• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Copper Sulfate

검색결과 279건 처리시간 0.035초

황산구리/치오요소 후처리에 의한 견직물의 일광 견뢰도 증진에 관한 연구 (A Study on Improvement of Light Fastness on Silk-Dyed Fabric by Aftertreatment with Copper Sulfate/Thiourea)

  • 윤정임;김경환
    • 한국염색가공학회지
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 1993
  • The Silk fabric was dyed with various acid dyes, and than treated with copper sulfate or copper sulfate/thiourea. Munsell color system, dye exhaustion and light fastness were investigated for the treated fabrics. The results obtaind are as follows: 1) The color variation of the silk-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate was shown redish, but original color with copper sulfate/thiourea. 2) Copper sulfate/thiourea was much more effective than copper sulfate only to increase the light fastness. 3) The crease recovery was increased by aftertreatment with copper sulfate/thiourea. 4) Dye exhaustion and tensile strength of the silk-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate was decreased about 8-15% more than those of untreated.

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황산구리/치오요소 후처리에 희한 직접염료의 견뢰도 증진에 관한 연구(II) (A Study on Improvement of Fastness on Cotton-dyed Fabric by Aftertreatment with Copper Sulfate/Thiourea)

  • Yoon, Jung Im;Kim, Kyung Hwan
    • 한국염색가공학회지
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1993
  • The Cotton fabric was dyed with various directd dyes, and then treated with copper sulfate or copper sulfate/thiourea. Munsell color system, dye exhaustion, tensile strength, light fastness, washing fastness and rubbing fastness were investigated for the treated fabrics. The results obtaind are as follows: 1. The color variation of the cotton-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate was shown redish, but original color with copper sulfate/thiourea. 2. Copper sulfate/thiourea was much more effective than copper sulfate only to increase the light fastness, washing fastness and rubbing fastness. 3. Dye exhaustion of the cotton-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate was decreased about 20% more than those of untreated. 4. Tensile stregth of cotton-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate/thiourea was decrease about 10% more than those of untreated.

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합성 Goethite에 의한 인산이온, 황산이온 및 구리이온의 혼합용액에서의 흡착특성 (Adsorption Characteristics by Synthesized Goethite in the Mixed Solution Systems of Phosphate, Sulfate, and Copper Ions)

  • 감상규;이동환;이민규
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.1055-1060
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    • 2003
  • Adsorption on goethite of individual component from a solution containing phosphate, sulfate, or copper ion was investigated. Competitive adsorption in the binary and ternary solution systems composed of phosphate, sulfate, and copper ions was also investigated. In competitive adsorption systems with phosphate and sulfate ions, the presence of phosphate ion reduced the adsorption of sulfate ion largely. On the other hand, the presence of sulfate ion caused only a small decrease in phosphate adsorption. This result suggests that phosphate ion is a stronger competitor for adsorption on goethite than sulfate ion, which is consistent with the higher affinity of phosphate for the surface compared to sulfate ion. Compared to the results from single-sorbate systems, adsorption of copper ion in the binary system of sulfate ion and copper ion was found to be enhanced in the presence of sulfate ion. Addition of sulfate ion to the binary system of copper ion and phosphate ion resulted in a small enhancement in copper sorption. This result implies that the presence of sulfate ion promotes adsorption of the ternary complex FeOHCuSO$_4$. The adsorption isotherms could be well described by the Langmuir adsorption equation.

합성 Goethite에 의한 인산이온, 황산이온 및 구리이온의 흡착 특성 (Adsorption Characteristics of Phosphate, Sulfate, and Copper Ions by Synthesized Goethite)

  • 김정두;유수용;문명준;감상규;주창식;이민규
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.9
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    • pp.1011-1016
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    • 2003
  • Adsorption of phosphate, sulfate, and copper ion to goethite was investigated. Goethite was prepared in the alkaline solution. In the single adsorbate systems, the final equilibrium plateau reached within 20 min. The adsorption isotherms of the individual ions could be well described by the Langmuir equation. The maximum adsorption capacities (q$\_$max/) were calculated as 0.483 m㏖/g and 0.239 m㏖/g at pH 3 for phosphate and sulfate ion, and 0.117 m㏖/g at pH 6 for copper ion, respectively, In competitive adsorption system with phosphate and sulfate, phosphate ion was a stronger competitor for adsorption on goethite than sulfate ion, which was consistent with higher affinity of phosphate ion for the surface compared to sulfate ion. The existence of sulfate ion enhanced the adsorption of copper ion but the adsorption of sulfate was inhibited when copper ion was present.

초등과학에서 미량화학(SSC)을 이용한 황산구리 결정 만들기의 새로운 방법 (New Methods of Producing Copper Sulfate Crystals Using Small-Scale Chemistry(SSC) in Elementary School Science)

  • 한상준;김성규
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.981-992
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    • 2008
  • This study examined how to produce new methods of copper (II) sulfate crystallization by using a small-scale chemistry tool such as small-scale reaction surface and petri dish. The making of copper(II) sulfate is included in the 5th grade elementary science textbooks. Various copper(II) compounds were reacted with a 2 M sulfuric acid solution. The result of this study is as follows: Seven small amounts of copper(II) compounds were reacted with a few drops of 2 M sulfuric acid solution at room temperature to make a copper(II) sulfate crystal of triclinic shape. Using the petri dish method, a copper(II) sulfate crystal could be identified within one hour of reacting copper(II) hydroxide, copper(II) carbonate, copper(II) nitrate, copper(II) perchlorate, cupric(II) formate from a few drops of 2 M sulfuric acid solution at room temperature. When using the lap top method for copper(II) perchlorate, cupric formate, a proper crystal could be identified within one hour as well. SSC methods were used for the first time to make a copper sulfate crystal via chemical reaction. We can make a copper(II) sulfate crystal using a simple method which is easier, safer and saves time in class. And since a small quantity of chemicals are being used in SSC chemical methods, waste is greatly reduced. This lessens the amount of environmental problems caused by the experiment. This can be helpful in preserving nature. In addition the cost of chemical and laboratory equipment is greatly reduced because it uses material that we find in our daily lives. There will be continued study of small-scale methods such as improvement of new programs, study and training of teachers, and securing SSC tools. I would like to suggest such as SSC methods are applicable in elementary School Science. I would like it to become a wide spread program.

염화동 폐액으로부터 양이온격막 전해 채취된 구리 분말을 이용한 황산동의 제조방법 연구 (Study on the Preparation of Copper Sulfate by Copper Powder using Cation Membrane Electrowinning Prepared from Waste Cupric Chloride Solution)

  • 강용호;현승균
    • 자원리싸이클링
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.62-72
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    • 2019
  • 일반적으로, 황산동을 제조하기 위한 원료는 $H_2SO_4$ 및 Cu 금속이 사용된다. 본 연구는 폐산, 폐염화동 폐기물부터 전해 채취법을 이용하여 황산동을 제조하는 방법에 관한 것이다. 황산구리의 용도는 공업용, 도금용, 사료용, 농업용, 전자급 PCB 동도금에 사용된다. 종래의 황산동 제조법은 다량의 폐수 및 에너지 비용이 높은 문제점이 있다. 구리(Cu) 화합물 중에서 가장 사용이 많이 되는 황산동($CuSO_4$)의 제조 방법에 관한 연구로서, 공정 운전비가 적고, 폐수 발생이 적으며, 제조 공정이 간단하다. 양이온 맴브레인을 이용하여 Na, Ca, Mg, Al을 불순물로서 제거하기 쉽다. 또한 동시에 전해 채취 방법으로 고 순도 구리 분말을 회수 할 수 있었다. 회수 된 구리 분말을 사용하여 고 순도 황산동을 제조 할 수 있었다.

동 전해정련시 황산구리 수용액 중의 Arsenic이 구리의 전해전착에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Arsenic on Copper Electrodeposition in Copper-Sulfate Solutions in Copper-Electrorefining)

  • 김도형;김용환;정원섭
    • 한국표면공학회지
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.103-108
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    • 2009
  • The effect of Arsenic in copper-sulfate solutions during electrorefining of copper was investigated using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and cyclic voltammetry analysis. Electrodeposition was carried out using Arsenic, Antimony and bismuth addition to sulfate electrolytes: 45 g/l $Cu^{2+}$ and 170 g/l $H_2SO_4$. Arsenic in sulfate electrolytes changed the morphology and structure of the copper deposits as compared with those obtained from impurity free solutions. When arsenic was present in the sulfate electrolytes, $Cu-3$As intermetallic phase was formed locally on the deposits.

감자 흑각병원균 Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica의 화학적 방제 (Chemical control of potato Blackleg disease caused by Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica in Korea)

  • 유용만;;배후남;김성문;임춘근;허장현
    • 농약과학회지
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 2003
  • 감자 생산에 치명적인 흑각병을 유발하는 흑각병원균 (Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica) 을 방제할 수 있는 화학적 방제제를 선발하기 위하여 7 종의 항생제와 oxolinic acid, 그리고 4 종의 구리제를 대상으로 병원균에 대한 억제효과와 저항성을 in vitro에서 조사하였다. Streptomycin, streptomycin sulfate, oxolinic acid는 0.02 mM 처리 24 시간 후, 그리고 구리제인 copper hydroxide, copper oxide, copper sulfate 는 3 mM 처리 24 시간 후 완전히 억제되었다. 약제들에 대한 병원균의 저항성을 조사하고자 최소 억제농도의 1.3 배를 처리하고 72 시간 후에 생존율을 조사한 결과, 항생제 및 oxolinic acid 처리구에서는 저항성균이 관찰되었으나, 구리제 처리구에서는 관찰되지 않았다. 저농도 처리로 병원균을 방제할 수 있는 2 종의 항생제 및 oxolinic acid 와 저항성균 유발 가능성이 낮은 구리제 3 종을 혼합처리였을 경우, streptomycin + copper oxide(0.016 + 1.2 mM, 9.3 + 171.6 ppm), streptomycin + copper hydroxide(0.016 + 1.5 mM, 9.3 + 146.3 ppm), streptomycin sulfate+copper oxide(0.005 + 1.2 mM, 7.0 + 171.6 ppm), streptomycin sulfate+copper hydroxide(0.005 + 1.5 mM, 7.0+146.3 ppm) 처리 24 시간 후 병원균의 생장은 완전 억제되었고, 72 시간 후 저항성균이 전혀 관찰되지 않았다. 그러나 oxolinic acid+구리제 혼합처리의 경우와 2 종의 항생제 및 oxolinic acid + copper sulfate 혼합처리의 경우 공히 균생장 억제효과가 나타나지 않았다. 본 실험의 결과는 효과적인 감자흑각병의 방제를 위하여 약제의 단일 사용보다는 혼합 사용하는 경우 더 높은 방제효과와 낮은 저항성균 유발효과가 있다는 것 을 보여주고 있다.

석회보르도액 살포가 거봉포도의 노균병 발생에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Bordeaux Mixture for Control of Grape cv. 'Kyoho' downy Mildew (Plasmopara viticola))

  • 정성민;마경복;박서준;김진국;노정호;허윤영;박교선
    • 한국유기농업학회지
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.529-541
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    • 2011
  • Bordeaux mixture made with each grade of lime and copper sulfate was tested general property and disease control value. Bordeaux mixture was made by composition of each grade of lime (95%, 80%) with each grade of copper sulfate(98.5%, 95%). Phytotoxicity was evaluated to Bordeaux mixture made with each grade of lime and copper sulfate, and then low grade copper sulfate (95%) was more severely in the grapevine leaf. Bordeaux mixture, made with each grade lime and copper sulfate, were tried to evaluate control effects of downy mildew in field. As a result, Bordeaux mixture (95% of lime and 98.5% of copper sulfate, 6-6) applied 5 times at late in June was showed more effective disease control value than any other trials of Bordeaux mixture. There was no difference in nutrient status of petiole each treatment. But fruit characteristics were shown more slightly improved quality.

미생물 제제와 살균제에 의한 인삼 점무늬병의 방제 (Control of Alternaria Leaf Blight of Ginseng by Microbial Agent and Fungicides)

  • 이상국;한진수;김현길;윤대붕;최재을
    • 식물병연구
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.102-106
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    • 2008
  • Bacillus subtilis QST713(BS QST713)의 단독, 살균제와 혼합 및 교호처리하여 인삼 점무늬병의 방제효과를 검정하였다. BS QST713를 10일 간격으로 단독으로 처리했을 때, 인삼 점무늬병에 대한 방제가는 83.3%, azoxystrobin, chlorothalonil copper sulfate basic, copper sulfate basic, kresoxim-methyl, difenoconazole, mancozeb 단독 처리구는 $80.4{\sim}83.7%$로 나타났다. BS QST713와 mancozeb를 혼합하여 14일 간격으로 처리하였을 때의 방제가는 83.6%, BS QST713와 azoxystrobin 혼합 처리구는 82.6%이었으나, difenoconazole, kresoxim-methyl, copper sulfate basic 및 chlorothalonil copper sulfate basic와 혼합 처리구는 $61.1{\sim}76.4%$로 방제효과가 약간 감소하였다. 대전에서 BS QST713와 copper sulfate basic를 10일 간격으로 교호처리시 방제가가 85.9%이었으나, 다른 살균제와의 교호처리 시는 $55.5{\sim}78.2%$로 낮아 졌다. 그러나 무주에서 모든 교호처리에서 방제가가 90% 이상으로 나타났다. 이상의 결과에 의하면 BS QST713의 단독, 혼합 및 교호처리는 살균제의 사용량을 줄일 수 있는 방제법으로 이용될 것이다.