• Title, Summary, Keyword: Decision-making Support Program

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Development of sewer condition assessment and rehabilitation decision-making program(SCARD) (하수관거 평가 및 정비 우선순위 의사결정도구 개발)

  • Han, Sangjong;Hwang, Hwankook
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.123-131
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    • 2015
  • A CCTV inspection method has been widely used to assess sewer condition and performance, but Korea lacks a proper decision support system for prioritizing sewer repair and rehabilitation (R&R). The objective of this paper is to introduce the results that we have developed in the Sewer Condition Assessment and Rehabilitation Decision-making (SCARD) Program using MS-EXCEL. The SCARD-Program is based on a standardized defect score for sewer structural and hydraulic assessment. Priorities are ranked based on risk scores, which are calculated by multiplying the sewer severity scores by the environmental impacts. This program is composed of three parts, which are decision-making for sewer condition and performance assessment, decision-making for sewer R&R priority assessment, and decision-making for optimal budget allocation. The SCARD-Program is useful for decision-makers, as it enables them to assess the sewer condition and to prioritize sewer R&R within the limited annual budget. In the future, this program logic will applied to the GIS-based sewer asset management system in local governments.

Development of a Decision Support Computer Program for Pain Management in Institutionalized Patients with Dementia (노인요양시설에서의 치매환자 통증관리를 위한 컴퓨터 의사결정지원시스템 개발)

  • Chang, Sung-Ok;Lim, Se-Hyun;Lee, Su-Jung;Kim, Mi-So
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.116-129
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a computer decision making support system that enables nurses to utilize the computer in selecting the best decision for pain management for patients with dementia institutionalized in nursing homes. Methods: To formulate the protocol for the management of patients' pain, the researcher analyzed content of interviews with 30 nurses in three nursing homes and an expert group. A decision support computer program was formalized based on existing protocols. To evaluate the effectiveness and applicability of the system, analysis of data on patient pain management and nurse satisfaction with the system were done after the formalized decision support computer program was complete. Results: The decision support computer program for pain management for institutionalized patients with dementia was finalized after adjustments following the evaluation. Nurse satisfaction with the program was moderate. It also provided opportunity to reassess thinking about pain and pain management. Conclusions: The results indicate that this program provides nurses with useful knowledge for pain management in institutionalized patients with dementia and aids in decision making in nursing practice in nursing home.

Hydraulic analysis of design alternatives to improve an industrial water distribution system (공업용수 배수관망시스템을 개선하기 위한 설계 대안의 수리해석)

  • Lim, Seong-Rin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2015
  • A CCTV inspection method has been widely used to assess sewer condition and performance, but Korea lacks a proper decision support system for prioritizing sewer repair and rehabilitation (R&R). The objective of this paper is to introduce the results that we have developed in the Sewer Condition Assessment and Rehabilitation Decision-making (SCARD) Program using MS-EXCEL. The SCARD-Program is based on a standardized defect score for sewer structural and hydraulic assessment. Priorities are ranked based on risk scores, which are calculated by multiplying the sewer severity scores by the environmental impacts. This program is composed of three parts, which are decision-making for sewer condition and performance assessment, decision-making for sewer R&R priority assessment, and decision-making for optimal budget allocation. The SCARD-Program is useful for decision-makers, as it enables them to assess the sewer condition and to prioritize sewer R&R within the limited annual budget. In the future, this program logic will applied to the GIS-based sewer asset management system in local governments.

The Moderating Effects of Self-Esteem on the Link between Social Support and Career Decision-Making Level of Youth in Residential Care (시설보호청소년의 사회적 지지와 진로결정수준과의 관계에 대한 자아존중감의 조절효과 검증)

  • Park, Eun-Mie;Jang, Sin-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.111-119
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effect of self esteem on the link between social support(e.g. from family, friends and significant others) and career decision-making level of youth in residential care. Data for this study were collected from 14 nationwide institutions between June 10th to June 20th, 2008. Selfreporting surveys were employed to gather information from 412 sources within these institutions. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS program(12.0). The results were as follows: Stepwise multiple regression showed that self-esteem could be used to predict career decision-making level($\beta$ = -.262, p < .001). Furthermore, self-esteem had a moderating effect on the relationship between social support and career decision-making level($\beta$ = -.749, p < .001). Specifically, self-esteem and the scale of social support from family, friedns or significant others had a moderating effect on career decision-making level($\beta$ = - .118, p < .001). The implication of these findings on career decision-making intervention of youth in residential care and future research priorities are discussed.

Make-or-buy Decision Model Using Fuzzy-AHP Method for School Foodservice System

  • Hwang, Heung-Suk;Ko, Wen-Hwa
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.121-129
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    • 2007
  • Recently a multi-attribute structure analysis method is one of the evident areas of important points in the decision support system analysis. This research developed an internet/intranet-based solution builder for a three-step decision support system using fuzzy-AHP in the view of 1) brainstorming far the idea generation, 2) fuzzy-AHP (fuzzy analytic hierarchy process) as a multi-attribute structured analysis method and 3) aggregation logic model to integrate the results of individual analysis. We applied this decision support system to the make-or-buy decision problem for school foodservice system considering the multi-attributes in the decision making. A computer program is developed and demonstrated it internet/intranet-based decision problem. It was known that this solution builder provides decision makers a good tool for mate-of-buy group decision making.

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The Effects of Social Support and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy on Career Maturity among Adolescents (청소년이 지각한 사회적지지, 진로결정 자기효능감이 진로성숙도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jae-Hee;Lee, Ji-Min
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.77-87
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of social support and, career decision-making self-efficacy on career maturity of adolescents of different gender and grades. Further, it aims to provide basic information for career maturity to create career educational program for adolescents. The participants of the study were 447 middle and high school students who were selected from second grade of five schools in Daegu. All participants were tested on social support, career decision-making self-efficacy and career maturity scale. The results were analyzed using two-way ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation Analysis, Regression Analysis with SPSS 18.0. The results of the present research are summarized as follows: first, the results of the ANOVA subscales revealed that there were significant gender and grade main effects and interaction effects of social support, career decision-making self-efficacy and career maturity. Second, the results of the correlation analysis among of the social support, career decision-making self-efficacy and career maturity showed a positive and negative correlation. Third, in terms of the influence of social support, career decision-making self-efficacy had a significant meaningful influence on career maturity. The results of this study can be used as a fundamental reference in career counseling at school for enhancing adolescent's career development and success.

A study on the determinants of job stress responses of the staff nurses (일반 간호사의 직무 스트레스 반응에 대한 결정 요인)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hee;Park, Sung-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.217-232
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : This paper was attempted to identify the job stress related factors among the staff nurses and to provide the basic data concerning development of stress management program focused on hospitals. Method : The subjects were 309 staff nurses at two general hospitals in Seoul. Data were collected with self-reported questionnaires and analyzed by SPSS-PC+10.0 for descriptive analysis, ANOVA, stepwise multiple regression, factor analysis. Results : The subjects exhibit significantly highest level of 'the participation in decision making factor'. The mean score of 'control coping strategies' was higher than 'avoid coping strategies'. The mean scores of social support and stress responses were high. The main factor that affected the stress responses was 'the job characteristic factor' and it was explained 23.0% out of the total variance of the stress responses. Also, it would be explained 42.6% out of the total variance of the stress responses with 'the control coping strategies, work overload factors, social support, and participation in decision making factors'. Conclusion: For developing the hospital- focused stress management program for staff nurses, 'the participation in decision making factors' and 'the job characteristics' should be considered. Also, the organizational efforts and supports should be required to support and use of 'control coping strategies' of nurses

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The Effects of Social Support and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy on Job-Seeking Stress among Nursing Students (간호학생의 사회적 지지, 진로결정 자기효능감이 취업스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Hyun-Jung;Lee, Jeong-Hwa
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.9
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    • pp.62-70
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree of social support, career decision-making self-efficacy, and Job-Seeking Stress of nursing students, and identify influencing factors of Job-Seeking Stress. A convenience sample of 228 nursing students was conducted from in three departments of nursing. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis using IBM SPSS 21.0 program. The higher the social support and career decision self-efficacy, the lower the Job-Seeking Stress. The factors influencing Job-Seeking Stress were social support, first hope career, job readiness, career decision-making self-efficacy, and the explanatory power of these variables for Job-Seeking Stress was 19%. Therefore, in order to prevent, cope with, and mitigate the Job-Seeking Stress of nursing students, it is necessary to develop and apply differentiated Career education programs to increase social support and career decision-making self-efficacy.

Effect of Career Decision-making Self-efficacy and Career Identity by Health Science College Students on Job Preparation Behavior (일부 보건계열 대학생들의 진로결정자기효능감 및 진로정체감이 취업준비행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Sung-Suk;Noh, Hie-Jin;Mun, So-Jung
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.45-59
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: This study is designed to evaluate the influential factors of career decision-making self-efficacy and career identity by health science college students on their job preparation beaviors. Methods: The total 714 questionnaires were distributed to juniors and seniors of health science college, and the result was statistically analyzed through IBM SPSS statistics 20.0. Results: 1. There was no significant difference of job preparation behavior between male students and female students, and while seniors showed highly active job preparation behaviors, those who had high satisfaction level toward their major studies, high academic achievement, and outgoing personality had highly active job preparation behaviors. 2. Students with high satisfaction level toward their major studies, high academic achievement, outgoing personality, and high expected salaries showed high career decision-making self-efficacy level. 3. Students with high satisfaction level toward their major studies, high academic achievement and highly outgoing personality showed high level of career identity. 4. Subsidiary factors of career decision-making self-efficacy were collection of job information, goal setting, planning, and self-assessment, and all of them showed correlation with job preparation behaviors. 5. Among subsidiary factors of career decision-making self-efficacy, "self-understanding" and understanding of job information showed correlation with job preparation behaviors. Conclusion: For improvement on career decision-making self-efficacy and career identity of health science college students, individual support, psychological support, educational support and other supports regarding job employment to provide wide paths and methods for job preparation behaviors are essential, and through various job employment education program and graded counseling, job preparation behaviors shall be promoted as a great strategy.

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Development of a Web-Based Solution Builder for Three-Step Decision Support System

  • Hwang, Heung-Suk
    • Industrial Engineering and Management Systems
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.58-63
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    • 2002
  • Recently a new multi-attribute analysis method is one of the evident areas of important points in the decision support system analysis. The area of decision support system may be broken into three primary area: idea generation, multi-attribute structured analysis method, and the integration of the results of analysis. This research developed an internet/intranet-based solution builder for a three-step decision support system in the view of 1) brainstorming for the idea generation, 2) analytic hierarchy process as a multi-attribute structured analysis method and 3) aggregating logic model to integrate the results of individual analysis. A computer program is developed and demonstrated in internet/intranet-based decision problem. This solution builder provides decision makers a good tool for remote group decision making.