• Title, Summary, Keyword: Critical thinking

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Mediating effect of major satisfaction on the influence of critical thinking disposition on disaster recognition

  • Kim, Jung-ae;Seo, Eun-Hui;Kim, Chul-Jin
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to identify mediating effect of major satisfaction in the effect of critical thinking disposition on disaster recognition. For this study, 237 students of nursing students from universities in Jeollanam do participated in the study. The data collection was collected on Dec 1 to 7, 2017. The descriptive statistics was used to analyze general characteristics of participants, the differences in disaster recognition according to general characteristics were analyzed by t-test or ANOVA. Regression analysis was conducted to confirm the effect of critical thinking disposition on disaster recognition and Baron, R.M. And Kenny, D.A.'s mediation effect statistic analysis was used to confirm the mediating effect of major satisfaction in critical thinking disposition on disaster recognition. As a result, the critical thinking disposition affects the disaster recognition, and it was judged that the major satisfaction was mediating role. intellectual fairness sub-factor showed perfect mediating effect and confidence and general truth sub-factor showed partial mediating effect. Based on the above findings, it can be seen that not only critical thinking but also satisfaction with the major should be considered in order to increase the recognition of the sudden disaster. In this case, research for linking critical thinking disposition and major satisfaction is likely to be meaningful. Through the results of this study, we suggest the program development of a linkage between critical thinking disposition and major satisfaction to increase the recognition of disaster.

A Study on the Critical Thinking Disposition of Nursing Students - Focusing on a School Applying Integrated Nursing Curriculum - (간호대학생의 비판적 사고 성향에 관한 연구 - 통합 간호교육과정을 실시하는 일 대학을 중심으로 -)

  • Yoon, Jin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the degree of critical thinking disposition of nursing students and the factors influencing critical thinking disposition. Method: The subjects were 406 nursing students attending at one university who have been taught by the integrated nursing curriculum. Data was collected by a self-administered questionnaire from Nov. 11, 2007 to Nov. 30, 2007. The survey tool developed by Yoon(2004) was used. Data was analyzed by t-test, one way ANOVA and Scheffe test using SPSS Win 12.0. Result: The mean score of critical thinking disposition was 3.57. The sub scales of critical thinking disposition were statistically significant in regard to grade, age and character of subjects. Overall mean score of critical thinking disposition and its sub scales were statistically significant according to the degree of satisfactory of majoring nursing, reason of choosing nursing as a major and satisfaction on integrated nursing curriculum. Conclusion: Critical thinking ability is very important in various nursing situations. Integrated nursing curriculum was developed to improve critical thinking ability of nursing students. It is recommended that evaluation on the goal attainment of the integrated nursing curriculum needs to be monitored continuously.

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The Correlations between Critical Thinking Disposition and Decision Making Styles (간호대학 신입생의 비판적 사고성향과 의사결정 유형과의 관계연구)

  • Kim, Eun-Joo;Lim, Ji-Young;Choi, Kyung-Won
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.144-149
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to testify correlations between critical thinking disposition and decision making styles. Methods: The subjects of this study were 193 freshman nursing students in the 1 nursing school located in Incheon area. The data were collected by self-reporting questionnaires. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation coefficient analysis. Results: The score of critical thinking disposition was revealed 3.96 points. The highest was inquisitiveness, the lowest was systematicity. The most frequent decision making style was revealed a rational decision making. The next was dependant decision making, intuitional decision making as follows. The critical thinking disposition and rational decision making had a statistically significant positive correlation. However the critical thinking disposition and dependant decision making had a statistically significant negative correlation. Conclusion: With these findings, we are found that the more increasing critical thinking disposition, the more developing rational decision making. It will suggested that the program for increasing nursing student's critical thinking disposition focused on systematicity, analyticity and truth seeking in critical thinking sub categories.

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Effects of a Critical Thinking Course for Korean Nurses in RN-BSN Program

  • Je, Nam-Joo;Lee, Shin-Young;Lee, Seonah
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.58-68
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    • 2019
  • Critical thinking is essential to implementing the nursing process requiring timely decision making. The study examined the effects of a critical thinking course for nurses in the RN-BSN program. The study used a pre- and post-test design with a control group. The experimental group was a convenience sample of 24 working nurses attending a health college. The control group was 24 fellow nurses. The nursing process-based critical thinking course was provided to the experimental group two and half hours a week for 8 weeks. Teaching methods included lectures followed by a summary and quiz, brainstorming and action learning, and lecturer feedback. A pamphlet about views of professional occupation was provided to the control group. The data were collected using self-report questionnaires and analyzed to examine differences in the test scores before and after the intervention. The scores of critical thinking disposition, problem-solving process, and clinical competence increased significantly in the experimental group but did not in the control group. The difference between the two groups was also statistically significant in critical thinking disposition, problem-solving process, and clinical competence. It is necessary that a robust educational program or training to enhance critical thinking ability of nurses are provided in clinical settings and that nurses keep going on thinking critically in their practice.

Critical Thinking Disposition and Clinical Competence in General Hospital Nurses (종합병원 간호사의 비판적 사고성향과 임상수행능력)

  • Park, Jin-Ah;Kim, Bog-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.840-850
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate the relationship between critical thinking disposition and clinical competence among nurses in general hospitals. Methods: This study was a descriptive-correlational study with a convenience sample of 560 nurses from 5 general hospitals. The data were collected by self-administered questionnaires. Critical thinking disposition was measured using the Critical Thinking Disposition Scale for Nursing Students. Clinical competence was measured using the Standardized Nurse Performance Appraisal Tool. Results: The mean score for critical thinking disposition and clinical competence was 3.37 and 4.10 respectively on a 5 point scale. A statistically significant correlation was found between critical thinking disposition and clinical competence. A regression model explained 72.8% of clinical competence. Prudence is the most significant predictor of clinical competence ($R^2=.728$). Conclusion: Study findings suggest that nurses with a higher level of critical thinking disposition would have a higher level of clinical competence. Furthermore, prudence might be the most important predictor of clinical competence. In order to strengthen clinical competence in nurses, the development and enhancement of critical thinking should be emphasized at the college level and nurses should be encouraged to make a clinical decision with greater prudence.

A study on the application of robotic programming to promote logical and critical thinking in mathematics education (논리·비판적 사고 신장을 위한 로봇 프로그래밍의 수학교육 적용 방안)

  • Rim, Haemee;Choi, Inseon;Noh, Sunsook
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.413-434
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    • 2014
  • Logic lays the foundation of Mathematics and the development of Mathematics is dependent on critical thinking. So it is important that school mathematics helps students develop their logical and critical thinking ability for both mathematics learning and problem solving in general. MINDSTORMS, a LEGO based programming activity kit, is an effective teaching and learning tool that can be used to enhance logical and critical thinking in students. This study focused on measuring the growth of students' ability to think logically and critically when they used MINDSTORMS activities to learn programming. In addition, we investigated how the students' logical and critical thinking changed from the MINDSTORMS learning experience. The study confirmed that the programming activities using MINDSTORMS help to enhance logical and critical thinking in students. The students attitude about logical and critical thinking became more positive and the activities helped to engage students to think logically and critically. This type of programming activities should be valuable in mathematics education and it should be included in a general mathematics curriculum.

The Relationship between Critical Thinking Disposition and Basic Nursing Science (비판적 사고 성향과 기초간호과학 간의 관계)

  • Kim, Jung-Ae
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study to investigate the Critical Thinking disposition in Nursing College students and related to ability of basic nursing science. Methods : Data were collected from 36 students who were students belong to one of province University. The instrument used in this study was California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory(CCTDI) by Facione & Facione. The instrument was composed of 7 sub-items, truth-seeking, analyticity, systematicity, open-mindness, critical thinking, self-confidence, inquisitiveness, and maturity. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson Correlations with SPSS 12.0. Results : The result of this study were as follow; The average of total score in critical thinking disposition was 44.8, which means middle level(below 40: low, above 50: high level). Maturity was the highest while open-mindness was the lowest with an average score 5.01. There was significant difference between critical thinking and basic nursing science grade while there was no difference between age, gender, and religion. There was strongly relation between critical thinking disposition and basic nursing science(F=2.84, p=.01). Conclusion : According to the results of this study, nursing curriculum should be considered critical thinking disposition.

A Study of Critical Thinking Ability of Associate and Baccalaurate Degree Nursing Students (간호학생의 비판적 사고능력에 관한 연구)

  • 신경림
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 1996
  • This descriptive study was done to investigate the critical thinking ability of senior nursing students in two types of nursing education programs : associate and baccalaureate programs. Data were conveniently collected from 159 associate degree nursing (ADN)students and 158 baccalaureate degree nursing(BSN)students. All schools were the Ministry of Education accredited and located in Seoul City and Kyung gi Province. These data were collected by self reporting questionaire given over two months from March to May, 1995. The subjects completed the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) and a demographic questionnaire. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test with the SAS program. The results of this study are as follows 1. The mean of critical thinking ability of the ADN students was 42.69. 2. The mean of critical thinking ability of the BSN students was 47.68. 3. There was significant difference in the WGCTA scores between the ADN and the BSN students (t=7.38 p<0.001) 4. This study suggests that critical thinking ability may increase with higher levels of nursing education. Possible explanations for these findings are discussed.

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Differences in Thinking Styles and Critical Thinking Dispositions between Elementary School and Secondary School Pre-Service Teachers (초등과 중등 예비교사의 사고양식 및 비판적 사고 성향의 차이)

  • HWANG, Soon-Young;KANG, Seung-Hee
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.390-399
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    • 2009
  • The present study investigated the differences in thinking styles and critical thinking dispositions between elementary school and secondary school pre-service teachers. For this research, 295 college students were selected. The subjects completed the Thinking Styles Inventory(TSI) and the California Critical Thinking Dispositions Inventory(CCTDI). Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and MANOVA. The results of this study were as follows: First, there were not statistically significant differences by group in the thinking styles(Type I and Type II). Second, there were statically significant differences according to group in the CCTDI. In this result, secondary school pre-service teachers had higher scores than female students in self-confidence sub-scale of CCTDI.

The influence of internet-use Anatomy class on critical thinking disposition - Flipped learning method applying-

  • Kim, Jung-ae;Kim, Su-min;Yang, Dong-hwi
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.60-67
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of internet-use Anatomy class, as one of the Flipped learning method, on critical thinking disposition. The class for this study was conducted from March 1 to April 10, 2018. The study involved a total of 180 people in the first year of a University located in C province. Data collection was carried out before and after the Flipped learning method application. Frequency analysis, Paired t-test, Pearson correlation, and Regression analysis were used for the analysis. According to the analysis, 28.3% of men and 71.1% of women and before applying the program analysis of correlation between Flipped learning perception and critical thinking disposition showed a significant correlation between confidence(sub-component of critical thinking) only (p<.005). Comparing the scores of critical thinking before and after the program, it was found that Truth seeking (p<.001), Open-mindness (p<.005), Confidence (p<.001), Systematicity (p<.005), Analyticity (p<.001), and Inquisitiveness (p<.001) scores had increased significantly except Maturity (p>.005). And the regression analysis of Flipped learning method applying influence on critical thinking disposition were significantly affected (p<.001). Based on the results of this study, it was possible to determine that Flipped learning method had a positive effect on critical thinking disposition.