• Title, Summary, Keyword: Continuous k-nearest Neighbor Query

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Continuous K-Nearest Neighbor Query Processing Considering Peer Mobilities in Mobile P2P Networks (모바일 P2P 네트워크에서 피어의 이동성을 고려한 연속적인 k-최근접 질의 처리)

  • Bok, Kyoung-Soo;Lee, Hyun-Jung;Park, Young-Hun;Yoo, Jae-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.47-58
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we propose a continuous k-nearest neighborhood query processing method for updating the query results in real-time over mobile peer-to-peer environments. The proposed method disseminates a monitoring region to efficiently monitor the k-nearest neighbor peers. The Monitoring Region is created to assure at least k peers as the result of the query within the time range using the vector of neighbor peers. In the propose method, the monitoring region is valid for a long time because it is calculated by the vector of neighbor peers of the query peer. Therefore, the proposed method decreases the cost of re-processing by monitoring region invalidation. In order to show the superiority of the proposed method, we compare it with the previous schemes through performance evaluation.

A Efficient Method of Extracting Split Points for Continuous k Nearest Neighbor Search Without Order (무순위 연속 k 최근접 객체 탐색을 위한 효율적인 분할점 추출기법)

  • Kim, Jin-Deog
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.927-930
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    • 2010
  • Recently, continuous k-nearest neighbor query(CkNN) which is defined as a query to find the nearest points of interest to all the points on a given path is widely used in the LBS(Location Based Service) and ITS(Intelligent Transportation System) applications. It is necessary to acquire results quickly in the above applications and be applicable to spatial network databases. This paper proposes a new method to search nearest POIs(Point Of Interest) for moving query objects on the spatial networks. The method produces a set of split points and their corresponding k-POIs as results. There is no order between the POIs. The analysis show that the proposed method outperforms the existing methods.

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Reverse k-Nearest Neighbor Query Processing Method for Continuous Query Processing in Bigdata Environments (빅데이터 환경에서 연속 질의 처리를 위한 리버스 k-최근접 질의 처리 기법)

  • Lim, Jongtae;Park, Sunyong;Seo, Kiwon;Lee, Minho;Bok, Kyoungsoo;Yoo, Jaesoo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.454-462
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    • 2014
  • With the development of location aware technologies and mobile devices, location-based services have been studied. To provide location-based services, many researchers proposed methods for processing various query types with Mapreduce(MR). One of the proposed methods, is a Reverse k-nearest neighbor(RkNN) query processing method with MR. However, the existing methods spend too much cost to process the continuous RkNN query. In this paper, we propose an efficient continuous RkNN query processing method with MR to resolve the problems of the existing methods. The proposed method uses the 60-degree-pruning method. The proposed method does not need to reprocess the query for continuous query processing because the proposed method draws and monitors the monitoring area including the candidate objects of a RkNN query. In order to show the superiority of the proposed method, we compare it with the query processing performance of the existing method.

Countinuous k-Nearest Neighbor Query Processing Algorithm for Distributed Grid Scheme (분산 그리드 기법을 위한 연속 k-최근접 질의처리 알고리즘)

  • Kim, Young-Chang;Chang, Jae-Woo
    • Journal of Korea Spatial Information System Society
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2009
  • Recently, due to the advanced technologies of mobile devices and wireless communication, there are many studies on telematics and LBS(location-based service) applications. because moving objects usually move on spatial networks, their locations are updated frequently, leading to the degradation of retrieval performance. To manage the frequent updates of moving objects' locations in an efficient way, a new distributed grid scheme, called DS-GRID (distributed S-GRID), and k-NN(k-nearest neighbor) query processing algorithm was proposed[1]. However, the result of k-NN query processing technique may be invalidated as the location of query and moving objects are changed. Therefore, it is necessary to study on continuous k-NN query processing algorithm. In this paper, we propose both MCE-CKNN and MBP(Monitoring in Border Point)-CKNN algorithmss are S-GRID. The MCE-CKNN algorithm splits a query route into sub-routes based on cell and seproves retrieval performance by processing query in parallel way by. In addition, the MBP-CKNN algorithm stores POIs from the border points of each grid cells and seproves retrieval performance by decreasing the number of accesses to the adjacent cells. Finally, it is shown from the performance analysis that our CKNN algorithms achieves 15-53% better retrieval performance than the Kolahdouzan's algorithm.

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Monitoring Continuous k-Nearest Neighbor Queries, using c-MBR

  • Jung Ha-Rim;Kang Sang-Won;Song Moon-Bae;Im Seok-Jin;Kim Jong-Wan;Hwang Chong-Sun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.46-48
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    • 2006
  • This paper addresses the problem of monitoring continuous k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) queries. Given a set of moving (or static) objects and a set of moving (or static) query points, monitoring continuous k-NN query retrieves and updates the closest k objects to a query point continually. In order to support location based services (LBSs) in highly dynamic environments, where objects and/or queries are frequently moving, monitoring continuous queries require real-time updated results when objects and/or queries change their locations. Thus, it is important to minimize time delay for maintaining up to date the results. In this paper, we present monitoring method to shorten time delay for updating continuous k-NN queries based on the notion of result region and the minimum bounding rectangle enclosing all objects in each cell, referred to as c-MBR, in the grid index structure. Simulations are conducted to show the efficiency of the proposed method.

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A Method for Continuous k Nearest Neighbor Search With Partial Order (부분순위 연속 k 최근접 객체 탐색 기법)

  • Kim, Jin-Deog
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.126-132
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    • 2011
  • In the application areas of LBS(Location Based Service) and ITS(Intelligent Transportation System), continuous k-nearest neighbor query(CkNN) which is defined as a query to find the nearest points of interest to all the points on a given path is widely used. It is necessary to acquire results quickly in the above applications and be applicable to spatial network databases. It is also able to cope successfully with frequent updates of POI objects. This paper proposes a new method to search nearest POIs for moving query objects on the spatial networks. The method produces a set of split points and their corresponding k-POIs as results with partial order among k-POIs. The results obtained from experiments with real dataset show that the proposed method outperforms the existing methods. The proposed method achieves very short processing time(15%) compared with the existing method.

Design and Implementation of Advanced Traffic Monitoring System based on Integration of Data Stream Management System and Spatial DBMS

  • Xia, Ying;Gan, Hongmei;Kim, Gyoung-Bae
    • Journal of Korea Spatial Information System Society
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.162-169
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    • 2009
  • The real-time traffic data is generated continuous and unbounded stream data type while intelligent transport system (ITS) needs to provide various and high quality services by combining with spatial information. Traditional database techniques in ITS has shortage for processing dynamic real-time stream data and static spatial data simultaneously. In this paper, we design and implement an advanced traffic monitoring system (ATMS) with the integration of existed data stream management system (DSMS) and spatial DBMS using IntraMap. Besides, the developed ATMS can deal with the stream data of DSMS, the trajectory data of relational DBMS, and the spatial data of SDBMS concurrently. The implemented ATMS supports historical and one time query, continuous query and combined query. Application programmer can develop various intelligent services such as moving trajectory tracking, k-nearest neighbor (KNN) query and dynamic intelligent navigation by using components of the ATMS.

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A Continuous k-Nearest Neighbor Query Processing Method in Mobile P2P Environments (이동 P2P 환경에서 연속적인 k-최근접 질의 처리 기법)

  • Lee, hyun-jung;Bok, kyoung-soo;Park, yong-hun;Lim, jong-tae;Lee, sang-kyu;Yoo, jae-soo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.15-16
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    • 2012
  • 본 논문에서는 이동 P2P 환경에서 연속적인 서비스 제공을 위한 k-최근접 질의 처리 기법을 제안한다. 제안하는 기법은 질의 피어와 근접한 k개의 피어를 효율적으로 모니터링하기 위하여 MR(Monitoring-Region)을 배포한다. MR은 주변 피어들의 이동 벡터를 이용하여 시간 범위 내에서 최소 k개의 질의 결과를 보장하기 위해 만들어진 영역이다. 제안하는 기법은 주변 피어들의 벡터를 이용하여 MR을 계산하기 때문에 장시간 유효하며 MR 영역의 무효화에 따른 질의 재수행 비용을 절약한다. 제안하는 기법의 우수성을 입증하기 위해 기존 기법과의 성능평가를 수행한다.

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