• Title, Summary, Keyword: Damage Model

Search Result 3,375, Processing Time 0.046 seconds

A cumulative damage model for extremely low cycle fatigue cracking in steel structure

  • Huanga, Xuewei;Zhao, Jun
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
    • /
    • v.62 no.2
    • /
    • pp.225-236
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of this work is to predict ductile fracture of structural steel under extremely low cyclic loading experienced in earthquake. A cumulative damage model is proposed on the basis of an existing damage model originally aiming to predict fracture under monotonic loading. The cumulative damage model assumes that damage does not grow when stress triaxiality is below a threshold and fracture occurs when accumulated damage reach unit. The model was implemented in ABAQUS software. The cumulative damage model parameters for steel base metal, weld metal and heat affected zone were calibrated, respectively, through testing and finite element analyses of notched coupon specimens. The damage evolution law in the notched coupon specimens under different loads was compared. Finally, in order to examine the engineering applicability of the proposed model, the fracture performance of beam-column welded joints reported by previous researches was analyzed based on the cumulative damage model. The analysis results show that the cumulative damage model is able to successfully predict the cracking location, fracture process, the crack initiation life, and the total fatigue life of the joints.

Homogenization based continuum damage mechanics model for monotonic and cyclic damage evolution in 3D composites

  • Jain, Jayesh R.;Ghosh, Somnath
    • Interaction and multiscale mechanics
    • /
    • v.1 no.2
    • /
    • pp.279-301
    • /
    • 2008
  • This paper develops a 3D homogenization based continuum damage mechanics (HCDM) model for fiber reinforced composites undergoing micromechanical damage under monotonic and cyclic loading. Micromechanical damage in a representative volume element (RVE) of the material occurs by fiber-matrix interfacial debonding, which is incorporated in the model through a hysteretic bilinear cohesive zone model. The proposed model expresses a damage evolution surface in the strain space in the principal damage coordinate system or PDCS. PDCS enables the model to account for the effect of non-proportional load history. The loading/unloading criterion during cyclic loading is based on the scalar product of the strain increment and the normal to the damage surface in strain space. The material constitutive law involves a fourth order orthotropic tensor with stiffness characterized as a macroscopic internal variable. Three dimensional damage in composites is accounted for through functional forms of the fourth order damage tensor in terms of components of macroscopic strain and elastic stiffness tensors. The HCDM model parameters are calibrated from homogenization of micromechanical solutions of the RVE for a few representative strain histories. The proposed model is validated by comparing results of the HCDM model with pure micromechanical analysis results followed by homogenization. Finally, the potential of HCDM model as a design tool is demonstrated through macro-micro analysis of monotonic and cyclic damage progression in composite structures.

Numerical simulation of shaking table test on concrete gravity dam using plastic damage model

  • Phansri, B.;Charoenwongmit, S.;Warnitchai, P.;Shin, D.H.;Park, K.H.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
    • /
    • v.36 no.4
    • /
    • pp.481-497
    • /
    • 2010
  • The shaking table tests were conducted on two small-scale models (Model 1 and Model 2) to examine the earthquake-induced damage of a concrete gravity dam, which has been planned for the construction with the recommendation of the peak ground acceleration of the maximum credible earthquake of 0.42 g. This study deals with the numerical simulation of shaking table tests for two smallscale dam models. The plastic damage constitutive model is used to simulate the crack/damage behavior of the bentonite-concrete mixture material. The numerical results of the maximum failure acceleration and the crack/damage propagation are compared with experimental results. Numerical results of Model 1 showed similar crack/damage propagation pattern with experimental results, while for Model 2 the similar pattern was obtained by considering the modulus of elasticity of the first and second natural frequencies. The crack/damage initiated at the changing point in the downstream side and then propagated toward the upstream side. Crack/damage accumulation occurred in the neck area at acceleration amplitudes of around 0.55 g~0.60 g and 0.65 g~0.675 g for Model 1 and Model 2, respectively.

A model for damage analysis of concrete

  • Cao, Vui V.;Ronagh, Hamid R.
    • Advances in concrete construction
    • /
    • v.1 no.2
    • /
    • pp.187-200
    • /
    • 2013
  • The damage level in structures (global scale), elements (intermediate scale) and sections (local scale) can be evaluated using a single parameter called the "Damage Index". Part of the damage attributed to the local scale relates to the damage sustained by the materials of which the section is made. This study investigates the damage of concrete subjected to monotonic compressive loading using four different damage models - one proposed here for the first time and three other well-known models. The analytical results show that the proposed model is promising yet simple and effective for evaluating the damage of concrete. The proposed damage model of concrete with its promising characteristics indicated, appears to be a useful tool in the damage assessment of structures made of concrete.

Seismic assessment of steel structures through a cumulative damage

  • Perera, R.;Gomez, S.;Alarcon, E.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
    • /
    • v.1 no.3
    • /
    • pp.283-294
    • /
    • 2001
  • In the present work a constitutive model is developed which permits the assessment of the structural performance through a criterion based on cumulative damage. For it, a damage index is defined and is evaluated through the application of the Miner's rule in low-cycle fatigue. However, the damage index is not considered as a posteriori variable since is incorporated explicitly as an internal variable in the constitutive equations which produces a direct coupling between the damage and the structural mechanical behaviour allowing the possibility of considering as a whole different coupled phenomena. For the elaboration of this damage model, the concepts of the mechanics of continuum medium are applied on lumped dissipative models in order to obtain a coupled simplified model. As a result an elastoplastic model coupled with damage and fatigue damage is obtained.

Vibration based damage detection in a scaled reinforced concrete building by FE model updating

  • Turker, Temel;Bayraktar, Alemdar
    • Computers and Concrete
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.73-90
    • /
    • 2014
  • The traditional destructive tests in damage detection require high cost, long consuming time, repairing of damaged members, etc. In addition to these, powerful equipments with advanced technology have motivated development of global vibration based damage detection methods. These methods base on observation of the changes in the structural dynamic properties and updating finite element models. The existence, location, severity and effect on the structural behavior of the damages can be identified by using these methods. The main idea in these methods is to minimize the differences between analytical and experimental natural frequencies. In this study, an application of damage detection using model updating method was presented on a one storey reinforced concrete (RC) building model. The model was designed to be 1/2 scale of a real building. The measurements on the model were performed by using ten uni-axial seismic accelerometers which were placed to the floor level. The presented damage identification procedure mainly consists of five steps: initial finite element modeling, testing of the undamaged model, finite element model calibration, testing of the damaged model, and damage detection with model updating. The elasticity modulus was selected as variable parameter for model calibration, while the inertia moment of section was selected for model updating. The first three modes were taken into consideration. The possible damaged members were estimated by considering the change ratio in the inertia moment. It was concluded that the finite element model calibration was required for structures to later evaluations such as damage, fatigue, etc. The presented model updating based procedure was very effective and useful for RC structures in the damage identification.

Research on damage of solid-web steel reinforced concrete T-shaped columns subjected to various loadings

  • Xue, Jianyang;Zhou, Chaofeng;Liu, Zuqiang
    • Steel and Composite Structures
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.409-423
    • /
    • 2017
  • This paper presents an experimental study on damage evolution laws of solid-web steel reinforced concrete (SRC) T-shaped columns along the direction of the web under various loadings. Ten specimens with a scale ratio of 1/2 and a shear span ratio of 2.5 were designed and fabricated. The influences of various parameters, including the axial compression ratio, steel ratio, and loading mode, were examined. The mechanical performances including load-displacement curve and energy dissipation capacity under the monotonic and low cyclic loadings were analyzed. Compared with the monotonic loading, bearing capacity, ultimate deformation capacity, and energy dissipation capacity of the specimens decrease to some extent with the increase of the displacement amplitude and the number of loading cycle. The results show that the damage process of the SRC T-shaped column can be divided into five stages, namely non-damage, slight-damage, steadily-developing-damage, severe-damage and complete-damage. Finally, based on the Park-Ang model, a modified nonlinear damage model which combines the maximum deformation with hysteretic energy dissipation is proposed by taking into account the dynamic influence of the aforementioned parameters. The results show that the modified model in this paper is more accurate than Park-Ang model and can better describe the damage evolution of SRC T-shaped columns.

Damage Detection for Bridges Considering Modeling Errors (모델링 오차를 고려한 교량의 손상추정)

  • 윤정방;이종재;이종원;정희영
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.300-307
    • /
    • 2002
  • Damage estimation methods are classified into two groups according to the dependence on the FE model : signal-based and model-based methods. Signal-based damage estimation methods are generally appropriate for detection of damage location, whereas not effective for estimation of damage severities. Model-based damage estimation methods are difficult to apply directly to the structures with a large number of the probable damaged members. It is difficult to obtain the exact model representing the real bridge behavior due to the modeling errors. The modeling errors even may exceed the modal sensitivity on damage. In this study, Model-based damage detection method which can effectively consider the modeling errors is suggested. Two numerical example analyses on a simple beam and a multi-girder bridge are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the presented method.

  • PDF

A Model for Fatigue Life In CFRP Laminates with Impact Damage (충격손상을 가진 CFRP 적층복합재료의 피로수명예측모델)

  • Gang, Gi-Won;Kim, Jeong-Gyu
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
    • /
    • v.24 no.11
    • /
    • pp.2828-2835
    • /
    • 2000
  • This paper presents the fatigue behavior of composite materials with impact-induced damage. The impact damage parameter is proposed to evaluate the effect of impact damage on fatigue life. Subsequently, a new model is developed to predict the fatigue life of impacted composite materials. Also, a stochastic model is proposed to describe the variation of fatigue life due to the material nonhomogeneity. For these models, the fatigue tests were performed on the unimpacted and impacted composite materials, The effect of impact damage on fatigue life can be characterized by the impact damage parameter. Additionally, the results by the present fatigue life prediction model agree will with experimental results regardless of applied impact energy. Also, the variation of fatigue life can be described by the present stochastic model and is reduced with applied impact energy.

A damage model formulation: unilateral effect and RC structures analysis

  • Pituba, Jose J.C.
    • Computers and Concrete
    • /
    • v.15 no.5
    • /
    • pp.709-733
    • /
    • 2015
  • This work deals with a damage model formulation taking into account the unilateral effect of the mechanical behaviour of brittle materials such as concrete. The material is assumed as an initial elastic isotropic medium presenting anisotropy, permanent strains and bimodularity induced by damage evolution. Two damage tensors governing the stiffness in tension or compression regimes are introduced. A new damage tensor in tension regimes is proposed in order to model the diffuse damage originated in prevails compression regimes. Accordingly with micromechanical theory, the constitutive model is validate when dealing with unilateral effect of brittle materials, Finally, the proposed model is applied in the analyses of reinforced concrete framed structures submitted to reversal loading. The numerical results have shown the good performance of the modelling and its potentialities to simulate practical problems in structural engineering.