• Title, Summary, Keyword: Critical thinking

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A Longitudinal Study of Critical Thinking Dispositions & Critical Thinking Skills in Baccalaureate Nursing Students (간호대학생의 비판적 사고 성향과 비판적 사고 기술에 관한 종적 연구)

  • Shin Kyung Rim;Ha Ju Young;Kim Kon Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.382-389
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This longitudinal study was done to investigate critical thinking dispositions and critical thinking skills of nursing students enrolled in a 4-year baccalaureate program at a university in Korea. Method: The study used a longitudinal design. A convenience sample of 32 nursing students who were completing their 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th year in a baccalaureate program at a selected university was included. The subjects completed the California Critical Thinking Dispositions Inventory (CCTDI), the California Critical Thinking Skill Test (CCTST), and a demographic questionnaire. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, repeated ANOVA, adjusted p-values, and Pearson's correlation coefficient with SAS 8.12. Results: There was statistically significant improvement according to academic year in the CCTDI total mean score (F=7.54, p= .0001) and subscales of Open-mindedness, Self-confidence, and Maturity. Contrarily, no statistically significant difference was found in the CCTST total mean score and subscales' score except Analysis. Conclusion: There is no significant correlation between critical thinking dispositions and skills, so it will be necessary to repeat a study like this, and the translated instruments should be modified by considering Korean culture.

Correlation between critical thinking disposition and self-efficacy in dental hygiene students (일부 치위생 전공 대학생의 비판적 사고 성향과 자기 효능감과의 관련성)

  • Kim, Young-Im
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.401-407
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the correlation between critical thinking disposition and self-efficacy in dental hygiene students. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 486 dental hygiene students in for colleges Jellabukdo from March to June, 2016. The study instrument included general characteristics of the subjects, critical thinking disposition, and self-efficacy. The instrument for critical thinking disposition was adapted from Yoon and consisted of intellectual zeal/curiosity, prudence, self-confidence, systemicity, intellectual impartiality, sound skepticism, and objectivity. Each question was measured by Likert 5 point scale. Cronbach's alpha was 0.73 in the study. The instrument for self-efficacy was adapted from Kim and consisted of self-efficacy confidence, self-regulation efficacy, and task difficulty choice using Likert 5 point scale. Cronbach's alpha was 0.73 in the study. Results: The correlation between critical thinking disposition and details of each area showed a strong correlation. The strongest positive correlation in passion was 0.721 for curiosity and critical thinking disposition overall(p<0.01). Conclusions: It is necessary to develop the program for critical thinking disposition and self-efficacy in the dental hygiene students.

The Relationship between Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-Efficacy of College Nursing Students (간호대학생의 비판적 사고성향과 자기효능감과의 관계)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hae;Kim, Gyung-Duck
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.229-236
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between critical thinking disposition and self-efficacy of college nursing student. Method: Data was collected from 186 nursing students in D and M cities. Result: The average scores were; critical thinking disposition 62.59 and self efficacy 88.91. The critical thinking disposition level was significantly different according to the general characteristics of the high school system. The self-efficacy level was significantly different according to the general characteristics of gender. The critical thinking disposition level and self-efficacy level showed a positive correlation(r=.335, p<.000). Conclusion: A strategy for development of the critical thinking disposition and self-efficacy is needed for nursing students.

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Effects of Critical Thinking and Communication Skills on the Problem-Solving Ability of Dental Hygiene Students

  • Han, Ji-Hyoung;Ahn, Eunsuk;Hwang, Ji-Min
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 2019
  • Background: This study aimed to investigate the effects of critical thinking and good communication skills on the problem-solving abilities of dental hygiene students. Methods: A total of 508 dental hygiene students were convenience-sampled from 3 universities. Results: The results revealed that critical thinking had the highest intellectual fairness score of 3.60, and systematicity was the lowest at 3.19. The values for communication skills were high in reaction, social adequacy, and concentration, with an average of 3.65. Problem-solving abilities were in the following order: clarification of the problem, seeking solutions, and decision making. According to general characteristics, more extroverted personalities possessed higher levels of critical thinking, communication skills, and problem-solving abilities (p<0.01). Critical thinking scores were high (p=0.016) in students who responded that peer relationship was difficult; however, their communication skills were the lowest (p<0.001). Additionally, problem-solving abilities were highest among students who reported a difficult peer relationship (p=0.001). The higher the satisfaction with dental hygiene academics, the higher the critical thinking, communication skill, and problem-solving ability (p<0.001). Critical thinking showed a high positive correlation with variables in the following order: clarification of the problem, performing the solutions, seeking solutions, decision making, and evaluation and reflection. The communication skills were also related to these variables listed above (p<0.01). With critical thinking, confidence, watchfulness, intellectual passion/curiosity, sound skepticism, objectivity, and systematicity all influenced the problem-solving ability. Conclusion: Communication skills were influenced by noise control, putting on the other's shoe, social tensions, and efficiency, which affected the problem-solving ability. Dental clinics require dental hygienists to have critical thinking to make analytical judgments and effective communication skills to solve human relation problems with patients and care-givers. Therefore, these skills should be developed in dental hygiene students to improve their problem-solving abilities.

A study on the critical thinking and problem-solving abilities of dental hygiene students (치위생과 학생의 비판적 사고성향과 문제해결능력에 관한 연구)

  • Shim, Hyung-Soon;Lee, Hyang-Nim;Kim, Eun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1171-1182
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the correlation between critical thinking and problem-solving abilities in dental hygiene students. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 386 dental hygiene students enrolled in Gwangju Health university from August 30, 2017 to September 2, 2017. The general characteristics of the subjects, their critical thinking and problem-solving abilities were measured for the study. The tool to measure critical thinking was adapted from Yoon which had a Cronbach' alpha of 0.77. The tool for problem-solving ability was adapted from that used in Heppner & Petersen, which had a Cronbach' alpha of 0.77. The collected data are analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation analysis, and multiple regression using SPSS/Win 18.0 program. Results: The results show that critical thinking scored 3.45 while problem solving ability scored 3.20. The correlation between critical thinking and problem-solving abilities was found to be strong. The strongest positive correlation in problem-solving ability was critical thinking (p<0.001). The multiple regression analysis suggests that the factors affecting problem solving ability of the subjects was statistically significant. The significant variables included critical thinking (${\beta}=0.440$) (p<0.001), satisfaction with one's major (${\beta}=0.108$) (p<0.05), interpersonal relationships (${\beta}=0.104$) (p<0.05) and academic performance (${\beta}=0.086$) (p<0.05) with an explanatory power of 38.3%. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop a curriculum and learning method for critical thinking and problem-solving abilities in the dental hygiene students.

Critical Thinking Disposition, Professional Self-Concept and Clinical Competence in Nursing Students (일개 대학 간호대학생의 비판적 사고성향, 전문직 자아개념과 임상수행 능력에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Narae;Jeon, Yourim;Jang, Eunsu;Kim, Yunyoung
    • The Journal of the Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2016
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to revealed the association among the clinical performance, self-concept of the nursing profession and critical thinking disposition of nursing students. Methods The subjects were recruited from the university nursing students who was experienced Grade 3 and Grade 4 students. The general characteristics of the subjects were presented with the frequency and percentage. Differences in clinical performance, professional nursing self-concept and critical thinking disposition were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA according to the degree of general characteristics. A significant positive correlation were analyzed from $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test. Multiple regression analysis was used to reveal the effective indexes for Clinical Competence of the subjects. The suitable significance was 0.05 Results Total 318(23 males and 295 females) participants were joined in this study. Critical thinking disposition of the nursing students was significantly different in the university satisfaction, academic record, major satisfaction, satisfaction of clinical practice, relationships with colleagues practice, satisfaction amount of practice(p<0.001). Clinical competence of nursing students was positively associated with critical thinking disposition, professional self-concept and professional self-concept was positively associated with critical thinking disposition. Critical thinking disposition and professional self-concept was significant (F=83.081, p<.001). The higher clinical competence was (${\beta}=.168$, p=.001), the higher professional self-concept was(${\beta}=.051$, p<.001). The explanation power of critical thinking disposition and professional self-concept was 34.5% in clinical competence. Conclusions There is significantly positive correlation among critical thinking disposition, professional self-concept, and clinical performance in the nursing students.

Effects of Nursing Practice Environment and Self-esteem on Critical Thinking Disposition among Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 간호근무환경과 자아존중감이 비판적 사고성향에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Eunju;Hwang, Jihyeon;Jang, Insil
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.161-169
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was a cross-sectional study done to determine the relevance and impact factors of nursing practice environment and self-esteem on critical thinking disposition in clinical nurses. Methods: A survey was conducted from March to May 2015 with self-report questionnaire. Participants were 281 registered nurses working in one tertiary hospital. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 21.0. Results: Factors affecting the nurses' critical thinking disposition included age (F=7.23, p<.001), educational background (F=7.82, p<.001), position (F=14.95, p<.001), clinical career (F=7.66, p<.001). Further, critical thinking disposition had a positive correlation with nursing practice environment (r=.60, p<.001) and self-esteem (r=.41, p<.001). Self-esteem and nursing practice environment accounted for 43% of the variance in critical thinking disposition. Conclusion: The study findings show that critical thinking disposition is influenced by nursing foundations for quality of care and the collegial nurse-physician relations of nursing practice environment. Therefore, it's necessary to provide continuing education for clinical nurses to reconstruct the organizational culture of nurses and physician partnerships. In addition, increasing self-esteem through various motivational programs should increase critical thinking disposition.

Influence of Nurses' Performance with Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Process (비판적 사고성향과 문제해결과정이 간호업무수행에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Hae-Ran;Cho, Dong-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.265-274
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study determined the correlation between nurses' critical thinking disposition; problem solving process; and nursing performance. It also examined the impact of critical thinking disposition and problem solving process on nursing performance. Methods: The data was collected from 419 nurses. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, scheffe test, pearson correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were performed. Results: Nursing performance showed that there were differences according to age, marital status, educational level, total number of years in the career and the length of employment in the present department. The problem solving process showed differences in the educational level. Critical thinking disposition showed differences according to age, educational level and total number of years in the career. Problem solving process and nursing performance showed a positive relationship whereas critical thinking disposition and nurses' performance showed a positive relationship. Factors affecting nursing performance, were nurses' age, duration of employment in the present department, problem solving process and critical thinking disposition. This model was statistically significant and showed 22.1% of the total variance. Conclusion: The attention of nursing administrators should be drawn to the consideration that a certain amount of experience in the current department is positively related to nursing performance. Furthermore, in order to provide a improvement in professional nursing performance, educational programs towards nurses' critical thinking disposition and problem solving process should be provided.

The Relationship of Core Competencies(Problem Solving Ability, Communication Ability, Self-directed Learning Ability) to Critical Thinking (간호학생의 비판적 사고성향과 핵심능력)

  • Choi, Eun-Young;Kim, Ji-Yun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.412-419
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was done to analyze core competencies affecting critical thinking ability of student nurses. Core competencies investigated in this study were problem solving ability, communication ability and self-directed learning ability. Method: Data were collected from a convenience sample of 322 student nurses in 2 provinces during the period from May 21 to June 8, 2007. Critical thinking, problem solving ability, communication ability and self-directed learning ability were measured using the Disposition towards Critical Thinking Scale by Park(1999-a) and the Core Competencies Scale by Lee(2003). Descriptive statistics and correlation coefficients with the SPSS WIN 12.0 program were used to analyze the data. Results: There were significant differences in the critical thinking according to grade, type of high school, experience with PBL, preference for lecture-based learning, preference for discussion and perceived logicality. The score for critical thinking showed significantly positive correlations with scores for problem solving ability(r=0.54, p=0.00), communication ability(r=0.56, p=0.00) and self-directed learning ability(r=0.54, p=0.00). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that problem solving ability, communication ability and self-directed learning ability are significant factors affecting critical thinking in student nurses.

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Multiple intelligences and critical thinking disposition in nursing students (간호학생의 다중지능과 비판적 사고 성향)

  • Hwang, Eunhee;Shin, Su Jin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.433-445
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine relationships between critical thinking disposition and multiple intelligences. Method: Participants were nursing students (N=186) who completed a questionnaire assessing critical thinking disposition and multiple intelligences. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance with post hoc comparison, and Pearson correlation coefficients. Results: For type of multiple intelligences, 32.9% of students had the strongest fit for "interpersonal intelligence" type and 20.1% for "intrapersonal intelligence" type. Mean score for critical thinking disposition was $3.42{\pm}0.37$. Factors related to critical thinking disposition were participation in club activities (F=5.962, p=.001) with a representative role in the club (t=2.140, p=.034). There were significant differences in interpersonal intelligence scores by personality traits (t=2.445, p=.015), participation in club activities (F=10.003, p<.001), and friendship (t=2.539, p=.012); and significant differences in intrapersonal intelligence scores by participation in club activities (F=3.862, p=.010), having a representative role in the club (t=2.101, p=.037), and friendship (t=2.220, p=.029). Conclusion: Results indicate that critical thinking disposition is significantly associated with multiple intelligences and suggest that multiple intelligences should be considered to enhance critical thinking disposition when tailored teaching is adopted in nursing education.