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Anti-Cell Proliferative Efficacy of Ferulic Acid Against 7, 12-dimethylbenz(a) Anthracene Induced Hamster Buccal Pouch Carcinogenesis

  • Prabhakar, M. Manoj;Vasudevan, K.;Karthikeyan, S.;Baskaran, N.;Silvan, S.;Manoharan, S.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.5207-5211
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    • 2012
  • The present study was designed to explore the anti-cell proliferative efficacy of ferulic acid by analysing the expression pattern of cell proliferative markers, proliferating cellular nuclear antigen (PCNA) and cyclin D1, in the buccal mucosa of golden Syrian hamsters treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). Oral squamous cell carcinomas developed in the buccal pouch of hamsters using topical application of 0.5% DMBA three times a week for 14 weeks. Immunohistochemical (PCNA) and RT-PCR (Cyclin D1) analysis revealed over expression of PCNA and cyclin D1 in the buccal mucosa of hamsters treated with DMBA alone (tumor bearing hamsters). Oral administration of ferulic acid at a dose of 40 mg/kg bw to hamsters treated with DMBA not only completely prevented the tumor formation but also down regulated the expression of PCNA and cyclin D1. The results of the present study thus suggests that ferulic acid might have inhibited tumor formation in the buccal mucosa of hamsters treated with DMBA through its anti-cell proliferative potential as evidenced by decreased expression of PCNA and cyclin D1.

Mxi1 influences cyst formation in three-dimensional cell culture

  • Yook, Yeon-Joo;Yoo, Kyung-Hyun;Song, Seon-Ah;Seo, Min-Ji;Ko, Je-Yeong;Kim, Bo-Hye;Lee, Eun-Ji;Chang, Eun-Sun;Woo, Yu-Mi;Park, Jong-Hoon
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.189-193
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    • 2012
  • Cyst formation is a major characteristic of ADPKD and is caused by the abnormal proliferation of epithelial cells. Renal cyst formation disrupts renal function and induces diverse complications. The mechanism of cyst formation is unclear. mIMCD-3 cells were established to develop simple epithelial cell cysts in 3-D culture. We confirmed previously that Mxi1 plays a role in cyst formation in Mxi1-deficient mice. Cysts in Mxi1 transfectanted cells were showed by collagen or mebiol gels in 3-D cell culture system. Causative genes of ADPKD were measured by q RT-PCR. Herein, Mxi1 transfectants rarely formed a simple epithelial cyst and induced cell death. Overexpression of Mxi1 resulted in a decrease in the PKD1, PKD2 and c-myc mRNA relating to the pathway of cyst formation. These data indicate that Mxi1 influences cyst formation of mIMCD-3 cells in 3-D culture and that Mxi1 may control the mechanism of renal cyst formation.

Subjective QoS Performance of MPEG-2 under Cell Loss and Cell Error Conditions (셀손실과 셀오류에 따른 MPEG-2의 주관적 QoS 성능)

  • Han, Jong-Seok;Kim, Yung-Kwon
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.93-100
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    • 1999
  • When providing MPEG-2 video service through the ATM network, the degradation of QoS caused by cell losses and cell errors occuring from ATM netwok was assessed by the end-users subjectively and then the relation between CLR, CER and subjective QoS of MPEG-2 video was analyzed. Cell losses and cell errors occuring from the ATM network were generated according to the normal and exponential distribution by NEM module. Video sources were divided into sports and drama by moving feature and were tested. The results of our experiments show that the excellent quality of subjective QoS grade 5 was achieved for a cell loss rate of $2{\times}10^{-7}$ and for a cell error rate of $2{\times}10^{-7}$ and the good quality of subjective QoS grade 4 was achieved for a cell loss rate of $2{\times}10^{-6}$ and for a cell error rate of $2{\times}10^{-6}$ When providing MPEC-2 video service through the ATM network, the results of our experiments will be used as valuable information to determine the network performance objectives for satisfying the QoS required by the end-users and to design the network.

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Inhibitory Effects of Scutellaria barbata D. Don on the Cell Proliferation of HeLa cells (반지연(半枝蓮)이 HeLa Cell의 증식억제(增殖抑制)와 사멸(死滅)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Cho, Jung-Hoon;Jang, Jun-Bock;Lee, Kyung-Sub;Ha, Jee-Yeun
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.47-60
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    • 2006
  • Purpose : This study was conducted to investigate the inhibitory effects of Scutellaria barbata D. D on on the cell proliferation of HeLa Cells. Methods : Human uterine cervical carcinoma HeLa cells were cultured in the 1%, 5% and 10% concentration of Scutellaria barbata D. D on solution for 24, 48 and 72 hours for the direct inhibitory effects of Scutellaria barbata D. D on. Then we examined the effect of Scutellaria barbata D. D on solution on the cell proliferation inhibition by XTT assay. DNA fragmentation, MAP kinase activity and caspase activity by FACS analysis in HeLa cells. Results : We found that the proliferation of HeLa cells was significantly decreased in Scutellaria barbata D. D on solution containing groups comparing with a control group in a concentration-dependant manner. When HeLa cells were cultivated for 24 hours with 5% Scutellaria barbata D. D on solution containing group, the percentage of HeLa cells with activated caspase was the highest. Scutellaria barbata D. D on solution reduced the MAP kinase activity of HeLa cells comparing with the control group. By the XTT assay, the cell's activity was decreased in 5% and 10% Scutellaria barbata D. D on solution containing groups in 24 and 72 hours cultivation and 10% group in 48 hours. DNA fragmentation and caspase-3 activity of HeLa cells, however, were changed insignificantly. Conclusion : From this study we could suggest that Scutellaria barbata D. D on is available to the inhibition and apoptosis of human cervical carcinoma cell line, HeLa cells in vitro.

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Effective Interference Alignment for Device-to-Device Communication Underlaid in Multi-Cell Interference Network (다중셀 간섭 네트워크와 중첩된 D2D 통신을 위한 효과적인 간섭 정렬 기법)

  • Qu, Xin;Kang, Chung Gu
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.39A no.3
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    • pp.161-163
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    • 2014
  • We consider the device-to-device (D2D) communication underlaying multi-cell interference system, in which the cellular downlink (DL) resource is reused by K cells and two D2D transmission links within each cell. In this paper, it has been shown that the downlink intra-cell and inter-cell interference can be effectively handled by interference alignment (IA) technique, as long as the simultaneous D2D links are properly selected or power-controlled so that they may not incur interference to the base stations in the same and neighbor cells. In particular, we provides the IA technique that can achieve the theoretically maximum possible degree of freedom (DOF), demonstrating that a total of (K+1)M degrees of freedom (DOFs) can be achieved for K-cell interference system with two underlaying D2D links, where base stations, cellular UE's, and D2D UE's all have M transmit and receive antennas.

Ginsenoside Rg1 from Panax ginseng enhances myoblast differentiation and myotube growth

  • Go, Ga-Yeon;Lee, Sang-Jin;Jo, Ayoung;Lee, Jaecheol;Seo, Dong-Wan;Kang, Jong-Sun;Kim, Si-Kwan;Kim, Su-Nam;Kim, Yong Kee;Bae, Gyu-Un
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.608-614
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    • 2017
  • Background: Ginsenoside Rg1 belongs to protopanaxatriol-type ginsenosides and has diverse pharmacological activities. In this report, we investigated whether Rg1 could upregulate muscular stem cell differentiation and muscle growth. Methods: C2C12 myoblasts, MyoD-transfected 10T1/2 embryonic fibroblasts, and HEK293T cells were treated with Rg1 and differentiated for 2 d, subjected to immunoblotting, immunocytochemistry, or immunoprecipitation. Results: Rg1 activated promyogenic kinases, p38MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) and Akt signaling, that in turn promote the heterodimerization with MyoD and E proteins, resulting in enhancing myogenic differentiation. Through the activation of Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin pathway, Rg1 induced myotube growth and prevented dexamethasone-induced myotube atrophy. Furthermore, Rg1 increased MyoD-dependent myogenic conversion of fibroblast. Conclusion: Rg1 upregulates promyogenic kinases, especially Akt, resulting in improvement of myoblast differentiation and myotube growth.

Performance Analysis of Co- and Cross-tier Device-to-Device Communication Underlaying Macro-small Cell Wireless Networks

  • Li, Tong;Xiao, Zhu;Georges, Hassana Maigary;Luo, Zhinian;Wang, Dong
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.1481-1500
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    • 2016
  • Device-to-Device (D2D) communication underlaying macro-small cell networks, as one of the promising technologies in the era of 5G, is able to improve spectral efficiency and increase system capacity. In this paper, we model the cross- and co-tier D2D communications in two-tier macro-small cell networks. To avoid the complicated interference for cross-tier D2D, we propose a mode selection scheme with a dedicated resource sharing strategy. For co-tier D2D, we formulate a joint optimization problem of power control and resource reuse with the aim of maximizing the overall outage capacity. To solve this non-convex optimization problem, we devise a heuristic algorithm to obtain a suboptimal solution and reduce the computational complexity. System-level simulations demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method, which can provide enhanced system performance and guarantee the quality-of-service (QoS) of all devices in two-tier macro-small cell networks. In addition, our study reveals the high potential of introducing cross- and co-tier D2D in small cell networks: i) cross-tier D2D obtains better performance at low and medium small cell densities than co-tier D2D, and ii) co-tier D2D achieves a steady performance improvement with the increase of small cell density.

Effect of Retinoids on Human Breast Cancer Cells (인체 유방암 세포에서 retinoids의 영향에 대한 연구)

  • 윤현정;신윤용;공구
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.51-66
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    • 2004
  • Retinoids, better known as vitamin A, have been reported to inhibit the growth of several breast cancer cell lines in culture and to reduce breast tumor growth in animal models. Furthermore, retinoids can augment the action of other breast cancer cell growth inhibitors both in vitro and in vivo. Clinically, interest has increased in the potential use of retinoids for the prevention and treatment of human breast cancer. We have examine the effect of all-trans retinoic acid(tRA) and 9-cis retinoic acid(9-cis RA) on human breast cancer cell(MCF-10A, T47-D, MCF-7) proliferation using MTT assay and cell cycle analysis(FACS). Overexpression of cyclin D1 protein is observed in the majority of breast cancers, suggesting that dysregulated expression of cyclin D1 might be a critical event in breast cancer carcinogenesis. We investigated whether tRA and 9-cis RA might affect expression of cyclin D1 on human breast cancer cells(MCF-10A, T47-D, MCF-7) using RT-PCR and west-ern bolt. In MCF-10A cells, either tRA or 9-cis RA treatment did not affect the cell proliferation. In T47-D cells and MCF-7 cells, either tRA or 9-cis RA treatment showed the inhibition of the cell proliferation over control cells and also inhibit the estrogen stimulated cell proliferation when it was given together with estrogen. The effect of retinoids was dose- and time- dependent. T47-D cells treated with 1.0 $\muM$ tRA undergo G0/G1-phase arrest by Day 5. MCF-7 cells treated with 1.0 $\muM$ tRA undergo S-phase arrest by Day 5. All-trans retinoic acid(tRA) and 9-cis retinoic acid(9-cis RA) inhibited the cyelin D1 mRNA and protein expression levels of human MCF-7 and T47-D breast carcinoma cells in vitro. The data indicate that retinoids can reduce cyclin D1 expression levels in a variety of breast cell lines in vitro and result in inhibition of cell proliferation. tRA-mediated growth inhibition and cyclin D1 expression inhibition is more potent than 9-cis RA mediated that. tRA-mediated inhibition effect is more potent on T47-D cells than on MCF-7 cells. Our data suggest that retinoids activity is different according to property of cell lines. Future chemoprevention of breast cancer studies using retinoids will be necessary to determine the mechanism of the retinoids-mediated growth inhibition.

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Increased Serum S-TRAIL Level in Newly Diagnosed Stage-IV Lung Adenocarcinoma but not Squamous Cell Carcinoma is Correlated with Age and Smoking

  • Kargi, Aysegul;Bisgin, Atil;Yalcin, Arzu Didem;Kargi, Ahmet Bulent;Sahin, Emel;Gumuslu, Saadet
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.4819-4822
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    • 2013
  • Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in the world. Many factors can protect against or facilitate its development. A TNF family member TRAIL, has a complex physiological role beyond that of merely activating the apoptotic pathway in cancer cells. Vitamin D is converted to its active form locally in the lung, and is also thought to play an important role in lung health. Our goal was to investigate the possible clinical significance of serum sTRAIL and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) levels in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials and Methods: Totals of 18 consecutive adenocarcinoma and 22 squamous cell carcinoma patients with stage-IV non-small cell lung cancer referred to our institute were included in this study. There were 12 men and 6 women, with ages ranging from 38 to 97 (mean 60.5) years with adenocarcinoma, and 20 men and 2 women, with ages ranging from 46 to 80 (mean 65) years with squamous cell carcinoma. Serum levels of sTRAIL and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) were measured in all samples at the time of diagnosis. Results: sTRAIL levels in NSCLC patients were higher than in the control group. Although there was no correlation between patient survival and sTRAIL levels, the highest sTRAIL levels were correlated with age and cigarette smoking in the adenocarcinoma patients. sTRAIL level in healthy individuals were correlated with serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3). Conclusions: Serum sTRAIL concentrations were increased in NSCLC patients, and correlated with age and smoking history, but not with overall survival.