• Title, Summary, Keyword: Critical thinking

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Critical Thinking Disposition, Problem Solving Ability, and Clinical Competence in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 비판적 사고성향, 문제해결능력 및 임상수행능력 조사연구)

  • Chaung, Seung-Kyo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the critical thinking disposition, problem solving ability, and clinical competence of nursing students in a 4-year baccalaureate university program. Methods: In this study, a descriptive survey design was used with convenience sample of 228 nursing students at a University in Chungbuk Province. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple stepwise regression. Results: The mean scores for critical thinking disposition, problem solving ability, and clinical competence were at the intermediate level. Significant positive correlations among critical thinking disposition, problem solving ability, and clinical competence were found. The regression model explained 46.8% of clinical competence. Problem solving confidence was the most significant predictor of clinical competence, other variables were intellectual fairness, intellectual eagerness/curiosity, and prudence. Conclusion: The study findings suggest that nursing students with higher levels of critical thinking disposition and problem solving ability will have a higher level of clinical competence. Furthermore, problem solving confidence might be the most important predictor in clinical competence. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce the new teaching strategies in nursing education, strategies that will improve critical thinking disposition, problem solving ability, and clinical competence.

Effect of Critical Thinking Disposition on Emotional Regulation, Perceived Stress and Communication Competence among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 비판적 사고성향이 감정조절, 지각된 스트레스, 의사소통능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ji-Yun;Lee, Yong-Mi;Pak, So-Young;Lee, Mi-Ja;Jung, You-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.606-616
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of critical thinking disposition on emotional regulation, perceived stress and communication competence of students in nursing. Methods: A total of 362 students were recruited from two nursing colleges in C and S city. Data were collected by means of self reported questionnaires from December 1 to 15, 2012 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS 18.0. Results: A positive correlation was found between critical thinking disposition and seeking support emotional regulation, active emotional regulation and communication competence. A negative correlation was found between critical thinking disposition and perceived stress. Critical thinking disposition was the strongest predictor of seeking support emotional regulation, active emotional regulation, perceived stress and communication competence. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that to enhance positive emotional regulation and communication competence and to reduce stress for nursing students, it is necessary to develop a teaching program and curriculum for increasing critical thinking disposition.

The Effects of Critical Thinking and Clinical Decision-Making on Ethical Dilemmas by Some Dental Hygienists (일부 치과위생사의비판적 사고경향과 임상적 의사결정이 윤리적 딜레마에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Hyun-Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.67-79
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this descriptive cross-sectional study was determine the effect of critical thinking and clinical decision-making on ethical dilemmas. A survey of dental hygienists residing in Busan and South Gyeongsang, Korea was conducted using convenience sampling between September and December, 2013. A total of 153 responses were used in the final analysis. Data analysis and structural equation modeling were performed with IBM SPSS Statistics(version 21.0) and AMOS(version 18.0) programs. A negative(-) correlation coefficient(-0.37) was observed between critical thinking and ethical dilemmas on statistical analysis, i.e., higher critical thinking led to less ethical dilemmas(p=0.024, CR=-2.264). The values from the structural equation model were ${\chi}^2=98.124$ df=66, GFI=0.919, AGFI=0.871, and RMSEA=0.057. This study proposed a theoretical model in which critical thinking, ethical values, and decision-making skills should be firmly established to effectively respond to specific situations, such as ethical dilemmas, and that greater tendencies for critical thinking led to less ethical dilemmas, thereby demonstrating a negative(-) correlation between the two parameters.

Relationship between Critical Thinking Disposition and Clinical Decision-Making Abilities in Home Health Advanced Practice Nurses (가정전문간호사의 비판적 사고성향과 임상의사결정능력과의 관계)

  • Choi, Seong Mee;Lee, Mi Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.147-155
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: Clinical decision-making carried out by nurses is a complex process that influences the quality of care provided and various patient outcomes. This study examined the relationship between critical thinking disposition and clinical decision-making abilities in home health advanced practice nurses. Method: The study had a non-experimental correlational design. Data were collected from 100 home health advanced practice nurses in 20 hospitals. Results: The mean critical thinking disposition score was $3.69{\pm}.39$ out of 5 and the mean score for clinical decision-making abilities was $3.48{\pm}.22$ out of 5. In this correlation analysis, a significant positive correlation (r=.58, p<.001) was found between critical thinking disposition and clinical decision-making abilities of home health advanced practice nurses. Conclusion: In order to improve the clinical decision-making ability of home health advanced practice nurses, we need to improve their critical thinking disposition. In order to make this change, appropriate training program are needed to increase the critical thinking disposition and clinical decision-making abilities of home health advanced practice nurses.

The Effects of Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-esteem to Self-leadership of Nursing Student (간호대학생의 비판적 사고성향과 자아존중감이 셀프 리더십에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sun-Young;Jeon, Seon-Yeong;Kim, Yun-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.155-165
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of critical thinking disposition and self-esteem to self-leadership in nursing students. Methods : In this study, 273 data was collected from nursing students of K-university in South Korea from Sep. 2015 to Nov. 2015, and the collected data was analyzed using SPSS 22.0 Statistics Program. Results : The results showed that both of critical thinking disposition and self-efficacy according to school year are significant to self-esteem. It was found that critical thinking disposition, self-esteem and self-leadership has a positive correlation. Critical thinking disposition and self-esteem were predictors of self-leadership with 46% of influence. Conclusions : The nursing training program needs to be developed to promote critical thinking and self-esteem in the nursing curriculum, so that the nursing students can demonstrate the ability as a nursing leader in the various fields of clinical practice and health care.

Effects of Team-based Learning using Concept Mapping on Critical Thinking Disposition and Metacognition of Nursing Students (개념지도를 활용한 팀 기반 학습이 간호대학생의 비판적 사고성향 및 메타인지에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Yeo Won;Min, Hae Young
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.277-288
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effects of team-based learning using concept mapping on critical thinking disposition and metacognition on college of nursing students. Methods: A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The experimental group was provided team-based learning using concept mapping. The control group was provided team-based learning. A total of 77 nursing students participated. Results: The experimental group increased significantly in critical thinking, however, there were no significant differences in critical thinking or metacognition between the two groups. The four essential themes extracted were as follows: (1) Expanding the scope of thinking; (2) Strengthening learning competency; (3) Enhancing communication skill; and (4) Burden of new learning method. Conclusion: The findings indicate that team-based learning using concept maps may be an effective teaching-learning method for nursing students.

Influence of Nurses' Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-Leadership on Clinical Competency in Medium Sized Hospitals (중소병원 간호사의 비판적 사고성향과 셀프리더십이 임상수행능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sun Hwa;Lee, Eun Ja
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.336-346
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify nurses'critical thinking disposition, self-leadership and clinical competency in small to medium sized hospitals less than 300beds. Methods: Data were collected using the questionnaire from 227 nurses in Incheon city and Gyeonggi province from March to April, 2017. The data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA and $Scheff{\acute{e}}^{\prime}s$ test to identify differences in critical thinking disposition, self-leadership and clinical competency. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to identify the correlation among the study variables, and multiple regression was used to identify factors contributing to clinical competency. Results: There were significant differences in critical thinking disposition according to age, marital status, clinical career, career in currently working department and education about leadership. Significant differences in self-leadership were identified according to marital status, work position, working department, work type, education about leadership, and turnover intention. Clinical competency was significantly different depending on age, education, monthly income, work position, career in currently working department, work type, education about critical thinking disposition and education about leadership. Clinical competency was positively correlated critical thinking disposition and self-leadership. Critical thinking deposition, monthly income and self-leadership explained 30.1% of clinical competency of nurses working in small to medium sized hospitals. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that we need to improve nurses'critical thinking disposition, self-leadership, and the clinical competency.

Study on critical thinking, clinical practice satisfaction, and clinical performance of dental hygiene students (치위생(학)과 학생의 비판적 사고성향, 임상실습만족도, 임상수행능력에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soo-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.1037-1046
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to test the critical thinking tendency, clinical practice satisfaction, and clinical performance, and analyze the factors impacting clinical practice satisfaction and clinical performance of dental hygiene students. Methods: The study conducted a written survey during the period between 30 July ~20 August 2019, among 3rd and 4th year dental hygiene students from Seoul, Gyung-gi region, who had taken clinical practice courses. Using SPSS 22.0 program (IBM SPSS statistics, New York, USA), the study analyzed the final 174 cases. Results: Dental hygiene students scored 3.33±0.43, 3.48±0.83, and 3.30±0.58 for critical thinking, clinical practice satisfaction, and clinical performance, respectively. The clinical thinking score was higher when their study performance was good (p<0.001), clinical practice satisfaction was higher when their major satisfaction was satisfactory (p<0.001), higher when their relationship with their clinical practice partner was good, and the clinical performance was better when the students' major satisfaction was good (p<0.001). The study performance yielded better results when their study achievement was better (p<0.05). Clinical practice satisfaction (r=0.156) and clinical performance (r=0.393) showed a positive correlation with critical thinking, and clinical performance had a positive correlation with clinical practice satisfaction. The impact factor for clinical practice satisfaction appeared to be clinical performance (p<0.05) and major satisfaction (p<0.001), and the factors impacting the clinical performance were among the sub-causes of critical thinking (p<0.05), intellectual fairness (p<0.05), watchfulness (p<0.05), clinical practice satisfaction (p<0.05), and major satisfaction (p<0.01). Conclusions: Results of the study showed that for dental hygiene students, critical thinking, clinical practice satisfaction, clinical performance, and major satisfaction were the impact factors affecting the students' clinical performance. Therefore, the study recommends that development of educational programs and operation of a field-based curriculum is necessary to improve critical thinking, clinical practice satisfaction, and major satisfaction.

Relationship between Critical Thinking Disposition, Clinical Decision Making and Job Satisfaction of Cancer Center Nurses (암전문병원 간호사의 비판적 사고성향, 임상 의사결정능력, 직무만족도에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Sam-Chul;Jung, Duk-Yoo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.443-450
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was a descriptive correlation study to increase understanding of, and relationships among critical thinking disposition, clinical decision making and job satisfaction of cancer center nurses. Method: The participants in this study were 150 nurses working in one cancer center located in Gyeonggi Province. The statistic program, SPSS WIN17.0 was used for data analysis and data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation. Results: The critical thinking disposition of the participants showed statistically significant differences according to areas of practice (F=4.426, p=.005), and current position (F=9.346, p=.000). For clinical decision making of the participants, statistically significant differences were found according to current position (F=10.667, p=.000). Furthermore, for job satisfaction, there were statistically significant differences according to income (F=6.779, p=.002), length of career (F=2.701, p=.033) and current position (F=5.423, p=.005). There were significant positive correlations for critical thinking disposition with clinical decision making, and with job satisfaction. Conclusions: The results of the study indicate that to improve clinical decision making and job satisfaction of cancer center nurses, it is necessary to increase critical thinking disposition. To make this change, appropriate programs are needed to increase critical thinking and clinical decision making of general cancer center nurses.

Relationships between Critical Thinking Disposition, Professional Nursing Competence and Job Satisfaction in Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 비판적 사고성향, 간호수행능력 및 직무만족도)

  • Sung, Mi-Hae;Eum, Ok-Bong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.26-36
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was undertaken in order to investigate the relationships between critical thinking disposition, professional nursing competence and job satisfaction in clinical nurses. Method: A convenience sample of 221 registered nurses were obtained from one hospital in Seoul. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson correlation coefficient using SPSS WIN 14.0 program. Results: There were a statistically significant difference in the critical thinking disposition according to age, marital status, career length, and department. There were a statistically significant difference in professional nursing competence according to role, age, career length, current position, and department. There were a statistically significant difference in job satisfaction according to age, marital status, career length, and department. A significant positive correlation between critical thinking disposition and professional nursing competence, and job satisfaction was found. Conclusion: Critical thinking disposition, professional nursing competence and job satisfaction of clinical nurses are significantly related. To improve professional nursing competence and job satisfaction of clinical nurses, it need to use actively the critical thinking disposition with resonable salary. And it need to prepare the nursing education and strategy to increase the job satisfaction of clinical nurses.

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