• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Critical thinking

검색결과 717건 처리시간 0.034초

간호학적 비판적 사고능력에 대한 문헌고찰 (Critical Thinking in Nursing Science: A Literature Review)

  • 신수진;정덕유
    • 성인간호학회지
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.117-128
    • /
    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were as follows; 1) To review the definitions of critical thinking from various perspectives, 2) To examine the critical thinking measurements throughout nursing research, and 3) To review the nursing studies with regard to critical thinking. Methods: This study was a literature review with regard to the critical thinking in nursing in aspects of conceptual meaning, measurements, and research. Results: The definition of critical thinking in nursing included decision making in clinical setting, inference with logical construct to increase nursing quality, interpretation in the context, and evaluation. The critical thinking was a core concept, which meant not only simple nursing process, but included decision making ability. The critical thinking has been conceptualized by both critical thinking disposition and skill. However, there was no nursing specified critical thinking measurement. Critical thinking research has been conducted to describe critical thinking disposition and critical thinking, to determine relationships between critical thinking and clinical competency, and to evaluate the effectiveness of educational programs. Conclusion: The instruments for measuring critical thinking disposition and skill that contain cultural difference and clinical specificity need to be developed to measure critical thinking and increase it.

  • PDF

간호사의 비판적 사고 성향과 비판적 사고술에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Relationships between Critical Thinking Disposition and Critical Thinking Skill in Clinical Nurses)

  • 임은주
    • 성인간호학회지
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-40
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: The descriptive-correlational study was undertaken in order to investigate the relationships between critical thinking disposition and critical thinking skill in clinical nurses. Methods: A convenience sample of 50 registered nurses was obtained from E University Hospital. The instruments used in this study were general characteristics, California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI) and California Critical Thinking Skill Test(CCTST) developed by Facione & Facione (1994). The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient with SPSS 12.0 Program. Results: 1) There was a statistically significant difference in critical thinking disposition according to age (F=3.23, p=.03) and educational background (F=39.07, p=.00). 2) There was a statistically significant difference in critical thinking skill according to age (F=3.40, p=.02), educational background(F=32.51, p=.00), and period of professional nursing experience(F=3.56, p=.02). Conclusion: A significant positive correlation between critical thinking disposition and critical thinking skill was found(r=.68, p=.00). Critical thinking disposition and critical thinking skill according to age and educational background had statistically significant differences. Therefore, it is needed to emphasize the necessity of continuous education and training of nurses which prepare their critical thinking ability.

  • PDF

예비교사의 비판적 사고력 향상을 위한 프로그램 개발 및 효과검증 (The Development and Effects of the Program for the Improvement of Preservice Teachers' Critical Thinking Ability)

  • 강승희;김대현
    • 수산해양교육연구
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.108-121
    • /
    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to develop and to test the program for the improvement of preservice teachers' critical thinking ability. The main research problems to achieve the purpose of research are as follows; first, is the program for the improvement of preservice teachers' critical thinking ability effective to improve the critical thinking skills of preservice teachers? Second, is the program for the improvement of preservice teachers' critical thinking ability effective to improve the critical thinking dispositions of preservice teachers? To evaluate the effect of the program, 30(15; experimental group: 15; control group) sophomores were selected in Pusan. The conclusions of this research are as follows; first, there is a significant difference between experimental group and control group for critical thinking skills test. Second, there is no significant difference between experimental group and control group for critical thinking dispositions test.

비판적 사고력 향상을 위한 수학 프로그램의 개발 및 적용에 관한 연구 (A Study on The Development and Application of Mathematical Program to Improve Critical Thinking)

  • 이희석;남승인
    • 한국수학교육학회지시리즈A:수학교육
    • /
    • v.50 no.1
    • /
    • pp.69-87
    • /
    • 2011
  • The aim of this research is to develop a 'program which improves critical thinking' to improve elementary school students' mathematical thinking, and investigate the effect of program by applying and verifying the program. In order to achieve the objective, the author determined the factors of critical thinking capabilities matched to the discipline of mathematics, and accordingly designed relevant programs and test questions for critical thinking skills which contributes to improving the critical thinking of elementary school students, and thus applied the program the developed program of improving the critical thinking to both preliminary and main experiments, which verified the effects of the test method. The following results have been acquired through this research : In the preliminary inspection that this researcher has developed, it was able to predict that 'the program which improves critical thinking' would have a positive influence on the students' critical thinking. In the main experiment which was performed after modifying and supplementing it, the result showed that the program had a positive influence on the students' critical thinking.

간호대학 학생의 비판적 사고성향에 관한 조사연구 (A Study on the Critical Thinking Disposition about Student Nurse)

  • 양승애;정덕유
    • 성인간호학회지
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.156-165
    • /
    • 2004
  • Purpose: This descriptive - comparison study was conducted to investigate the critical thinking disposition of senior nursing students in three types of nursing program. Method: The convenience sample was drawn from 472 nursing students. Instruments used in this study were made California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory developed by Facione & Facione (1994). Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test with SAS 6.12 program. Result: 1. The total mean score of critical thinking disposition was 279.06. Inquisitiveness was the highest with an mean score 45.50, while systematicity was the lowest with mean score of 36.15. There was a statistically significant difference in critical thinking disposition(F=14.36, p=.00)according to senior nursing students in three types of nursing programs. 2. There was a statistically significant difference in critical thinking disposition(F=5.53, p=.00) according to age, marital status(t=-3.15, p=.00), religion(F=3.26, p=.02) and critical thinking course taken previously(t=3.10, p=.00). Conclusion: There was a statistically significant difference in critical thinking disposition(F=14.36, p=.00) according to senior nursing students in three types of nursing program. There was a statistically significant difference in Critical thinking disposition according to age, marital status, religion, logic, philosophy, critical thinking course.

  • PDF

대학생의 자아존중감, 자기효능감이 비판적 사고 성향에 미치는 영향 (Self Esteem, Self Efficacy and Critical Thinking Disposition of College Students)

  • 이정인
    • 한국간호교육학회지
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.166-174
    • /
    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine self esteem, self efficacy and critical thinking disposition of college students. Method: A descriptive survey method was used in this study. Data were collected from May to August, 2008, from 486 college students. The survey sheet was composed of questions on self esteem, self efficacy, and critical thinking disposition. Result: The average score of self esteem, self efficacy, and critical thinking disposition was 2.99, 2.80, and 3.99 respectively. There were positive correlations between self esteem and critical thinking disposition, between self efficacy and critical thinking disposition, and between self esteem and self efficacy. Self esteem and self efficacy were significant predictors of critical thinking disposition. Conclusion: In order to help college students adopt to a rapidly changing society, the university should make efforts to develop a curriculum and program for improving self esteem, self efficacy and critical thinking disposition.

성별 및 학년 수준에 따른 비판적 사고력의 발달과 학업성취와의 관계 (Differences in Critical Thinking : Relating Sex, Grade to Critical Thinking and Academic Achievement)

  • 황희숙
    • 수산해양교육연구
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.240-251
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between critical thinking and academic achievement. Subjects were 396 junior and 371 senior high school students in Busan. The instruments used in this study were Cornell Critical Thinking Test and Academic Achievement Test. The results were as follows : First, there was a sinificant grade level difference in critical thinking. Second, there was a signficant sex difference in critical thinking and there was a significant interaction effect by grade level and sex. Third, critical thinking was significantly related to the students' academic achievement. The implications were discussed and recommendations for future research were made.

김영정 교수의 비판적 사고론 (Kim on Critical Thinking)

  • 최훈
    • 논리연구
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-26
    • /
    • 2010
  • 이 글은 고 김영정 교수의 비판적 사고 이론을 비판적으로 검토하는 것이 목적이다. 그는 비판적 사고의 기본 속성은 능동적 반성성이고, 비판적 사고가 지향하는 주요 특성은 심층성, 다각성, 영역 전이성이라고 정의한다. 그리고 그는 비판적 사고 개념이 창의성 개념과 연결될 수 있는 가능성을 모색하여, 비판-창의적 사고라는 개념을 제시한다. 나는 이런 정의의 한계를 지적하면서도, 비판-창의적 사고를 향상시킬 방법이 가능하다고 주장하겠다.

  • PDF

대학생들의 비판적 사고 성향이 직업적 성격에 미치는 영향 (A Study on Effects of Critical Thinking Dispositions on Vocational Personality in University Students)

  • 윤소정;신수진;이은영
    • 수산해양교육연구
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.206-218
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of critical thinking dispositions on vocational personalities in university students. Subjects were 111 University students in Busan. The questionnaire used in this research were Holland's Vocational Personality Questionnaire and California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory. The results were analyzed by correlation analysis and enter multiple regression using the SPSS statistical package (SPSS for windows 12.0; SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). The study results were as follow: First, the students had much more S and R vocational personality characteristics than the others in vocational personality characteristics and had higher inquisitiveness and self-confidence scores than the others in critical thinking dispositions. Second, there were significant relationships between vocational personality types and critical thinking dispositions. Third, some of the vocational personality types were affected by the critical thinking dispositions. Especially I, E, and C personality of vocational personalities were prospected by critical thinking dispositions. Therefore, It's necessary that we understand the relationships between vocational personality types and critical thinking dispositions. Also we have to think over how to development career programs for university students to match to the learner's vocational personality type and critical thinking dispositions.

Examining the Relationship between a Structured Reading Framework and Students' Critical Thinking Ability within an Argument-Based Inquiry Approach

  • Jang, Jeong-Yoon;Nam, Jeonghee
    • 한국과학교육학회지
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.569-580
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study examined how a Structured Reading Framework (SRF) is related to improving students' critical thinking ability in an argument-based inquiry approach, called the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) approach. A total of 75 $8^{th}$ graders participated in the study, with 34 in the control group and 41 in the treatment group. The gains in critical thinking skills were compared between two groups, and relationships among the components of the reading framework and the critical thinking skills were explored at the group level. Result indicates that the treatment group who used the SRF had larger gains in critical thinking scores than control group who used the Original Reading Framework (ORF). In addition, results show that the correlations between Reading Framework (RF) components and critical thinking scores are statistically significant in the treatment group, while no correlations exist in the control group. It appears that using the SRF have an impact on developing students' critical thinking ability by providing a scaffold to assist argumentation practice.