• Title, Summary, Keyword: Deflector

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Tandem Light Deflector Operated by Electrowetting (전기습윤으로 구동하는 이중 광원 조향장치)

  • Song, Hyeonseok;Won, Jung Min;Chung, Sang Kug
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.38-43
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    • 2020
  • This paper presents a new type of electrowetting driven tandem light deflector for high performance optical application. To steer an incident light, the proposed light deflector deforms the fluid interface using electrowetting actuation. The performance of the light deflector was experimentally verified by using a prototype of the proposed light deflector. Single and tandem light deflectors were separately prepared using microfabrication processes. The optical tests of the deflectors were conducted using a laser light. The proposed tandem light deflector obtained a 45° beam steering angle with a 5.3° deflection angle while a single light deflector was required for a 10.9° deflection angle to obtain the same beam steering angle. The proposed tandem light deflector with high optical capability can be applied to various optical applications from camera modules in mobile smart devices to advanced future optical systems.

Study of Flow Characteristics behind a Sunroof Wind Deflector for Wind Noise Reduction (바람소리 저감을 위한 선루프 디플렉터 주위의 유동에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Dug-Young;Yoon, Jong-Hwan;Shin, Jae-Hyuk;Kim, Sang-Kon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.182-189
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    • 2009
  • The noise from the sunroof can be divided into the low frequency buffeting noise and the high frequency turbulence noise generated when a car runs at the high driving speed. The wind deflector suppresses the buffeting noise generation by accelerating the vortex shedding from the front edge of sunroof opening, and guides the flow direction so that air can pass smoothly over the sunroof opening. To reduce the buffeting noise and the high frequency noise, it is very important to locate a deflector in a proper position depending on the driving speed and the sunroof opening width. The deflector's sectional shape also plays an important role in efficiently reducing the buffeting and high frequency noise. In this paper, we determined the optimum deflector's sectional shape and examined the flow characteristics behind a sunroof deflector through CFD analysis with changing the deflector height, the driving speed and the sunroof opening width. It is found that the deflector needs to be located in the higher location to control the buffeting noise by shedding the higher frequency vortices to accelerating vortices from the sunroof front edge. The deflector may act as a new noise source at the high driving speed, then it is desirable to put the deflector at the proper height to reduce the flow fluctuations and the noise generation. We also made a road test to verify CFD analysis results in this study.

Flow Computation over KSR-III Flume Deflector (KSR-III 화염 편향기의 유동해석)

  • Choi S. W.;Kim I. S.
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 2001
  • Flow computations have been conducted to study the impingement flowfield over the KSR-III flume deflector To validate Euler solver for the jet impingement flowfieid, the jet flow over a double wedge deflector have been calculated and showed reasonable agreement with experimental data. The transient flow behavior of flume over deflector have been investigated and the flume from the rocket nozzle proved to be getting out of the deflector safely and the thermal effect on the base region of rocket was not considerable.

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A New Miniaturized Electron-Beam deflector for Microcolumn (Microcolumn 을 위한 새로운 개념의 초소형 전자빔 deflector)

  • Han, Chang-Ho;Kim, Hak;Chun, Kuk-Jin
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.1037-1040
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    • 2003
  • 본 논문에서는 microcolumn 을 위한 초소형 전자빔 deflector 의 제작방법과 microcolumn array 에서 deflector 의 외부 패드를 최소화 할 수 있는 새로운 배선방법을 기술하였다. 배선의 통로 및 절연체 역할을 하는 Pyrex glass 의 양쪽에 각각 실리콘 웨이퍼의 양극접합 및 deep reactive ion etching(DRIE)과 금속 전기 도금을 이용하여 다층배선을 하였다. 이 배선방법을 이용하면 microcolumn array 가 수백개가 되더라도 deflector 의 외부 패드는 항상 8개를 유지할 수 있다.

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Wind Deflector Design of Spoiler Sunroof by Boundary Theory (경계층 이론에 의한 스포일러 선루프의 윈드 디플렉터 설계)

  • Cho, Hyun-Deog
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2006
  • Sunroof is getting widely used in automobiles since it maintains, compare to window, better air circulation as well as less noise while driving in high speed. In this study, we consider an electronic control type spoiler sunroof which slides backward after tilting a rear part of a glass. Installing a wind deflector on the sunroof reduces noise much more effectively. The height of the wind deflector is designed using a boundary theory related to incompressible air layer. The developed wind deflector is investigated experimentally by measuring a wind noise. When the height of the wind deflector is designed by a fixed type, the sunroof maintains a very quiet interior noise over a certain driving speed, nevertheless it produces relatively loud noise in low driving speed.

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Analysis of flow characteristics around the sunroof opening variation with sunroof deflector angle (썬루프 디플렉터 각도에 따른 썬루프 개구부 주변 유동 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Sung Won;Shin, Seongryong;Choi, Eui Sung;Yi, Juwan
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.285-291
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    • 2018
  • In the present study, flow characteristics and wind noises around the sunroof opening are analyzed variation with panoramic sunroof deflector angle. A mesh deflector is attached to reduce wind noise while a car is driving with the panoramic sunroof opening. A new forward inclined type deflector was invented to improve wind noise. The effect of this new concept of mesh deflector on the open-panoramic flow characteristics and wind noises were studied with CAT (Computer Aided Test) and wind tunnel test, which shows the reduction of open-panoramic wind noises such as sunroof buffeting, sunroof booming, and turbulent noise. Therefore, the forward inclined type deflector can efficiently improve wind noise with the same production cost.

A Study on the Analysis for Development of a Deflector Type Miniature Ball Screw (초소형 디플렉터 타입 볼스크류 개발을 위한 해석에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Choon-Man;Moon, Sung-Ho;Lee, Young-Hun;Kim, Jun-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.33 no.12
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    • pp.979-984
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    • 2016
  • Recently, ball screws have been used in machine tools, robot parts, and medical instruments. The demand for ball screws of high precision and reduced size is increasing because of the growth of high value-added industries. Three types of ball screws are typically used: deflector type, end-cap type, and tube type. They are also classified from C0 to C9 according to the precision level. A deflector type ball screw can reduce the variation of rotational torque and the size of the nut of the ball screw is minimized. To ensure the reliable design of ball screws, it is important to perform a structural analysis. The purpose of this study is to perform a stability evaluation through analysis of a deflector type miniature ball screw for weapon systems. The analysis is performed through Finite Elements Method (FEM) simulation to predict characteristics such as deformation, stress, and thermal effects. The interference between the shaft and the deflector for smooth rotation are also studied. Based on the results of the analysis, the development of the deflector type miniature ball screw for weapon systems is performed.

Development of an Advanced Oil Deflector Used in Thermoelectric Power Plant (화력발전소에 사용되는 개선된 오일 디플렉터 개발)

  • Choi, Yong Hoon;Kwak, Hyo Seo;Lee, Chang Ryeol;Kim, Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.33 no.8
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    • pp.661-668
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    • 2016
  • Oil deflector prevents oil leakage that occurs in thermoelectric power plant at operating lubricant facilities. Vibration of rotating rotor-induced wear of aluminum tooth in existing oil deflector leads to oil leakage as well as life shortening of the tooth. In this study, an advanced oil deflector was developed for shock absorption and prevention of wear by decreasing clearance (from 0.5 mm to 0.2 mm) between rotor and tooth to minimize oil leakage, and by replacing 2 aluminum teeth in outmost of the oil deflector with hi-performance seal made of engineering plastic. The CFD results were compared between advanced vs. existing oil deflector to determine the amount of oil loss. Structural safety was verified through impact analyses according to the three kinds of engineering plastics, considering cost efficiency, and optimal material of hi-performance seal was chosen.

Numerical Investigation of Serration Effect on the Helmholtz Resonance (헬름홀츠 공진에서 톱니 효과에 대한 수치적 연구)

  • Lee, Seungsoo;Jeon, Minu;Lee, Soogab
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 2016
  • The flow-excited Helmholtz resonance phenomenon was investigated numerically using Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes approach. The fundamental cause of the Helmholtz resonance phenomenon is known as shedding of a single discrete vortex from orifice edge that travels during one period of the oscillation. In this study, serrated deflector, which is biomimetic design of the owl's feather, is used to split a single vortex into small vortices. Rectangular deflector and serrated deflector are compared with numerical results of pressure and streamline inside the cavity. Consequently, the serration breaks the shedding period of vortex core and eliminates the resonance. Also, it changes the flow pattern in according to the location of different serration height. By making inflows and outflows occur simultaneously in spanwise direction in the cavity, the period of Helmholtz resonance disappears. Comparing between rectangular deflector and serrated deflector, the serrated deflector can deal with the Helmholtz resonance more effectively.

Fabrication of deflector integrated laser diodes and light deflection (광 편향기 집적 레이저 다이오드의 제작 및 광의 편향)

  • 김강호;권오기;김종회;김현수;심은덕;오광룡;김석원
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.171-176
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    • 2004
  • A light deflector integrated laser diode(LD) was fabricated and the characteristics of LD and ourput beam deflection as a function of deflector injection current were measured. To integrate the deflector with LD, a passive waveguide was integrated with the LD and a triangular-type light deflector was fabricated on the upper clad of the passive waveguide section. Light deflection from the fabricated light deflector is controlled by the effective refractive index variation induced by carrier injection. To characterize the effect of the deflector injection current, threshold current, slope efficiency, and output beam spectrum were measured as a function of deflector injection current. From these measured data, the increment in the threshold current and the decrement of the slope efficiency were observed. However, the output beam spectrum was not affected by the deflector. The Beam Propagation Method(BPM) was used to simulate the proposed device and the light deflection was measured by the far-field pattern of the output beam as a function of the deflector injection current. In the fabricated deflector integrated LD, the deflection angle of 1.9$^{\circ}$ at the injection current of 15 ㎃ was obtained.