• Title, Summary, Keyword: Copper Sulfate

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Formation and Preservative Effectiveness of Water-Insoluble Copper Compound in Wood Treated with Copper Sulfate and Sodium Carbonate (황산구리와 탄산나트륨 처리 목재 내의 물불용성 구리화합물의 생성과 방부효력)

  • Kim, Jin-Kyung;Lee, Jong-Shin
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.358-364
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    • 2008
  • Wood-inorganic material composite (WIC) was prepared by impregnating wood with copper sulfate ($CuSO_4\;5H_2O$) solution and by immersed wood in sodium carbonate($Na_2CO_3$) solution in order to introduce insoluble copper compounds {copper carbonate hydroxide, $CuCO_3\;Cu(OH)_2$} into the wood to give fungicidal effects in treated-wood. The weight percent gains (WPGs) of treated wood reached maximum value by impregnation of 20% copper sulfate solution and immersion in about 15% sodium carbonate solution for 24 hrs. Inorganic substances were present mainly in the lumina and cross-field pitting of tracheides. These substances were proved to be the insoluble copper carbonate hydroxide against water by the energy dispersive X-ray analyzer in conjunction with a scanning electron microscope (SEM-EDXA). The treated specimens showed high preservative effectiveness because the weight losses were hardly occurred by the fungi degradation test.

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Effect of Copper on the Plant Regeneration from Seed Derived Callus of Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) (오차드그래스의 종자유래의 캘러스로부터 식물체 재분화율에 미치는 Copper의 영향)

  • 이효신;이병현;원성혜;이상현;조진기
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.259-264
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of copper in the efficiencies of callus formation and plant regeneration of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomarata L.). Seeds were cultured on MS medium containing $2\;mg/{\ell}$ 2,4-D and different concentrations ($0.1-100\;{\mu}mol$) of copper sulfate. Plant regeneration was achieved on N6 medium containing $1\;mg/{\ell}$ NAA, $5\;mg/{\ell}$ kinetin and $0.1-100\;{\mu}mol$ of copper sulfate. Callus formation was not affected by copper incorporation into MS medium. However, the efficiency of plant regeneration was promoted by copper and the maximum efficiency was obtained when $70\;{\mu}mol$ copper was incorporated in the culture medium. The average number of regenerated plants from the seed-derived callus was also increased by copper.

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Chemical Control of bacterial Canker of Kiwifruit (참다래 궤양병의 약제 방제)

  • 고영진
    • Plant Disease and Agriculture
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.95-99
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    • 1999
  • Chemical control of bacterial canker of kiwifruit caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae was attempted by spraying of streptomycin sulfate ·oxytetracycline WP streptomycin WP streptomycin ·copper hydroxide WP kasugamycin SL kasugamycin·copper oxychloride WP and copper hydroxide WP. The control efficacies of the bactericides were variable depending upon the spraying schedule,. Application of streptomycin WP and streptomycin sulfate·oxytetracycline WP from middle April to early May was found to be the most effective in controlling the bacterial canker. For copper hydroxide WP the spraying from middle January to early February showed the highest control efficacy. Kasugamycin SL was the most effective in controlling the disease by spraying from middle April to early May but it was still relatibvely effective during other spray periods. Foliar application of copper hydroxide WP and copper-antibiotic formulaions after middle April caused severe phytotoxicity. Kasgamycil SL streptomycin WP streptomycin·copper hydroxide WP and copper hydroxide WP were potential bactericides which could substitute streptomycin sulfate·oxytetracycline WP. Selective applications of the bactericides according to their optimum spray time can enhance the control efficacies against bacterial canker of kiwifruit and retard the emergency of resistant strains of P. syringae pv. actinidiae to the bactericides. The optimum spray number of streptomycin sulfate·oxytetracycline WP was 3 times with 15-day-intervals or 4 times with 10-day-intervals. The result suggested that the potential bactericides to bacterial canker of kiwifruit should be also used according to their optimum spray schedules in order to get their highest control efficacies.

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Selection of bactericides for control of potato Blackleg disease in Korea (감자흑각병 (Potato Blackleg Disease) 방제를 위한 살균제 선발)

  • Zhu, Yong-Zhe;Park, Duck-Hwan;Park, Dong-Sik;Yu, Yong-Man;Kim, Song-Mun;Lim, Chun-Keum;Hur, Jang-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2003
  • Potato blackleg disease caused by Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica has been a serious problem in Korea. It was previously reported that four mixtures [streptomycin (9.3 ppm) + copper oxide (171.6 ppm)/copper hydroxide (146.3 ppm), streptomycin sulfate (7.0 ppm)+copper oxide (171.6ppm)/copper hydroxide (146.3 ppm)] were effective for the control of E. carotovora subsp. atroseptica. in in vitro test. Using those four mixtures and two antibiotics [streptomycin (81.4 ppm) and streptomycin sulfate (61.3 ppm)], the effectiveness of control for E. carotovora subsp. atroseptica. was conducted in the field. Two antibiotics showed over 60% of control efficacy under different soil conditions, while mixtures of two antibiotics with copper compounds did not show any control effects on the infected seed potato. Two mixtures [streptomycin (27.9 ppm)+copper hydroxide (438.9 ppm), streptomycin sulfate (21.0 ppm) + copper oxide (514.8 ppm)] were effective in the control of potato blackleg disease on the infected potato plants under different climate conditions.

Synthesis of Uniform Cu Particles by Hydrazine Reduction from Copper Sulfate Solution (황산동 수용액으로부터 hydrazine 환원에 의한 Cu 미립자의 합성)

  • Yu, Yeon-tae;Choi, Young-yoon
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.524-530
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    • 2003
  • In order to prepare the uniform copper particles from copper sulfate solution by using hydrazine as a reduction agents, the reduction behavior of copper particles from copper sulfate was investigated in detail at room temperature by the observation of reaction products. The effects of $NH_4$OH and $Na_4$$P_2$$O_{7}$ on the formation of uniform copper particles were discussed. ($NHCu_3$)$_4$$SO_4$was completely formed at over pH 11 by adding $NH_4$OH in copper sulfate solution. The fine $Cu_2$O with the particle size of 50 nm was produced in the initial reduction process of (NH$Cu_3$)$_4$$SO_4$solution with $Na_4$$P_2$$O_{ 7}$ and then the Cu$_2$O was converted into copper particles by inserting additional hydrazine. When Cu(NH$_3$)$_4$SO$_4$solution with $Na_4$$P_2$$O_{ 7}$ was reduced at $80^{\circ}C$ by hydrazine, the highly dispersed copper particles with the particle size of about 0.8 $\mu\textrm{m}$ was obtained.

The Effect of Alum and Metals on Paper Aging

  • Choi, Kyoung-Hwa;Yoon, Byung-Ho;Lee, Myoung-Ku
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.42-46
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    • 2008
  • The papers in preserved books and archives experience aging which was affected by a variety of factors. Thus, the studies concerning impacts of those factors on paper aging are required. In this research, a simulation of a short-time accelerated paper aging was conducted in order to examine the effects of acid and metals (alum, copper (II) sulfate, copper (II) chloride, and iron (III) chloride) on the natural paper aging for a long time. As a result of experiments, it is found that both acid and metals have impacts on paper aging. Alum resulted in the significant decrease of pH, brightness, folding endurance, and viscosity of paper. Both copper (II) chloride and iron (III) chloride also resulted in the decrease of brightness, folding endurance, and viscosity of paper. In more detail, paper aging by iron (III) chloride showed much more significant than that by copper (II) chloride. The paper aging in case of copper (II) sulfate coexisting sulfate ion, where metal absorbed moisture was higher than in case of paper treated only by alum. This result indicated that metal catalyzes paper aging by acid. Based on these results, it was revealed that both alum and metal are the major factors in paper aging. In particular, paper aging was far more accelerated in case when acid and metals existed in paper at the same time.

Fabrication of Three-Dimensional Network Structures by an Electrochemical Method (전기화학적 방법을 통한 3차원 금속 다공성 막의 제조)

  • Kang, Dae-Keun;Heo, Jung-Ho;Shin, Heon-Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 2008
  • The morphology of three-dimensional (3D) cross-linked electrodeposits of copper and tin was investigated as a function of the content of metal sulfate and acetic acid in a deposition bath. The composition of copper sulfate had little effect on the overall copper network structure, whereas that of tin sulfate produced significant differences in the tin network structure. The effect of the metal sulfate content on the copper and tin network is discussed in terms of whether or not hydrogen evolution occurs on electrodeposits. In addition, the hydrophobic additive, i.e., acetic acid, which suppresses the coalescence of evolved hydrogen bubbles and thereby makes the pore size controllable, proved to be detrimental to the formation of a well-defined network structure. This led to a non-uniform or discontinuous copper network. This implies that acetic acid critically retards the electrodeposition of copper.

Acute Respiratory Failure due to Fatal Acute Copper Sulfate Poisoning : A Case Report (급성 호흡부전으로 사망한 황산구리 중독 1례)

  • Kim, Gun Bea
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.36-39
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    • 2015
  • Copper sulfate is a copper compound used widely in the chemical and agriculture industries. Most intoxication occurs in developing countries of Southeast Asia particularly India, but rarely occurs in Western countries. The early symptoms of intoxication are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps, and the most distinguishable clue is bluish vomiting. The clinical signs of copper sulfate intoxication can vary according to the amount ingested. A 75-year old man came to our emergency room because he had taken approximately 250 ml copper sulfate per oral. His Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score was 14 and vital signs were blood pressure 173/111 mmHg, pulse rate 24 bpm, respiration rate 24 bpm, and body temperature $36.1^{\circ}$ .... Arterial blood gas analysis (ABGa) showed mild hypoxemia and just improved after 2 L/min oxygen supply via nasal cannula. Other laboratory tests and chest CT scan showed no clinical significance. Three hours later, the patient's mental status showed sudden deterioration (GCS 11), and ABGa showed hypercarbia. He was arrested and his spontaneous circulation returned after 8 minutes CPR. However, 22 minutes later, he was arrested again and returned after 3 minutes CPR. The family did not want additional resuscitation, so that he died 5 hours after ED visit. In my knowledge, early deaths are the consequence of shock, while late mortality is related to renal and hepatic failure. However, as this case shows, consideration of early definite airway preservation is reasonable in a case of supposed copper sulfate intoxication, because the patients can show rapid deterioration even when serious clinical manifestation are not presented initially.

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A Study on Improvment of Washing Fastness by Treatment with Copper Sulfate/Thiourea(III) (황산구리/치오요소 처리에 의한 습윤견뢰도 증진에 관한 연구(III))

  • 윤정임;김경환
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.72-79
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    • 1995
  • The effect of copper sulfate/thiourea on the diffusion and the dye exhaustion of two dyes, C. I. Acid Orange 7 and C. I. Food Yellow 3 in nylon 6 fiber has been studied. The results obtained from the experimetal are as follows : 1) Copper sulfate reacted with thiourea at constant temperature and then generated the colorless trasparent coordination compound, and then combinated end group of carboxyl of nylon 6 fiber. 2) The coordination compound [$Cu_{2}$($TU_{6}$)] ($(SO_{4})_2$) is conducted at pH 5-6 in solution intensity and repulsed the sulfonic acid group of dyes, and therefore the diffusion of dyes is restraint. 3) Dye uptake and diffusion coefficient were decreased in the order of untreated > copper sulfate/thiourea-treated > tannin-treated.

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Effects of Consecutive Copper-Administration on Feed and Water Intake, Weight Gain, Blood Pictures and Mineral Level of Orgins in Rats (연속적인 Cu투여가 Rat의 사료와 물 섭취량, 증체량, 혈액치 및 장기내 무기물 수준에 미치는 영향)

  • 김상근;이명헌
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 2001
  • This study was performed to elucidate the patho-physiology of copper-poisoned rats after consecutive oral administrations of the copper sulfate. The changes in feed and water intake, gains of body weight, blood pictures and mineral compositions of several organs were observed to measure the effects of copper poisoning. 1. Compared with control group, every experimental group of which 1,000, 2,000, or 4,000 ppm/kg of copper sulfate was administered displayed a gradual decrease in feed intake in dose-dependent manners. 2. After 1,000, 2,000 or 4,000 ppm/kg of copper sulfate administration, water intake seemed to decrease in every experimental group in dose-dependent manners, but there was little statistical significance. 3. After 1,000, 2,000 or 4,000 ppm/kg of copper sulfate administration, body weight decreased in every experimental group in dose-dependent manners. 4. After 1000, 2,000 or 4,000 ppm/kg of copper sulfate administration, the PLT values and numbers of RBC and WBC significantly increased after copper sulfate administration, but the values of Hb and PCV were lower than those of control group's. 5. After 2,000 or 4,000 ppm/kg of copper sulfate administration, the levels of Cu, Mn, Fe, Pb and Zn in the liver were lowered, but the levels of Mn, Fe, Pb and Zn in the kidneys increased except Cu levels.

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