• Title, Summary, Keyword: Creative City

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Creative City Policy in France: Case studies on Creative City Development Projects of Nantes (프랑스의 창조도시정책: 낭트의 창조도시 개발사업을 중심으로)

  • Bae, Jun Gu
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.616-629
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to analyze a creative city development case of the Nantes City in France focused on vitalizing creativity by urban regeneration and to get some policy implications through reflecting on process, governance and performance of the Nantes case. The Nantes City tried to overcome its regional economic depression caused by closing shipyard through its creative city program. The Nantes creative city program has been maintained for 20 years, which succeeded in both transforming economic structure of the Nantes city and improving the image of it. As a result, the Nantes city is regarded as a best city for living in France. It established own city model by participating in European projects, referring to cases of other cities and adopting specialists' views. In the process of creative city, the Nantes distinguished itself from other cities in sizes and circumstances and devoted itself to interactions between the city and culture projects, focused on clear objectives and dynamic co-works. In addition, the Nantes changed creatively buildings and spaces to regenerate deserted regions, and established some high valueadded creative industry on the basis of historic and cultural resources.

Critical Study on the Discourses of Creative City : Becoming Locality as an Alternative Thinking and Practice (창조도시 담론의 비판 : 생성의 로컬리티 탐색)

  • Park, Kyu-Taeg;Lee, Sang-Bong
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.60-74
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    • 2013
  • The discourses of creative city have been developed as a development and rehabilitation policy or plan in the contexts of globalization or deindustrialization society mainly progressed by Western capitalist nations, and there are a variety of effects due to the implementation of creative city in different national and local conditions. Many nations or cities have adapted and practiced the idea of creative city as a policy of development or rehabilitation without its critical examination. The purpose of this study is to make a conceptual framework of newly interpreting creative city, particularly focused on creative industry and class. The framework of creative city as a becoming locality consists of culture and art, creative actor and place continuously interacting, and it will take an active role to solve a variety of problems in the cities or regions due to globalization or deindustrialization. Creative city as a becoming locality should be developed in a close relation with the real situations in the future.

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Creative City and Creative Class: Conceptual Issues and Critiques (창조도시와 창조계급: 개념적 논제들과 비판)

  • Choi, Byung-Doo
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.49-69
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    • 2014
  • The theory of creative city can be seen as one that reflects a relationship between recent change of economic environment and socio-spatial reconstruction in the so-called 'cultural turn' to deindustrialization. This paper considers approaching methods to knowledge-based economy or cultural economy as a context of development of theory of creative city, and suggests types of conceptualization of creative city. Then it reviews creative perspectives which can be found in recent domestic and oversea research trends on creative city, especially relating its nature with neoliberalism. Finally this paper discusses critically the concept of creative class as a social constitution of creativity or creative economy, and that of creative city as its spatial constitution. The concept of creative class can be criticized in terms of ambiguity of the concept of class, class-biased and economy-privileged idea, market valorization of culture, individualization against community, normalization of flexible labor market, and uncertainty of economic success of creative city. The concept of creative city can be criticized in terms of limitation of interests to city, ignorance of national and global dimensions, decontextual normative vision, legitimation of neoliberal city, lack of proof of causality between creative class and economic success, polarization of within and between cities.

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Developing Creative Cities in Australia: A Case Study on the City of Maribyrnong, Victoria (호주의 창조도시 개발사업에 관한 연구: 멜버른의 맬버농시를 사례로)

  • Shin, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.630-641
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    • 2016
  • This paper attempts to analyse the processes, key actors and projects contributed to the urban renewal and creative city policies of the City of Maribyrnong, Victoria, Australia. The paper introduces how former military lands are redeveloped into new urban areas mixed with arts, cultural, commercial, residential and university activities. It articulates major actors involved in the creative city policies with governments, universities and non-government organisations. It is interesting to note that Maribyrnong uses Victoria University in vitalising declining old urban areas. It is also interesting to do the same that the city does adopt the concept of "creativity" in urban renewal policies; however, it does not use the same concent of creativity appeared in the textbooks of the major authors of creative city or creative economy, such as Richard Florida and John Howkins.

The Implication of Creativity in the Northern Cities of Gyeongbuk Province : Centering on the Practice of Regional Development (경북 북부도시에서 창조성의 의미 -지역개발의 실행을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Sang-Yool
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.554-567
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    • 2011
  • As creative city is increasingly considered as a paradigm of urban development, it was explored that some of major concepts consisting of creative city such as creativity, creative class and creative industry have an implication. Those concepts reveal a diverse meaning rather than universal one in the application depending on regions and countries across the world. This study tried to grasp the meaning of creative city in the northern region of Gyeongbook where the concept itself was not apparently distinctive. The result is that the inherent meaning of creative city was expanded to culture and athletic fields, though it was originated from taking advantage of nature, agricultural products in the region, and cultural and historical based tourism. On the other hand, the role of regional authority was examined to explore how the concept of creative city is realized in practice. There are some differences among the local authorities in the aspect of leadership. network system within the region, and social network with outside.

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Policy and Discourse of Creative Economy and Creative City in Korea (한국의 창조경제와 창조도시에 관한 정책과 담론)

  • Choi, Byung-Doo
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.601-623
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    • 2014
  • This paper is to analyze critically policy and discourse of creative economy and creative city. Applying the concept of 'policy transfer' or 'policy mobility', It points out that it may be inevitable for a certain policy or discourse developed in Western society to change its contents and characteristics in its international diffusing process. And then, this paper describes political contexts and process in which the policy and discourse of creative city of a former mayor of Seoul, Oh, Se-Hoon, during the late part of the 2000s, and those of creative economy of the current president, Park, Geun-Hye, have been suggested and pursued, arguing that those policies and discourses, having been distorted and lack of concrete contents, have functioned as a key ruling tool or political rhetoric. In particular, this paper concludes that the policy and discourse of creative economy of the current government would have little positive effect due to excluding intentionally policy of economic democracy and ignoring unintentionally policy of creative city, which seem to have an inherent relationship with that of creative economy.

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Creative Economy and Region: Three Sources of Creative City (창조경제와 지역: 창조도시의 세가지 원천)

  • Muhn, Misung
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.646-659
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    • 2014
  • Political and academic concerns on creative economy have been increased, despite of the debates on its concepts and socioeconomic implications. This article is an exploratory study about the mechanisms and the sources in which creative economy works. Due to ICT revolution and expansion of individual's networking competency, collective knowledge created by networking and city/region in which the collective knowledge has been embedded became the parts and parcels of creative economy. Three sources of creative city is as follows: regional peculiarity and locality from industrial clustering, intensity of urban networks(openness), and value orientations in regional problem solving.

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Study on the Competitiveness Evaluation of Urban Cultural Tourism Creative Industry in Pan-Yangtze River Delta

  • Mengmeng, Shao
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - In order to improve the comprehensive competitiveness of cultural tourism creative industries in the region, different grade cities should adapt to local conditions and differentiated development as the angle. It can promote the optimization of regional tourism industry structure, and make relevant suggestions accordingly. Research design, data, and methodology - Based on the characteristics of cultural tourism creative industry, 24 indicators are selected from four aspects. The comprehensive competitiveness evaluation index system of cultural tourism creative industry is constructed. The essay use factor analysis to quantitatively evaluate 27 cities in the Pan-Yangtze River Delta, and use cluster analysis to classify the competitiveness of cultural tourism creative industries in each city into five types. Results - The results of cluster analysis show that the whole area presents five kinds of step-like features, which are mature leading type, the advantageous development type, comparatively advantageous type, well-grounded type and difference-promotion type. Conclusions - The factor analysis method was used to quantitatively evaluate 27 cities in the Pan-Yangtze River Delta, and cluster analysis was used to classify the cultural tourism creative industry competitiveness of each city into fives type city. Based on the differentiation of cultural tourism creative industry competitiveness and 27 cities in the Pan-Yangtze River Delta, the relevant strategies were proposed.

Policy Implications of Creative-Based Strategies and Culture-Art Creative Urban Policy in Japan: Focusing on Kanazawa and Yokohama (일본의 문화예술창조도시정책과 창조기반전략의 정책적 함의: 가나자와와 요코하마를 중심으로)

  • Na, Jumong
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.642-659
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    • 2016
  • This study examines the characteristics of creative city policy for Japanese culture and arts creation cities and finds the implications of culture and arts city policy by reexamining the examples of Kanazawa and Yokohama from the viewpoint of creation-based strategy of the city. The policy implications of creative-based strategies are as follows. First, in terms of the governance of the creative-based strategy, Kanazawa conducted governance through a citizen-led cooperative network, while Yokohama promoted creative city policy through a local government-led cooperative network. Second, The mechanism of action of the endogenous resources of Kanazawa and Yokohama was different. Third, the territorial embeddedness in Kanazawa and Yokohama was easy for pedestrians to access to the customer center in the creation core area. Both cities have good access to domestic and international demand, and amenity is well established.

Expansion and Evolution of Artist-in-residence Program: From Structure of Creative City to the Nations' Cooperation (예술가 해외거주 프로그램(Artist-in-residence)의 확산과 진화 - 창조도시 구도에서 국가 간 협력 프로그램까지)

  • Park, Shin-Eui
    • The Journal of Art Theory & Practice
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    • no.6
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    • pp.123-145
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    • 2008
  • Artist-in-residence which gets chances to create by artists' moving and encountering new culture is heightening its level in 21th century. Under the circumstance that issue of cultural diversity and the role of artists which is for city revitalization and sustainability are affect residency program in the midst of highly proceeded globalization that international exchange. Therefore, in the aspect of creative city, a new model is creating by reuse of abandoned industrial facilities and Asia or Eastern country become the subject in residency program management, the issue of cultural diversity is getting more important, programs based on project not just residence are managing. Furthermore, it has inter-country cooperating system in the rage of cultural management. It means that artists' space of creating activity has a new, social role in spontaneously we need to approach to following model in Korea, as well.

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