• Title, Summary, Keyword: Copper Sulfate

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A Study on Improvement of Light Fastness on Silk-Dyed Fabric by Aftertreatment with Copper Sulfate/Thiourea (황산구리/치오요소 후처리에 의한 견직물의 일광 견뢰도 증진에 관한 연구)

  • 윤정임;김경환
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 1993
  • The Silk fabric was dyed with various acid dyes, and than treated with copper sulfate or copper sulfate/thiourea. Munsell color system, dye exhaustion and light fastness were investigated for the treated fabrics. The results obtaind are as follows: 1) The color variation of the silk-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate was shown redish, but original color with copper sulfate/thiourea. 2) Copper sulfate/thiourea was much more effective than copper sulfate only to increase the light fastness. 3) The crease recovery was increased by aftertreatment with copper sulfate/thiourea. 4) Dye exhaustion and tensile strength of the silk-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate was decreased about 8-15% more than those of untreated.

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A Study on Improvement of Fastness on Cotton-dyed Fabric by Aftertreatment with Copper Sulfate/Thiourea (황산구리/치오요소 후처리에 희한 직접염료의 견뢰도 증진에 관한 연구(II))

  • Yoon, Jung Im;Kim, Kyung Hwan
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1993
  • The Cotton fabric was dyed with various directd dyes, and then treated with copper sulfate or copper sulfate/thiourea. Munsell color system, dye exhaustion, tensile strength, light fastness, washing fastness and rubbing fastness were investigated for the treated fabrics. The results obtaind are as follows: 1. The color variation of the cotton-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate was shown redish, but original color with copper sulfate/thiourea. 2. Copper sulfate/thiourea was much more effective than copper sulfate only to increase the light fastness, washing fastness and rubbing fastness. 3. Dye exhaustion of the cotton-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate was decreased about 20% more than those of untreated. 4. Tensile stregth of cotton-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate/thiourea was decrease about 10% more than those of untreated.

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Adsorption Characteristics by Synthesized Goethite in the Mixed Solution Systems of Phosphate, Sulfate, and Copper Ions (합성 Goethite에 의한 인산이온, 황산이온 및 구리이온의 혼합용액에서의 흡착특성)

  • 감상규;이동환;이민규
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.1055-1060
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    • 2003
  • Adsorption on goethite of individual component from a solution containing phosphate, sulfate, or copper ion was investigated. Competitive adsorption in the binary and ternary solution systems composed of phosphate, sulfate, and copper ions was also investigated. In competitive adsorption systems with phosphate and sulfate ions, the presence of phosphate ion reduced the adsorption of sulfate ion largely. On the other hand, the presence of sulfate ion caused only a small decrease in phosphate adsorption. This result suggests that phosphate ion is a stronger competitor for adsorption on goethite than sulfate ion, which is consistent with the higher affinity of phosphate for the surface compared to sulfate ion. Compared to the results from single-sorbate systems, adsorption of copper ion in the binary system of sulfate ion and copper ion was found to be enhanced in the presence of sulfate ion. Addition of sulfate ion to the binary system of copper ion and phosphate ion resulted in a small enhancement in copper sorption. This result implies that the presence of sulfate ion promotes adsorption of the ternary complex FeOHCuSO$_4$. The adsorption isotherms could be well described by the Langmuir adsorption equation.

Adsorption Characteristics of Phosphate, Sulfate, and Copper Ions by Synthesized Goethite (합성 Goethite에 의한 인산이온, 황산이온 및 구리이온의 흡착 특성)

  • 김정두;유수용;문명준;감상규;주창식;이민규
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.9
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    • pp.1011-1016
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    • 2003
  • Adsorption of phosphate, sulfate, and copper ion to goethite was investigated. Goethite was prepared in the alkaline solution. In the single adsorbate systems, the final equilibrium plateau reached within 20 min. The adsorption isotherms of the individual ions could be well described by the Langmuir equation. The maximum adsorption capacities (q$\_$max/) were calculated as 0.483 m㏖/g and 0.239 m㏖/g at pH 3 for phosphate and sulfate ion, and 0.117 m㏖/g at pH 6 for copper ion, respectively, In competitive adsorption system with phosphate and sulfate, phosphate ion was a stronger competitor for adsorption on goethite than sulfate ion, which was consistent with higher affinity of phosphate ion for the surface compared to sulfate ion. The existence of sulfate ion enhanced the adsorption of copper ion but the adsorption of sulfate was inhibited when copper ion was present.

New Methods of Producing Copper Sulfate Crystals Using Small-Scale Chemistry(SSC) in Elementary School Science (초등과학에서 미량화학(SSC)을 이용한 황산구리 결정 만들기의 새로운 방법)

  • Han, Sang-Joon;Kim, Sung-Kyu
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.981-992
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    • 2008
  • This study examined how to produce new methods of copper (II) sulfate crystallization by using a small-scale chemistry tool such as small-scale reaction surface and petri dish. The making of copper(II) sulfate is included in the 5th grade elementary science textbooks. Various copper(II) compounds were reacted with a 2 M sulfuric acid solution. The result of this study is as follows: Seven small amounts of copper(II) compounds were reacted with a few drops of 2 M sulfuric acid solution at room temperature to make a copper(II) sulfate crystal of triclinic shape. Using the petri dish method, a copper(II) sulfate crystal could be identified within one hour of reacting copper(II) hydroxide, copper(II) carbonate, copper(II) nitrate, copper(II) perchlorate, cupric(II) formate from a few drops of 2 M sulfuric acid solution at room temperature. When using the lap top method for copper(II) perchlorate, cupric formate, a proper crystal could be identified within one hour as well. SSC methods were used for the first time to make a copper sulfate crystal via chemical reaction. We can make a copper(II) sulfate crystal using a simple method which is easier, safer and saves time in class. And since a small quantity of chemicals are being used in SSC chemical methods, waste is greatly reduced. This lessens the amount of environmental problems caused by the experiment. This can be helpful in preserving nature. In addition the cost of chemical and laboratory equipment is greatly reduced because it uses material that we find in our daily lives. There will be continued study of small-scale methods such as improvement of new programs, study and training of teachers, and securing SSC tools. I would like to suggest such as SSC methods are applicable in elementary School Science. I would like it to become a wide spread program.

Study on the Preparation of Copper Sulfate by Copper Powder using Cation Membrane Electrowinning Prepared from Waste Cupric Chloride Solution (염화동 폐액으로부터 양이온격막 전해 채취된 구리 분말을 이용한 황산동의 제조방법 연구)

  • Kang, Yong-Ho;Hyun, Soong-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.62-72
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    • 2019
  • Generally, $H_2SO_4$ and Cu metal are used as raw materials for producing copper sulfate. The study relates to a method for producing copper sulfate using electrowinning from a waste solution of copper chloride. Uses are used for copper plating for industry, plating, feed, agriculture, electronic grade PCB. Conventional methods for producing copper sulfate have a problem of a large amount of waste water and a high energy cost. A study on the production method of copper sulfate ($CuSO_4$), which is the most used among copper (Cu) compounds, has a low process operation ratio, a small amount of waste water, and a simple manufacturing process. It is easy to remove Na, Ca, Mg, and Al as impurities by using a cationic membrane. At the same time, high purity copper powder could be recovered by an electrowinninng method. Using the recovered copper powder, high purity copper sulfate could be produced.

The Effect of Arsenic on Copper Electrodeposition in Copper-Sulfate Solutions in Copper-Electrorefining (동 전해정련시 황산구리 수용액 중의 Arsenic이 구리의 전해전착에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Do-Hyung;Kim, Yong-Hwan;Chung, Won-Sub
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.103-108
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    • 2009
  • The effect of Arsenic in copper-sulfate solutions during electrorefining of copper was investigated using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and cyclic voltammetry analysis. Electrodeposition was carried out using Arsenic, Antimony and bismuth addition to sulfate electrolytes: 45 g/l $Cu^{2+}$ and 170 g/l $H_2SO_4$. Arsenic in sulfate electrolytes changed the morphology and structure of the copper deposits as compared with those obtained from impurity free solutions. When arsenic was present in the sulfate electrolytes, $Cu-3$As intermetallic phase was formed locally on the deposits.

Chemical control of potato Blackleg disease caused by Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica in Korea (감자 흑각병원균 Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica의 화학적 방제)

  • Yu, Yong-Man;Zhu, Yong-zhe;Bae, Hu-Nam;Kim, Song-Mum;Lim, Chun-Keum;Hur, Jang-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 2003
  • Potato blackleg disease caused by Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (Eca) has been a serious problem in Korea. Bactericidal activities of twelve bactericides including antibiotics, copper compounds and oxolinic acid were examined in vitro. Streptomycin, streptomycin sulfate, and oxolinic acid effectively controlled the pathogen at 0.02 mM. However, the pathogen developed resistance to the applied bactericides after 72 hours of incubation. Activity of copper compounds such as copper hydroxide, copper oxide and copper sulfate was lower than that of antibiotics. However, the pathogen did not develop resistant to them. Combinations of streptomycin (0.016 mM, 9.3 ppm) + copper oxide (1.2 mM, 171.6 ppm)/copper hydroxide (1.5 mM, 146.3 ppm); streptomycin sulfate (0.005 mM, 7.0 ppm) + copper oxide (1.2 mM, 171.6ppm)/copper hydroxide (1.5 mM, 146.3 ppm) were found to be effective for the control of E. carotovora subsp. atroseptica.

The Effect of Bordeaux Mixture for Control of Grape cv. 'Kyoho' downy Mildew (Plasmopara viticola) (석회보르도액 살포가 거봉포도의 노균병 발생에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Sung-Min;Ma, Kyeong-Bok;Park, Seo-Jun;Kim, Jin-Gook;Roh, Jeong-Ho;Hur, Youn-Young;Park, Kyo-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.529-541
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    • 2011
  • Bordeaux mixture made with each grade of lime and copper sulfate was tested general property and disease control value. Bordeaux mixture was made by composition of each grade of lime (95%, 80%) with each grade of copper sulfate(98.5%, 95%). Phytotoxicity was evaluated to Bordeaux mixture made with each grade of lime and copper sulfate, and then low grade copper sulfate (95%) was more severely in the grapevine leaf. Bordeaux mixture, made with each grade lime and copper sulfate, were tried to evaluate control effects of downy mildew in field. As a result, Bordeaux mixture (95% of lime and 98.5% of copper sulfate, 6-6) applied 5 times at late in June was showed more effective disease control value than any other trials of Bordeaux mixture. There was no difference in nutrient status of petiole each treatment. But fruit characteristics were shown more slightly improved quality.

Control of Alternaria Leaf Blight of Ginseng by Microbial Agent and Fungicides (미생물 제제와 살균제에 의한 인삼 점무늬병의 방제)

  • Li, Xiangguo;Han, Jin-Soo;Jin, Xuanji;Yin, Dapeng;Choi, Jae-Eul
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.102-106
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    • 2008
  • The single application of Bacillus subtilis QST713(BS QST713) mixed application with fungicides and alternate application were treated to examine the control of alternaria leaf blight of Panax ginseng. Control value of alternaria leaf blight by single application of BS QST713 at 10 days interval was 83.3%, and those of single application at 10 days interval was $80.4{\sim}83.7%$ by azoxystrobin, chlorothalonil copper sulfate basic, copper sulfate basic, kresoxim-methyl, difenoconazole, mancozeb. When mixture of BS QST713 and fungicides were applied at 14 days interval, the control value of alternaria leaf blight were 83.6% by BS QST713 and mancozeb, and 82.6% by BS QST713 and azoxystrobin. However, mixture of BS QST713 with difenoconazole, kresoxim-methyl, copper sulfate basic and chlorothalonil copper sulfate basic exhibited the disease control values from 61.1% to 76.4%, which showed slightly lower control efficacy. In Daejeon, the alternate application of BS QST713 followed by copper sulfate basic with 14 days interval was 85.9% in control value, which showed the best control efficacy. The alternate application with other tested fungicides slightly decreased to $55.5{\sim}78.2%$ in control value. However, the alternate application of BS QST713 followed by fungicides showed very high control efficacy, which were approximately 90% in Muju, Jeonbuk Province. Consequently, the single, mixed or alternate application of BS QST713 and fungicides could be recommended as a control method to reduce the amount of fungicides.