• Title, Summary, Keyword: Decomposition behavior

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Local minimization behavior of weighted kinematically decoupled joint space decomposition for redundant manipulators

  • Park, Jonghoon;Chung, Wan-Kyun;Youm, Youngil
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 1996
  • Kinematically redundant manipulators have been studied because of its usefulness of kinematic redundancy. It is natural that the kinematic redundancy induces a kind of control redundancy. By using the weighted kinematically decoupled joint space decomposition, we unify the control redundancy and the kinematic redundancy parameterized by the joint space weighting matrix. Concentrating to the particular component of each decomposition, we can describe the local minimization behavior of the control weighted quadratic by each weighted decomposition. The result extends the conventional results on general setting, and should be of interest in understanding the motion behavior of kinematically redundant manipulators.

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Alkali Decomposition Behavior of Poly(ethylene naphtalate) (폴리에틸렌나프탈레이트의 알칼리 분해거동)

  • 이준정;윤지영;김준호
    • Textile Science and Engineering
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    • v.36 no.8
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    • pp.632-638
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    • 1999
  • Alkali decomposition reaction of PEN was studied in ethylene glycol (EG), alcohols and mixed media of EG and ethereal solvents such as diethylene glycol (DEG), triethylene glycol (TEG) and ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (EGMBE). alkali decomposition reaction of PEN in EG medium proceeds via two stage, a fast initial stage and a slow second stage. And there are some induction periods in the initial stage. The alkali decomposition of PEN in alcohol medium is not effective because treatment temperatures higher than the boiling point of the alcohol cannot be used. KOH is more effective than NaOH in alkali decomposition PEN, but the difference is not so much. The ethereal solvents accelerate the rate of decomposition in the order. EG

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Thermal Decomposition Behavior and Durability Evaluation of Thermotropic Liquid Crystalline Polymers

  • Shin, Sang-Mi;Kim, Seong-Hun;Song, Jun-Kwang
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.149-155
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    • 2009
  • The thermal decomposition behavior and degradation characteristics off our different thermotropic liquid crystalline polymers (TLCPs) were studied. The thermal decomposition behavior was determined by means of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) at different heating rates in nitrogen and air. The order of the thermal stability was as follows: multi-aromatic polyester > hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA)/hydroxynaphthoic acid (HNA) copolyester > HNA/hydroxyl acetaniline (HAA)/terephthalic acid (TA) copolyester > HBA/Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) copolyester. The activation energies of the thermal degradation were calculated by four multiple heating rate methods: Flynn-Wall, Friedman, Kissinger, and Kim-Park. The Flynn-Wall and Kim-Park methods were the most suitable methods to calculate the activation energy. Samples were exposed to an accelerated degradation test (ADT), under fixed conditions of heat ($63{\pm}3^{\circ}C$), humidity ($30{\pm}4%$) and Xenon arc radiation ($1.10\;W/m^2$), and the changes in surface morphology and color difference with time were determined. The TLCPs decomposed, discolored and cracked upon exposure to ultraviolet radiation.

Generalized Cross Decomposition Algorithm for Large Scale Optimization Problems with Applications (대규모 최적화 문제의 일반화된 교차 분할 알고리듬과 응용)

  • Choi, Gyung-Hyun;Kwak, Ho-Mahn
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.117-127
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, we propose a new convex combination weight rule for the cross decomposition method which is known to be one of the most reliable and promising strategies for the large scale optimization problems. It is called generalized cross decomposition, a modification of linear mean value cross decomposition for specially structured linear programming problems. This scheme puts more weights on the recent subproblem solutions other than the average. With this strategy, we are having more room for selecting convex combination weights depending on the problem structure and the convergence behavior, and then, we may choose a rule for either faster convergence for getting quick bounds or more accurate solution. Also, we can improve the slow end-tail behavior by using some combined rules. Also, we provide some computational test results that show the superiority of this strategy to the mean value cross decomposition in computational time and the quality of bounds.

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The Pressure Dependence of the Rate Constant for the t-Butoxy Radical Decomposition Reaction

  • Park, Jung-Mee;Song, Nam-Woong;Choo, Kwang-Yul
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.343-347
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    • 1990
  • A thermal decomposition of the tert-butoxy radical has been studied in the gas phase over the pressure range of 1-200 torr at $413_{\circ}K$ using di-tert-butyl peroxide + trimethylsilane mixtures. The relative rate constants were obtained by studying the competitive reactions between tert-butoxy radical decomposition 4(t-BuO·→ CH_3COCH_3 + CH_3·)$ and hydrogen abstraction reaction from trimethylsilane $(t-BuO·+ HSi(CH_3)_3 → t-BuOH + Si(CH_3)_3)·).$ The conventional RRKM calculations were carried out to compare the observed fall-off behavior of the decomposition rate constant $({\kappa}_d)$ with the theoretical predictions using reasonable values of input parameters. In all cases the calculated half-rate pressure $(P_{1/2})$ were significantly higher than those observed. The failure of RRKM to reproduce the fall-off behavior led us to suggest that not all of vibrational modes contribute to excitation (leading to decomposition) on the same time scale.

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Long -Term Settlement Behavior of Landfills with Consideration of Refuse Decomposition (분해가 고려된 쓰레기 매립지의 장기 침하 거동)

  • Park, Hyeon-Il;Lee, Seung-Rae;Go, Gwang-Hun
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.5-14
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    • 1998
  • In refuse landfill, long-term settlement is considerably dependent upon the biological decomposition of refuse which is distinguished from typical soil behavior. Two equations are combined in order to model long-term settlement behavior of refuse landfill caused by mechanical secondary compression and secondary compression caused by the decomposition of biolegradable refuse. It is suggested that mechanical secondary compression is linear with respcet to the logarithm of time. In order to estimate the settlement that occurs due. to the decomposition of biodegradable refuse, a mathematical model is used which theoretically conoiders the decomposition process related to the solubilization stage of biodegradable refuse solid. This model is based on hydrolysis process and expressed as first order kinetics. The proposed model is applied to Lysimeter compression data of an old refuse. This paper intends to propose the simplest mathematical model which effectively represents settlement caused by the solubilization stage of biodegradable refuse solid on decomposition process.

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The Behavior of Chlorobenzenes and Chlorophenols in Fly Ash by Thermal Treatment (소각잔사 중에 함유된 클로로벤젠과 클로로페놀의 열분해 거동)

  • Sim, Yeong-Suk;Lee, U-Geun;Kim, Jin-Beom
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.293-302
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to investigate the behavior of chlorobenzenes (CIBZS) and chlorophenols (CIPhs) in a thermally treated MSWI fly ash. The experiment was carried out in a fixed bed reactor at the temperature range of 300~$600^{\circ}C$. Reaction time range was between 30 and 120 minutes, and NB and 02 gases were used as carrier gas. The decomposition rate of CIBZS was more affected by reaction time than by the reaction temperature. The decomposition rate of CIPhs was affected by both parameters. Decomposition rate of CIBZS and CIPhs reached 80.4% and 96.6% at $600^{\circ}C$, 120 min, respectively. Considering the effect of O2 content, decomposition rate of CIBZS and CIPhs was the highest at 10% of O2 content. Declorination and decomposition reactions Pere investigated by analyzing homologue distribution. Higher chlorinated CIBZS and CIPhs homologue decreased but lower chlorinated compounds increased with the increase of temperature. Effect of O2 on the homologue distribution of these compounds was not clear in the range of our experiment conditions.

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Investigation on Behavior of HAN-based Propellant Droplet at High Temperature (고온에서 HAN 계열 추진제 액적의 거동에 대한 연구)

  • Hwang, Chang Hwan;Baek, Seung Wook;Han, Cho Young;Kim, Su Kyum;Jeon, Hyung Yeol
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.329-332
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    • 2012
  • The droplet behavior of 83.9 wt.% HAN water solution was investigated experimentally with various ambient temperature and nitrogen environment. At the initial stage of evaporation under thermal decomposition temperature of HAN, gradual decreasing of droplet diameter was observed. After that, the droplet started to expand due to the internal pressure build up by water nucleation inside the droplet. The micro explosion was observed at higher temperature than the decomposition temperature of HAN and the remaining droplet showed similar behavior of single composition droplet. The decreasing rate was augmented as the ambient temperature increasing.

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Effects of Ar-Plasma Treatment in Alkali-Decomposition of Poly(ethylene terephthalate)

  • Seo, Eun-Deock
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.387-392
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    • 2003
  • The ablation effects of Ar-plasma treatment and alkali-decomposition behavior in NaOH solution of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film were investigated. The modifications were evaluated by analysis of atomic force microscopy topographical changes, and by the measurement of decomposition yield in conjunction with heats of formation and electron densities of acyl carbon calculated by Parameterization Method 3 method. It has shown that the alkali-decomposition is hampered by plasma treatment and its decomposition yield is closely related with plasma treatment conditions such as exposure time to plasma. Plasma-treated PET films exhibited lower decomposition yield, compared to that of virgin PET. Increasing plasma exposure time contributes positively to decrease the decomposition yield. It has also shown that the topography of PET surface was affected by the base-promoted hydrolysis as well as Ar-plasma treatments. These behaviors are attributed to the decreased nucleophilicity of acyl carbon damaged by the ablation of Ar-plasma.

Effect of Decomposition Product on the Insulation Characteristics of Mineral Oil as Insulation Medium of Distribution Transformer (주상변압기의 절연매질인 광유의 절연파괴특성에서 분해생성물의 영향)

  • Lim, Dong-Young;Park, Sung-Gyn;Park, Cheol-Ho;Kim, Ki-Chai;Lee, Kwang-Sik;Choi, Eun-Hyeok
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.52-59
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    • 2014
  • This paper deals with the effect of decomposition products which occur in breakdown of mineral oil, on the insulation characteristics of its oil. Breakdown tests in the oil were conducted by the proposed experimental methods under a quasi-uniform field and AC HV (60Hz). The breakdown voltage in the oil shows characteristics of dispersion from successive breakdowns and, it is found that there are three patterns of the decomposition products behavior at the process of breakdown progress in the oil. Finally, the breakdown voltage dispersion in the oil can be described in detail based on the behavior patterns of the decomposition products and its diffusion time.