• Title, Summary, Keyword: DC micro-grid

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Operational Analysis of DC Micro-grid using PSCAD/EMTDC Software (PSCAD/EMTDC를 이용한 DC Micro-grid의 동작 분석)

  • Lee, Ji-Heon;Kwon, Ki-Hyun;Han, Byung-Moon
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.446_447
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    • 2009
  • This paper describes operational analysis results of the DC micro-grid using detailed model of distributed generation. Detailed model of wind power generation, photo-voltaic generation, fuel-cell generation was implemented with the user-defined model of PSCAD/EMTDC software that is coded with C-language. Various simulation results confirm that the DC micro-grid can operate without any problem in both the interconnected mode and the islanded mode. The operation analysis result confirms that the DC micro-grid make it feasible to provide power to the load stably.

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Operational Characteristic Analysis of DC Micro-grid with Detail Model of Distributed Generation (분산전원 상세모델을 적용한 DC Micro-grid의 동작특성 분석)

  • Lee, Ji-Heon;Kwon, Gi-Hyun;Han, Byung-Moon;Cha, Han-Ju
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.58 no.11
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    • pp.2175-2184
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    • 2009
  • This paper describes operational analysis results of the DC micro-grid using detailed model of distributed generation. Detailed model of wind power generation, photo-voltaic generation, fuel-cell generation was implemented with the user-defined model of PSCAD/EMTDC software that is coded with C-language. The operation analysis was carried out using PSCAD/EMTDC software, in which the power circuit is implemented by built-in model and the controller is modelled by user-defined model that is also coded with C-language. Various simulation results confirm that the DC micro-grid can operate without any problem in both the interconnected mode and the islanded mode. The operation analysis result confirms that the DC micro-grid make it feasible to provide power to the load stably. And it can be utilize to develop the actual system design and building.

Coordinated Droop Control for Stand-alone DC Micro-grid

  • Kim, Hyun-Jun;Lee, Yoon-Seok;Kim, Jae-Hyuk;Han, Byung-Moon
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.1072-1079
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    • 2014
  • This paper introduces a coordinated droop control for the stand-alone DC micro-grid, which is composed of photo-voltaic generator, wind power generator, engine generator, and battery storage with SOC (state of charge) management system. The operation of stand-alone DC micro-grid with the coordinated droop control was analyzed with computer simulation. Based on simulation results, a hardware simulator was built and tested to analyze the performance of proposed system. The developed simulation model and hardware simulator can be utilized to design the actual stand-alone DC micro-grid and to analyze its performance. The coordinated droop control can improve the reliability and efficiency of the stand-alone DC micro-grid.

Optimized Design and Coordinated Control for Stand-alone DC Micro-grid (독립형 DC 마이크로그리드의 최적화 설계와 협조적 제어)

  • Han, Tae-Hee;Lee, Ji-Heon;Kim, Hyun-Jun;Han, Byung-Moon
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2013
  • This paper describes the coordinated droop control method for stand-alone type DC micro-grid to improve reliability and utilization of distributed generations and energy storage. The stand-alone type DC micro-grid consists of several distributed generations such as a wind power generation, solar power and micro-turbine, and energy storage. The proposed method which is based on autonomous control method shows high reliability and stability through coordinated droop control of distributed generations and energy storage and also capability of battery management. The operation of stand-alone type DC micro-grid was analyzed using detail simulation model with PSCAD/EMTDC software. Based on simulation results, a hardware simulator was built and tested with commercially available components and performance of system was verified.

A Stable Black-Start Strategy for a Stand-Alone DC Micro-Grid

  • Cha, Jae-Hun;Han, Yoon-Tak;Park, Kyung-Won;Oh, Jin-Hong;Choi, Tae-Seong;Ko, Jae-Hun;MAHIRANE, Philemon;An, Jae-Yun;Kim, Jae-Eon
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.30-37
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    • 2018
  • Unlike an AC system, a DC system does not cause problems with synchronization, stability, reactive power, system losses, and cost. However, more research is still required for the application of DC Systems. This paper proposes a stable black-start strategy for a stand-alone DC micro-grid, which consists of an energy storage system, photovoltaic generator, wind-turbine generator, diesel generator, and DC loads. The proposed method is very important for avoiding inrush current and transient overvoltage in the power system equipment during restoration after a blackout. PSCAD/EMTDC software was used to simulate, analyze, and verify the method, which was found to be stable and applicable for a stand-alone DC micro-grid.

Power Flow Study of Low-Voltage DC Micro-Grid and Control of Energy Storage System in the Grid

  • Kim, Dong-Eok
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.549-558
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    • 2017
  • DC distribution has several differences compared to AC distribution. DC distribution has a higher efficiency than AC distribution when distributing electricity at the same voltage level. Accordingly, power can be transferred further with low-voltage DC. In addition, power flow in a DC grid system is produced by only a voltage difference in magnitude. Owing to these differences, operation of a DC grid system significantly differs from that of an AC system. In this paper, the power flow problem in a bipolar-type DC grid with unbalanced load conditions is organized and solved. Control strategy of energy storage system on a slow time scale with power references obtained by solving an optimization problem regarding the DC grid is then proposed. The proposed strategy is verified with computer simulations.

DC Micro-Grid Operational Analysis with a Detailed Simulation Model for Distributed Generation

  • Lee, Ji-Heon;Kim, Hyun-Jun;Han, Byung-Moon;Jeong, Yu-Seok;Yang, Hyo-Sik;Cha, Han-Ju
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.350-359
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    • 2011
  • This paper describes the operational analysis results of a DC micro-grid using a detailed model of distributed generation. A detailed model of wind power generation, photo-voltaic generation and fuel cell generation was implemented with an userdefined model created with PSCAD/EMTDC software and coded in C-language. The operational analysis was carried out using PSCAD/EMTDC software, in which the power circuit is implemented by a built-in model and the controller is modeled by an user-defined model that is also coded in C-language. Various simulation results confirm that a DC micro-grid can operate without any problems in both the grid-tied mode and in the islanded mode. The operational analysis results confirm that the DC micro-grid makes it feasible to provide power to the load stably. It can also be utilized to develop an actual system design.

A Study on the Fault Tolerance and High Efficiency Control of 4 Leg DC/DC Converter for Battery Energy Storage System in Standalone DC Micro-grid (독립형 DC마이크로그리드 내 BESS용 4 LEG DC/DC 컨버터의 고장허용 및 고효율 제어에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jung-Sik;Oh, Seung-Yeol;Cha, Dae-Seak;Chung, Dong-Hwa
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.67 no.9
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    • pp.1239-1248
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    • 2018
  • This paper proposes a fault tolerant and high efficiency operation algorithm for a 4 LEG DC/DC converter for a battery energy storage system(BESS) forming a main power source in a standalone DC micro grid. The BESS for the main power supply in the stand-alone DC micro-grid is required to operate at high speed according to fault tolerant control and load by operating at all times. Fault-tolerance control changes the short-circuit fault to an open-circuit fault by using a fuse in case of leg fault in 4 legs, and operates stably through phase shift control. In addition, considering the loss of the power semiconductor, the number of LEG operation is adjusted to operate at high efficiency in the full load region. In this paper, fault tolerant control and high efficiency operation algorithm of DC/DC converter for BESS in standalone DC micro grid is presented and it is proved through simulation and experiment.

Operation Analysis of a Communication-Based DC Micro-Grid Using a Hardware Simulator

  • Lee, Ji-Heon;Kim, Hyun-Jun;Han, Byung-Moon
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.313-321
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    • 2013
  • This paper describes the operation analysis results of a communication-based DC micro-grid using a hardware simulator developed in the lab. The developed hardware simulator is composed of distributed generation devices such as wind power, photovoltaic power and fuel cells, and energy storage devices such as super-capacitors and batteries. Whole system monitoring and control was implemented using a personal computer. The power management scheme was implemented in a main controller based on a TMS320F28335 chip. The main controller is connected with the local controller in each of the distributed generator and energy storage devices through the communication link based on a CAN or an IEC61850. The operation analysis results using the developed hardware simulator confirm the ability of the DC micro-grid to supply the electric power to end users.

A Seamless Transfer Method of Bidirectional DC-DC Converter for ESS in DC Micro-grids (DC 마이크로그리드에서 에너지 저장장치를 위한 양방향 DC-DC컨버터의 무순단 절체 제어기법)

  • Kwon, Min-Ho;Park, Jung-Sung;Choi, Se-Wan
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.194-200
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    • 2014
  • In DC micro-grid system energy storage systems (ESS) are responsible for storing energy and balancing power. Also, control target of the bidirectional DC-DC converter(BDC) for ESS should be changed depending on the operating mode. During the grid connected mode, the BDC controls the battery current or voltage. When a grid fault occurs, the BDC should change the control target to regulate the DC-bus. The BDC with conventional control method may experience large transient state during the mode change. This paper proposes a control method of BDC for ESS. The proposed control method is able to provide autonomous and seamless mode transfer by a variable current limiter. To validate the proposed concept, simulation results using PSIM and experimental results from a 2kW prototype are provided.