• Title, Summary, Keyword: Defect

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Sequential Defect Region Segmentation according to Defect Possibility in TFT-LCD Image (TFT-LCD영상에서 결함 가능성에 따른 순차적 결함영역 분할)

  • Chang, Chung Hwan;Lee, SeungMin;Park, Kil-Houm
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.633-640
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    • 2020
  • Defect region segmentation of TFT-LCD images is performed by combining defect pixels detected by a defect detection method into defect region, or by using morphological operations to segment defect region. Therefore, the result of segmentation of the defect region is highly dependent on the defect detection result. In this paper, we propose a method which segments defect regions sequentially according to the possibility of being included in defect regions in TFT-LCD images. The proposed method repeats the process of detecting a seed using the median value and the median absolute deviation of the image, and segments the defect region using the seeded region growing method. We confirmed the superiority of the proposed method to segment defect regions using pseudo-images and real TFT-LCD images.

Effect of Small Surface Defects in the Starting Material on Product Quality after Drawing (원소재의 미소 표면결함이 인발공정에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, C.H.;Lee, I.K.;Lee, J.K.;Joun, M.S.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.159-163
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    • 2014
  • In the current study, the effect of small surface defects in the starting material including roughness, indentations, or scratches, which are perpendicular to the direction of drawing, on the product quality is investigated using the finite element method. An axisymmetric defect is assumed. Such defects are defined by a cylindrical defect area and two tapered regions connecting the defect area to the non-defective area of the material. Various conditions for these initial surface defects are considered, including defect depth, defect slope and defect length. To describe the plastic deformation of the defect in detail during the simulation, local remeshing is applied. Based on the finite element results, defect disappearance maps were generated. It was found that defect disappearance is significantly dependent on the defect depth and the defect length coupled with the defect slope.

The Defect Diagnosis Process Model Utilizing BPMN Modeling Method in the Apartment Housing (BPMN 모델링 방식을 활용한 공동주택 하자진단 업무프로세스 모델)

  • Jung, Ryeo-Won;Kim, Kyung-Hwan;Lee, Jeong-Seok;Kim, Jae-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.67-79
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    • 2015
  • As the Korean construction market in the apartment housing has changed to a housing consumer focused market, interest and importance on efficient use and management on existing buildings has increased rather than demand for new buildings. Interest of housing consumers on apartment house quality has increased in this market paradigm, and this spontaneously is connected to quality flaw related defect disputes and lawsuits that the importance of defect diagnosis has continuously increased. This defect diagnosis is directly connected to maintenance charges in defect dispute and lawsuit processes that rather objective and highly credible progress of duty is required. However, most defect diagnosis firms today that progress defect diagnosis are using different diagnosis methods and depend on the experience of experienced professionals that there is no standardized defect diagnosis process. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to provide common defect diagnosis process model for defect diagnosis firms utilizing the BPMN (Business Process Modeling Notation) modeling method. It is expected that this will contribute to professional and reliable task performances of concerned defect diagnosis workers. Furthermore, it is expected that design lawsuit damage will be substantially reduced by standardizing defect diagnosis processes.

A Study on Proper Location of Welding Defect in Three Point Bend Testing with MDPE Pipe

  • Lai, Huan Sheng;Yoon, Kee Bong;Kil, Seong Hee
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2015
  • Welding defects affect the performance of welded pipe joints. In this study, a three point bend test of welded steel and medium density polyethylene (MDPE) pipe joints with defects of various defect locations and defect materials was studied using the finite element method. The defect was assumed to be located at 12 o'clock, 3 o'clock or 6 o'clock direction. The results showed that pipes failed more easily on the compression side due to stress or local buckling. The air defect was more dangerous than the steel defect if the defect was located in the compression side; otherwise, the defect material effect on the integrity of pipes was ignorable. It is argued that the integrity of pipes with defects in the compression side is weaker than that in other regions, and the defect should be located in the compression side or the 12 o'clock position in the three point bend test to maximize the effect of defect existence on the pipe structural integrity.

TFT-LCD Defect Blob Detection based on Sequential Defect Detection Method (순차적 결함 검출 방법에 기반한 TFT-LCD 결함 영역 검출)

  • Lee, Eunyoung;Park, Kil-Houm
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.73-83
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    • 2015
  • This paper proposes a TFT-LCD defect blob detection algorithm using the sequential defect detection method. First, for every pixel, a defect possibility is determined by the intensity difference and the defect candidates are detected according to the sequential defect detection method. For detected candidate pixels, the defect probability that indicates a potential included in the defect according to the each step. By applying the morphological operation, blobs are comprised of the detected candidates and the defect blobs are detected using the defect possibility of blobs. The validity of the proposed method was demonstrated a simulated image and also then it was tested a real TFT-LCD image. By the experimental results, the proposed method is very effective in TFT-LCD detect detection.

Defect Severity-based Defect Prediction Model using CL

  • Lee, Na-Young;Kwon, Ki-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.23 no.9
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    • pp.81-86
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    • 2018
  • Software defect severity is very important in projects with limited historical data or new projects. But general software defect prediction is very difficult to collect the label information of the training set and cross-project defect prediction must have a lot of data. In this paper, an unclassified data set with defect severity is clustered according to the distribution ratio. And defect severity-based prediction model is proposed by way of labeling. Proposed model is applied CLAMI in JM1, PC4 with the least ambiguity of defect severity-based NASA dataset. And it is evaluated the value of ACC compared to original data. In this study experiment result, proposed model is improved JM1 0.15 (15%), PC4 0.12(12%) than existing defect severity-based prediction models.

Trigger design to software defect analysis (소프트웨어 결함 분석을 위한 트리거 설계)

  • Lee, Eun-Seo;Lee, Kyung-Whan
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartD
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    • v.10D no.4
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    • pp.709-718
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    • 2003
  • This research introduces defect and its causes that happen on software development. Based on defect cause analysis, we understand associated relation between defects and them design defect trigger. So, when we achieve similar project, we can forecast defect and prepare to solve defect by using defect trigger.

The effect of the surface defect from micro-hole for fatigue strength (피로강도에 대한 표면미소 결함의 영향)

  • 오환섭
    • Journal of the korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 1989
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of defect on fatigue strength under the stress of rotary bending. The specimens were made of low carbon steel having artificial microholes, namely, single micro-hole and two adjacent micro-holes as natural defects, and the effects of the diameter of hole and the distance between the holes on fatigue strength have been investigated. The obtained result can be summarized as follows: 1, The critical defect means the largest size of defect that does not affect fatigue limit, and correspondes to the size of defect leading to final fracture under fatigue limit of smooth specimen. The size of defect which has an effect on fatigue limit is larger than that of critical defect. 2, The defect larger than the critical defect affects fatigue strength for as a kind of size effect, and the physical meaning of size effect of defect is considered same as the one of notch effect.

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A study on management and judgement of defect-repair in private housing construction company (민간 주택건설회사의 하자보수에 대한 인식 및 실태에 관한 연구)

  • 윤정숙
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study is to suggest a defect-repair management and judgement of apartment housing for the private housing construction company. The objectives are : 1) to investigate how the defect-repair were managed and 2) to suggest the range, period of defect-repair and the proper managial size of housing company. Data were collected by the interviews from the heads of management departments of housing construction companies. Twenty-one companies selected were divided into three groups according to the amount of housing supply. Major result were as follows : 1) departments of defect-repair in housing construction company are divided into sub-system according to the size of housing supply. 2) the judgement of the range and period of defect-repair are extracted. They are, according to the order of their importance, constructional defect, functional defect, aesthetical defect and the defect in use.

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A Study on the Artificial Defect Sensitivity of Fatigue Limit in Austempered Ductile Iron (오스템퍼링처리한 구상흑연주철에서 인공결함에 대한 피로한도 민감도에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, M.G.;Kim, J.H.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Heat Treatment
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.215-220
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    • 1999
  • Rotary bending fatigue tests were carried out to investigate the artificial defect sensitivity of fatigue limit in annealed and austempered ductile irons. Artificial defect(hole, diameter${\leq}0.4mm$) machined on specimen surface did not bring about an obvious reduction of fatigue limit in austempered ductile iron as compared with annealed. As a result of investigation on $\sqrt{area}$ c which is the critical artificial defect size. $\sqrt{area}$ c of austempered ductile iron is larger than that of annealed. This means that the crack initiation at artificial defect in austempered ductile iron is more difficult in comparison with annealed. In case that the $\sqrt{area}$ c of artificial defect and graphite nodule are same, the rate of crack initiation for graphite nodule is higher than that of artificial defect.

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