• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cordyceps militaris

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Rheological Properities of Bread Dough Made from Cordyceps militaris Powder (동충하초 분말 첨가한 빵 반죽의 물리적 특성)

  • Kim, Chang-Seob
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.8-14
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to develop an optimum baking formula and baking process for a new bread raw material with added Cordyceps militaris powder, which has been known to prevent various adult diseases and cancers. The rheological properities of dough made from Cordyceps militaris powder-wheat flour with 0, 1, 2, and 3% Cordyceps militaris powder added-were investigated. A farinogram showed that the water absorption and weakness value of dough increased with added Cordyceps militaris powder, but development time and dough stability were decreased. An extensogram showed that resistance to extension was increased in bread with 1% Cordyceps militaris powder, but decreased in bread with 2% and, 3% powder. Extensibility decreased fermentation progressed. An amylogram showed that gelatinization point was increased but maximum viscosity was decreased with added Cordyceps militaris powder. With increased amounts of powder dough volume during fermentation was reduced. The change in pH values of dough after mixing, fermentation, and proofing decreased with increased amounts of added powder.

Identification and Antibacterial Activity of Volatile Flavor Components of Cordyceps Militaris

  • Park, Mi-Ae;Lee, Won-Koo;Kim, Man-Soo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.18-22
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    • 1999
  • Flavor characteristics of raw Cordyceps militaris significatntly different from those of dried one. In the case of raw Cordyceps militaris , major flavor components were composed of 5 alcohols, 3 ketones, 4 phenols, 9 alkanes , and 3 alkenes. The major alcohol was 1-octen-3-ol(22.56%, 1147.3% ng/ml), which contributed to the characteristic green flavor. Ketones (3-ocatone, inparticular )were present in the highest concentration in raw Cordyceps militaris . In contrast, major flavor components of dried Cordyceps militaris were composed of 4 alcohols, 4 ketones, 3 furans, 4 pyrizines, 2 dithiazines, 5 phenols , 8alkenes , 17 alkanes, and 8 fatty acids. Dried Cordyceps militaris had unique sweet aroma of sesame as wella s a milky flavor. Green or fruit flavor were rarely detected . In alkanes , 10 cosanes, component fo wax were present. Typical flavor components of alkanes such as $\beta$-caryophyllen and Δ-cadinene were also detected. Fatty acids of dried Cordyceps militaris ranged from myristic acid (14 :0) to linoleic acid (18 ; 2). The sweet aroma of dried Cordyceps militaris was mostly due to pryazines, dithaiazines, and furans. Two dithaizines were identified and characteristics of these flavor components was a roasted bacon flavor. Strong antibacterial acitivity was observed toward Vibrio spp. such as V. vulnificus, V.cholerae, V. parahaemlyticus. Relatively high antibacterial acitivity was shown toward Bacillus subtilis , B,cereus, Staphyllococcus aureus, and Corynebacterium xerosis.

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Anti-hyperlipidemic Effects of Cordyceps militaris Hot-Water Extract (동충하초 열수추출액의 항고지혈증 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Han-Soo;Kim, Min-A;Jang, Seong-Ho;Lee, Won-Ki;Ryu, Jae-Young;Lee, Chun-Sik
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.875-881
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed to observe the effects of the feeding physiological activity substance in Cordyceps militaris hot-water extract intake on the improvement of lipid components and metabolic enzyme activities in the serum of dietary hyperlipidemic rats (SD strain, male) fed the experimental diets for 5 weeks. The concentrations of cholesterol (total cholesterol, ${\beta}$-lipoprotein, LDL-cholesterol, free cholesterol and cholesteryl ester), atherosclerotic index, triglyceride (TG), phospholipid (PL) and blood glucose in sera were remarkably lower in the Cordyceps militaris extract intake group than in the hyperlipidemic rats. In the ratio of HDL-cholesterol concentration was higher percentage in the Cordyceps militaris extract intake group than in the hyperlipidemic rats. The activities aminotransferase (AST, ALT) in sera were rather lower in the Cordyceps militaris extract administration than in the hyperlipidemic rats. From the above research, Cordyceps militaris extract were effective on the improvement of the lipid compositions in sera of dietary hyperlipidemic rats.

Effect of Light Conditions on Production of Cordycepin of Cordyceps militaris (광조건이 Codyceps militaris의 Cordycepin 생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Jo Sung-Jun;Lee Tae-Hee;Chae Dae-Hoon;Han Yeong-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.236-238
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    • 2005
  • The effect of light on production of cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine) was investigated using Cordyceps militaris. Among Cordyceps spp. tested, C. militaris KCTC 6064 was the best for cordycepin production, After 120-hr cultivation of C. militaris KCTC 6064 at $24^{\circ}C$ in YMG broth with light (1,000 lux), 51.6 mg/l of cordycepin was produced. In general, production of cordycepin with light illumination was better than that without light. Cordycepin production under light illumination was enhanced up 96-hr cultivation, whereas after 96-hr, cordycepin production was decreased.

The Effect of Cordyceps militaris on Adaptive Immune Responses in DBA2 Mice Immunized with Influenza Vaccine (밀리타리스 동충하초(Cordyceps militaris)의 인플루엔자백신 적응면역에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hwan Hee;Cho, Hyosun
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.59 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2015
  • Cordyceps militaris has shown to have various pharmacological activities including an immune-modulatory effect. Previously, we reported that anti-influenza effect of C. militaris in DBA/2 mice was mediated by increased IL-12 and the activation of NK cells. In this study, we investigated the effect of C. militaris on adaptive immune responses using DBA2 mice immunized with influenza vaccine. To determine the effect of C. militaris on antigen presentation capability, we treated RAW 264.7 cells with various concentrations of ethanol extract of C. militaris, which showed a significant upregulation of CD86 (B7.2), CD284 (TLR4), CD40, H-2k (MHC I) and I-Ad (MHC II). To examine the direct effect of C. militaris on adaptive immune responses, we immunized DBA2 mice with influenza vaccine in presence or absence of C. militaris. After 2 or 4 weeks, influenza-specific T cell proliferation, HAI titers and IFN-${\gamma}$ production were measured in plasma or PBMCs isolated from animals. Influenza-specific T cell proliferation and HAI titers were not considerably increased in immunized mice in presence of C. militaris. However, the production of IFN-${\gamma}$ was much greater in immunized mice with C. militaris as adjuvant than only immunized mice.

Excellent Strains Selection from Wild Cordyceps spp.(II) (야생동충하초로부터 우량균주선발(II))

  • 방극소;홍경환;조덕현
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.169-174
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    • 2001
  • Many Cordyceps spp. were collected for excellent strains selection at near Wanju-kun from May to October, 2000. They were identified. As the resulting, They were 2 genera and 4 species. 6 strains were got through 4 species culture. 6 strains are Cordyceps militaris f. albino, C, gracilaides, C. militaris and Isaria japoica. Among them, 4 species used for induction of artifitial fruiting body. 3 strains of them were selected for excellent strains. excellent strains are Cordyceps militaris and Isaria japoica.

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Comparison of Sensory and Mechanica] Properties of Breads with Paecilomyces japonica and Cordyceps militaris powder by Storage Time and Temperature (눈꽃과 번데기 동충하초 첨가 식빵의 저장기간과 온도에 따른 관능적.기계적 특성 비교)

  • 정명희;박금순
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.280-289
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    • 2002
  • The quality characteristics of breads with different concentrations(2%, 4%) of Paecilomyces japonica (J2, J4) and Cordyceps militaris (M2, M4) powder were compared in terms if sensory and mechanical properties. In the sensory test, J2 and M2 groups gained good scores in taste, texture and odor acceptance as control grourp. Paecilomyces japonica-added group showed higher moisture and bigger volume than that of control group, and Cordyceps militaris group showed lower moisture content and decreasing volume. 'L' values of J and M groups was lower than control, and the longer the storage period, the lower the lightness. The more Paecilomyces japonica was added, the higher the 'a' value was, but Cordyceps militaris showed an opposite trend. The hardness of the bread was the lowest in J2 group and the highest in M4 group, and the longer tile storage period. the higher the hardness was (p<.001). Overall, the addition of 2% Paecilomyces japonica showed a similar tendency with control group, and showed good scores especially in acceptance, moisture and volume. Paecilomyces japonica appeared to be more desirable than Cordyceps militaris.

Studies of the Cordyceps militaris Extract Administration on the Metabolic Enzyme Activities in Hypercholesterolemia (동충하초 엑스의 고콜레스테롤혈증 대사효소 활성 변동에 관한 효과)

  • Kim, Han-Soo;Kim, Min-A;Jang, Seong-Ho;Kang, Jin-Soon;Lee, Won-Ki;Ryu, Jae-Young
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.21 no.10
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    • pp.1213-1219
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the feeding Cordyceps militaris extract on the improvement of the free fatty acid, lipid peroxide, creatinine and enzyme (creatine phosphokinase; CPK, lactate dehydrogenase; LDH, alkaline phosphatase; ALP, lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase; LCAT) activities in the sera of dietary hypercholesterolemic rats (SD strain, male) fed the experimental diets for 5 weeks. Concentrations of free fatty acid, lipid peroxide and CPK, LDH, ALP activities in sera were fairly reduced in the Cordyceps militaris extract administration group (CHE) than in the hypercholesterolemic diet group (CHD). However, no significance was found in the effect of an creatinine concentration among the groups. The LCAT activity in serum was increased in the Cordyceps militaris extract administration (CHE) than in the hypercholesterolemic diet group (CHD). From these results, Cordyceps militaris extracts were effective on the improvement of the lipid components and metabolic enzyme activities in sera of dietary hypercholesterolemic rats.

A molecular genetic study on the fruiting-body formation of Cordyceps militaris.

  • Wen, T.C.;Li, M.F.;Kang, J.C.;Lei, B.X.
    • 한국균학회소식:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.76-95
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    • 2009
  • In the fungal genus Cordyceps, the type species Cordyceps militaris produces bioactive ingredients and exhibits medicinal effects as a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), The fruiting bodies of C.militaris have now been mass-produced artificially and used as functional food and medicine in China. The unstable variation in forming fruiting body is however a key restrictive factor in industrial production. The genetic study on in vitro stromata formation of C. militaris has rarely been carried out. Here, we report the effects of genetic variation including the mating system on perithecial stromata formation of C. militaris. Monoconidial isolates which have both MAT1-1-1 and MAT1-2-1(genotype MAT1-1/2) could produce stromata. While the isolates only have either MAT1-1-1 or MAT1-2-1 (genotype MAT1-1 or MAT1-2) failed to produce stromata. Despite obvious heterothallism, homothallism was occasionally observed in a few isolates of C. militaris. High genetic variation was observed amongst the different monoconidial isolates of C. militaris. The unstable variation or lose of fruiting body formation was found to be caused by the inner-species high genetic variation of C. militaris. These results also indicated that C. militaris sexually behaved as both heterothallic and homothallic and required two mating type compatible in the same culture in order to produce regular clubshaped perithecial stromata.

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Improving Effect to Connitive Ability of Cordyceps militaris Extract in PC12 and BV2 cells (PC12와 BV2 세포에서 동충하초 추출물의 인지능력 개선 효과)

  • Choi, Soon-Hee;Seung, O-Tak;Lee, Myung-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.468-478
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    • 2019
  • The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of cordyceps militaris extracts for the improvement of cognitive dysfunction in PC12 and BV2 cells. Cordyceps militaris extracts was prepared by extracting with distilled water. Cell viability was assessed by MTT assay using PC12 cells and BV2 cells. Confirmed effects of L-glutamate induced cytotoxicity test, Acetylcoline (ACh) concentration, and Acetylcolinestase (AChE) activity in PC12 cells. Anti-inflammatory activities of cordyceps militaris extracts was measured through changes in the levels of nitric oxide (NO), and prostaglandin E2 ($PGE_2$) on lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced BV2 cell. In addition, we measured the expression of $NF-{\kappa}B$, p38, JNK, and caspase-3 in western blot analysis. Cordyceps militaris extracts showed no cytotoxicity at the concentrations of 1, 10, and $100{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ except for the concentration of $200{\mu}g/m{\ell}$. Cordyceps militaris extracts protected the cell and exhibited significant increases in the ACh concentration and a significant decrease in the AChE activity in L-glutamate induced PC12 cells. Moreover, cordyceps militaris extracts inhibited the productions NO, and PGE2 level and the protein expression of $NF-{\kappa}B$, p38, JNK, caspase-3 in LPS-induced BV2 cells. These results indicate that cordyceps militaris extracts possible prevented and improved cognitive dysfuction symptoms. Thus, cordyceps militaris extracts may be a novel natural material option for the improvement of cognitive dysfunction.