• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cultural Desire

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Nationalism as a Political Ethics: Nation and Individual Desire (정치 윤리학으로서의 민족주의: 민족과 개인의 욕망)

  • Cho, Kyu-hyung
    • English & American cultural studies
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.267-289
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    • 2010
  • Nationalism endorses a collective movement to establish an authentic position in the international cultural and political arena. Arguably the dialectic of nationalism and geopolitics bears a reassuring similarity to the philosophical lineage going back, at least, to Hegelian dialectic of universality and particularity. This dialectic platform has been concerned with sustaining, among other things, the dynamics between the universal and the particular. In practical terms, nationalism prompts increased sensitivity to socio-political pressures coming from abroad to cancel the national particularity into geopolitical, so-called universal, anonymity. Drawing suggestively from psychoanalysis, Lacanian ethics in particular, this discussion articulates the ethics of nationalism. Recounting Kantian self-determination as a reference point for responsible morality, Lacan suggests the problematics of desire as an alternative index for ethics. As individual desire flows from the unfathomable abyss of misrecognition, Lacanian ethics dissuade individuals to unlearn the fantasy that their own real desire, a residue produced by the Symbolic process, can be satisfied with that very socio-cultural Symbolic. Subjecting nationalism to Lacanian implications, Zizek illuminates nationalism as a small screening object which obscures as much as displays the circuits to the individual desire. Psychoanalytic ethics addresses that the ethical base should be found upon the particular, individual, real desire. As far as the nationalist cause also puts emphasis upon particularity rather than universality, nationalism is logically positioned to exert reflective efforts on empowering its constitutive individuals. Lacanian ethics persuades us to challenge the universal claim and to work through to regenerate nationalism in presenting its final contribution towards individual particularities.

Deconstructive Reading to Jim's Itinerary through Lord Jim: Focusing on Events of his Mimetic Desire (『로드 짐』의 낭만적 편력에 대한 해체론 독법: 모방적 욕망의 사건을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Su
    • English & American cultural studies
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.115-170
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this paper is to explore Jim's itinerary journey in terms of both Girald's concept of triangular desire and Derrida's concept of event. According to the Girard's mimetic desire theory, human being's desire is not spontaneous like Romanticism thought, but mimetic to the mediator between the subject and the object. Thus there is no romantic desire understood as one's own desire except mimetic desire. In this regard, mimetic desire is compatible with the conception of Derrida's thinking of an event that is resistant to its absolute singularity. Because both mimetic desire and event cannot be defined by the fact of each spatio-temporal specificity, they can not be understood by a traditional metaphysics of presence. In this paper, by using Girard's concept of mimetic desire theory, I showcase why the tragic journey of Jim's telos as a mythic quest for his romantic ego(ipse) cannot help but face his death and by using deconstructive thinking of iterability, this paper analyzes why Jim's romantic ego imitated by the mimetic desire through a mediator cannot be encountered happily with his ipseity until his end. As a victim of triangluar desire, Jim's romantic ego is nothing but a notion of an ipsiety that has been defined in terms of presence central to metaphysics. This paper also makes an attempt to re-interpret some articles contaminated with post-colonial perspectives from Derridean views with deconstructive rigorous reading to those papers to uncover an essential ground of presence.

A Study on Design of the Exhibition Space in the Railroad Car (철도차량내의 전시공간 디자인에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Chul-Joo;Hong, Suk-Ki;Kwon, Tae-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.197-202
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    • 2003
  • A Railroad Cars playa prominent role in a matter of transportation yet it cannot be discussed here for cultural space. On the other hand, considering railroad customers' increaced desire(craving) for cultural space, we design it in the train so that we provide customers not only transportation but also fullfil them desire for culture. In the competitive cultural era. The aim of the new strategy for railroad bussiness is both inspiving art and operating exhibition facilities in the train(railroad). Through analysis of exhibition space and environment, we design exhibition space to equip cultural facilities in the train then lead to make railroad business' new social education role by the inside and outside of the country.

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A Study on Establishment of the Standard Exhibition Space in the Railroad Cars (철도차량내 전시공간 기준 설정에 관한 연구)

  • 최철주;홍석기;권태수
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.278-282
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    • 2004
  • A Railroad Cars playa prominent role in a matter of transportation however, yet it cannot be discussed here for cultural space. On the other hand, considering railroad customers' increaced desire(craving) for cultural space, we design it in the train so that we provide customers not only transportation but also fullfil them desire for culture. In the competitive cultural era. The aim of the new strategy for railroad business is both inspiving art and operating exhibition facilities in the train(railroad). Through analysis of exhibition space and environment, we design exhibition space to equip cultural facilities in the train then lead to make railroad business' new social education role by the inside and outside of the country.

Strategic Use of Fashion: A View from Sociology of Culture (문화사회학적 시각에서 본 패션의 전략적 사용)

  • Choi, Set-Byol;Jin, Ki-Nam
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.31 no.9_10
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    • pp.1342-1351
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    • 2007
  • Using a data set drawn from 1419 college students, this study analyzes what implications clothing or fashion has on self-expression or image management in Korean society and who are more likely to use fashion as a image management tool in the process of interacting with others. Employing Pierre Bourdieu's concept of capital, we discuss three theories concerning correspondence between class and fashion: the theory focusing on economic capital in emphasizing the correspondence; the theory focusing on cultural capital in emphasizing the correspondence and the theory emphasizing relationships between fashion and other factors rather than class. Based on the theoretical examination, we select independent variables that can be grouped into status/class variables, or economic capital variables(such as subjective status, income, father's education, father's occupation) and socio-cultural variables, or cultural capital variables(such as possession of cultural capital, desire for upward mobility). Upon regressing strategic use of fashion on independent variables, we find that both status/class variables and socio-cultural variables are statistically significant in explaining the strategic mobilization of fashion for one's image production or social success. It shows that class as a form of economic capital has important effects on the strategic use of fashion, and cultural capital also has effects independent of economic capital.

Case Study for Improving Service Design: Focusing on Gamcheon Culture Village (서비스디자인 개선을 위한 사례분석 : 감천문화마을을 중심으로)

  • Ding, Zhi-Bo;Song, Seung-Keun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.267-276
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the cultural needs of foreign tourists, to investigate the cultural service elements that can be provided in 'Gamcheon Culture Village', to suggest concrete policy to improve cultural services, and ultimately to cultivate excellent international tourism culture brands in 'Gamcheon Culture Village'. In order to find out the cultural needs of foreign tourists, we conducted a case study on 'Gamcheon Culture Village' among the places where the urban regeneration proceeded. The study period was four months, and basic data were collected from foreign tourists from six countries through literature reviews, interviews and participation observation. Analysis of data was based on urban regeneration, cultural desire and service design theory, and we conducted content analysis. This study presented five cultural service goals of 'Gamcheon Culture Village'. First, it displays and promotes local characteristic culture. Second, it develops and sells cultural products. Third, it brings up a good tourist image. Fourth, it provides an unusual food. Fifth, cultural experience optimization. Through this study, it is expected to help improve the cultural service of 'Gamcheon Culture Village'.

The Effect of a Teaching Model for Improving Undergraduate Nursing Students' Cultural Competency (간호대학생의 문화역량 강화를 위한 교수학습모형의 효과)

  • Choi, Kyung Sook;Lee, Woo Sook;Park, Yeon Suk;Jun, Myunghee;Lee, So Young;Park, Yeonwoo;Park, Soo Young;Bev, Zabler
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.100-109
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of a teaching model to improve cultural competency (TMCC) for Korean undergraduate nursing students. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest/posttest quasi-experimental study was conducted with a convenience sample of 168 undergraduate nursing students in South Korea. The experimental group of 121 seniors was taught a 13-week teaching model in order to improve cultural competence. A control group with 47 junior students underwent nursing major courses, but did not take this teaching model. Before and after the program, students' level of cultural competency was measured using the Questionnaire for Cultural Competence (QCC) consisting of three sub-scales: "awareness and desire," "encounter," and "nursing skill and knowledge." Results: After the experiment, the experimental group showed significantly higher improvement in the Questionnaire for Cultural Competence in the three sub-scales of "awareness and desire," "encounter," and "nursing skill and knowledge" than the control group (p=<.050). Conclusion: A teaching model to improve cultural competence was effective in improving Korean undergraduate nursing students' cultural competency. Further studies need to be repeated in order to identify the effectiveness of the teaching model to improve cultural competency with graduate or clinical nurses.

A Study on The Multi-Function of The Complex Cultural Center (공연문화공간의 복합기능 -예르바 부에나 센터와 토가무라 공연문화공간의 사례연구-)

  • 김선영
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.25
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    • pp.84-93
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    • 2000
  • This study examines multiple functions of the complex cultural center. Recently, the importance of the complex cultural center has been growing, as peoples desire for cultural activities diversified. In order to effectively accommodate the general publics interests in various cultural activities, the complex cultural center tended to be multi-functional. At the same time, I argue that it is necessary to reexamine its functions in terms of how the multi-complex cultural center fits into local environment. Only when both peoples demand and local environment are fully integrated into its design, can the multi-complex cultural center accomplish the goal of multiple functions in a true sense.

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Cultural Value of Traditional Pattern in the Eyewear Design (안경디자인에 있어서 전통문양의 문화적 의미 연구)

  • Kim, Dae-Nyoun;Jang, Jun-Young;Lee, Kyoung Sook
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.13-17
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Study the method to attach to traditional pattern for the demands of eyeglasses' function which is becoming extended to cultural psychological and social aspects. Methods: To understand the symbolic characteristic of traditional pattern, especially through using palmette, embroidery, and practicing it on glasses' temple and cleaner. Results: Globalization stimulates crossing-consumption cultural trend rapidly. Thus, new glasses pattern involving Korean ethnic feature is a new source that could well adapt to this tendency. This report presents new aspect which corresponds to the demand of modern consumers. By modernizing Traditional pattern and method, we could discover the cultural value of glasses design. Conclusions: Glasses imply social position of users and became a measure that reveal a part of style that presents modern psychological language. Thus, the glasses design using traditional pattern makes a chance to change the beauty sense from western style to oriental one. And it achieves the desire of cultural consumption through glasses design.

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Effects of Children's Interests in Mothers' Native Culture and Use of Mother's Native Language on Mother-Child Relationship Satisfaction in Multi-Cultural Families (다문화 가족 자녀의 어머니 출신국가에 대한 관심 및 어머니 국가의 언어 구사능력이 자녀와 어머니의 관계 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Yoo-Jean
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.217-228
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    • 2017
  • This paper examined the effects of children's interests and attitudes toward mother's native culture and use of mother's native language on satisfaction of the mother-child relationship in multi-cultural families. Data from the 2012 National Survey of Multi-cultural Families demonstrate that for children aged between 9 and 12 years, their fluency and desire to speak well in the mother's native language as well as father's encouragement for using the mother's native language at home were positively associated with satisfaction of the mother-child relationship. For those aged between 13 and 18 years, mother's nationality (i.e. Southeast or South Asia) was negatively related with mother-child relationship satisfaction. Both mother's and children' communication skills, children's interests in mother's native culture, pride for mother being a foreigner, and desire to speak well in the mother's native language were positively associated with mother-child relationship satisfaction. Therefore, there is a need for foreign wives to be educated in Korean language and culture as well as opportunities for children to learn their mother's native culture and language.