• Title, Summary, Keyword: Corni fructus

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Antidiabetic and Antioxidative Effects of Corni fructus In Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats (산수유 추출물이 Streptozotocin으로 유발된 흰쥐의 항당뇨 및 항산화 작용에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Ok-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.157-167
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    • 2005
  • The extraction yield of Corni fructus was about 47.5% by extract apparatus. This study was done to investigate the antidiabetic and antioxidative effects of Corni fructus in Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The contents of serum glucose, total cholesterol and hepatic lipid peroxide, glutathione were significantly decreaed (p<0.05) in Corni fructus treated group compared to the those of STZ-control group, also content of triglyceride (TG), atherogenic index (AI) and activity of catalase were decreased, but not statistically significant. High density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol/total cholesterol ratio (HTR) were increased in Corni fructus treated group compared to the those of STZ-control group. The activities of glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were significantly decreaed (p<0.05) in Corni fructus treated group compared to the those of STZ-control group. The content of hepatic glycogen and activities of glucose-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6 PDH), glucokin-ase were significantly increased, but activity of glucose-Grphosphatase (G-6 Pase)was decreased in Corni fructus treated group compared to the those of STZ-control group. Therefore, these results indicated that ethanol extract of Corni fructus would have antidiabetic and antioxidative effects in STZ-induced diabetic rats.

Improvement of the Functional and Organoleptic Properties of the Fermented Soymilk with Bacillus subtilis 2829PNU015 in Addition of Corni fructus Extracts

  • Seo, Kyoung-Chun;Choi, Kyung-Ha;Noh, Jeong-Sook;Kim, Mi-Jin;Song, Yeong-Ok
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.54-59
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    • 2009
  • To improve the functional and organoleptic properties of the fermented soymilk with Bacillus subtilis 2829PNU015 which has chungkukjang like flavor, functional materials from the edible plant extracts with well-known health promoting effects were examined by fibrinolytic activity and sensory evaluation. Among five samples such as Corni fructus, garlic, purple sweet potato, aged garlic, and pumpanini were tested, Corni fructus showed the highest fibrinolytic activity. The appearance and taste of the fermented soymilk (FS) was varied to the amount of Corni fructus added, and the highest acceptability of FS was observed from FS containing 1% Corni fructus extracts ($10^{\circ}$Brix) in it. Best way of applying Corni fructus to the fermented soymilk (FFS) was found to be incubating the mixture of soymilk and Corni fructus with Bacillus subtilis. FFS demonstrated dose dependent radical scavenging activities and these activities were found to be higher than those of FS at designated concentration.

Chemical Components and Antimicrobial Effects of Corni fructus (산수유의 영양성분과 항균효과)

  • Lee, Soon-Ok;Han, Sag-Myung;Kim, Hye-Mi;Jeung, Seung-Kyoung;Choi, Jin-Young;Kang, Il-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.35 no.7
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    • pp.891-896
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    • 2006
  • The chemical components and antimicrobial effects were investigated to provide basic data that will predict the usefulness of Corni fructus as food materials. The carbohydrate, crude protein, lipid and ash contents of Corni fructus were 87.7, 3.2, 4.5 and 4.6% in dry basis, respectively. Total amino acid content of Corni fructus was 2,470 mg%. Major amino acids of Corni fructus were aspartic acid (523 mg%) and glutamic acid (247 mg%). The compositions of total saturated and unsaturated fatty acids of Corni fructus were 30.8% and 69.2%, respectively. Major fatty acids of Corni fructus were linolic acid (33.3%), palmitic acid (25.1%), linolenic acid (21.6%) and olcic acid (13.2%). The mineral contents of Corni fructus were 2067.5 mg% of K, 372.9 mg% of Ca and 98.4 mg% of Mg in dry basis. The organic acid contents of Corni fructus were 19,478 mg% of formic acid, 18,167 mg% of succinic acid, 14,487 mg% of malonic acid and 13,018 mg% of malic acid. Naengmyon yuksu (beef stock for cold noodles) were prepared with the addition of Corni fructus. Corni fructus added to Naengmyon yuksu inactivated microorganism and inhibited the growth of microorganism during storage at $10^{\circ}C$. Naengmyon yuksu added 1.5 g of Corni fructus showed the highest sensory scores.

천연산물의 조합에 의한 Bacteroides fragilis의 제어 및 그 항산화력

  • Kim, Jong-Deok;Kim, Min-Yong;Lee, Se-Yeong;Im, Jong-Gwon;Hwang, Seon-Yeong;Gong, Jae-Yeol
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.294-299
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    • 2003
  • The growth of Bacteroides fragilis was inhibited by combination of natural products bearing antioxidative capacity and combined two, three and four kinds of them. Bacteroides fragilis was controlled by Paeonia Japonica, Corni Fructus, Theae Folium, Coptidis Rhizoma alone, and two mixed combinations of Paeonia japonica and Scutellaria Baicalensis George, Scutellaria Baicalensis George and Schizandrae Fructus, Schizandrae Fructus and Theae Folium, Schizandrae Fructus and Corni Fructus, Schizandrae Fructus and Crataegi Fructus, Paeonia japonica and Schizandrae Fructus, and three mixed combinations of Paeonia Japonica and Scutellaria Baicalensis George and Schizandrae Fructus, Paeonia Japonica and Scutellaria Baicalensis George and Crataegi Fructus, Paeonia Japonica and Scutellaria Baicalensis George and Corni Fructus, and four mixed combinations of Scutellaria Baicalensis George and Crataegi Fructus and Corni Fructus and Schizandrae Fructus, Scutellaria Baicalensis George and Crataegi Fructus and Corni Fructus and Theae Folium. As these combinations of natural products will activate some parts of body, theymay be applied to pharmaceutical applications, functional foods, antiaging tea, alsoexpected to control bacterial growth for fermentative beverage bearing multifunction.

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Antimicrobial and Antioxidative Activities of Corni Fructus Extracts (산수유 추출물의 항균 및 항산화성)

  • 서권일;이상원;양기호
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.99-103
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    • 1999
  • Corni Fructus extracts were investigated for antimicrobial and antioxidative activities. In the methanol, ethanol, water extracts from Corni Fructus, antimicrobial activity of the water extract was stronger than the others. Antimicrobial activities were strong against microorganisms such as Streptococcus mutans, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli and Escherichia coli O-157, the activity against Escherichia coli O-157 was the strongest of all the microorganisms. The growth of all the microorganisms were completely inhibited to 48 hours in the 150${\mu}\ell$ per $m\ell$ of culture media. the shape of E. coli O-157 treated with Corni Fructus water extract was expended and its cellular surface was collapsed severely. When Corni Fructus water extract of 200${\mu}\ell$ was treated, hydrogen donating effect was more than 90%, and antioxidative activity using linoleic acid was similar to 0.1% BHT at the concentration of 50${\mu}\ell$.

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Antidiabetic Effects of Corni Fructus Extract on Blood Glucose and Insulin Resistance in db/db Mice

  • Kim, Hye-Jeong;Kim, Kil-Soo;Lee, Tae-Jong;Kim, Young-Chul
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.93-99
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the effect of Corni Fructus (Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.) extract on blood glucose and insulin resistance in db/db mice. Seven weeks old male mice were divided into normal control group (NC), diabetic control group (DC) and Corni Fructus treated diabetic group (DCF). Over an 8-week experimental period, Corni Fructus extract was administered orally at 500 mg/kg BW/day. Corni Fructus inhibited increase in blood glucose level during the OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test). At 8 weeks after beginning of the experiment, blood glucose level in the DCF group was significantly lower (p<0.01) than the DC group. Final fasting serum glucose and triglyceride in the DCF group were significantly lower (p<0.05) than the DC group by 32% and 41% respectively. Serum insulin did not differ among the NC, DC and DCF groups. The mRNA expression of adiponectin, GLUT 4 and PPAR-$\gamma$ in adipose tissue in the DC group were significantly lower than the NC group and they were higher in the DCF group than the DC group by 76%, 130% (p<0.05) and 43%, respectively. In conclusion, these results indicated that Corni Fructus would have antidiabetic effects via improving insulin resistance in favor of higher glucose utilization and reducing blood glucose level in db/db mice.

Quality of White Pan Bread as Affected by Various Concentrations of Corni fructus Powder (산수유 분말의 첨가 농도에 따른 식빵의 품질 변화)

  • Shin, Ji-Woong;Shin, Gil-Man
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1007-1013
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to investigate change in the quality of white pan bread as affected by various concentrations of Corni fructus powder. Breads were prepared by addition of 0, 1, 2 and 3% of Corni fructus to wheat flour of basic formulation. The moisture content of white pan bread was approximately $37.5{\sim}41.1%$ and decreased with increasing Corni fructus powder concentration. The pH of white pan bread also decreased with increasing Corni fructus powder concentration. In color values, with increase of Corni fructus powder concentration, L, a value decreased and a value increased in the crumb. The weights of bread cooled for 0, 1 hour and 3 hour after baking decreased with increasing Corni fructus powder concentration. The volume and height of dough increased with increasing Corni fructus powder concentration. However, no significant differences in the specific volume and yield of dough were found. The baking loss rate was higher in the breads with Corni fructus powder than in the control. In the texture characteristics, hardness, gumminess and chewiness of bread significantly decreased with increasing Corni fructus powder concentration and adhesiveness, cohesiveness increased. In the sensory evaluation, when compared to the control, the bread added to 1% of Corni fructus powder was superior texture and taste and flavor, while was similar to color.

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Antioxidative Action of Corni Fructus Aqueous Extract on Kidneys of Diabetic Mice

  • Kim, Hye-Jeong;Kim, Bae-Hwan;Kim, Young-Chul
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.37-41
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    • 2011
  • This study investigated the antioxidative action of Corni Fructus aqueous extract on kidneys of diabetic mice. The electron donating abilities of Corni Fructus aqueous extract and its antioxidant activities (XO, SOD, CAT, GST, eNOS) in kidneys of C57BL/6 or db/db mice were evaluated. For in vivo study, seven week-old male mice were divided into normal control group (NC, C57BL/6 mice), diabetic control group (DC, db/db mice) and Corni Fructus (500 mg/kg/day for 8 weeks) treated diabetic group (DCF, db/db mice). The electron donating abilities of Corni Fructus aqueous extract exhibited 7%, 24.4%, and 42.7% at concentrations of 100, 500, and $1000\;{\mu}g/ml$, respectively. The activity of XO in the DCF group was significantly lower than the DC group by 35% (p < 0.05). The SOD activity was significantly higher in the DCF group than the DC group by 26% (p < 0.05). The activities of CAT and GST were lowered in the DCF group than the DC group by 26% (p < 0.05) and 7.6%, respectively. The mRNA expression of eNOS in kidneys was lower in the DCF group than the DC group by 24%. These results indicate that Corni Fructus reduced oxidation stress as evidenced by the restoration of the enzymatic antioxidative defense system in renal tissues of db/db mice. It is suggested that these antioxidative actions of Corni Fructus on renal tissues in db/db mice could contribute to its renoprotective effects on diabetic nephropathy.

Antioxidative Activity and Active Compound Analysis of the Extract and Fractions of Corni Fructus (산수유 추출물 및 분획물의 항산화 활성과 활성성분 분석)

  • Im, Do-Youn;Lee, Kyoung-In
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.208-212
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    • 2017
  • In this study, analysis of active compounds that are believed to be highly relevant to antioxidant activity was carried out on the methanol extract and its solvent fractions of Corni fructus. The DPPH radical scavenging activity for the comparison of antioxidant activity was higher in order of aqueous fraction > methanol extract > ethyl acetate fraction > n-hexane fraction. It is similar to the order of total polyphenol contents in the samples. As a result of LC-MS analysis, phenolic acid compounds such as caffeic acid, gallic acid and chlorogenic acid and lognin, which is known as a representative active ingredient of Corni fructus, were identified as active compounds. And the antioxidative activity and the total polyphenol content of the extracts and solvent fractions were found to be related to the contents of the compounds. Particularly, it was confirmed that phenolic acid such as caffeic acid contributes to the antioxidative activity of the aqueous fraction of Corni fructus methanol extract.

Effects of Corni Fructus Extract on the Progression of Diabetes and Renal Function in STZ-induced Diabetic Rats

  • Kim, Hye-Jeong;Kim, Keuk-Jun;Kim, Young-Chul
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the effect of Corni Fructus(Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.) extract on hyperglycemia and renal function in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups including normal control(NC), diabetic control(DC), and diabetic treatment with Corni Fructus(DCF). Over a 4-week experimental period, Corni Fructus aqueous extract was administered orally at 500 mg/kg BW/day. The final fasting serum glucose, serum urea nitrogen, triglyceride, urinary total protein level, and relative weight of the left kidney in the DCF group were significantly lower than the DC group. Serum insulin level in the DCF group was higher than the DC group by 23%. The renal xanthine oxidase and superoxide dismutase activities in the DCF group were significantly lower than the DC group. The renal catalase activity in the DCF group was significantly higher than the DC group. In conclusion, these results indicated that Corni Fructus can reduce glucose level and prevent or retard the development of diabetic complication via its antioxidative effect and protecting against diabetic renal damage in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

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