• Title, Summary, Keyword: DENA

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DENA FILTER Series (특집 - 광학필름용 폴리머 필터 'DENA FILTER' 시리즈)

  • Byeon, Won-Seop
    • The monthly packaging world
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 2010
  • 나가세산업(주)은 염료 화학품 합성수지 등의 원재료를 취급하는 기존 비니지스에 머물지 않고 고객들과 보다 더 많은 시너지효과 및 부가가치를 창조하고자 폴리머 필터 DENA FILTER를 개발했다. 본 고에서는 이중 폴리머 필터인 DENA FILTER에 대해서 소개하고자 한다.

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The Characteristics of Rat Hepatocyte Treated with Diethylnitrosamine (Diethylnitrosamine(DENA)에 의한 흰쥐 간세포의 변화)

  • 이혜영;류재혁
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.403-409
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    • 1991
  • 화학적 암 유발물인 diethylnitrosamine(DENA) 연여로 야기되는 흰쥐 (Sprague Dawley) 간세포의 변화 양상을 전자현미경과 silver염색방법으로 관찰하였다. DENA는 간세포내의 핵, 미토콘드리아, 담즙관에 뚜렷한 형태적 변화를 일으켰으며 인(nucleolus)의 크기와 수도 증가하였다. 또한 정상세포보다 인 (nucleolus) 부위의 염색 정도도 강하였는데 이것은 silver granule이 서로 연결되어 망상구조를 형성하기 때문인 것으로 생각되며 이들 망상구조는 순수한 rDNA부분과 핵내 단백질이 인내에서 서로 엉킨어 나타나는 현상일 것으로 사료된다. 또한 DENA투여 켤과 나타난 인의 크기와 인부위의 수적 증가현상의 결과로 rRNA 합성물의 변화를 유추할 수 있었다.

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Effects of Chemical Carcinogens on the Aldehyde Metabolic Enzymes and Antioxidant Enzymes in Clone 9 Cell (화학적 발암원이 Clone 9 세포의 알데히드대사 효소와 항산화 효소에 미치는 영향)

  • 김현배;염영나;이미영
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.293-300
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    • 2002
  • Chemical carcinogen-induced alteration of aldehyde metabolic enzymes were examined in clone 9 cell. Diethylnitrosamine (DENA), N-nitrosoethylurea (NEU) and N-nitrosomorpholine (NNM) were wed as model carcinogens. Changes in enzyme activities by repetitive treatment of DENA, NEU or NNM were analyzed in terms of specific activities and activity stainings of the enzymes on the gel. Upon treatment of DENA, lipid peroxide level increased upto 10 fold, indicating strong oxidative stress state of the cell. Notable enhancement of ADH and ALDH activity occurred after DENA treatment, while glutathione-S-transferase activity was slightly increased. Furthermore, about 2.5 fold higher superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was detected during deactivation of catalase (CAT) activity by repetitive treatment of DENA. However in NEU-treated cell, about 2.3 fold higher ALDH activity was found while ADH activity was slightly increased. Notable increase CAT and SOD could also be found. In contrast, maximum 3.5 fold higher CAT activity occurred during SOD deactivation in NNM-treated cell. These results suggest that there might be different enzymatic responses in relation to cell protection against DENA, NEU or NNM.

The Effect of Injinsammul-tang(IJS) on the Hepatocellular Carcinogenesis Induced by Diethylnitrosamine(DENA) in Rats (인진삼물탕(茵蔯三物湯)이 DENA로 유발된 흰쥐의 간암에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Tae-San;Choi, Eun-Hee;Kang, Seong-Sun;Kim, In-Soo;Lee, Young-Soo;Choi, Chang-Won
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.397-410
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the effect of Injinsammul-tang (IJS) on hepatocellular carcinogenesis in rats. Methods : Sprague Dawley (SD) rats of control and treatment groups received intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg/day diethylnitrosamine (DENA) weekly for 8 weeks. Experimental rats were classified into 3 groups; normal group (Nor), hepatic cancer induced control group (Con), and IJS extract 250 mg/kg administered group (IST) after being injected with DENA. Thereafter the changes of body weight, liver weight and weight of liver/100g body weight, the activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were measured. Gross anatomy and optical microscopy were also observed. Results : The body weight decreased in Con and IST compared with the Nor. The weight of liver and the weight of liver/100g body weight increased significantly in Con and IST compared with the Nor. The activities of AST, ALT, ALP, LDH increased in the Con compared with Nor, but decreased in IST compared with Con. The activities of SOD increased in the Con and IST compared with Nor. Upon naked eye and light microscopic examination, IJS improved the morphological and histopathological changes of liver caused by DENA-induced hepatic neoplasm. The number of hepatic p53 positive cells decreased in the IST compared with Con. Conclusions : Most of the results did not show a significant effect, but some of the results showed a significant effect. It can be estimated that IJS has some effects on hepatocellular carcinogenesis induced by DENA in rats, and further studies will be needed.

EFFECTS OF GANODERMA LUCIDUM EXTRACT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF RAT LIVER PRENEOPLASTIC LESIONS

  • Kim, Jong-Soo;Lee, Yong-Soon
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.135-149
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    • 1989
  • The effect of Ganoderma lucidum (Polyporaceae) extract on initiation and promotion of liver preneoplastic lesions in chemical carcinogenesis were examined in male rats. Male Fisher 344 rats, 8 weeks old, were injected i.p. with diethylnitro-samine(DENA` 200 mg/kg) as an initiator and were fed on diet containing 0.02%-acetaminofluorene (2-AAF) as a promoter for 2 weeks (group 1, 2` 2-4 week) and were fed on basal diet (group 3 and 4). The rats in test groups(group 1 and 3) were fed on diet containing 0.1% of Ganoderma lucidum extract for 6 weeks (2-8 week).

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INHIBITORY EFFECTS OF RED GINSENG EXTRACT ON PRENEOPLASTIC NODULE FORMATION IN THE RAT LIVER OBSERVED BY RAPID BIOASSAY OF CARCINOGENESIS

  • Kim, Yun-Bae;Lee, Yong-Soon
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.159-179
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    • 1988
  • This study was carried out to investigate the inhibitory effects of red ginseng extract on preneoplastic nodule formation in the rat liver using a rapid bioassay of hepatocarcinogenesis. Wistar male rats in test groups were fed diets containing 3.0, 0.3 or 003% of red genseng extract for 6 weeks after 2 week of dosing with diethylnitrosamine (DEAN, 200 mg/kg B.W., I.P.) or saline solution. The rats in the control groups were treated with DENA or saline alone. Three weeks after the beginning of the experiment, the two-thirds partial hepatectomy was performed on all animals. The inhibitory effects were investigated by measuring the number, total area and size of hyperplastic nodules enhanced by the 2/3 partial hepatectomy following induction with DENA. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1. In general, the body weight gains of the rats fed diets containing red ginseng extract were higher than those of other groups.

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The Effect of Injinho-tang Extract on Hepatocellular Carcinogenesis and Hepatic Cirrhosis Induced by Diethylnitrosamine and CCl4 in Rats (인진호탕(茵蔯蒿湯) 추출액이 Diethylnitrosamine과 CCl4로 유발된 흰쥐의 간암(肝癌) 형성과 간경변(肝硬變)에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jong-Bum;Heo, Rae-Kyong;Seung, Kee-Moon;Moon, Goo;Lee, Jong-Deok;Won, Jin-Hee
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.5-24
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    • 2009
  • Injinho-tang(IJ) has been used for the treatment of hepatobiliary diseases. This study was performed to observe the effect of IJ extract on the hepatocellular carcinogenesis and hepatic cirrhosis induced by Diethylnitrosamine(DENA) and $CCl_4$ in Rats. Experimental groups were divided into two ; 8th and 12th week group, and subdivided into four; normal group(Nor), hepatocellular cancer and hepatic cirrhosis inducing control group(Con), and IJ extract 260mg/kg/day(IJA) or 520mg/kg/day(IJB) administered groups to Con. The results obtained are as follows: The body weight was decreased in the Con, IJA and IJB compared with the Nor from the 2nd week to the 12th week. The weight of liver and the weight of liver/100g body weight were decreased significantly in Con, IJA and IJB compared with the Nor. The activities of aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and alanine aminotransferase(ALT) were significantly increased in the Con compared with Nor, but decreased in the IJA and IJB compared with Con from the 8th week group. The activities of alkaline phosphatase(ALP), lactacte dehydrogenase (LDH) and alpha fetoprotein(AFP) were increased significantly in the Con compared with Nor, but decreased in the IJA and IJB compared with Con. The activities of superoxide dismutase(SOD) were decreased in the IJA and IJB compared with Con, but the activities of catalase were increased in the IJA and IJB compared with Con. According to the light and electron microscopical observation, IJA and IJB improved the morphological and histopathological changes of the liver injured by DENA and $CCl_4$. The number of hepatic p53 positive cells was decreased in the IJA and IJB compared with Con. These results suggest that administration of IJ extract suppress or retard DENA and $CCl_4$-induced hepatocelluar carcinogenesis and hepatic cirrhosis in rats.

The Effect of the Curcumae Longae Rhizoma (CLR) Extract on the Hepatocellular Carcinogenesis and Acute Liver Damage Induced by Diethylnitrosamine (DENA) and CCl4 in Rats (강황추출물이 Diethylnitrosamine과 CCl4로 유발된 흰쥐의 간암과 간 손상에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Tae-San;Choi, Chang-Won
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.177-192
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    • 2014
  • Objective : In order to investigate the effect of Curcumae Longae Rhizoma(CLR) extract on the hepatocellular carcinogenesis and acute liver damage induced by diethylnitrosamine(DENA) and $CCl_4$ in rats. Methods : Experimental groups were subdivided into four; normal group (Nor), acute liver damage and hepatocellular cancer inducing control group (Con), and CLR extract 200mg/kg/day (CAA) or 400mg/kg/day (CAB) administered groups to Con. Thereafter the changes of the body weight, the liver weight and the weight of liver/100g body weight, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglyceride, the activities of AST, ALT, ALP, LDH, AFP, SOD, catalase were measured. And we observed by optical and electron microscopy. Result : 1. The body weight was decreased in Con compared with Nor for 5 weeks, but increased in Con compared with Nor from 6 week to 9 week. During experimental period of total 9 weeks, CAA and CAB were increased compared with Con. 2. The liver weight was increased significantly (p<0.05) in Con compared with Nor. The weight of liver/100g body weight was increased significantly (p<0.05) in Con compared with Nor and decreased significantly (p<0.05) in CAB compared with Con. 3. The level of total cholesterol was increased in Con and CAA compared with Nor, but there was not statistically significant. The level of triglyceride was decreased in Con compared with Nor. But increased in CAA and CAB compared with Con. The level of HDL-cholesterol was significantly increased (p<0.05) in CAA and CAB compared with Con. 4. The activities of AST, ALT were increased in Con compared with Nor, but decreased in CAA compared with Con, significantly decreased (p<0.05) in CAB compared with Con. 5. The activities of ALP, LDH were increased in Con compared with Nor, but decreased in CAA and CAB compared with Con. 6. The activities of AFP was increased significantly (p<0.05) in Con compared with Nor, but decreased significantly (p<0.05) in CAA and CAB compared with Con. 7. The activities of SOD were increased in Con, CAA and CAB compared with Nor, but decreased in CAA and CAB compared with Con. The activities of Catalase was more increased in CAA and CAB compared than Con. 8. The results of light microscopical observation, a number of hepatocytes were damaged in Con compared with Nor and CAB. 9. According to the electron microscopical observation, irregular nuclear membrane, condensed nucleoplasm was observed in Con, the experimental group was observed in the nucleus of the well-preserved and evenly developed nucleoplasm. Conclusions : These results suggest that administration of CLR extract suppress or retard on the hepatocellular carcinogenesis and acute liver damage induced by DENA and $CCl_4$ in rats.

Hepatoprotective Effects of Curcumin Against Diethyl Nitrosamine Induced Hepatotoxicity in Albino Rats

  • Kadasa, Naif Mohammed;Abdallah, Haytham;Afifi, Mohamed;Gowayed, Salah
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.103-108
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    • 2015
  • Curcumin is widely used as a traditional medicine. This work was aimed to investigate its possible protective effect against chemically induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in rats. Fifty male albino rats were divided into five groups (n=10, each). The control group received a single dose of normal saline, the diethylnitrosamine (DENA) group received a single intra-peritoneal dose at 200mg/kg body weight, and the 3rd, 4th and 5th groups were given DENA and daily administrated curcunine (CUR) via intra-gastric intubation in doses of 300, 200 and 100 mg/kg b.wt. respectively for 20 weeks. Serum, and liver samples were used for determination of alpha feto-protein (AFP), interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukine-6 (IL-6), serum liver enzymes (AST, ALT, ALP and GGT) levels as well the activities and gene expression of glutathione peroxidise (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR), catalase (CAT) and super oxide dismutase (SOD). Curcumin significantly lowered the serum levels of AFP, IL-2 and IL-6, ALT, ALT, and malondialdehyde (MDA) as well gene expression of IL-2 and IL-6. In contrast it increased the gene expression and activities of Gpx, GRD, CAT and SOD. The protective effect of CUR against DEN-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in albino rats was proven.

HLPSP: A Hybrid Live P2P Streaming Protocol

  • Hammami, Chourouk;Jemili, Imen;Gazdar, Achraf;Belghith, Abdelfettah;Mosbah, Mohamed
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.1035-1056
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    • 2015
  • The efficiency of live Peer-to-Peer (P2P) streaming protocols depends on the appropriateness and the management abilities of their underlying overlay multicast. While a tree overlay structure confines transmission delays efficiently by maintaining deterministic delivery paths, an overlay mesh structure provides adequate resiliency to peers dynamics and easy maintenance. On the other hand, content freshness, playback fluidity and streaming continuity are still challenging issues that require viable solutions. In this paper, we propose a Hybrid Live P2P Streaming Protocol (HLPSP) based on a hybrid overlay multicast that integrates the efficiency of both the tree and mesh structures. Extensive simulations using OMNET++ are conducted to investigate the efficiency of HLPSP in terms of relevant performance metrics, and position HLPSP with respect to DenaCast the enhanced version of the well-known CoolStreaming protocol. Simulation results show that HLPSP outperforms DenaCast in terms of startup delay, end-to-end delay, play-back delay and data loss.