• Title, Summary, Keyword: Crime

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A STUDY ON COMMUNITY RESIDENTS PARTICIPATION IN CRIME PREVENTION ACTIVITY (지역주민 참여 범죄예방활동에 대한 고찰)

  • Oh, Yoon-Sung
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.3
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    • pp.175-204
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    • 2000
  • In modern society, a spontaneous phenomenon that community residents' participation in crime prevention sphere is increasing now due to the recognition that it is extremely difficult to control crime only by the limited official power(police) is spreading in the society. In the consideration of crime occurrence, the fear of crime does not belong to a certain person any more, but it turns to a matter of common interest for all people. If the recognition of community problems is well understood and analysed, the effect of community residents' participation in crime prevention will appear more eminent and definite. For a long period of time, thanks to the community residents' participation in crime prevention, it has been possible to sustain safety and stability of local community. Ultimately not only the police could reduce the crime problems but local community could decrease a fear of crime. In this study, for maximized effect of crime prevention, it is focused on the role of the community residents' participation in crime prevention. For desirable interrelations among service group and residents, police, first the review of situational crime prevention and community crime prevention theory was studied. And the community residents participation to crime prevention activity in U.S.A, Japan etc was reviewed. By interviewing actual participants in community crime prevention activity, the problems and countermeasures of the community residents' participation in crime prevention activity and desirable direction was suggested

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Crime Mapping Based on Experts' and Residents' Assessments of Neighborhood Environment

  • Kim, Jaecheol
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.213-220
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    • 2017
  • This study examines the limitations of existing crime mapping that relies mainly on reported crime data, suggests a crime mapping method based on experts' and users' assessments of a neighborhood environment as an alternative approach, and conducts a case study on a real-world site by applying the suggested approach. According to the results of the case analysis, while the areas adjoining arterial roads with heavy pedestrian traffic were shown as high crime risk areas in the crime map based on actual reported crime data, the areas adjoining local roads with low pedestrian traffic were high-risk areas in the crime risk area map based on experts' and residents' evaluations. This study makes a contribution to the field in that it demonstrates the detailed application process of crime risk area mapping according experts' and residents' evaluations, compares the results with those of an existing crime map, and finally shows that the former can function as a complement to the latter.

A Study on the Cognition Tendency of Disorder·Social Integration according to the Vulnerability of Fear of Crime - With a focus on the young women's group - (범죄두려움 취약도에 따른 무질서 및 사회통제 인지 경향에 관한 연구 - 청년층 여성을 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, So-Yeon;Ha, Mikyoung;Byun, Gidong
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between general fear of crime and specific fear of crime. Also, it is to suggest the way of analyzing fear of crime by summing up the two concepts. This study finds a reason why fear of crime varies from person to person within the same sex and similar age group. In particular, this study intends to analyze the models that affect fear of crime to figure out which is relevant to those in the high-risk group. And with the results, we can devise measurements to effectively reduce fear of crime in a local community. The following facts have been found in this study: positive correlation between general fear of crime and specific fear of crime, method of subdividing group with fear of crime, models that affect fear of crime and sub-items that greatly relate to high-risk groups.

Analysis for the Effect of Housing Types on Crime - Focused on the 25 Autonomous Districts in Seoul Metropolis - (주택유형이 범죄에 미치는 영향 분석 - 서울시 25개 자치구를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Seunghoon
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between housing types and crime and to suggest the appropriate strategies and interventions of housing policies for crime prevention. For spatial analysis of crime data, spatial autocorrelation is tested by Moran's I Test. A Ordinary Least Squares-based regression model is employed because crime data used in this study fails to show spatial autocorrelation. Results show that housing type variables except non-residential housing type are not associated with crime. Among land-use characteristics, the percentage of commercial areas is likely to better explain crime occurrence rather than housing types. It is surprising that residents' satisfaction to housing environment has a positive direction in its relationship with crime even though it cannot have a statistical significance. However, fear of crime shows a negative direction with crime although it fails to have a statistical significance. The findings of this study can contribute to understand the association between housing types and crime when setting housing policies for crime prevention.

An Analysis of Factors Affecting Fear of Crime Considering Geographical Characteristics - Focused on Women in 20's who are Vulnerable to Crime - (지리적 특성을 고려한 범죄두려움 영향 요인 분석 - 범죄취약계층인 20대 여성을 중심으로 -)

  • Byun, Gidong;Ha, Mi-kyoung
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2020
  • Recently, women's fear of crime continues to increase in space of everyday. By the way, the fear of crime has the spatial properties as crime. Therefore, The purpose of this study is to evaluate the spatial dependence of fear of crime and to suggest the physical environmental factors influencing fear of crime. For this, a spatial regression analysis using spatial weights was conducted based on the location data of the fear of crime measured through a survey. The results of this study are as follows; First, the fear of crime felt by women in their twenties who are vulnerable to crime has spatial dependence. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the spatial characteristics in analyzing the environmental factors affecting this. Second, in order to reduce the fear of crime, it is necessary to improve the environments of old housing and entertainment facilities. There is also a need for ongoing management. Third, careful consideration is needed in the installation of CCTV and street lights, which are factors influencing the fear of crime. It is necessary to establish a reasonable arrangement standard for CCTV and to analyze the street lighting in detail.

A Study on the Effectiveness of an Authorization System for Domestic Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (국내 범죄예방 환경설계 인증제도의 효과성에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Dong-Hyun;Lee, Kyung-Hoon
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2018
  • This study was to confirm the effectiveness of crime prevention in an apartment complex environmentally designed for domestic crime prevention. The researchers surveyed 267 residents on the community, fear of crime, and crime victimization. They arrived at the following conclusions. The authorization complex received higher security satisfaction results than the unauthorized complex; residents were less afraid of crime and more active in the apartment complex community. These results differ from previous studies in that the fear of crime is not related to a crime victim experience and that the fear of crime is low when there are less households in the apartment complex. Therefore, effectiveness of crime prevention abroad should not be accepted in a domestic residential environment.

The Effect of Natural Surveillance of Detached House on the Fear of Crime (단독주택의 자연적 감시 확보가 범죄 두려움에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Jae-Hun;Kim, Sang-Woon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.230-237
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    • 2012
  • Since the 1950s, crime prevention was to figure out how dissident. Unlike traditional crime prevention was a point of view. Physical environment and a method to prevent crime, "Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design: CPTED)" is the prevention of crime, property crime, criminals and human right with the surrounding environment. These CPTED has a variety of factors. Natural surveillance of these is the most basic elements. Natural surveillance is monitored by monitoring the behavior of criminals, to prevent crime. CPTED was the large majority of existing studies focused on a study area. However, this study examined the area around a house. Made to secure the hypothesis of natural surveillance to affect fear of crime. Research on fear of crime and crime victimization declined. Thus, the securing of natural surveillance proved to be effective in crime prevention in this study.

Analysis on the Relations of Citizen's Personal Character and Fear of Crime (시민의 개인적 특성과 범죄두려움 관계 분석)

  • Seong, Yong-Eun;Yoo, Young-Jae
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.14
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    • pp.261-283
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    • 2007
  • In recent studies for explaining the causation of crime fear shows interest and effort in studies attempting microscopical individual level and macroscopical local level of sex, age, economic level, crime damage level and etc. However, in this study, it is considered that interest and analysis of individual on characteristics of these local level may has its difference depends on crime damage experience in the past, fragility precision of crime damage and interest on crime relating information and processed positive analysis on characteristics of individual and relation of crime fear on individual level before making an attempt of connecting microscopical level and macroscopical level. Therefore, the purpose of this study is on positive verification of how people feel about crime fear depends on individual's characteristic and also how much effect would they receive. As the result of this study, it is shown that first, population statistical characteristics that crime damage experience is statistically meaningful of its difference of each group are age, status of marriage, final education status and residential area and for the fragility precision of crime damage was sex and status of marriage and for the interest about the crime relating information has meaningful difference statistically of each group depends on sex, age, final education status, income of the house and location of residential area. Second, after processing correlation analysis on individual characteristic primary factor and crime fear, the result of 3 primary factor independent variable all shows statistically meaningful correlation with crime fear and especially fragility primary factor on crime damage showed the most high correlation with crime fear. Lastly, fragility of crime damage, interest on crime information and crime damage experience has effected as characteristics of individual and especially fragility of crime damage which the person thought to be the most fragility on crime damage out of these individual characteristic primary factor showed to have the most effecting primary factor.

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Research on Fear of Criminal Victim of the Elderly Based on Risk Interpretation Model (위험해석모델에 따른 노인의 범죄피해 두려움에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, So-Young;Kim, Chang-Ho
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.45
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    • pp.221-242
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    • 2015
  • Verification for the causality of factors affecting fear of criminal victim which has a bad influence on the senior's quality of life and directions to prevent the crimes against the elderly have been suggested. This study proves the applicability for fear of crime to old people especially based on risk interpretation model consisting of perceived risk of crime, behavioral response and fear of crime. Analysis results are as follows. First, disorder factors as social characteristics showed statistically significant influences on perceived risk of crime, behavioral response and fear of crime. Second, direct experienced crime victimization only affected perceived risk of crime while indirect experienced crime victimization had an effect on perceived risk of crime and fear of crime as well. Third, perceived risk of crime influenced fear of crime. Fourth, perceived risk of crime was concerned with fear of crime. Fifth, behavioral response was affiliated with fear of crime. These results reveal that risk interpretation model can be applied to senior's fear of crime. Moreover, disorder factor as social characteristic and experienced crime victimization as individual characteristic help the elderly perceive the risk of crime, bring behavioral response. Consequently, they play a role of factors affecting fear of crime. It is emphasized that support policy is required for the elderly who had experienced crime and stabilization of community environment if necessary to improve the quality of life.

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Crime Occurrence Patterns from the Perspective of Land-use

  • Kinashi, Machiko;Tan, Yen Xin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.17-18
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    • 2015
  • To improve urban safety there is an increasing social need for environmental design against crime, which is defined as the creation of inconvenient environments or situations for criminal offenders. By using a cluster analysis, we aimed to clarify crime occurrence patterns from the perspective of land-use. Osaka Prefecture was chosen as the study area because it has the highest crime rate in Japan. The results revealed that there are six patterns of crime occurrence, and that cities of medium-level of mixed land-use have the lowest crime rates.

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