• Title, Summary, Keyword: Context-awareness

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Context Aware System based on Bayesian Network driven Context Reasoning and Ontology Context Modeling

  • Ko, Kwang-Eun;Sim, Kwee-Bo
    • International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.254-259
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    • 2008
  • Uncertainty of result of context awareness always exists in any context-awareness computing. This falling-off in accuracy of context awareness result is mostly caused by the imperfectness and incompleteness of sensed data, because of this reasons, we must improve the accuracy of context awareness. In this article, we propose a novel approach to model the uncertain context by using ontology and context reasoning method based on Bayesian Network. Our context aware processing is divided into two parts; context modeling and context reasoning. The context modeling is based on ontology for facilitating knowledge reuse and sharing. The ontology facilitates the share and reuse of information over similar domains of not only the logical knowledge but also the uncertain knowledge. Also the ontology can be used to structure learning for Bayesian network. The context reasoning is based on Bayesian Networks for probabilistic inference to solve the uncertain reasoning in context-aware processing problem in a flexible and adaptive situation.

A Development of Intelligent Context-Awareness Middleware (지능적 상황인지 미들웨어의 개발)

  • Suh, Joohee;Woo, Chong-Woo
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.11 no.sup
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    • pp.165-176
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    • 2012
  • Context-Awareness system provides an appropriate service to user by recognizing situation from surrounding environment. There are many successful studies on this framework, but still has some limitations. In this paper, we are describing a context-awareness middleware that can enhance the limitation of the previous approaches. We first defined a new concept of context-awareness environment as a social intelligence. This concept implies that intelligent objects can make relationships, can aware of situation from surrounding environment, and can collaborate to accomplish a given task. The significance of the study is as follows. First, the system is capable of multi context-awareness since it is designed with a structure that supports multiple lines of reasoning. Second, the system is capable of context planning by adapting AI planning mechanism. Third, the system is capable of making the intelligent objects as a group for collaboration, and provides adaptive service to user. We have developed a prototype of the system and tested with a virtual scenario.

State based Context Awareness Method for Non-Player Character (자율 캐릭터를 위한 상태기반 상황인지 기법)

  • Kim, Hyung-Il
    • Journal of Korea Game Society
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.93-102
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    • 2014
  • The non-player character(NPC) either cooperates with the player character to proceed the game or fight against the game player. This paper proposes the context awareness method for the natural action control of the same NPC. The context awareness method analyzes the context information of the NPC that can be utilized in the current status and creates the actions which suit the current context automatically. The context awareness method analyzes the information value of the context elements of the NPC which occur in the current context and creates natural actions of the character by utilizing the analyzed context element information. In this experiment, average performance improved by 39% and by 8% in the context awareness method as compared to the rule-based method and information gain method, respectively.

A Study on the Application of Context-Awareness for the General Welfare Center - Focus on the General Welfare Center Lobby - (상황인식 기술을 적용한 종합 복지센터 공간 계획 연구 - 종합 복지센터 로비 공간 중심으로-)

  • Choi, Jung-Won;Lee, Hyoung-Woo;Ahn, Gil-Jae;Kim, Yong-Seong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.251-259
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to show the characteristics of integrated welfare center space by applying Context-Awareness technology in order to provide user-friendly services for efficient use of integrated welfare centers as more and more people are interested in using welfare integrated welfare centers which have increasingly been supplied. For this study, we propose the spaces which provide users of integrated welfare centers with proper services by applying Context-Awareness after reviewing the theory of Context-Awareness through literature study as well as case analysis and choosing the reasonable Context-Awareness technology for integrated welfare centers. As it is possible to efficiently provide users with safety service, information service and convenient service by the analysis of space, users' movement in lobby where Context-Awareness is applied and the lobbies of integrated welfare centers in Munsan area, Paju-si out of domestic cases about integrated welfare centers, the different type of spaces from the existing one is expected.

Development of Multi-Sensor Station for u-Surveillance to Collaboration-Based Context Awareness (협업기반 상황인지를 위한 u-Surveillance 다중센서 스테이션 개발)

  • Yoo, Joon-Hyuk;Kim, Hie-Cheol
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.780-786
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    • 2012
  • Surveillance has become one of promising application areas of wireless sensor networks which allow for pervasive monitoring of concerned environmental phenomena by facilitating context awareness through sensor fusion. Existing systems that depend on a postmortem context analysis of sensor data on a centralized server expose several shortcomings, including a single point of failure, wasteful energy consumption due to unnecessary data transfer as well as deficiency of scalability. As an opposite direction, this paper proposes an energy-efficient distributed context-aware surveillance in which sensor nodes in the wireless sensor network collaborate with neighbors in a distributed manner to analyze and aware surrounding context. We design and implement multi-modal sensor stations for use as sensor nodes in our wireless sensor network implementing our distributed context awareness. This paper presents an initial experimental performance result of our proposed system. Results show that multi-modal sensor performance of our sensor station, a key enabling factor for distributed context awareness, is comparable to each independent sensor setting. They also show that its initial performance of context-awareness is satisfactory for a set of introductory surveillance scenarios in the current interim stage of our ongoing research.

A SENSOR DATA PROCESSING SYSTEM FOR LARGE SCALE CONTEXT AWARENESS

  • Choi Byung Kab;Jung Young Jin;Lee Yang Koo;Park Mi;Ryu Keun Ho;Kim Kyung Ok
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.333-336
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    • 2005
  • The advance of wireless telecommunication and observation technologies leads developing sensor and sensor network for serving the context information continuously. Besides, in order to understand and cope with the context awareness based on the sensor network, it is becoming important issue to deal with plentiful data transmitted from various sensors. Therefore, we propose a context awareness system to deal with the plentiful sensor data in a vast area such as the prevention of a forest fire, the warning system for detecting environmental pollution, and the analysis of the traffic information, etc. The proposed system consists of the context acquisition to collect and store various sensor data, the knowledge base to keep context information and context log, the rule manager to process context information depending on user defined rules, and the situation information manager to analysis and recognize the context, etc. The proposed system is implemented for managing renewable energy data management transmitted from a large scale area.

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Development of User-Centered Context Awareness System (사용자 중심의 상황 인지 시스템의 개발)

  • Jang, In-Woo;Woo, Chong-Woo
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.113-125
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    • 2010
  • Recently, a smart space with Ubiquitous Environment is expanding rapidly due to the development of Ubiquitous Sensor Network. Therefore, more appropriate and intelligent services of the context awareness system is being required. The previous context awareness system can provide a service to the user through the inference only on the current situation. But, it does not handle certain situation properly when the system provides abnormal result. Also it does not have any proper method of generating reliable semantic data from sensed raw data. In this paper, we are trying to solve the problems as the following approaches. First, the system recognizes abnormal result and corrects it by learning feedback from the user. Second, we suggest a method of converting sensed data into more reliable semantic data. Third, we build the system based on an Ontological context model that is capable of interoperability and reusability. Therefore, the context awareness system of our study can enhance the previous system that can generate more reliable context data, can provide more effective inference method, and can provide more intelligent system structure.

Development of Real Time Monitoring System based on Context-awareness for Wireless Sensor Networks (무선 센서네트워크에서 상황인식기반 실시간 감시시스템 개발)

  • Jo, Kyoung-Jin;Kim, Hee-Dae;Lee, Hyun-Jo;Sim, Chun-Bo;Chang, Jae-Woo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.101-111
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    • 2011
  • Due to recent development in wireless communication technologies and mobile information devices, the services on ubiquitous computing technology without time and place restriction have been spotlighted. Moreover, the interest of the Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) and context-awareness technologies have largely been escalating and their technologies utilization is active in the various applications such as healthcare, farm management and so on. However, the direct adaption of the existing context-awareness technique to the WSN technology has several drawbacks as follows. First, such systems waste precious energy of sensor nodes, due to unnecessary data transmissions. Secondly, since the existing work was designed to support only specific applications, it is required to implement a new context-awareness application for a specific purpose. Therefore, we, in this paper, propose a new real-time monitoring system based on context-awareness in WSNs. Our system not only enhances energy efficiency by reducing data transmissions by doing context-awareness on a sensor node, but also is scalable in terms of supporting new context-awareness functionalities through modularization.

A Spatial Data Stream Processing System for Spatial Context Analysis in Real-time (실시간 공간 상황 분석을 위한 공간 데이터 스트림 처리 시스템)

  • Kwon, O-Je;Kim, Jae-Hun;Li, Ki-Joune
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2010
  • Spatial data streams from sensors are useful in context-awareness for many types of applications. However, an important gap is found between spatial data stream management in real-time and complex computation for spatial context-awareness, and this brings about serious difficulty to integrate spatial data stream processing and context-awareness. In this paper, we present a system called SCONSTREAM(Spatial CONtext STREAm Management) that we have developed to resolve the gap between spatial data stream and context-awareness. The key approach of our system is to filter off unnecessary spatial data streams and convert them to the spatial context streams, which are smaller and more suitable to be processed by the context-awareness module than raw data from sensors. By experimentation, We show that SCONSTREAM resolves the functional gap between spatial stream processing and spatial context-awareness module.

Development of a Matrix-based Context Awareness Model for Vehicle Environment (자동차 공간을 위한 Matrix기반의 상황인식 모델 개발)

  • Ko, Jae-Jin;Choi, Ki-Ho
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.187-195
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    • 2009
  • Recently, with the development of ubiquitous computing, the study and development about context awareness models is required for the application of ubiquitous environment. This paper presents the design and implementation of a matrix based context awareness model for vehicle environment. The matrix construction method using 5W1H and CAM (Context Awareness Model) expression is proposed for context awareness modeling. The system with the proposed model is implemented by Zigbee modules for the recognition of individual identification and position and a navigator for current spatial and temporal information of GPS. The result of experiments shows that the proposed model is available.

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