• Title, Summary, Keyword: Coronary Heart Disease

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A Case-Control Study for Dietary Intakes of Patients with Coronary Heart Disease (허혈성 심질환 환자의 영양소 섭취실태에 대한 환자-대조군 연구)

  • 정효지;백희영;최영선;조성희;박의현
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.35 no.7
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    • pp.763-770
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to see dietary intakes of patients with coronary heart disease since we don't understand their dietary patterns even though the mortality and prevalence rate of coronary hear disease are increasing in this country. We studied 75 coronary heart disease patients and 150 randomly selected controls, matched for age, sex, height and weight, in a population based study. All subjects completed a questionnaire that included disease history, diagnosis time, current treatment, etc., a 24 hour dietary recall, and measurement of height and weight. Compared to controls, patients had less likely to drink alcohol and smoke cigarette (p<0.05). The energy intake of patients was significantly lower than that of controls, but the intakes of fiber, $\beta$-carotene, sodium, folate, vitamin C, potassium in male patients and those of vitamin C and sodium in female patients were significantly higher than those of controls (p<0.05). Mean adequacy ratio and dietary variety score of patients were also higher than those of controls (p<0.05). Patient group's consumed less cereals than controls, but more vegetables, milk products, and nuts in male patients and fruits, beans and seasonings in female patients compared to controls'. There were not significant differences of lipid compositions between two groups, except linolenic acid. These data suggest that patients with coronary heart disease in Korea had better dietary nutrient intakes compared to healthy controls, which might be helpful to prevent recurrence of coronary heart disease.

Predictors of Intention to Quit Smoking among Patient with Coronary Heart Disease (관상동맥질환자의 금연의도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • 김은경;김매자;송미령
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.355-363
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the level of intention to quit smoking and to identify factors influencing intention to quit among patients with coronary heart disease. Method: The subjects consisted of 80 male patients with coronary heart disease (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction) at three hospitals in Seoul. The data were collected with self reporting in a structured questionnaire. Stepwise multiple regression was used to identify predictors of intention to quit. Included variables were attitudes toward smoking cessation, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, usefulness of smoking cessation, and previous attempts to quit. Result: 1. The mean score for intention to quit was 11.1($\pm$6.1) which was lower than median score of the scale. 2. There were significant correlations between the all predictive variables and the intention to quit(r=.24-.48, p<.05). 3. usefulness of smoking cessation, perceived behavioral control, and previous attempts to quit explained 34.6% of the variance for intention to quit. Conclusion: usefulness of smoking cessation, perceived behavioral control, and previous attempts to quit were identified as important variables in explaining the intention to quit smoking among patients with coronary heart disease. Thus, it is necessary to try to enhance this factors for increasing intention to quit among patients with coronary heart disease.

Comparison of Pre and Post Heart Attack Health Behavior in Coronary Heart Disease Patients (관상동맥질환자의 심장발작 발병전후 건강행위 비교)

  • Kim, Youngmi
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.272-283
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This descriptive study compared changes in life style and health perceptions before and after the onset of coronary heart disease in 100 patients. Methods: Data were from May to July in 2016 through questionnaires and medical records. The collected data were analyzed by a $x^2$ test, and paired t-test using SPSS 12.0. Results: After the onset of heart disease, significant decreases were observed in smoking ($x^2=17.21$, p<.001) and drinking ($x^2=43.56$, p<.001), while exercise increased significantly ($x^2=32.77$, p<.001). Appetite, stress and health state were significantly decreased after the onset of heart disease (t=3.18, p=.002, t=3.55, p=.001, t=4.43, p<.001), and knowledge about disease was significantly increased after the onset of heart disease (t=-13.66, p<.001). Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that continuous follow-up management programs including smoking and drinking cessation, exercise, appetite and stress management should be developed and implemented for Coronary Heart Disease with PCI.

Coronary Arteriovenous Fistula Associated with Valvular Heart Disease (심장판막증이 동반된 관상동정맥루 -수술치험 1례-)

  • 임승현
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.27 no.7
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    • pp.624-627
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    • 1994
  • Congenital coronary arteriovenous fistula is a rare cardiac defect that causes coronary arterial flow to drain into the right cardiac chambers, the pulmonary artery, the coronary sinus, or the left cardiac chambers. The most frequently involved vessel is the right coronary artery. We experienced a case that had a coronary arteriovenous fistula associated with valvular heart disease. With the cardiopulmonary bypass done under hypothermia, mitral valve replacement was accomplished and the fistulas of both proximal and distal portions of the right coronary artery were closed with 3-0 prolene. Postoperative course was uneventful.

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Gender Differences in Factors Influencing The Framingham Risk Score-Coronary Heart Disease by BMI (남녀 체질량지수에 따른 관상동맥질환위험도(Framingham Risk Score-Coronary Heart Disease) 영향요인)

  • Park, Kwang-Ok;Seo, Ji-Yeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.248-258
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate factors influencing the Framingham risk score-Coronary heart disease (FRS-CHD) according to gender and body mass index (BMI) of adults who participated in the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-3). Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design with secondary analysis with KNHANES V-3. The FRS-CHD scores were measured with ages, sex, blood pressure, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, smoking, and diabetes mellitus. With demographic characteristics, family history of ischemic heart disease, types (intensity) and days of physical activities, perceived stress, drinking, menopause (in female), and BMI scores were measured. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regressions. Results: FRS-CHD was significantly associated with types (intensity) and days of physical activities, educational level, occupation, and marital status, explaining 19.1~76.8% of the variance in men. FRS-CHD was significantly associated with types (intensity) and days of physical activities, menopause, and education level, explaining 55.0~59.5% of the variance in women. Conclusion: Factors influencing FRS-CHD were significantly different according to gender and BMI. To reduce the risk of coronary artery disease, it is necessary to develop gender-specific physical activity programs according to BMI.

Corelationship Study between Hwa-Byung and Coronary Heart Disease, by using Framingham Coronary Risk Score (Framingham Coronary Risk Score를 이용한 화병과 심혈관계 질환과의 관련성 연구)

  • Jeong, Ha-Ryong;Koh, Sang-Baek;Park, Jong-Ku;Yu, Jun-Sang;Lee, Jae-Hyok
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study was to research the relationship between Hwa-Byung and Framingham coronary risk score(FRS), cardiovascular disease. Methods : 649 people participated in the community based cohort study in Wonju City of South Korea from July 2nd to August 30th in 2006. Educated investigators checked up systolic & diastolic blood pressure and surveyed Hwa-Byung Diagnostic Interview Schedule(HBDIS), cohort questionnaire about gender, age, smoking, diabetes. Blood sample was collected from participants to analyze total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol. FRS was calculated from collected data. 10-year prediction of coronary heart disease was determined from FRS by using score sheet that is estimated by Wilson et al. Collected data were analyzed by the chi-square test. Results : 1. Low risk number of people was 18(52.9%) in Hwa-Byung group, 263(42.8%) in non Hwa-Byung group. p-value was 0.472. Difference of the two group was invalid. 2. The number of people below or equal to average 10-year prediction of coronary heart disease as gnder & age, Hwa-Byung group was 19(55.9%), non Hwa-Byung group was 412(67.0%). p-value was 0.251. Difference of the two group was invalid. Conclusions : There was no correlationship Between Hwa-Byung and 10-year prediction of coronary heart disease.

Predictors of Coronary Heart Disease Risk in Healthy Men and Women (건강한 남녀의 관상동맥질환 위험 예측요인)

  • Kim, Kyeung-Ae;Kim, Jung-Soon;Kim, Myoung-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.7
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    • pp.1039-1048
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    • 2007
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of coronary heart disease risk factors in healthy men and women. Method: The subjects of this study were 346 people (173 men and women aged 20 years and over) who received health screenings. Data was collected from December 1, 2005 to February 28, 2006. The FANTASTIC Lifestyle Assessment Inventory except smoking and the Framingham risk score of subjects were investigated. Data was analyzed by descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression using the SPSS 10.0 program. Results: The mean score of the lifestyle of the women (64.24) was higher than that of the men (59.12). The mean score of the risk of coronary heart disease of the men (5.28%) was higher than that of the women (0.28%). The framingham risk for men was significantly related to lifestyle such as dietary habit, use of caffeine and drugs, anxiety and depression, job satisfaction, and closeness with family. The main predictors of framingham risk for men and women were 'use of caffeine and drugs', and 'menopause' which explained 16.5%, and 30.7% respectively. Conclusion: Since lifestyles can be changed with effort, coronary heart disease can be prevented while people are healthy.

Early Clinical Result of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Ischemic Heart Diaseas (허혈성심장질환의 치료에서 관상동맥 우회술의 조기성적;53례의 임상적 결과)

  • 최종범
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.271-275
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    • 1993
  • In this country, the number of patients with coronary artery disease is progressively increasing with the change of life style and improvement of the diagnostic procedures. In addition, the medically invasive procedure for treating ischemic heart disease was rapidly developed and the surgical patients have more complex and multiple lesions and more surgical risks. Fifty three patients with ischemic heart disease underwent coronary bypass grafting [CABG] for recent 24 months. Twenty patients had three-vessel disease, 17 patients two-vessel disease, and 2 patients single-vessel disease. The average number of distal anastomoses was 3.3 per patient with the range of I to 6 grafts. Forty-one patients [77.4 %] had preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction of 50 % or more and 14 patients[26.4%] had a significant left main coronary lesion. Saphenous vein grafts were employed in 52/53 patients [98.1%] and internal mammary grafts, which were anastomosed to left anterior descending artery, in 38/53 patients[71.7%]. Two patients, whom percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty failed for, underwent emergency CABG with only saphenous vein grafts and both patients survived.The hospital mortality was 1.9 % and there was no late death. Perioperative myocardial infarction occurred in 1.9%. All survivors were asymptomatic[in 83% of the patients] and/or improved over their preoperative status. Twenty-nine patients were included in blood conservation group and 21 patients [72.4 %] underwent CABG without any homologous blood transfusion. Our early result of coronary bypass grafting was comparable to that which was reported in other coronary surgery units.

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Association between periodontal disease and coronary heart disease (치주질환과 관상동맥질환의 관련성에 대한 임상적 연구)

  • Lee, Jun-Ho;Chung, Hyun-Ju;Kim, Ju-Han
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.111-121
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    • 2005
  • Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of mortality in adult population. Whereas the association between periodontal disease and coronary heart disease (CHD) are controversial, recent studies reported the association between periodontal disease and acute myocardial infarction or prognosis of CHD. This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between periodontal disease and angiographically defined CHD, and acute myocardial infarction, and the prognosis of treated CHD. Patients under the age of 60 who had undergone the diagnostic coronary angiography were enrolled in this study, Subjects were classified as positive CHD (+CHD, n=37) with coronary artery stenosis more than 50% in at least one of major epicardial arteries, and negative CHD (-CHD, n=20) without stenosis. After recording the number of missing teeth, periodontal disease status was measured by means of plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL), Positive CHD subjects were classified into acute myocardial infarction group (AMI), and non-AMI with angina pectoris and old myocardial infarction. Six months postoperatively, positive CHD subjects were followed and had undergone the coronary angiography again. Even though there was no significant difference in the periodontal parameters and status between positive CHD and negative CHD, some periodontal parameters, such as mean probing depth and proportion of sites with probing depth greater than 4mm or 6mm were significantly different between AMI and Non-AMI(p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the periodontal parameters according to in angiographically follow-up status. These results indicate that periodontal disease may be associated with the occurrence of acute myocardial infarction.

Determining Nursing Care Priorities among Women in the High Risk of Coronary Heart Disease (일 건강검진센터에 내원한 여성을 대상으로 심혈관질환 위험요인을 활용한 고위험군 간호의 우선순위 설정)

  • Youm, Soon Gyo;Han, Yong Hee
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.125-137
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was designed as a epidemiologic study for determining priorities of nursing care in women with high risk groups of coronary heart disease(CHD) using risk factors. Method: Subjects were 1015 women who received health screenings at a hospital in Kyunggi, Korea, over one year period from January to December 2006. Results: The 37.9% of women had multiple risk factors for developing coronary heart disease. The most significant risk factors on CHD were the age older than 70 years (OR=11.45), the age between 60-69 (OR=4.65), the age between 50-59 (OR=3.20), having $HbA_1C$ over 7% (OR=2.38), high risk groups of L/H ratio (OR=1.98), and the waist to stature ratio (WSR) over 0.5 (OR=1.33). Conclusion: The findings suggest that women older than 50 years should be considered as an overt target population for CHD prevention, even in the absence of other risk factors. Also, $HbA_1C$ and WSR can be efficient indicators for CHD screening.

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