• Title/Summary/Keyword: DPF

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A study on control method of DPF regeneration according to operation characteristics of Light Tactical Vehicle (전술차량 운용 특성에 따른 DPF 재생 제어 개선방안 연구)

  • Kim, Seon-Jin;Park, Jin-Won
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.689-695
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    • 2018
  • This paper presents the means of controlling the regeneration of a diesel particulate filter (DPF) that is mounted on tactical vehicles to satisfy exhaust gas standards. The DPF captures particulate matter in the exhaust gas and combusts the captured particulate matter. This process is regeneration, which is essential to the normal performance of the DPF. Bad regeneration causes degradation of vehicle performance; worse, it can lead to a vehicle fire. DPF regeneration is performed by control logic. If the regeneration control logic does not properly reflect the operating characteristics of the vehicle, DPF regeneration may not occur. Consequently, it is very important to ensure the DPF operates properly by reflecting the operating characteristics of the tactical vehicle. This study analyzes the operational characteristics of a tactical vehicle and the DPF, and adds proper DPF regeneration control logic. Additionally, this study is intended to simultaneously improve the additional problems that may occur from operating under the added regeneration control logic.

Analysis of a Car Fire Case Caused by the Overheating of a Diesel Particulate Filter (매연포집필터 과열로 발생한 디젤승용차화재 원인의 분석)

  • Lee, Eui-Pyeong
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed the case of diesel car fires that occurred while driving in a tunnel 5 days after maintenance at a car service center. The results of the investigation and analysis found that a large amount of white foreign matter adhered to the inside of the exhaust port and the insulating plate above the DPF (diesel particulate filter) installed in the middle of the exhaust pipe was melted and lost. In particular, the metal floor of the car above the DPF was molten and pierced, and the rubber mat placed on the metal floor was burnt. Moreover, while the exhaust pipe in front of the DPF showed no overheating mark, such a mark was observed in the exhaust pipe from the DPF to the exhaust port. Because these findings may appear only when the DPF is overheated and ignited, this car fire is believed to have been caused by internal overheating of the DPF. The car fire investigation of this study suggests that if white foreign matter is found in the inside of the exhaust port during a fire cause investigation of a diesel car, the cause of the fire should be determined by removing the DPF and examining the internal damage of the DPF.

A Study on the Characteristics of Temperature Distribution according to Material and Position of Filter in a Diesel Particulate Filter (필터의 재질 및 위치에 따른 DPF 내부의 온도 분포 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Gyu-Sung;Park, Sung-Cheon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.903-909
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    • 2012
  • This study analyzed the temperature distribution in DPF with five partitioned electric heaters. The temperature distribution in DPF is an important design factor for regeneration and durability of filter. The design Factors that influence the temperature distribution in DPF there are several. In this study, the characteristics of temperature distribution in DPF were analyzed according to the following changes. First, the thermal conductivity of the filter was analyzed about effect on the durability of the filter. Second, the length from exhaust manifold to inlet of DPF was analyzed about effect on the temperature distribution in DPF. The boundary conditions of analysis has been verified with comparison to the results of existing experimental study and the numerical analysis. Based on the identified boundary condition, on assuming the condition of the actual driving, the temperature distribution in DPF was analyzed according to material properties of filter and the position of DPF.

Effect of DPF Regeneration on Emission Characteristics in Diesel Engines (DPF 재생이 경유자동차 배출특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Taeyoung;Son, Jihwan;Yun, Hyunjin;Hong, Heekyoung;Choi, Kwangho;Kim, Jeongsoo;Kim, Heekyoung
    • Journal of ILASS-Korea
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.142-148
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    • 2014
  • In this study, characteristics of gaseous pollutants and particulate matter were investigated on the condition of DPF regeneration and normal DPF condition. THC, CO, $CO_2$, NOx, and $CH_4$ were analyzed by MEXA-7200H and CVS-7100 respectively. Particulate Matter (PM) was measured by difference in weight of Membrane filter. Particle Number (PN) was measured by CPC analyzer. And Sulfate, Nitrate, Organic were measured by Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS). As a result, gaseous pollutants and particulate matter were detected in higher concentration during DPF regeneration than normal DPF condition. And the PN increased by 94%, the fuel consumption was reduced by 29% on DPF generation process. Sulfate, Nitrate and Organic were undetectable level during normal DPF condition. But the highest concentration of Sulfate, Nitrate and Organic were measured as $100{\mu}g/m^3$, $20{\mu}g/m^3$ and $15{\mu}g/m^3$ respectively on DPF regeneration condition. VOCs concentrations (Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Xylene) were analyzed by using PTR-MS. Benzene and Toluene emission have little or no change depending on DPF regeneration. But the Ethylbenzene and Xylene have comparatively low emissions on DPF regeneration.

Effect of Particulate Matter and Ash Amount on Pressure Drop and Flow Uniformity of Diesel Particulate Filter Reduction System (입자상물질과 Ash양이 디젤매연여과장치 내의 배압 및 유동균일도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, YunJi;Han, DanBee;Seo, TaeWon;Oh, KwangChul;Baek, YoungSoon
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.22-29
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    • 2020
  • Recently, as the fine dust is increased and the emission regulations of diesel engines have been tightened, interest in diesel soot filtration devices has rapidly increased. There is specifically a demand for the technological development of higher diesel exhaust gas after-treatment device efficiency. As part of this, many studies were conducted to increase exhaust gas treatment efficiency by improving the flow uniformity of the exhaust gas in the diesel particulate filter (DPF) and reducing the pressure drop between the inlet and the outlet of DPF. In this study, the effects of pressure drop by the flow rate and temperature of exhaust gas, DPF I/O ratio, Ash, and PM amount in diesel reduction device were simulated via a 12" diameter DPF and diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) using ANSYS Fluent. As the flow rate and temperature decreased, the pressure drop decreased, whereas the PM amount affected the pressure drop more than the ash amount and the pressure drop was lower in anisotropic DPF than isotropic DPF. In the case of DPF flow uniformity, it was constant regardless of the various variables of DPF. In ESC and ETC conditions, the filtration efficiency for PM was similar regardless of anisotropic and isotropic DPF, but the filtration efficiency for PN (particle number) was higher in anisotropic DPF than isotropic DPF.

The Application of Dump Combustor for Evaluation of DPF(Diesel Particulate Filter) System (DPF 성능 평가를 위한 Dump Combustor의 활용)

  • Nam, Youn-Woo;Lee, Won-Nam;Oh, Kwang-Chul;Lee, Chun-Beom
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2007.05a
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    • pp.98-103
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    • 2007
  • The number of vehicles employing diesel engines is rapidly rising. Accompanying this trend, application of an after-treatment system is strictly required as a result of reinforced exhaust regulations. The Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) system is considered as the most efficient method to reduce particulate matter (PM), but the improvement of a regeneration performance at any engine operation point presents a considerable challenge by itself. Temperature, gas compostion and flow rate of exhaust gas are important parameters in DPF evaluation, especially regeneration process. Engine dynamometer and degment tester are generally used in DPF evaluation so far. But these test method couldn't reveal the effect of various parameters on real DPF, such as O2 concentration, amount of soot and exhaust gas temperature. This research has studied the possibility using dump combustor that used to take an approach lean premixed combustion in gas turbine for a DPF power and optimized. It is possible that utilize the system as DOC (Diesel Oxidation Catalyst) and SCR(Selective Catalytic Reduction) assessments test as well as DPF evaluation

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Numerical Analysis on the Characteristics of Temperature Distribution in an Active Regeneration DPF Type (강제 재생 방식 DPF 내부의 온도 분포 특성에 관한 수치해석)

  • Park, S.C.;Lee, H.S.
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Mechanical Technology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 2011
  • This study analyzed on the characteristics of temperature distribution in an active regeneration DPF using computer simulation. In order to verify the boundary condition of analysis, results of temperature distribution in DPF are compared between experimental and computer simulation. Using this boundary condition, temperature distribution and filter's durability in DPF analyzed according to various operating conditions. The results of computational analysis are agreed well with experimental ones from the tendency of temperature distribution of axis and radius direction. The temperature increases and the axial temperature gradients in DPF according to velocity of exhaust gas are lowered as the high velocity of exhaust gas. But the temperature gradients of radius direction at exit side in DPF are grown as the high velocity of exhaust gas. The results according to inlet temperature of exhaust gas show that the increase ratios of temperature in DPF are grown as the high temperature of exhaust gas.

A Study on the Effectiveness of Remanufacturing Technology for the Catalyzed Diesel Particulate Filter-trap(DPF) Deactivated by Diesel Exhaust Gas (촉매가 담지된 사용후 경유차 매연저감장치 DPF의 재제조 효과에 관한연구)

  • Choi, Kang-Yong;Park, Hea-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.32 no.10
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    • pp.957-964
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    • 2010
  • The deactivated catalyzed diesel particulate filter-trap (DPF) was remanufactured by ultrasonic wave treatment with various prepared solutions, followed by active component re-impregnation, and the emission control performance and surface properties of remanufactured DPF were studied at various remanufacturing conditions. The proper ultrasonic wave cleaning time at various prepared solutions and optimal re-impregnation amounts of active component for the best emission control performance of DPF were investigated and its performance tests were also carried out with various temperatures for the conversions of CO, THC (total hydrocarbon) and PM (particulate matter) by catalytic reaction test unit using bypass gas from the diesel engine dynamo system. It was found that the emission control performance of DPF remanufactured with the high-temperature air washing, ultrasonic wave cleaning at acid/base solutions and active component re-impregnation method was recovered to 95% level of its activity compared to that of the fresh DPF, which was caused by removing the deactivating materials from the surface of the DPF, through the analyses of performance test and their surface characterization by Optical microscope, EDX, ICP, TGA, and porosimeter.

Study on the high efficiency cleaning performance of the diesel vehicle DPF (디젤 자동차용 매연저감장치(DPF)의 클리닝 성능 고도화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyongjun;Chung, Jaewoo;Kang, Jungho;Lee, Jinwoo;Park, Jungsoo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2016
  • Regulations for the exhaust gas of diesel vehicles are being strengthened every year. Recently, diesel emission regulations for HC, CO, NOx, and particulate matter (PM) have been subject to very strict standards. In the future, the regulation of PM is expected to become stricter. Accordingly, diesel particulate filters (DPFs) have been applied to most diesel vehicles for PM reduction. With increasing engine mileage, ash and soot from the engine exhaust gas accumulate inside the DPF. This accumulation can damage the DPF or degrade engine performance. Therefore, efficient cleaning of the DPF is critical for the maintenance of the engine. If the DPF is well managed through regular cleaning, it can improve the power and fuel economy of the engine and reduce maintenance costs. Therefore, this study was performed to develop a high-efficiency cleaning method for DPFs and an apparatus that can more effectively clean out the accumulated ash and soot.

Characteristics of Simultaneous Removal of NOx and PM over a Hybrid System of LNT/DPF + SCR/DPF in a Single Cylinder Diesel Engine (단기통 디젤엔진에서 LNT/DPF + SCR/DPF 하이브리드 시스템의 NOx 및 PM 동시저감 특성)

  • Kang, Wooseok;Park, Su Han;Choi, Byungchul
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.152-160
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    • 2016
  • The market demand for diesel engine tends to increase in general passenger cars as well as commercial vehicles because of its advantages. However, to meet the vehicle emissions regulation which will be more stringent in the future, it is necessary to plurally apply all after-treatment technologies such as diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), catalyzed diesel particulate filter (CDPF), lean NOx trap (LNT) and selective catalytic reduction (SCR), and so on. Accordingly, the exhaust after-treatment system for diesel vehicle requires the technology of minimizing the numbers of catalysts by integrating every individual catalysts. The purposes of this study is to develop hybrid exhaust after-treatment device system which simultaneously uses LNT/DPF and SCR/DPF catalyst concurrently reducing NOx and particulate matter (PM). As the results, the hybrid system with $NH_3$ generated at LNT/DPF working as a reducing agent of SCR/DPF catalyst, improving NOx conversion rate, was found to be more excellent in de-NOx performance than that in LNT/DPF alone system.