• Title, Summary, Keyword: Continuous welded rail

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Nonlinear earthquake response analysis of CWR on bridge considering soil-structure interaction. (지반-구조물 상호작용을 고려한 교량상 장대레일의 비선형 지진응답해석)

  • Shin Ran Cheol;Cho Sun Kyu;Yang Shin Chu;Choi Jun Seong
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.733-738
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    • 2004
  • Recently continuous welded rail is generally used to ensure running performances and to overcome the problems such as structural vulnerability and fastener damage at the rail expansion joint. Though the use of continuous welded rail on bridge has the advantage of decreasing the vibration and damage of rail, it still the risk of buckling and breaking of rail due to change of temperature, starting and/or breaking force, axial stress concentration and so on. So, VIC code and many methods has been developed by researchers considering rail-bridge interaction. Although there are many research concerning stability of continuous welded rail about temperature change on bridge and starting and/or breaking force, the study of continuous welded mil for earthquake load is still unsufficient. In this study, the nonlinear seismic response analysis of continuous welded rail on bridge considering soil-structure interaction, geotechnical characteristic of foundation and earthquake isolation equipment has been performed to examine the stability of continuous welded rail.

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A Study on Estimation of Fatigue Life of Aged Continuous Welded Rail using the Field Test (현장측정을 통한 노후 레일의 피로수명 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kong, Sun-Yong;Sung, Deok-Yong;Kim, Jun-Hyung;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.352-364
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    • 2007
  • It is essential to reduce track maintenance costs and to extend the periodic replacements of continuous welded rails based on accumulated passing tonnage. As recently train load decrease and rail joints wear down less, the periodic replacements of continuous welded rails can be extended. There are many kinds of rail damage like squat, head-check and corrugation. These can be taken nondestructive or naked eye test. So the periodic replacements of continuous welded rails based on accumulated passing tonnage were examine with focusing on a crack of rail bottom of continuous welded rail. Therefore, this study measure dynamic response of track by metro train load, it compute impact coefficient and track spring coefficient for estimating a condition of actual track system. Also, it is converted the measured stress waveform into stress frequency histogram by the rain-flow counting methods, and then the equivalence of stress is calculated. As apply s-n curve of a new welded rail, accumulated fatigue damage ratio of laid rail and remaining service lives is estimated. This study suggest a plan of the periodic replacements of continuous welded rails based on accumulated passing tonnage classified by the types of track system.

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Case of Application of Rail Temperature Detector for Track Management (궤도 관리를 위한 레일온도검지장치 설치 사례)

  • Chung, Sung-Hyun;Shin, Gil-Cheol;Kim, Gil-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1362-1369
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    • 2007
  • Seoul Metro continuously converted the standard rail into continuous welded rail since the later part of 1990's, and currently, most of the sectors of the Seoul Metro are continuous welded rails. As the continuous welded rail is inhibited by the contraction and expansion force of the rail as well as rail-bed, this force is stored as the internal stress of the rail with the exception of portion of the both ends of the continuous welded rail. If the contraction and expansion of the rail is restricted, the internal stress, that is, the force in the direction of the axis, is proportional to the cross-sectional area of the rail. Therefore, with regards to the temperature changes, the internal stress changes in accordance with the type of rail, bolting apparatus, railroad tie and rail-bed. As such, the rail temperature becomes important data in securing the gap at the adjoining section of the rail in the standard rail section, and to determine the setting temperature for the continuous welded rail. In addition, it becomes basic data for maintenance of the track. Accordingly, this thesis introduces cases of installation of rail temperature detector in order to prevent and manage track defectiveness due to increase in rail temperature, and to utilize as basic data at the time of various construction and maintenance. Furthermore, this thesis aims to assist maintenance of track through systematic temperature management in the future by looking into means of its utilization.

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The Parameter Study on the Characteristics of Axial Force in Turnout with Continuous Welded Rail (분기부(分岐部) 장대(長大)레일화시의 축력거동특성(軸力擧動特性) 해석(解析))

  • Kim, Doo-Hwan;Ko, Sang-Hun
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.163-174
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    • 2001
  • This paper is to study the characteristics of axial force behavior that operates to the part of turnout when it makes the turnout and the continuous welded rail unifying. The study is to model by using the 50kgN rail No. 15 turnout used in the domestic national railway and the UIC60 rail No. 18 turnout used in the rapid transit railway as the finite elements for analyzing the axial force behavior of the turnout by the continuous welded rail. It is to analyze the characteristics of behavior according to the change of creep resistance, ballast resistance and the change of parameter valuables of heel joint by the axial force simulation in making the continuous welded rail and then, it is to present the result. As the result of research on the parameter valuables through the analysis, it shows that the maximum axial force of turnout by the continuous welded rail are largely subordinated to the maximum resistance of heel joint and the fitting devices than the ballast resistance. Also it shows that the maximum axial force produced changes a lot according to the characteristics of creep resistance of the fitting part and the ballast resistance.

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Parametric Study on the Safety of CWR Track over High-Speed Railway Bridges (매개변수해석을 통한 고속전철교량상 장대레일궤도 안전성 검토)

  • 강재윤;김병석;김영진;박성용;조정래;최은석;진원종
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2002
  • Where the track is continuously welded over the bridge, the longitudinal forces will be distributed interactively between the track and the sub-structure by the rail-bridge interaction mechanism. The ratio between the longitudinal forces transmitted in each elements depends on the magnitude of the ballast resistance and the stiffness of the sub-structures. In this paper, the main factors affect on the longitudinal rail force are discussed and the parametric study for the behavior of CWR(Continuous Welded Rail) track was executed. It is concluded that the horizontal ballast resistance and the stiffness of the bridge sub-structure are the significant parameters affecting the stability of the continuous welded rail track.

A Study on the Characteristics of Axial Force in Bridge with Continuous Welded Rail (장대레일화 된 교량의 축력거동특성 연구)

  • Kim, Doo-Hwan;Han, Kwang-Seob
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.251-258
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    • 2003
  • This study is to understand the characteristics of axial force behavior that operates to the part of continuous welded rail and to investigate the basic data for secure the structure's stability and retrofit of the track. To develop the FEM model that type of plate girder which is used in the domestic national railway among servicing railway type. It is to analyze the characteristics of axial force behavior according to equip of the expansion joint and support placing by using the axial force simulation in making the continuous welded rail. As the result of research on the parametric valuables through the analysis, it is investigated that 'FMFM type' is more efficient than the other support type. Also, it conclude that structures are having the expansion joint is the most safe condition.

Research about Expansion Joint of Continuous Welded Rail on Reset (장대레일 신축이음매 재설정에 관한 연구)

  • Min, Jun-Ho;Lee, Chang-Hun;Ryu, Jae-Kwang;Kim, Hyo-San
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2129-2134
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    • 2011
  • This research increases efficiency of track-maintenance repair and cuts maintenance cost with relocating Continuous Welded Rail how to set up install criteria by comprehension analysis through an on-the-spot survey and track measurement about installing place at expansion joint of Continuous Welded Rail. This scope of this research is 427 places installed at Line No.1~4, Seoulmetro. We take a field study and select two spots. So we survey wheel-load, cross-load and railbed cross-resistance and suggest install criteria of expansion joint of Continuous Welded Rail through investigation and analysis of track facilities about neighboring section of expansion joint.

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Field Test to Investigate the Thermal Stress of Continuous Welded Rail on High Speed Railway Bridges in Summer Period (고속철도 교량상 장대레일의 하절기 온도응력 계측)

  • Kwark, Jong-Won;Choi, Eun-Suk;Chin, Won-Jong;Lee, Jung-Woo;Kim, Byung-Suk;Kang, Jae-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2006
  • Most modern railways, especially the high speed railway tracks, use continuous welded rail(CWR) for the less maintenance. For the CWR track has very few expansion joints, track buckling has always been an unpredictable event and it happens mainly by high compressive stress in rail in summer period. Therefore, it is important to understand the variation of rail stress induced by thermal loads which has direct influence on the rail buckling and stability of railway track. This paper describes the experimental investigation of the variation of rail temperature and stress in a high speed railway track on bridge structure. Field measurement was performed to examine the correlation between the rail temperature and rail stress on the Korean High Speed Railway line. Regression functions were derived from measured data to determine the rail stress f3r an arbitrary rail temperature varies from 20 to 50 degree Celsius.

A Study on Logicality for the Periodic Replacements of Continuous Welded Rail based on Accumulated Passing Tonnage (누적통과톤수에 의한 레일교체기준의 타당성 분석)

  • Sung, Deok-Yong;Kong, Sun-Yong;Kim, Park-Jin;Shin, Hyo-Jung;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1058-1070
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    • 2007
  • Internal and external railway management corporations are using the periodic replacement criteria of rail by accumulated passing tonnage and wear to maintain rails for servicing. However, internal the periodic replacement criteria of continuous welded rail(CWR) by accumulated passing tonnage is the one(50kg/m-5 million gross tonnage, 60kg/m-6 million gross tonnage) presented in Japan before. It was estimated with the fatigue life about 50kg N rail joints applied diesel train load but it wasn't applied to current conditions of track; elimination of rail joint, using the concrete slab track and operation of light train load and effect of welding, manufacturing technique, grinding of rail. Therefore, in this study, it was investigated the types of damage and cause in welded rails and examined standards and information resources. Also, this study presents preliminary data to revise the periodic replacement criteria of CWR by current accumulated passing tonnage in bending test of laid welded rail and a survey of track maintenance history of Seoul metro.

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The Characteristics of Rail Temperature for Track Maintenance (궤도 관리를 위한 레일 온도의 특성)

  • 구봉근;서사범
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2000
  • The rail temperature is important to preserve the joint gap for standard length of rail and to determine the installation temperature which has direct influence on the rail buckling and failure in welded part for continuous welded rail(CWR), Therefore, we have measured and investigated various characteristics of rail temperature for each kind of rail. As the results of this, the correlation between the atmosphere temperature and the rail temperature which is commonly used by Korean Railway should be reconsidered. Also, the daily highest '||'&'||' lowest rail temperature was occurred when each temperature is higher and when it's lower. For the light rail, the rail temperature by the sun-light increases quickly and decreases late. But the time where the highest temperature is attained is same. There are some differences between the shade and sunny place about 3.0∼4.0$\^{C}$. The temperature of rail web is almost close to the conversion rail temperature for rail expansion. The wind of 1 m/s has an influence on the rail temperature around 5$\^{C}$.

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