• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cyanobacteria

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Biotechnological Potential of Marine Cyanobacteria in Wastewater Treatment: Disinfection of Raw Sewage by Oscillatoria willei BDU130511

  • Uma, L.;Selvaraj, K.;Manjula, R.;Subramanian, G.;Nagarkar, Sanjay
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.699-701
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    • 2002
  • The current study demonstrates the ability of the marine cyanobacterium Oscillatoria willei BDU130511 to disinfect raw sewage. Within a holding time of 3 h under laboratory conditions, the organism drastically reduced in the total bacterial and coliform counts at various pH levels, in both unbuffered and buffered sewage, thereby suggesting a potential role for cyanobacteria in wastewater treatment.

Spatial Distribution Mapping of Cyanobacteria in Daecheong Reservoir Using the Satellite Imagery (위성영상을 이용한 대청호 남조류의 공간 분포 맵핑)

  • Back, Shin Cheol;Park, Jin Ki;Park, Jong Hwa
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.58 no.2
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    • pp.53-63
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    • 2016
  • Monitoring of cyanobacteria bloom in reservoir systems is important for water managers responsible of water supply system. Cyanobacteria affect the taste and smell of water and pose considerable filtration problems at water use places. Harmful cyanobacteria bloom in reservoir have significant economic impacts. We develop a new method for estimating the cyanobacteria bloom using Landsat TM and ETM+ data. Developed model was calibrated and cross-validated with existing in situ measurements from Daecheong Reservoir's Water Quality Monitoring Program and Algae Alarm System. Measurements data of three stations taken from 2004 to 2012 were matched with radiometrically converted reflectance data from the Landsat TM and ETM+ sensor. Stepwise multiple linear regression was used to select wavelengths in the Landsat TM and ETM+ bands 1, 2 and 4 that were most significant for predicting cyanobacteria cell number and bio-volume. Based on statistical analysis, the linear models were that included visible band ratios slightly outperformed single band models. The final monitoring models captured the extents of cyanobacteria blooms throughout the 2004-2012 study period. The results serve as an added broad area monitoring tool for water resource managers and present new insight into the initiation and propagation of cyanobacteria blooms in Daecheong reservoir.

Genetic Diversity of Korean Cyanobacteria determined by DNA polymorphisms within the Phycocyanin Locus (Phycocyanin locus내의 DNA Polymorphism에 의한 한국산 Cyanobacteria의 유전적 다양성)

  • 박진숙;권주리;유순애
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.249-253
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    • 2000
  • The genetic diversity among Korean cyanobacteria was assessed by restriction fragment length polymorphism(RFLP) analysis of PCR products from the phycocyanin locus. Strains of all the genera tested were successfully amplified, and the size of amplified fragments was approximately 700bp. The restriction patterns generated by AluI, MspI, and HaeIII were conserved for strains within each of genera studied and were specific to the genus level. Intrageneric delineation of strains was revealed by the enzyme, CfoI for members of genera Anabeana and Synechocystis. Phenogram derived from the different RFLP patterns revealed a coherent cluster among Anabeana, Chlorogloea, and Synechocystis strains. PC-RFLP methods provided useful tools for classification of cyanobacteria.

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A Study on the Relationship between Cyanobacteria and Environmental Factors in Yeongcheon Lake (영천호에서 남조류 발생과 환경요인의 관련성 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeon-Mi;Shin, Ra-Young;Lee, Jung-Ho;Park, Jong-geun
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.352-361
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics and correlations of the Yeongcheon Lake in order to reduce the occurrence of harmful cyanobacteria. In this study, we investigated the water quality and phytoplankton of the lake from May to November in 2017. Correlation and data mining analyses were performed to analyze the relationship between the two factors. The water temperature was lowest at the point where the Yeongcheon Lake inflow occurs at Imha Lake. It was highest at the point where the outflow occurs to Angye Lake. The pH was also highest at the outflow point, but in the case of DO, it was highest at the midpoint between the inflow and outflow. The main cyanobacteria that emerged during the study period were Oscillatorialimosa, Microcysti saeruginosa and Aphanizomenon flos-aquae. As a result of correlation analysis, the water temperature, inflow, COD loading, TOC loading at the inflow point of the Yeongcheon Lake were the items that were related to the harmful cyanobacteria. The data mining analysis indicated that the TP loading and harmful cyanobacteria in the inflow point of the Yeongcheon Lake were influential on the detrimental cyanobacteria in the Yeongcheon Lake outflow point. When the TP loading was less than 39.0 kg/day at the inflow site, it was expected that the amount of harmful cyanobacteria could be maintained below 10,000 cells/mL.

Extracellular Products from Cyanobacteria (시아노박테리아의 세포외산물에 대한 연구)

  • Kwon, Jong-Hee;Kim, Gi-Eun
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.398-402
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    • 2008
  • Cyanobacteria havebeen identified as one of the most promising group producing novel biochemically active natural products. Cyanobacteria are a very old group of prokaryotic organisms that produce very diverse secondary metabolites, especially non-ribosomal peptide and polyketide structures. Though many useful natural products have been identified in cyanobacterial biomass, cyanobacteria produce also extracellular proteins related with NRPS/PKS. Detection of unknown secondary metabolites in medium was carried in the present study by a screening of 98 cyanobacterial strains. A degenerated PCR technique as molecular approaches was used for general screening of NRPS/PKS gene in cyanobacteria. A putative PKS gene was detected by DKF/DKR primer in 38 strains (38.8%) and PCR amplicons resulted from a presence of NRPS gene were showed by MTF2/MTR2 primer in 30 strains (30.6%) and by A3/A7 primer in 26 strains (26.5%). HPLC analysis for a detection of natural products was performed in extracts from medium in which cyanobacteria containing putative PKS or NRPS were cultivated. CBT57, CBT62, CBT590 and CBT632 strains were screened for a production of extracellular natural products. 5 pure substances were detected from medium of these cyanobacteria.

Analysis of Environmental Factors Associated with Cyanobacteria Dominance in Baekje Weir and Juksan Weir (백제보와 죽산보에서 남조류 우점 환경요인 분석)

  • Kim, Sung-Jin;Chung, Se-Woong;Park, Hyung-Seok;Cho, Young-Cheol;Lee, Hee-Suk;Park, Yeon-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.257-270
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    • 2019
  • Followingthe Four Rivers Project, cyanobacterial blooms have been frequently observed in the upstream of the installed weirs. The aim of this study was to characterize the major environmental factors that are associated with the cyanobacteria dominance in Baekje Weir (Geum River) and Juksan Weir (Youngsan River) based on intensive experiments and systematic data mining methods. The factors related to the cyanobacteria dominance include7-days cumulative rainfall (APRCP7), 7-days averaged flow (Q7day), water temperature (Temp), stratification strength (${\Delta}T$), electronic conductivity (EC), DO, pH, $NO_3-N$, $NH_3-N$, TN, TP, $PO_4-P$, Chl-a, Fe, BOD, COD, TOC, and $SiO_2$. The most highly correlatedfactors to the dominant cyanobacteria were found to be EC, Temp, Q7day, $PO_4-P$ in theBaekje Weir. On the other hand, those dominant in the Juksan Weir were ${\Delta}T$, TOC, Temp, EC and TN. The EC showed a strong correlation with cyanobacteria dominance in both weirs because a high EC represents a persisted low flow condition. The cyanobacteria dominance was as high as 56 % when the EC was equal or greater than $418{\mu}S/cm$ in Baekje Weir. It was as high as 63% when the ${\Delta}T{\geq}2.1^{\circ}C$ in the Juksan Weir. However, nutrients showed a minor correlation with cyanobacteria dominance in both weirs. The results suggest that the cyanobacteria dominate in astate where the water flow rate is low, water temperature is high and thermal stratification is strengthened. Therefore, the improvement of flow regimes is the most important to prevent persistent thermal stratification and formation of cyanobacteria bloom in theBaekje and JuksanWeirs.

Cyanobacterial Diversity Analysis Using cpcBA-Intergenic Spacer Region (cpcBA-Intergenic Spacer Region을 이용한 Cyanobacteria의 다양성 분석)

  • Choi Gang-Guk;Park Yong-Ha;Ahn Chi-Yong;Bae Myoung-Sook;Oh Hee-Mock
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.287-292
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    • 2005
  • The cyanobacterial diversity was analyzed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of PCR-amplified rpcBA-Intergenic Spacer (IGS) genes and cpcBA-IGS gene sequencing with a sample collected at Chuso-ri in Daechung Reservoir on March 15, 2005, The Shannon-Weiner diversity index was 0.65, indicating that the cyanobacterial community structure was simple. PCR-RFLP profiles obtained were Phormidium spp. (58 clones), Anabaena spp. (14 clones), Microcystis spp. (4 clones), Spirulina sp. (1 clone) and uncultured cyanobacteria (2 clones). The PCR-RFLP of cpcBA-IGS revealed that Phormidium spp. and Anabaena spp. dominated in the invested sample. As a consequence, it seems that the analysis of functional genes such as cpcBA-IGS can be used for the species identification and community analysis of cyanobacteria.

Diversity of Micro-algae and Cyanobacteria on Building Facades and Monuments in India

  • Samad, Lakshmi Kumari;Adhikary, Siba Prasad
    • ALGAE
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.91-114
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    • 2008
  • Fifty seven taxa of Cyanobacteria and 15 taxa of Chlorophyta were recorded from the exterior of buildings and rock surfaces of monuments in different regions in India. Four cyanobacteria, e.g. Chroococcidiopsis kashayi, Pseudophormidium indicum, Plectonema puteale and Scytonema geitleri, and the green alga Trentepholia abietina var. tenue occur on the sub-aerial habitats throughout the year. In addition, five other green algae: Chlorococcum infusionum, Scenedesmus arcuatus, Trentepholia aurea, Gloeocystis polydermatica and Printzina effusa, and 18 other cyanobacteria taxa of the genera Chroococcus (5), Asterocapsa (1), Cyanosarcina (2), Gloeocapsa (7), Gloeothece (2) and Scytonema (1) occur on the sub-aerial surfaces enduring extreme temperature and desiccation during summer months of the tropics. During the rainy season, the warm and humid climatic regime coupled with availability of moisture supported an additional ten green algae and 29 cyanobacteria in eight and 17 genera, respectively. The green algal genera Klebsormidium, Stichococcus and Trebouxia, which are dominant in temperate regions, did not occur on the sub-aerial habitats in India, however, species of Gloeocapsa, Chroococcus, Chroococcidiopsis, Phormidium, Leptolyngbya, Nostoc, Scytonema, Chlorella and Trentepholia showed global occurrence in similar habitats.

Simultaneous Quantification of Cyanobacteria and Microcystis spp. Using Real-Time PCR

  • Oh, Kyoung-Hee;Jeong, Dong-Hwan;Shin, Seung-Hee;Cho, Young-Cheol
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.248-255
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    • 2012
  • In order to develop a protocol to quantify cyanobacteria and Microcystis simultaneously, the primers and probe were designed from the conserved regions of 16S rRNA gene sequences of cyanobacteria and Microcystis, respectively. Probe match analysis of the Ribosomal Database Project showed that the primers matched with over 97% of cyanobacterial 16S rRNA genes, indicating these can be used to amplify cyanobacteria specifically. The TaqMan probe, which is located between two primers, matched with 98.2% of sequences in genus GpXI, in which most Microcystis strains are included. The numbers of cyanobacterial genes were estimated with the emission of SYBR Green from the amplicons with two primers, whereas those of Microcystis spp. were measured from the fluorescence of CAL Fluor Gold 540 emitted by exonuclease activity of Taq DNA polymerase in amplification. It is expected that this method enhances the accuracy and reduces the time to count cyanobacteria and potential toxigenic Microcystis spp. in aquatic environmental samples.

Efficient Extraction of Bioethanol from Freshwater Cyanobacteria Using Supercritical Fluid Pretreatment

  • Pyo, Dongjin;Kim, Taemin;Yoo, Jisun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.379-383
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    • 2013
  • For the production of ethanol from freshwater cyanobacteria, a new pretreatment method using supercritical fluid was introduced. In this study, it was found that the supercritical fluid could penetrate inside the cell wall and help to liberate starch from cyanobacterial cells which resulted in the increase of the efficiency of ethanol production. For Microcystis aeruginosa, supercritical fluid pretreatment increased the amount of ethanol produced from cyanobacteria from 1.53 g/L to 2.66 g/L. For Anabaena variabilis, the amount of ethanol was increased from 1.25 g/L to 2.28 g/L. With use of supercritical fluid pretreatment, the efficiency of the process to obtain higher ethanol yields from freshwater cyanobacteria was improved upto 80%. The optimum temperature and pressure conditions for supercritical fluid pretreatment were determined as the temperature of $40^{\circ}C$ and the pressure of 120 atm. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using supercritical fluid pretreatment for ethanol production using freshwater cyanobacteria.