• Title, Summary, Keyword: Delinquency

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The Effects of Attachment, Self-Esteem and Impulse Control on Adolescent Delinquency (청소년의 애착, 자아존중감 및 충동통제가 비행에 미치는 영향)

  • 이경님
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.8
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    • pp.191-206
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of adolescent attachment to mothers and peers, self-esteem and impulse control on delinquency. The subjects were 624 eighth and eleventh grade students in Busan. The subjects rated themselves on questionnaires regarding attachment to mothers and peers, self-esteem, impulse control and latent delinquency. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) Male adolescent delinquency increased with grade. But no grade difference was found in female adolescent delinquency. And male adolescent had more delinquency than female adolescent. 2) Grade had a direct and indirect effect through attachment to peers and impulse control on male adolescent delinquency and was the first positive contribution factor. Impulse control had a direct negative effect on male adolescent delinquency. Attachment to mothers had an indirect negative effect through self-esteem on male adolescent delinquency. Attachment to peers had an indirect negative effect through self-esteem and impulse control on male adolescent delinquency. Self-esteem had an indirect negative effect through impulse control on male adolescent delinquency. 3) Attachment to mothers had a direct and indirect effort through impulse control on female adolescent delinquency and was a first negative contribution factor. Impulse control had a direct negative effect on female adolescent delinquency. Attachment to peers had an indirect negative effect through impulse control on female adolescent delinquency. Grade had an indirect negative effect through impulse control on female adolescent delinquency. Self-esteem had no effect on female adolescent delinquency.

A Study on Information Search and Fashion Involvement as related to the Degree of Adolescent Delinquency (청소년의 비행정도와 정보탐색 및 유행몰입과의 관계연구)

  • 이은실;이명희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.402-413
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    • 1999
  • The objectives of this study were to investigate the relationships among the degree of delinquency and clothing buying behavior information search and fashion involvement and to examine the causal relationships of adolescent delinquency demographic variables and fashion involvement on information search. Subjects for this study were 537 high school students(male ; 225, female : 312) in Seoul Korea. the results of the study were as follow. 1. Four factors of adolescent's delinquency derived by factor analysis : F. 1 'general position delinquency' F. 2 'school-norm delinquency' F3. 'personal delinquency' : F.4 'sexual delinquency'. 2. There were partially significant correlations between the degree of adolescent's delinquency and information search and fashion involvement. There were significant relationships between degree of delinquency and degree of clothing purchasing frequency. companion while shopping and source of clothing expenses. 3. In the case of male students fashion involvement and sexual delinquency had a direct effect on information search(R2 =.278) General position delinquency and allowance had a indirect effect on information search through Father's level of education had a direct effect on allowance. the present findings provide that in general the more allowance students received the higher the general position delinquency for both males and females, The higher the general position delinquency the higher the degree of fashion involvement and information search. Therefore it can be concluded that relatively mild delinquency acts such as drinking. smoking and going to discothque have more influence on fashion involvement and information search that serious delinquency acts such as violence and robbery.

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Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent Delinquency

  • Kwon Hee-Kyung
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.135-152
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of protective and risk factors with adolescent delinquency. Using nationally representative data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) project, the delinquency level and the influence of individual characteristics, dyadic relationships in the family, school and peer variables on adolescent delinquency were examined by gender. Boys and girls differed in delinquency level with boys showing significantly higher delinquency than girls. The relative influence of protective and risk factors in individual, familial, peer, and school contexts differed by gender as well. More diverse variables influenced the delinquency level of girls than that of boys.

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The Relationship among Narcissism, Self-esteem, Hostility, Alienation and Delinquency (청소년의 자기애적 성격성향, 자존감, 적대감, 소외감과 비행성향간의 관계)

  • CHA, Ta-Soon
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.409-419
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was the examination of delinquency according to, narcissism, self-esteem, hostility and alienation of juvenile. For this, setting 172 students of an academic high school and 366 students of a vocational school(total 538) as the object of this study, the measures of Narcissistic Personality Scales, Self-Esteem Scales, Alienation Scales, and Delinquency Scales were inquired. The method of statistical analysis about these materials was composed of Two-way Analysis of Variance, One-way Analysis of Variance, and Multi-regression Analysis by using SPSS 10.0. The result, when delinquency was examined according to narcissism and self-esteem, in the case that narcissism was highest, self-esteem was lowest, delinquency was highest. When delinquency was examined according to narcissism and hostility, in the case that narcissism was highest, hostility was highest, delinquency was highest. When delinquency was examined according to narcissism and alienation, in the case that narcissism was highest, alienation was highest, delinquency was highest. And, when Multi-regression Analysis about the effect of narcissism, self-esteem, hostility and alienation on delinquency was administrated, the variation that affected delinquency significantly was narcissism, hostility and alienation. That is, we could look forward that the more narcissists feel hostility and alienation, the higher they have delinquency.

The Effects of Attachment Relationships of Elementary School Students on Delinquency (초등학교 학생의 애착관계가 비행에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Jae-Hun;Kim, Sang-Woon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.227-235
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is find the impact of attachment relationships on the Juvenile delinquency. Attachment relationships divides attachment to parents, attachment to teacher, attachment to friends. Delinquency divides status delinquency, escape delinquency, violence delinquency, possessive delinquency. This study was used raw data of the "Survey of the victim in the elementary school." Result of analysis was the case of post delinquency showed a passion for attachment to parents and teachers on a significant impact on status delinquency. Escape delinquency the love of parents has a significant effect on the escape delinquency. Violence delinquency has a significant effect on the delinquency attachment violence against teachers. Attachment of possessive delinquency parents showed a significant effect on the possessive delinquency.

Female Adolescents' Clothing Behavior as Related to Self-Efficacy and Sensation Seeking (여고생의 의복행동과 자기효능감 및 감각추구성향과의 관련 연구)

  • 고애란;이수경
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.931-941
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study were 1) to identify the effects of the self-efficacy, sensation seeking and delinquency on female adolescents' clothing behavior, and 2) to identify the differences in self-efficacy, sensation seeking, deliquency and clothing behavior in relation to the demographic variables. The data were collected from 435 high school girls living in Seoul, via a self-administered questionnaires, and were analyzed by factor analysis, Peason's correlation, multiple regression, one-way ANOVA and SNK test. The result of this study were as follows: As the result of analyzing the effects of self-efficacy, efficacy, sensating seeking and delinquency on each of clothing behavior variables, fashion leadership was explained by the factors such as social self-efficacy, delinquency and boredom susceptibility, and psychological clothing dependence by boredom susceptibility, social self-efficacy, and thrill and adventure, clothing exhibition by boredom susceptibility, delinquency, and general self-efficacy, social approval by boredom susceptibility, and general self-efficacy, preference for up-to-data style by delinquency, boredom susceptibility by delinquency, boredom susceptibility. There were significant differences between the two types of school in general self-efficacy, thrill and adventure, experience seeking, delinquency, preference for up-to-data style, and appearance related delinquency. Location of school had the effects on experience seeking, delinquency, fashion leadership, and appearance related delinquency, and socioeconomic status on fashion leadership.

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Effects of Protective and Risk Factors on Juvenile Delinquency and Aggression (청소년의 보호 요인과 위험 요인이 비행과 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Yoon Joo
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.5
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    • pp.495-507
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the general tendencies of major variables and sex differences and to analyze the variables that affect delinquency and aggression. The protective factors considered in this study included parental education participation, parental supervision, and peer attachment, and the risk factors were academic stress and delinquency experiences of peers. The main results of this study are as follows: firstly, academic stress and parental education participation was slightly low, but parental supervision was high. Further, peer attachment showed a very high score. Delinquency experiences of peers, delinquency, and aggression of adolescents were extremely low. Secondly, the correlation of parental education participation, parental supervision, and peer attachment was negatively related to adolescent delinquency, but the delinquency experiences of peers were positively related to adolescent delinquency. The same results were obtained in the case of adolescent aggression. Further, academic stress was negatively related to adolescent aggression. Finally, hierarchical regression revealed that the variables explaining the juvenile delinquency were parental education participation, peer attachment, and delinquency experiences of peers. Adolescent aggression was explained by sex, academic stress, parental education participation, and the delinquency experiences of peers. In particular, more attention is needed for girls. Various interventions should be provided to prevent problem behaviors.

The Effects of Attachment and Depression on the Adolescent Delinquency (청소년의 애착과 우울이 비행에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kyung-Nim
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of the attachment to mothers and peers and the depression on the adolescent delinquency. The subjects were 516 eleventh grade students in the liberal and the commercial high schools in Busan. The subjects rated on questionnaires by themselves regarding the attachment to mothers and peers, the depression and the latent delinquency. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1) Adolescents in the commercial high school had more delinquency rate than those in the liberal high school. And the male adolescent had more delinquency rate than the female one. 2) The attachment to mothers and the kind of high school attended significantly predicted the male adolescent's depression. The attachment to mothers and peers significantly predicted the depression of the female adolescent. The relative influence of the attachment to mothers on the prediction of male and female adolescent's depression was the strongest among all the varibles. 3) The kind of high school had a first direct effect on the male and female adolescent's delinquency rates and was the first contribution factor. The attachment to mothers had both direct and indirect negative effect for female and an indirect negative effect for male on the adolescent delinquency rate through depression. But the attachment to peers had a direct positive effect on both male and female adolescent's delinquency. Depression had a direct effect on male adolescent delinquency.

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Causal Pathway Analysis of Adolescence Status Delinquency (청소년 지위비행의 인과적 경로)

  • Cho, Young-Suk;Shin, Yoo-Sun
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.379-390
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the actual condition of the adolescent status delinquency and to predict that family environments, the mother's rear attitudes and personal factors influence on the adolescent status delinquency among high school students in Busan(N=404). Under these purposes of the study, the preliminary study was performed to divided the criminal delinquency from the status delinquency, and on the basis of the result of the preliminary study, the analysis of causal pathway were performed. The data were surveyed using paper and pencil self-rating. Descriptive statistics and pathway analyses were conducted to answer research objectives. The result of this study was as follows. First, the status delinquency and the criminal delinquency are different dimensions with each other independently. Second, Contents of the status delinquencies were Drinking, Smoking, Cheating examination, Stopping out, Reckless running, Gang fighting, Reading lewdness and Watching lewd video, Sexual intercourse with the other gender, etc., The criminal delinquencies were Robbing of bicycle or auto-bicycle, Taking nalcotic drug, Robbing money of drunkard and women, Rape, Setting on fire, etc. Third, The factors of structural environments of the family and the factors of mother's rear attitude influenced on the status delinquency via adolescence's compulsivity. that is to say, if the mother's rear attitude is affective, it restrains the impulsivity of adolescence causing to the restraint of the status delinquency.

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A Study of Relation on the Trends of Juvenile Delinquency and Abnormal Family (소년비행의 동향과 가족병리와의 관계연구)

  • 정기숙
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.143-155
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    • 1993
  • In recent years, behavioral disorders of young people and juvenile delinquency tend to increase remarkably in number, and closed up highly as a social and educational problems in Korea. It goes without saying that parents generally play important roles in children's development of personality, and the home is mostly responsible for juvenile delinquency. Therefore, first this paper describes a relation between broken family and juvenile delinquents. Burt, Shideler, Neumayer, and Glueck maintain that broken family is a cause of delinquency, on the other hand, Healy and Sutherland assume a critical attitude toward their contentions. Second, Breckinridge, Merril, and Glueck maintain that poor family is as cause of delinquency, while Sullenger, Neumayer, and Dirksen make a considerable point which poverty has no direct connection with delinquency. Third, abnormal family relationships namely, discord family, abnormal parent-child relationship, and immoral family exert a bad influence upon formation of personality, esepecialy during the period of preschool childhood. These results give some empirical support to the theory that children's conduct disorders and juvenile delinquency are caused by defective family relationships. It is necessary that a community has a supporting structure of children's wholesome development and the prevention of juvenile delinquency.

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