• Title, Summary, Keyword: Dark Tourism

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The Application Methods of Dark Tourism Contents in SEWOL-HO Ferry Accident (다크 투어리즘의 세월호 참사에 대한 적용 방안 연구 -관련 콘텐츠의 설계와 구성 관점을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hern-Sik;Yang, Jeong-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.176-187
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    • 2014
  • Tour is cultural method that makes educational effects smoothly, metaphorically. In a context, dark tour have a function that sustains memorial of accidents and with social meaning, ethic value. This study aims to understand practical solutions of Sewol-Ho memorial on focusing Dark Tourism. This paper considers fascination with this subject and examines explored for good decision. It means that we examines a construction of tour contents within the dark tourism. This article evaluates an dark tourism in a contents program various country, for considering in a case at a Sewol-Ho accident. As a result, we comment some variety choice of strategy effectiveness for a sustainability of ethic value and education memorial.

Authenticity in Dark Tourism : A Case of Disaster Tourism after the Great East Japan Earthquake (다크투어리즘과 관광경험의 진정성 - 동일본대지진의 재난관광을 사례로 -)

  • Cho, Ara
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.130-146
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    • 2013
  • This study aimed to analyze the authenticity of dark tourism, and to discuss the possibilities and limitations of disaster tourism as an alternative type of tourism in post-modern society. For this purpose, disaster tourism related with the Great East Japan Earthquake was analyzed. After the disaster occurred, the boundaries between guests (tourists) and hosts (residents) dissolved and disaster communities emerged temporarily. This was followed by social contributive tourism, in which both guests and hosts shared their matter of life-and-death experiences, so existential authenticity became the most important motive and experience for tourism. As time passed, however, existential authenticity was reconstructed ideologically in the socioeconomic political context of disaster recovery, and replaced constructive authenticity. After all, the possibilities of disaster tourism as an alternative type of tourism based on the introspection of modernity were restricted. To discuss the underlying ethical issues of the commodification of disaster tourism, further researches should conducted to consider dark tourism as an alternative type of postmodern tourism.

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Tourists' Circulations and Behaviors in Dark Tourism Site (Focused on Seodaemun Prison History Hall) (다크투어리즘 관광자의 관람동선 및 관람행태(서대문형무소 역사관을 대상으로))

  • Triana, Lolitasari Ade;Yun, Hee Jeong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.198-210
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the tourists' circulations and behaviors at one of the representative dark tourism sites in Seoul, named Seodaemun Prison History Hall. This study conducts direct observation and behaviour tracking or follow-up survey based on traffic circulation and visitors' Muse-Ethogram extracted from the previous studies. The result of tourists' actual circulations shows that main tourists' flows of study areas consist of 3 approaches; suggested, unstructured and directed approaches. And tourists' behaviors such as moving(M), stop looking(SL), and reading(RE) reveal with the highest frequency. This study finds the 'expressing feeling(EXP)' as a new visitor' behavior in dark tourism site. The highest frequency of visitors' movement patterns is stop looking-reading-move(SL-RE-M). The results of this study could be used as a planning and design guidelines of dark tourism related to exhibition circulation, visitors' behaviors and development of exhibition content.

Using Dark Tourism Study on Culture and Tourism of industrialization - Focusing on Honam righteous army - (다크 투어리즘을 활용한 문화관광 산업화 방안에 관한 연구 - 한말 호남 의병사(義兵史)를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Hyun-Cheol;Yoo, Jun-Ho;Ha, Kyu-Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.59-81
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    • 2011
  • The 21st century, the creation and utilization of knowledge and information are the core of all economic activity, knowledge-based economy is plunging into. Culture can not live without knowing the age of culture and national spirit of a nation's cultural assets. Closed for other cultures, countries can develop a culture that is neither marked by imitation and import of cultural industries can never be developed. Creative and diverse culture of its own cultural code, evenly balanced mix of social culture is really the cultural and creative culture. Central government and local government-led growth in the local economy in terms of competitive cultural industry development policy has been carried out. In general, a country or society, culture, industry, the creation of a unique cultural and Planning on the basis of information deliquescent recreated a typical high-risk high returns to pay the venture industry and the nature of the creative industries and the venture industry a unique mix of industrial Characteristic is that it has. These times and the industry can contribute to the flow of valuable cultural assets and a history of our righteous living and exercise will be a source of resources.

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Visual Specificity of the Pyongyang Landscape - Perspectives of North Korea Tourism - (서구권의 북한 관광을 통해 본 평양 경관의 시각적 특수성)

  • Ahn, Jin-hee;Pae, Jeong-Hann
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.66-74
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    • 2016
  • In what way is the urban landscape of North Korea used today, and what features do people prefer in the North Korean landscape? This study analyzed the characteristics of Pyongyang landscapes and their effects, based on an analysis of Western tourists motivation for tourism in North Korea and preferred enjoyment-seeking experiences. Using data from the tourist agency specializing in Western tourism in North Korea and a location based photo-sharing service, the study interprets the visual distinctiveness of Pyongyang landscape. The study concluded that widely known risk to travelers in North Korea is in fact an attraction, making people want to visit directly. However, this risk was mitigated in practical experience by the overall intermediation of the tourism agency and locals' conscious behavior to keep their distance from foreigners. Next, the scope of National ritual attributes was expanded to the locals' daily life as well as large-scale events such as mass games and military parades only if for national holidays. Also, the most preferred factors contributing to North Korean tourism were based on departure from routine through mobilization of the residents. This indicates the extension that the nature of North Korea as a theater state. The Pyongyang landscape represents a world politically isolated, people's congregated motion to display to the world, and people's lives hidden beneath a veil. These visualities fulfill the fantasy of Westerners regarding North Korea. Furthermore, these are superficial images that help create a basis to maintain the North Korea regime.

The Effect of Light, Temperature and GA Soaking Treatment on Seed Germination of Cool Season Turfgrasses (광, 온도 및 GA 침지처리가 한지형 잔디의 종자발아에 미치는 영향)

  • Hyeon, Sang-Min;Kang, Hoon;So, In-Sup;Kim, Dong-Il
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.253-260
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    • 1995
  • This study is aimed to understand the effects of temperature, light and GA soaking treatment on the seed germination of perennial ryegrass 'Dandy', creeping hentgrass 'Penlinks', tall fescue 'Arid' and Kentucky hluegrass 'Nasaw'. These experiments are carried in vitro, and their results obtained are summarized as the followings ; The optimum temperature for seed germination of perennial ryegrass 'Dandy' was found to he ranged at 20~30$^{\circ}C$, and the optimum temperature for germination of creeping bentgrass 'Penlinks', tall fescue 'Arid' and kentucky bluegrass 'Nasaw' seeds was found to be ranged at 20~25$^{\circ}C$, whereas the germination percentage under the below or above temperature of this range decreased. The germination of perennial ryegrass 'Dandy' and tall fescue 'Arid' seeds showed no effect on light, and while the germination percentage of creeping hentgrass 'Penlinks' increased more highly under the dark condition than under the light condition. The germination percentage decreased according to the higher temperature. The germination of Kentucky bluegrass 'Nasaw' seeds increased more highly under the dark condition than under the light condition at 20~25$^{\circ}C$, whereas the germination percentage under the dark condition at 15$^{\circ}C$ and 30$^{\circ}C$ decreased. In case of GA soaking treatment of seeds, all the cool season turfgrasses tested showed their own promoting effects on seed germination. The early germination of tall fescue 'Arid' was good without the soaking times. Creeping bentgrass 'Penlinks' and perennial ryegrass 'Dandy' had re-spectively the highest germination percentage at 10min and 1hr soaking treatment, and the longer the soaking time, the lesser the germination percentage. Kentucky bluegrass 'Nasaw' obtained the best results at 24has soaking treatment, and the longer the soaking time, the better the ger-mination percentage.

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Physicochemical characteristics of El salvadoran Coffea arabica cv. Bourbon coffee extracts with various roasting conditions (로스팅 조건에 따른 엘살바도르산 Coffea arabica cv. Bourbon 커피의 이화학적 특성)

  • Kim, Inyong;Jung, Sunyoon;Kim, Eunkyung;Yun, Hea-Yeon;Zhang, Seokam;Ha, Jung-Heun;Jeong, Yoonhwa
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.212-219
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    • 2020
  • The physicochemical characterstics of El Salvadoran Coffea arabica cv. Bourbon coffee extracts under various roasting conditions were investigated. Green beans were roasted under four different conditions (Light-medium, Medium, Moderately dark, and Very dark). The coffee extracts were prepared by using the espresso or drip methods. As the roasting degree increased, the coffee bean moisture content decreased and the ash content increased. The lightness and yellowness of the beans and coffee extracts decreased along with the increasing roasting degree. In the drip coffee, the reducing sugar content decreased and the pH value increased along with the increasing roasting degree. Both in the espresso and drip coffee, total organic acid and chlorogenic acid contents decreased, while the caffeine content increased along with the increasing roasting degree. Therefore, it is suggested that the roasting degree affects the physicochemical characteristics of coffee extracts.

Antioxidation Activities of Bottled Mustard Leaf Kimchi during Fermentation (병포장 갓김치의 항산화 효과에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Bog-Nam
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.950-957
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    • 2009
  • Mustard Leaf Kimchi (MLK) is a traditional fermented Korean vegetable food. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of part vacuum treatment on MLK packed in a glass bottle during fermentation. There have been a few previous studies that examined the chemical and microbial changes during MLK fermentation. However, the major object of this study was to investigate the antioxidative activities of vacuum treated MLK. In this study, the antioxidative activity of vacuum treated mustard leaf Kimchi (VM) and control mustard leaf Kimchi (CM) were examined. VM and CM were fermented at $5^{\circ}C$ for 8 weeks. A model system was designed to evaluate the antioxidative activity of crude chlorophylls and carotenoids (CCC) extracts from Mustard leaf Kimchi. The oxidative reaction of the linoleic acid mixture system at $30^{\circ}C$ in the dark was quantified determining the peroxide value and conjugated dienoic acid content. The effect of the CCC extracts on lipid peroxidation in a rat liver homogenate was examined. Formation of lipid peroxides was estimated by the TBA value, and the CCC extracts were found to inhibit the TBA value. Chlorophyll a and b, and carotenoids, Which are the major components in the CCC extracts of Kimchi were isolated on a DEAE-sepharose CL-6B and Sepharose CL-6B column and TLC. The effects of chlorophyll a and b, caroteins on linoleic acid autoxidation were measured by determining the peroxide value. In addition, their effects on free radical scavenging were investigated by DPPH. In this assay, chlorophyll a showed the greatest antioxidative activity followed by chlorophyll b, and carotenoids. MLK contains a sufficient content of chlorophyll a and b, and carotenoid which have strong antioxidative activities.

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Pro-environmental Maintenance and Management of Tour Cave : The Currents, Problems and Alternatives in Korea (관광동굴의 환경친화적 관리 방안에 관한 연구)

  • 유영준;이경호
    • Journal of the Speleological Society of Korea
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    • v.59
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    • pp.21-36
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    • 1999
  • Most scholars calssify caves into natural resource, but caves possess values of natural and human resource, mix up the features of natural resources and human resources. Now, caves are distributed 260 in Korea. Seongryu Cave is showed in 1967 for the first time, till 1997 12 caves is opened to tourist. But since 1996 the 12 show caves of all is not launched the safety and environment-protection check-up adduced reason for IMF. Then caves must maintain environment of the normal temperature, humidity and dark. But the environment of caves are destroyed by tourism development. Thus to maintain environment of caves, it used to consider the counterplan as follows in restraint of the environmental change. Firstly, in case of development work to open caves, it must keep up with the prototype. Secondly, it must establish a freight depositary to prevent the influence of the caves's stain and damage due to tourist's objects. Thirdly, to maintain the normal temperature and humidity, it must install artificial poultice equipment of the inner parts of caves. Fourthly, in order to prevent the occurrence of $CO_2$, it must assessment of the optimum number of the greatest stayer. Fifthly, the control of closure for a given period of time is useful of the restoration to the cave's original state. Sixthly, by means of make narrow entrance, it should not influence the outer's air on the inner parts on caves. Seventhly, to keep the temperature of the inner part of caves, the lightening should be maintained moderately considering the convenience of a tour. Eightly, when water-proof cables for the lightening bulbs are connected each other, silicon tape is suitable and circuit breakers should be installed at the diverging points of the cables. Ninthly, the direction and angle of the lightening must be changed periodically to prevent green-pollution at the lightening spot. Lastly, when facilities and arrangements are equipped, corrosive materials should be excluded if circumstances allow.

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The Impact of Servicescape on Purchasing Behavior : A Case of Baby Goods Exhibition (유아용품 전시박람회의 서비스스케이프가 구매행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Byeong-Cheol
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - The exhibition is one of the critical distribution channels that leads to mass sales of products. Servicescape is considered as an effective means facilitating consumers' purchasing behavior. The objective of this research is to examine the effects of servicescape of the exhibition on consumer's purchasing behavior measured by time spent, the number of consultations, the number of items purchased, and amount of money spent. Research design, data, and methodology - Servicescape was divided into four main components: 'spatial layout/functionality', 'ambient condition', 'design/artifacts', and 'human factor'. Based on previous studies, this study hypothesized that servicescape dimensions first influence consumer's shopping duration and the number of consultations which in turn, affects consumer's actual purchase. A total of 407 samples were collected from attendees in Baby Expo taken place in Kyunggido, South Korea. The data were used to assess overall fit of the proposed model and test hypotheses using structural equation modeling. All the constructs had acceptable levels of composite reliability and convergent and discriminant validity. Results - The results showed that except for 'spatial layout/functionality', all components of servicescape had a significant influence on consumer's shopping duration in the exhibition. Except for 'design/artifacts', other factors of servicescape did not show a significant effect on 'the number of consultations'. Interestingly, 'design/artifacts' exerted a significant negative effect on 'the number of consultations'. As expected, 'time spent' and 'number of consultations' showed significant effects on both 'the number of items purchased' and 'amount of money spent'. Conclusions - The results offer some insights into the effect of servicescape on facilitating consumers' purchasing behavior in the context of the exhibition. Theoretically, this study provides a new type of conceptual framework that verifies the relationships between not only servicescape and purchasing behavior, but also purchasing behavior-related variables. In addition, this study supports the concept of a dark side of servicescape. With regards to practical implications, this study suggests that exhibition organizers should put more efforts in facilitating consumer's desire to stay. More importantly, organizers need to keep in mind that excessive emphasis on 'design/artifacts' to increase consumers' shopping duration can cause a side effect that reduces opportunities for interactions with customers.