• Title, Summary, Keyword: Corbicula sp

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Copper and Lead Concentrations in Water, Sediments, and Tissues of Asian Clams (Corbicula sp.) in Bung Boraphet Reservoir in Northern Thailand (2008)

  • Netpae, Tinnapan;Phalaraksh, Chitchol
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2010
  • Bung Boraphet is the largest freshwater reservoir in Thailand. This study examined the accumulation of copper (Cu) and lead (Pb) in water, sediment and tissues of Asian clams (Corbicula sp.) within Bung Boraphet to assess the possible polluting effect of soil erosion and the dissolution of water soluble salts from the Nan River. Samples were collected from 12 study sites within Bung Boraphet between February and December 2008. The physicochemical parameters of the water including temperature, pH, turbidity, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, orthophosphates, biochemical oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen, Cu, and Pb were measured. The water in Bung Boraphet was found to be medium clean according to the surface water quality standard of Thailand. The levels of Cu and Pb in the water were low but heavy metals were detected at higher levels in the sediment and tissues of Corbicula sp. In the near future, management practices and regulator approaches for Cu and Pb contamination will be needed to protect the water in Bung Boraphet.

A Mitochondiral Cytochrome Oxidase I gene based identification of Corbicula ssp. commercially available in South Korea (CO-I 유전자 기반 국내 유통 Corbicula 속 패류의 종 동정)

  • Park, So Young;Kang, Se Won;Hwang, Hee Ju;Chung, Jong Min;Song, Dae Kwon;Park, Hong Seog;Han, Yeon Soo;Lee, Jun-Sang;Kang, Jung-Ha;Lee, Yong Seok
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.127-131
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    • 2016
  • The natives of the genus Corbicula have shown worldwide dispersion in recent times, which has caused great ecological and economic impacts on the introduced ecosystems. The species reported from the genus have been consumed as food and explored for medicine with pharmacological activity. Consequently, the demand of Corbicula sp. in the South Korean domestic market has increased and so also it's associated import to the country. However, due to the absence of identification keys of imported Corbicula, the market is facing confronting situations. We hypothesized that the mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase I gene (CO-I) based molecular profiling could be a necessary technique for identification of Corbicula sp. in the South Korea domestic market. The genetic analysis identified both Corbicula japonica and Corbicula fluminea from the market foods. C. japonica and C. fluminea are inhabitants in Korea, but C. fluminea production has decreased in Seomjingang river basin. Therefore, C. fluminea identified from this study, is expected to be imported from China and would have a mixed sales in Seomjingang river side basin.

A Study on a Distribution of the Freshwater Snails and Mussels in the North-South Han River (남(南)·북한강(北漢江) 담수산(淡水産) 패류(貝類)의 분포상(分布相)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kwon, Oh Kil;Cho, Dong Hyun;Park, Gap Man;Lee, Jun Sang
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 1985
  • The investigation of freshwater molluscs in the South Han River was carried out from 1984 and in 1985. The authors selected 12 stations and collected freshwater snails and mussels. We here publish the catalogue of molluscs in South and North Han River. The catalogue of molluscs in the South Han River is as follows; two classes, four orders, six families including twenty species(Semisulcospira coreana, Semisulcospira globus, Semisulcospira gottschei, Semisulcospira forticosta, Parafossarulus manchouricus, Gabbia misella, Radix auricularia coreana, Austroppepleaollura, Limnoperma lucustris, Lamprotula gottschei, Lanceolariaacrorhyncha, Unio douglasiae, Unio sp, Solenaia triangulalis, Anodonta fukudai, Anodonta woodiana, Corbicula felnouilliana, Corbiculafluminea, Corbicula sp).

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The Influence of Water Temperature and Food Concentration on the Filtration Rates of the Asiatic Clam, Corbicula fluminea (수온과 먹이생물의 농도 변화에 따른 재첩의 여과율 변동)

  • Lim, Kyeong-Hun;Shin, Hyun-Chool;Yang, Jae-Sam
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.19-24
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    • 2005
  • This study was undertaken with the intent to describe the influence of water temperature and food concentration on the filtration rates of the Asiatic clam, Corbicula fluminea. The clams were collected at Lake Geumho near Yeongsan river, during March 2001. Food organism, Scenedesmus sp. (KMCC FC-34), was indoor-cultured in f/2 medium, and was used to measure the filtration rate of the clams. Filtration rate of the clams was measured by indirect method. Cell concentrations of food organisms were determined by direct counting cells using the hemacytometer under the light microscope. The filtration rate of the clams increased with water temperature up to circa $25^{\circ}C$. Above this temperature, the filtration rate decreased rapidly. The minimal filtration rate of the clams was recorded at $5^{\circ}C$. Thermal coefficient, $Q_10$ values at low temperature range were much higher than those at high temperature range. These results indicate the asiatic clam is more sensitive in cold water like most of marine bivalves. There was a strong reversed correlation between filtration rate and food concentration. Filtration rate of the clams was reduced as food concentration was increased.

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Spatial Distribution of Macrobenthos in Sueocheon Stream Estuary at the Nothern Part of Gwangyang Bay, Korea (광양만 북부 수어천 하구역의 여름철 대형저서동물 공간분포)

  • Lim, Hyun-Sig;Choi, Jin-Woo;Choi, Sang-Duk
    • The Sea
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.76-86
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    • 2012
  • Macrozoobenthos were collected from 24 sites using small grab ($0.05m^2$) in order to see the spatial distribution of them at Sueocheon stream at the northern part of Gwangyang Bay during summer season when the maximum ecological processes are occurring. A total of 44 species of macrozoobenthos occurred, and their mean density was $789individuals/m^2$. Mollusks was the dominant faunal group accounted for 43.1% and 86.8% of the whole community density and biomass, respectively. Top five dominant species were a molluscan, Corbicula japonica (40.7%), two polychaete worms, Neanthes japonica (19.3%) and Heteromastus filiformis( 8.1%), and two crustaceans, Paranthura japonica (6.9%) and Jaeropsis sp. (6.9%). Species diversity index was very low with mean value of 1.12 and maximum value was recorded at the river mouth. At the upper stream, a brackish water species such as Corbicula japonica showed their maximum population density. The overall distribution of stream macrobenthos showed a rather simple pattern along with salinity and grain size gradients with few brackish water species occurring at coarse sediments in the stream but more diverse faunas inhabiting fine sediments in the river mouth.

An Ecological Feature of Benthic Macrofauna during Summer 1997 in Namdaechon Estuary, Yangyang, Korea (양양 남대천 하구역의 여름철 대형저서동물 군집의 생태학적 특성)

  • HONG Jae-Sang;SEO In-Soo;LEE Chang-Gun;YOON Sang-Pil;JUNG Rae-Hong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.230-237
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    • 2000
  • An ecological study of the benthic macrofauna was carried out using a modified van Veen grab in September 1997, in Namdaechon estuary, Yangyang, Korea. A total of 17 macro-invertebrates was collected and examined from eleven stations in the study area, including 3,795 individuals and 738.63 g wet weight. Arthropods, annelids and molluscs were most abundant and occupied more than $95{\%}$ of the total number of species, individuals and biomass. Namdaechon estuary in Yangyang was very poor in macrobenthic biodiversity, and numerically dominated and characterized by the polychaetes Heteromastus filiformis, Hediste japonica, Eteone longa, an unidentified oligochaete Oligochaeta sp., a corbulid bivalve Corbicula japonica, and an estuarine isopod Cyathura higoensis. Species composition, species dominance, density, and species evenness were compared among stations. The macrofaunal azoic zone appeared in the bottom of 7 m in depth nearby the artificial bank to catch the salmons to return to the livers for spawning. It probably resulted from the oxygen depletion following strong stratification in summer, which can cause major effect on the ecological conditions and then finally kill bottom macro-invertebrates in this area. Moreover, some opportunistic species thrived in nearby another station and this is of vital importance in terms of the ecological succession in a benthic polluted area.

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Biodiversity of Benthic Macroinvertebrate on Organic Rice Paddy Field (유기농업 논에서 저서성대형무척추동물의 다양성)

  • Kim, Jong-Sun;Kim, Do-Ik;Kim, Seon-Gon;Kang, Beom-Ryong;Ko, Suk-Ju;Lim, Gyeong-Ho;Kim, Hong-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.193-209
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    • 2009
  • Total collected benthic macro invertebrates in rice paddy fields were identified 3 phylum, 5 class, 13 order, 25 family, 32 genera and 36 species, those in organic rice field were 12 order, 22 family and 28 species, and in conventional rice field were 10 order, 19 family and 25 species. The almost collected species inhabit lentic zone but Semisulcospira libertina, Corbicula fluminea, and Tipula sp. were habitat on lotic zone. The number of benthic macro invertebrates species was higher in organic paddy field than in conventional field. Eleven species were collected only on organic but eight species only on conventional field. The number of individuals were 870 on organic rice field which higher 3.6-fold on conventional field. The diversity indices of organic rice field were 1.57-2.45 and 0.71-2.61 in the first and second survey, respectively. The higher diversity indices, the lower dominance indices.

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Effect of Filter-feeding Bivalve (Corbiculidae) on Phyto- and Zooplankton Community (여과 섭식성 패류가 동 ${\cdot}$ 식물플랑크톤 군집에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ho-Sub;Kong, Dong-Soo;Hwang, Soon-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.319-331
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the ecological impact of freshwater bivalve (Corbiculidae) on plankton communities in experimental enclosure systems (2 m ${\times}$ 2 m ${\times}$ 2 m). During the acclamation period of one month, cyanobacteria, including Microcystis viridis and Microcystis aeruginosa, dominated in both control and treatment enclosures with no noticeable density difference. After the addition of 100 mussels, dominant species of phytoplankton shifted from Microcystis to Scenedesmus in concert with slight decrease in the cell density and the increase of N/P ratio. However, cell density in the control quickly increased, accompanied with changes of dominant species to Oscillatoria spp. With the introduction of additional 500 musseles in the treatment enclosure, dominant phytoplankton species in both enclosures were replaced with Selenastrum spp. and Cryptomonas sp. In the initial stage, the total zooplankton abundance in the control was higher than that of treatment, but it was reversed after the addition 100 mussels. After mussel density increased up to 600 indivisuals, zooplankton density in the treatment decreased with dominance of small taxa, such as rotifers and nauplius. However, abundance and carbon biomass of large zooplankton, such as Bosmina longirostris and Diacyclops thomasi were maintained in a high level compared with those of control. During the study period, Chl. a concentration in mussel treatment and control increased with DIP and $NH_3-N$, respectively. Due to the increase of $NH_3-N$, especially after the introduction of additional 500 mussels, nitrogen limitation did not occur in the treatment enclosure in contrast with strong nutrient limitation occurred in the control. These results indicate that filter-feeding Corbicula could exert important impact on nutrient recycling and plankton community structure in a freshwater ecosystem, through direct feeding and competition for the same food resource as zooplankton on one hand, and through alteration of nutrient availability on the other.