterologous system. Finally, a transient expression assay of Arabidopsis protoplasts showed that the GmCaM-4 promoter produced greater levels of GUS activity than did the CaMV35S promoter after pathogen or NaCl treatments, suggesting that the GmCaM-4 promoter may be useful in the production of conditional gene expression systems.