• Title, Summary, Keyword: Crowbar device

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Development of Lightning Current Generator and Technology for Generating the First Short Stroke Lightning Current Using a Crowbar Device (Crowbar 장치를 이용한 최초 단시간뇌격전류 발생기술 및 뇌격전류발생기 개발)

  • Eom, Ju-Hong;Lee, Tae-Hyung;Kwon, Ki-Ryang;Cho, Sung-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.93-100
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    • 2011
  • This paper presents a technical study for the first short stroke lightning current generator using a crowbar device. The so-called crowbar-technology is most common to make 10/350[${\mu}s$] impulse currents with high amplitude, and the lightning current generator with crowbar device has an economic advantage than the nominal RLC current generator. But both the operating efficiency and the operating reliability of crowbar spark gap are very important to design the current generator. So, the peaking circuit which consists of small capacitors and a spark gap is applied. And the multi-step coil for controlling the circuit constant at the different test conditions is used. The presented test facility is designed to perform impulse tests with amplitudes up to 50[kA] of 10/350[${\mu}s$].

Implementation of crowbar circuit for high-speed discharge·charge switching and its characteristic analysis (고속 방전·충전 스위칭 전원차단회로 설계 제작 및 특성분석)

  • Lee, Min-woong;Cho, Seong-ik;Lee, Nam-ho;Jeong, Sang-hun
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.885-892
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we proposed a novel crowbar circuit for high-speed discharge charge switching to solve discharge charge-time delay of supply voltage in the conventional crowbar circuit. The proposed circuit is designed to increase the charge-speed after high-speed discharge of supply voltage, thereby reducing the time exposed to radiation damage and, the normal operation time of electronic system after passing the pulse radiation. The simulation of the discharge charge-times before the implement of the hardware is conducted using Cadence's pspice tool, and DUT (Device Under Test) board is fabricated in the device level. The comparison measurement of the crowbar circuits is performed on the satellite-electronic device for 24V. As the result, we confirmed the high-speed function of the proposed circuit by improvement of the discharge-speed 96.8% and the charge-speed 27.3% as compared with the conventional circuit.

Comparative Study between Two Protection Schemes for DFIG-based Wind Generator Fault Ride Through

  • Okedu, K.E.;Muyeen, S.M.;Takahashi, R.;Tamura, J.
    • Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.8-16
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    • 2012
  • Fixed speed wind turbine generators system that uses induction generator as a wind generator has the stability problem similar to a synchronous generator. On the other hand, doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) has the flexibility to control its real and reactive powers independently while being operated in variable speed mode. This paper focuses on a scheme where IG is stabilized by using DFIG during grid fault. In that case, DFIG will be heavily stressed and a remedy should be found out to protect the frequency converter as well as to allow the independent control of real and reactive powers without loosing the synchronism. For that purpose, a crowbar protection switch or DC-link protecting device can be considered. This paper presents a comparative study between two protective schemes, a crowbar circuit connected across the rotor of the DFIG and a protective device connected in the DC-link circuit of the frequency converter. Simulation analysis by using PSCAD/EMTDC shows that both schemes could effectively protect the DFIG, but the latter scheme is superior to the former, because of less circuitry involved.

Parameters Optimization of Impulse Generator Circuit for Generating First Short Stroke Lightning Current Waveform

  • Eom, Ju-Hong;Cho, Sung-Chul;Lee, Tae-Hyung
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.286-292
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    • 2014
  • This paper presents the parameters optimization technology for generating the first short stroke lightning current waveform($10/350{\mu}s$) which is necessary for the performance tests of components of lightning protection systems, as required under IEC 62305 and the newly amended IEC 62561. The circuit using the crowbar device specified in IEC 62305 was applied to generate the lightning current waveform. To find the proper parameters of the circuit is not easy because the circuit consists of two parts; circuit I, which relates to the front of current waveform, and circuit II, which relates to the tail. A simulation in PSpise was carried out to find main factors related to the front and tail of $10/350{\mu}s$. The lightning current generator was developed by utilizing the circuit parameters found in the simulation. In the result of experiments, new parameters of the circuits need to be changed because of the difference between the simulation and the experiment results. Using the iterative method, the optimized parameters of the circuits was determined. Also a multistage-type external coil and a damping resistor were proposed to make the efficiency of generation to enhance. According to the result in this paper, an optimized first short stroke lightning current waveform was obtained.