• Title, Summary, Keyword: Damk $\ddot{o}$hler number

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A Study on Heat Release Fluctuation Using Various Hydrocarbon Fuels (다양한 탄화수소 연료를 이용한 열방출 섭동 연구)

  • Hwang, Donghyun;Ahn, Kyubok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2016
  • For the active control of a combustion instability, a change should be made in pressure fluctuation or heat release fluctuation using an acoustic driver or a secondary fuel injection. Also, to determine the location and timing of a secondary fuel injection, one needs to know the distribution of heat release fluctuation under combustion instability. In the present research, the distribution of heat release fluctuation has been experimentally measured by changing hydrocarbon fuel, inlet velocity, equivalence ratio, and acoustic forcing condition. It was confirmed that heat release fluctuation with regards to vortex shedding was significantly affected by the $Damk{\ddot{o}}hler$ number. Under the cases of the $Damk{\ddot{o}}hler$ number above approximately 4 - 5, hot spot region was generated in the leading edge of vortex and cold spot region was in the trailing edge. On the contrary, the cases of the $Damk{\ddot{o}}hler$ number below 3 showed the opposite trend.

Numerical Analysis of Characteristics of Cellular Counterflow Diffusion Flames near Radiative Extinction Limit (복사 열손실에 의한 소염근처에서 셀모양 대향류 확산화염의 특성에 대한 수치해석)

  • Lee, Su Ryong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.493-500
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    • 2014
  • Nonlinear characteristics of cellular counterflow diffusion flame near the radiative extinction limit at large Damk$\ddot{o}$hler number are numerically investigated. Lewis number is assumed to be 0.5 and flame evolution is calculated by imposing an infinitesimal disturbance to a one-dimensional(1-D) steady state flame. The early stage of nonlinear development is very similar to that predicted in a linear stability analysis. The disturbance with the wavenumber of the fastest growing mode emerges and grows gradually. Eventual, an alternating pattern of reacting and quenching stripes is developed. The cellular flame temperature is higher than that of 1-D flame because of the gain of the total enthalpy. As the Damk$\ddot{o}$hler number is further increased, the shape of the cell becomes circular to increase the surface area per unit reacting volume. The cellular flames do not extinguish but survive even above the 1-D steady state extinction condition.

Radiation-Induced Oscillatory Instability in Diffusion Flames (복사 열손실로 인한 확산 화염의 맥동 불안정에 관한 연구)

  • Sohn, Chae Hoon;Kim, Jong Soo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.23 no.9
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    • pp.1185-1191
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    • 1999
  • Radiation-induced oscillatory instability in diffusion flames is numerically investigated with nonlinear dynamics considered. As the simplest flame model, a diffusion flame established in the stagnant mixing layer is employed with optically thin gas-phase radiation and unity Lewis numbers for all species. Attention is focused on the radiation-induced extinction regime, which occurs at large $Damk\ddot{o}hler$ number. Once the steady flame structure is obtained for a prescribed value of the initial $Damk\ddot{o}hler$ number, transient solution of the flame is calculated after a finite amount of the $Damk\ddot{o}hler$-number perturbation is imposed on the steady flame. Transient evolution of the flame exhibits three types of flame-evolution behaviors, namely decaying oscillatory solution, diverging solution to extinction and stable limit-cycle solution. A dynamic extinction boundary is identified for laminar flamelet library.

Experimental Study on Comparison between Buoyancy Driven and Lewis Number Induced Self-excitations in Laminar Lifted Coflow-jet Flames (층류 동축류 제트 부상화염에서 부력에 의한 자기진동과 루이스 수에 의한 자기진동 비교에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Lee, Won June;Park, Jeong;Kwon, Oh Boong;Yun, Jin Han;Keel, Sang In
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2014
  • Experimental study in laminar propane coflow jet flames has been conducted to investigate self-excitations. For various propane mole fractions and jet velocities, two types of self-excitation were observed: (1) buoyancydriven self-excitation (hereafter called BDSE) and (2) Lewis-number-induced self-excitation coupled with (1) (hereafter called LCB). The mechanism of Lewis-number-induced self-excitation (hereafter called LISE) is proposed. When the system $Damk\ddot{o}hler$ number was lowered, LISE was shown to be launched. The LISE is closely related to heat loss, such that it can be launched in even helium-diluted methane coflow-jet flame (Lewis number less than unity). Particularly, The LISE becomes significant as the $Damk\ddot{o}hler$ number decreases and heat-loss is excessively large.

Helieum-dilution Effect of Coflow Air on Self-excitation in Laminar Coflow Jet Flames (층류 동축류 제트에서 공기측 헬륨 희석이 화염진동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Won June;Park, Jeong;Kwon, Oh Boong;Baek, Se Hyun;Ko, Sung Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2012
  • Experimental study in coflow jet flames has been conducted to investigate the helium-dilution effect of coflow air on self-excitation. For various helium mole fractions and jet velocities, two types of self-excitation were observed: buoyancy-driven self-excitation and Lewis-number-induced self-excitation(here after called Le-ISE) coupled with buoyancy-driven one. The difference between buoyancy-driven and Le-ISE is clarified by using the Mie-scattering visualization as well as exploring the different features. The mechanism of Le-ISE is proposed. When the system Damk$\ddot{o}$hler number was lowered, Le-ISE is shown to be launched. Le-ISE is closely related to heat loss, in that it can be launched in even methane jet flame (Lewis number less than unity) with helium-diluted coflow air. Particularly, Le-ISE becomes significant as the Damk$\ddot{o}$hler number decreases and heat-loss becomes significant.

A Numerical Study of the Flame Cell Dynamics in Opposed Nonpremixed Tubular Configuration (비예혼합 튜브형상내 화염셀의 거동에 대한 수치 해석적 연구)

  • Park, Hyunsu;Yoo, Chun Sang
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.175-178
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    • 2014
  • The flame cell dynamics in 2-D opposed nonpremixed tubular configuration was investigated using high-fidelity numerical simulations. The diffusive-thermal instability occurs as the $Damk{\ddot{o}}hler$ number, Da, approaches the 1-D extinction limit of the tubular flames and several flame cells are generated depending on Da, and flame radius. In general, the number of flame cells are found close to the largest wave number from the linear stability analysis. It was also found from the displacement speed analysis that during the local flame extinction and cell formation, negative edge flame speed is observed due to small gain from reaction compared to large loss from diffusion.

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Nondimensional Analysis of Periodically Unstable Shock-Induced Combustion (주기적 불안정성을 가지는 충격파 유도 연소의 무차원 해석)

  • Choi, Jeong-Yeol;Jeung, In-Seuck;Yoon, Young-Bin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 1996
  • A numerical study is conducted to investigate the periodically unstable shock induced combustion around blunt bodies in stoichiometric hydrogen-air mixtures. Euler equations are spatially discretized by upwind-biased third order scheme and temporally integrated by Runge-Kutta method. Chemistry model used in this study involves 8 elementary kinetics steps and 7 species. At a constant Mach number, the effects of projectile size, inflow pressure and inflow temperature are examined with Lehr#s experimental condition as a reference. In addition to oscillation frequency, characteristic distances and time averaged values are found from the result to find an relation with dimensionless parameters. As a result, it is found that the effects of inflow pressure and body size are very similar and $Damk{\ddot{o}}hler$ number plays an important role in determining the instability characteristics.

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The Characteristic Modes and Structures of Bluff-Body Stabilized Flames in Supersonic Coflow Air (초음속 공기장에서 Bluff-Body를 이용한 안정화염의 특성과 구조)

  • Kim, Ji-Ho;Yoon, Young-Bin
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.147-153
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    • 2002
  • Experimental investigations are performed on the stability and the structure of bluff-body stabilized hydrogen flames. The velocities of coflow air are varied from subsonic to supersonic velocity of Mach 1.8 and OH PLIF images and Schilieren images are used for analysis. Three characteristic flame modes are classified into three regimes with the variation of fuel-air velocity ratio; a jet like flame, a central-jet dominated flame and a recirculation zone flame. Stability curves are drawn to find the blowout regimes and to show that flame stability is improved by increasing the lip thickness of fuel nozzle that works as bluff-body. $Damk{\ddot{o}hler$ number is adopted in order to scale the blowout curves of each flame obtained at different sizes of the bluff-body and all blowout curves are scaled successfully regardless of its bluff-body size.

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Nonlinear Behaviors of Pulsating Instabilities in Counterflow Diffusion Flames with Radiation Heat Loss (복사 열손실을 받는 대향류 확산화염의 맥동 불안정성의 비선형 거동)

  • Lee, Su Ryong;Park, Sung Cheon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2012
  • Nonlinear dynamics of pulsating instability in radiating counterflow diffusion flames is numerically investigated by imposing Damk$\ddot{o}$hler number perturbation. Stable limit-cycle solutions occur in small ranges of Damk$\ddot{o}$hler numbers past bifurcation point of instability. Period doubling cascade and chaotic behaviors appear just before dynamic extinction occurs. Nonlinear dynamics is also studied when large disturbances are imposed to flames. For weak steady flames, the dynamic extinction range shrinks as the magnitudes of disturbances are increased. However, strong steady flames can overcome relatively large disturbances, thereby the dynamic extinction range extending. Stable limit-cycle behaviors reappears prior to dynamic extinction when the steady flames are strong enough.

Edge Flame : Why Is It So Hot in Combustion?

  • Kim, Jong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2000
  • A turbulent combustion model, based on edge flame dynamics, is discussed in order to predict global extinction of turbulent flames. The model is applicable to the broken flamelet regime of turbulent combustion, in which global extinction of turbulent flame is achieved by gradual expansion of flame holes. The edge flame dynamics is the key mechanism to describe the flame hole expansion or contraction. For flames with Lewis numbers near unity, there is a $Damk{\ddot{o}}hler$ number, namely the crossover $Damk{\ddot{o}}hler$ number, at which edge flame changes its direction of propagation. The parametric region between the quasi-steady extinction condition and the edge-flame crossover condition is a metastable region, in that flames without edge can stay in their burning states while flames with edge have to retract to expand quenching holes. Using the above properties of edge flame, Hartley and Dold proposed a Lagrangian hole dynamics, which allows us to simulate transient variation of quenching holes. In their model, each stoichiometric surface is subjected to a random sequence of scalar dissipation rate compatible to the equilibrium turbulence. Then, each stoichiometric surface will evolve, according to the combustion map, dependent on the scalar dissipation rate and existence of flame edge, If all the burning surfaces are annihilated, the event can be declared as a global extinction. The consequence obtained from the above model also can be used as a subgrid model to determine local extinction occurring in a calculation grid.

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