• Title, Summary, Keyword: Creepage discharge

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Experimental Study on Air Decomposition By-Product Under Creepage Discharge Fault and Their Impact on Insulating Materials

  • Javed, Hassan;LI, Kang;Zhang, Guoqiang;Plesca, Adrian Traian
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.2392-2401
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    • 2018
  • Creepage discharge faults in air on solid insulating material play a vital role in degradation and ageing of material which ultimately leads to breakdown of power equipment. And electric discharge decompose air in to its by-products such as Ozone and $NO_x$ gases. By analyzing air decomposition gases is a potential method for fault diagnostic in air. In this paper, experimental research has been conducted to study the effect of creepage discharge on rate of generation of air decomposition by-products using different insulating materials such as RTV, epoxy and fiberglass laminated sheet. Moreover XRF analysis has been done to analyze creepage discharge effect on these insulating materials. All experiments have been done in an open air test cell under constant temperature and pressure conditions. While analysis has been made for low and high humidity conditions. The results show that the overall concentration of air decomposition by-products under creepage discharge in low humidity is 4% higher than concentration measured in high humidity. Based on this study a mathematical relationship is also proposed for the rate of generation of air decomposition by-products under creepage discharge fault. This study leads to indirect way for diagnostic of creepage discharge propagation in air.

A study on the effects of a conducting metallic barrier on the surface creepage flash over discharge (연면방전에 미치는 도전층의 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Sung Kae Chung
    • 전기의세계
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.7-28
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    • 1968
  • When a insulator plate is inserted to the discharge path of a space discharge gap in which the field strength is not uniform, the spark voltage under the atmospheric pressure between the electrodes decreases or rises according to the position of the insulating plate. Also it is reported that if a metallic barrier plate is inserted to the discharge path of the same space discharge gap, similar variations of spark voltage are found. Speaking briefly, mensioned above are the spark voltage characteristics when an insulator or metallic barrier is inserted to the space discharge gap. Also some experimental results, concerning to the surface creepage flash over characteristics at the case when an insulator barrier is inserted to the discharge path of a surface creepage discharge gap, were reported by Peek. But up to now there are no reports on surface flash over voltage characteristics at the case when a metallic barrier is inserted to the surface creepage gap. In this study the effects of a conducting metallic barrier inserted to the path of a surface creepage discharge gap on the flash over voltage characteristics are investigated theoretically and experimentally, and got some important results, clearing the effects of the position and width of a conducting barrier is inserted, the surface flash over voltage characteristics appear as an Inverse N or W Characteristics. Such theoretical or experimental results may have some relation not only with the effects of dry belt and snow on suspension insulators, but also with the effects of dirty zone or water drops on the surface creepage flash over voltage.

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A Study on the Effects of Insulating Material Barrier on the Surface Creepage over Discharge (연면방전의 특성과 절연체의 영향 및 그 응용)

  • Sung Won Rhee
    • 전기의세계
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 1970
  • In the design of electrical equipment insulation, it is customary to place pressboard and other insulating material at right angle to the electrical discharge path, which is based on the insulation tests performed on equipment under various conditions such as types of insulation, applied voltage and other unique situations. Since electrical equipment manufacturing started only recently, there is a scarcity of available data on insulation problems, which make it difficult for the design engineers. The author untook this study to provide such analytical design data for various conditions based on the experiment conducted on the equipment being manufactured, thus reducing possible errors in the process.

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Study on AC creepage discharge characteristics on polluted solid dielectrics (오염된 고체절연물의 AC 연면 절연파괴특성 분석)

  • Kim, J.T.;Seo, C.W.;Park, H.S.;Kim, B.D.;Jang, J.S.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1169-1170
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    • 2015
  • 공기를 주 절연매질로 사용하는 전력기기의 소형화 추세속에서 제품의 절연성능을 확보하기 위해 '절연배리어'인 고체절연물이 사용된다. 고체절연물의 연면 절연성능은 운전 환경에서 발생된 수분 및 오염원 등에 영향을 받기 쉽기 때문에, 다양한 오염도 조건에서 고체절연물의 연면 절연파괴특성 분석이 필요하다. 본 논문에서는 전력기기에 폭넓게 적용되는 있는 고체절연물에 대하여 평등전계가 모의된 평판 - 평판 전극 실험 조건에서 연면거리 및 오염도를 정량화한 전기전도도에 따른 AC 연면 절연파괴특성을 분석하였다. 그 결과, AC 연면 절연파괴전계는 고체절연물 재질에 관계없이 단(短) 갭에서 연면거리에 대한 의존성을 거의 보이지 않았다. 또한, PC 연면 절연파괴전계는 BMC 및 에폭시 대비 높았으며, 이것은 재질에 따른 연면 절연파괴 형태 및 표면의 소수성 차이와 관련이 있는 것으로 사료된다.

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The DC Creepage Discharge Characteristics of Al2O3/Silicone Rubber Nanocomposites in presence of a water droplet (전도성 수적에 의한 Al2O3/실리콘 고무 나노컴포지트의 DC 연면 방전 특성)

  • Park, Ji-Sung;Kim, Ji-Ho;Seo, Cheong-Won;Kwon, Jung-Hun;Lim, Kee-Joe
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1141-1142
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    • 2015
  • 실리콘 고무는 옥외용 폴리머 애자 또는 부싱 등에 주로 사용되고 있으며, 이에 대한 연구가 많이 진행되어 지고 있다. 최근에는 나노 기술이 발달함에 따라 전기 재료에 나노 사이즈의 필러를 첨가하여 재료의 특정 특성들을 향상시키는 연구들이 진행되어 지고 있다. 본 논문에서는 전기적인 성능을 향상시키고자 나노 사이즈의 $Al_2O_3$를 첨가한 상온 경화형 실리콘 고무에 대한 연구를 진행하였으며, DC 전계와 오염 상황 하에서 연면 파괴 강도를 측정하였으며, 접촉각과 표면 저향률을 측정하였다. 실험 결과, 필러 함량이 증가할수록 연면 절연 파괴 강도와 표면 저항률은 증가하였으며 접촉각은 감소하였다. 또한, 일정 함량 이상에서는 연면 절연 파괴 강도와 표면 저항율이 감소하는 것으로 나타났다.

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A Study Vertical Surface Discharge Characteristics of the Shape Change of the Solid Insulation with the Same Creepage Distance of Dry-Air (Dry-Air 중의 동일 연면거리를 가진 고체절연물의 형상 변화에 따른 수직연면방전 특성 연구)

  • Jeon, Jong-Cheul;Choi, Byung-Ju;Bae, Sung-woo;Lee, Kwang-Sik;Park, Won-Zoo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.72-78
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    • 2016
  • In terms of power components which use environmentally-friendly dry air that can substitute SF6, there have been studies on the electrical properties of the solid insulation "spacer" for the purpose of securing dielectric strength as they become smaller. This study laminated solid insulation to keep the creeping distance the same in the dry air and investigated vertical surface discharge characteristics by shape. The three sheets of disk-type solid insulation(Bakelite) were laminated in a manner to keep the creeping distance the same. The lamination was categorized as follows: "Type A" in which the insulations with the same disk diameter were laminated; "Type B" in which the insulations whose middle disk diameter was large were laminated; and "Type C" in which the ones whose middle disk diameter was small were laminated. For a vertical surface discharge experiment, dry air was injected into the test chamber depending on the shape of the laminated solid insulation, and chamber pressure was adjusted in a range of 0.1-0.6MPa. As volume decreased, surface discharging voltage by unit volume increased. This was because of dielectric polarization according to the structural characteristics of the shape of lamination. The highest surface discharging voltage was found in "Type C."