• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cyanobacteria

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FT-IR Spectrometric Analysis of Poly-$\beta$-Hydroxybutyrate in Cyanobacteria under Phosphate Stress (인산결핍 생장조건에서 Cyanobacteria가 생성하는 Poly-$\beta$-hydroxybutyrate의 적외선 분광법에 위한 구조분석)

  • Kwak, In-Young;Moon, Young-Kil;Lee, Ki-Sung
    • The Journal of Natural Sciences
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.53-56
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    • 1997
  • The structure of poly-$\beta$-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) in Chlorogloea fritschii was analyzed by FT-IR spectrometry under various conditions (phosphate starves or sufficient conditions). They exhibited characteristic absorption peaks for PHB, such as C=O stretching band at 1700-1800 $cm^-1$and C-H stretching bands at about 2900 $cm^-1$, however, the intensity of C-H stretching peaks, relative to the rest of the spectrum was increased under phosphate starved condition, which suggests that C. fritschii might produce another modified PHB polymer under phosphate starved condition.

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Comparative Analysis of Cyanobacterial Communities from Polluted Reservoirs in Korea

  • Kim, Jin-Book;Moon, Mi-Sook;Lee, Dong-Hun;Lee, Sung-Taik;Bazzicalupo, Marco;Kim, Chi-Kyung
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.181-187
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    • 2004
  • Cyanobacteria are the dominant phototrophic bacteria in water environments. Here, the diversity of cyanobacteria in seven Korean reservoir waters where different levels of algal blooms were observed during the summer of 2002, was examined by T-RFLP analysis. The number of T-RF bands in the HaIII T-RFLP profiles analyzed from those water samples ranged from 20 to 44. Of these, cyanobacteria accounted for 6.1 to 27.2% of the total bacteria. The water samples could be clustered into 2 groups according to the Dice coefficient of the T -RF profiles. The eutrophic Dunpo and oligotrophic Chungju reservoirs were selected, and several representative clones from both reservoir waters analyzed for the nucleotide sequences of their 16S rDNA. The major clones were found to belong to the Microcystis and Anabaena species in the waters from the Dunpo and Chungju reservoirs, respectively, which was in agreement with the T-RFLP result. That is, the Microcystis and Anabaena species were dominant in the eutrophic and polluted Dunpo and oligotrophic Chungju reservoir waters, respectively. These results indicated that there is a correlation between prevalence of cyanobacterial species and levels of pollution in reservoir waters.

Control of Cyanobacteria and Phytoplankton Using Physico-chemical Methods (물리·화학적 방법을 이용한 Cyanobacteria와 식물 플랑크톤의 제어)

  • Jheong, Weon-Hwa;Jeon, Eun-Hyung;Ahn, Tea-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2004
  • Loess, PAC, MACF and plants were applied to the control of the phytoplankton bloom in laboratory and in field, In field experiment using oil fence, 5ppm concentration of coagulant(PAC) was observed to be effective in controlling the cyanobacterial bloom, resulting in 90% removal of cyanobacteria and phytoplankton from the water column, hi case of Synedra sp., however, only 50% of biomass decreased with the same PAC concentration. MACF(micro-air bubble coagulation and floating), a kind of physicochemical method, was applied to the column of the Kyongan stream and resulted in over 80% chlorophyll a and 73.5% TP removal, Chlorophyll a and total phosphorus were effectively removed from water body when 2.0 g/L of loess with the particle radius of 125 ${\mu}m$ was inputted. In case of experiments involving plants, big cone pine, gingko, and pine needle were observed to be effective in restraining phytoplankton bloom at 0.5g/200ml level. During a field test done at Kyungan stream, where Microcystis heavily occurred, Pine needle and big cone pine were observed to be effective on suppressing algal growth.

The Study of Cyanobacterial Flora from Geothermal Springs of Bakreswar, West Bengal, India

  • Debnath, Manojit;Mandal, Narayan Chandra;Ray, Samit
    • ALGAE
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.185-193
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    • 2009
  • Geothermal springs in India, formed as a result of volcanic or tectonic activities, are characterized by high temperature and relatively abundant reduced compounds. These thermal springs are inhabited by characteristic thermophilic organisms including cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria are among the few organisms that can occupy high temperature aquatic environments including hot springs. In alkaline and neutral hot springs and streams flowing from them cyanobacteria can form thick colourful mats that exhibit banding patterns. The present investigation involves study of mat forming cyanobacterial flora from hot springs located in Bakreswar, West Bengal, India. The important species found are Synechococcus bigranulatus, S. lividus, Gloeocapsa gelatinosa, G. muralis, Phormidium laminosum, P. frigidum, Oscillatoria princes, O. fragilis, Lyngbya lutea, Pseudanabaena sp., Calothrix thermalis, and Fischerella thermalis. Their distribution pattern in relation to physico-chemical parameters of spring water has also been studied. Three cyanobacterial strains of the above mentioned list were grown in culture and their pigment content and nitrogen fixing capacity were also studied. Nitrogen fixing capacities of Calothrix thermalis, Nostoc sp. (isolated in culture) and Fischerella thermalis are 5.14, 0.29, and 2.60 n mole $C_2H_4/{\mu}g$ of Chl-${\alpha}$/hr respectively. Carotenoid : Chlorophyll-${\alpha}$ ratio of four mat samples collected from Kharkunda, Suryakunda, Dudhkunda and bathing pool are 2.45, 1.60, 1.48, and 1.34, respectively. Higher value of Carotenoid : Chlorophyll-${\alpha}$ ratio coincided with higher temperature.

Elemental Stoichiometry of Natural Phytoplankton Communities in Reservoirs of the Han River Systems (한강수계 주요 댐호의 식물플랑크톤 군집 세포내 화학양론)

  • Park, Hae-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.665-672
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    • 2014
  • Elemental cellular stoichiometry of natural phytoplankton communities was examined in six large dam reservoirs in the Han River system. Carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) contents of the phytoplankton-dominated seston from Lake Soyang was higher than that from other lakes. Phosphorus (P) content showed slight variations among six lakes in the range of $0.04{\sim}0.18{\mu}mol$ P mg $DW^{-1}$. The phosphorus concentrations of lake water showed obvious positive relationship with P and C contents of the phytoplankton-dominated seston. In all six lakes, N:P ratios and C:P ratios in the phytoplankton-dominated seston were more than 23 and 133 respectively, indicating the phytoplankton communities in six lakes have been exposed in phosphorus limited condition. The relative abundance of diatoms showed significant negative correlation with C, N, P contents of the phytoplankton-dominated seston and that of cyanobacteria showed significant positive correlation. Elemental stoichiometry of diatoms-dominated seston showed distinctive less content than that of cyanobacteria-dominated seston. The cellular N:P ratios of diatoms- and cyanobacteria-dominated seston indicate that both main classes of phytoplankton in six lakes are in phosphorus deficiency. Elemental stoichiometry of the phytoplankton-dominated seston in this study could be used for the further ecological stoichiometric studies in six lakes.

Characterization of Algal Community of Yongdam Reservoir and Identification of Ecological Factors Inducing the Changes in Community Composition (용담호 조류군집의 시공간적 분포와 조류발생 요인분석)

  • Kim, Hyun-su;Jeong, Il-hwan
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.121-134
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    • 2015
  • Spatial and temporal changes in algal population in Yongdam reservoir and ecological factors that induced the changes in the size and composition of algal population were investigated by monthly sampling at ten locations in the reservoir. Nutritional state of the reservoir was identified to be phosphorus-limited with nitrogen to phosphorus (N : P) ratio much greater than 17 in most samples. Algal population was dominated by three taxonomic groups, diatoms, chlorophytes and cyanobacteria. Although explosive algal growth was not observed in the summer, algal population showed transition with time of the dominant algal type from diatoms in the winter to cyanobacteria in the summer. Chlorophyta was not the dominant group in the reservoir although they maintained relatively stable number of cells in the reservoir and showed increase in population from March to May. The application of statistical methods revealed that the factors inducing changes in cell number of each group were water temperature for diatoms and cyanobacteria and phosphorus concentration for chlorophyte. Fluctuation of cyanobacterial population was mainly observed near the inlet of tributaries while diatoms showed higher variation inside the reservoir.

Prediction of cyanobacteria population based on Poisson regression based on hydro-meteorological condition (수문기상 조건을 고려한 Poisson regression 기반의 Cyanobacteria 개체수 예측)

  • Cho, Hemie;Huong, Nguyen Thi;Moon, Jangwon;Kwon, Hyun-Han
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.208-208
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    • 2020
  • 지구온난화와 하천환경의 변화로 수질 오염이 심각해지고 녹조 현상 등의 피해가 증가하고 있다. 특히, 기후변화로 인해 온도와 강우량의 변동성이 동시에 증가하고 있어 하천의 수환경 관리측면에서 어려움이 증가하고 있다. 최근 하천 개발 사업으로 인한 인공 구조물 축조로 하천의 오염도 변화는 중요한 논점으로 대두되었으며, 그에 따라 정확한 수질 전망이 요구되고 있다. 녹조평가에 있어 주요 대리변수(proxy variable)로 chlorophyll-a(Chl-a)가 사용되고 있지만, Chl-a는 규조류와 남조류(cyanobacteria) 모두에서 발견되는 지표로서, 녹조의 유해성을 Chl-a 수질 지표만을 사용하여 판단하기에는 한계가 있다. Chl-a뿐만 아니라 수질에 대한 유량, 온도, 영양염류 등의 영향 또한 기존 연구에서 밝혀진 바 있다. 하지만 기존의 물리기반의 결정론적모형은 수질의 추계학적(stochastic) 특성을 반영하는데 제한적이며, 다양한 수문기상학적 조건을 고려한 시나리오 기반의 분석을 수행하는데 한계가 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 특정 지점의 보 건설 이후 수문기상 자료를 이용하여 유해 남조류 개체수와 관계있는 수문기상학적 요인을 평가하고 최종적으로 Bayesian Poisson Regression 기반의 중·장기 녹조 예측 모형을 개발하였으며, 해설결과에 대한 불확실성 정보도 제공할 수 있도록 하였다.

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A Study on Pilot Scale Cyclonic-DAF Reactor for Cyanobacteria Removal (남조류 제거를 위한 선회식 가압부상장치 현장 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Hong-Sok;Kang, Seon-Hong;Nam, Sook-Hyun;Kim, Eu-Ju;Koo, Jae-Wuk;Hwang, Tae-Mun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.17-28
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    • 2018
  • Cyclonic-dissolved air flotation(Cyclonic-DAF), an advanced form of pressure flotation, applies a structure that enables the forming of twirling flows. This in turn allows for suspended matter to adhere to microbubbles and float to the surface of a treatment tank during the process of intake water flowing through a float separation tank. This study conducted a lab-scale test and pursued geometrical modeling using computational fluid dynamics(CFD) to establish a pilot scale design. Based on the design parameters found through the above process, a pilot cyclonic-DAF system($10m^3/hr$) for removing algae was created. Upon developing the pilot-scale cyclonic-DAF system, a type of algae coagulant(R-119) was applied as the coagulant to the system for field testing through which the removal rates of chlorophyll-a and cyanobacteria were evaluated. The chlorophyll-a and harmful cyanobacteria of the raw water at region B, the field-test site, were found to be $177.9mg/m^3$ and 652,500cells/mL respectively. Treated waters applied with 60mg/L and 100mg/L of algae coagulant presented removal efficiencies of approximately 95% and 97%, respectively. The cyanobacteria cell number of the treated waters applied with 60mg/L and 100mg/L of algae coagulant both that were equal to or less than 1,000cells/mL and were below attention level criteria for the issuance of algae boundary.

Isolation of the Microbes Having Cyanobacteria Lytic Activity from Blooming Reservoirs (수화발생 저수지로부터 남조류 분해능을 가지는 미생물의 분리)

  • 신규철;한명수;최영길
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.20-24
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    • 2002
  • We have from water samples of Kwalim, Dochang, and Mulwang reservoirs in Kyonggi-Do, where cyanobacteria blooming occurred. Isolated microbes which have lytic activity for cyanobacteria. Water samples were smeared on the Anabaena cylindrica lawn and incubated in light chamber at $28^\circ{C}$, under 3000 lux for 13 days. A fungus having cyanobacterial lytic activity was isolated from the samples of Dochang reservoir. The isolate was identified as Cryptococcus laurentii by Vitek system. From the culture of the isolate, four major extracellular protein bands (29, 35.2, 40.9, 51.1 kDa) have been detected and the 29 kDa protein band was more thickly appeared in the culture with cyanobacteria.

Ecological Studies on the Asan Reservoir. 2. Phytoplankton Community Structure (아산호의 생태학적 연구 2.식물플랑크톤 군집 구조)

  • Kim, Young-Gil;Shin, Yoon-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.187-197
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    • 2002
  • To analyze the structure of phytoplankton community of the Asan Reservoir in Korea, samples were collected 6 times from March to November in 1997. A total of 204 phytoplanklon species were identified from the samples of 19 stations. Green algae dominated the phytoplankton community, accounting for 51% of species number, followed by diatoms (29%), cyanobacteria (12%), dinoflagellates (2%) ,euglenoids (3%) and other flagellates (3%). Standing stocks of phytoplankton were very high in the range of 741-613,066 cells/ml, with the highest standing stock in July. Water Booms seemed to occur in the Asan Reservoir regardless of seasons, with water bloom-causing species being Micractium pusillum, Stephanodiscus, hantzschii, Dictyospharium pulchellum, cryptomonad(> 20 ${\mu}$m), Microcystis aeruginosa, Oscillatoria tenuis, Oscillatoria sp., Aphanocapsa sp. Euglena sp., Volvox aureus. In the summer, cyanobacteria dominated algal bloom. Species diversity of phytoplankton community in the reservoir was in the range of 0.13 ${\sim}$ 3.20, and showed much difference temporally and spatially. The cluster analysis identified two different regions of upstream area and downstream area for the Asan Reservoir.