• Title, Summary, Keyword: Delinquency

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Juvenile Delinquency/Crimes (청소년 비행/범죄)

  • Lee, Sook;Baik, Jee-Sook;Lee, Joo-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.361-373
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    • 2009
  • Although juvenile delinquency has been continually decreasing, property and traffic crimes have been increasing. The age of delinquents or adolescent criminals are getting younger, and the number of female involved in delinquency or crimes has been increasing. The most frequently researched topic has been factors of causal effects on juvenile delinquency and development of counseling programs for the delinquents. Other studies have been investigating descriptive data, analyzing differences by sex, or categorizing delinquency behaviors by type, and suggesting political alternatives for restoration of juvenile delinquency. There have been several academic issues on the conceptual definition of delinquency, shift in research topics, and research methods. There have been further discussions on the imminent values of making relevant policies based on the results of multi-disciplinary research, developing the preventive and therapeutic programs and career counseling programs, and working with the experts from local communities.

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The Effects of Family Structure, Parental Communication, Academic Problems, and Peer Relationship on Juvenile Delinquency (가족구조, 부모와의 의사소통, 학업문제와 친구관계가 청소년 비행에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Kyu-Reon
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.7
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    • pp.33-48
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of family structure(parentral marital status and socioeconomic status), parental communication, academic problems, and peer relationship on juvenile delinquency. The participants were 1009 middle school and high school students in Seoul city and Gyeonggi Province. The major results were as follows: 1) Parental marital status(divorced/seperated) had both direct and indirect positive effects and lower class in socioeconomic status had an indirect positive effect on academic problems and peer relationship on juvenile delinquency rates. 2) Open maternal communication had a direct negative effect on juvenile delinquency rates. However, open paternal communication had both direct and indirect negative effects. 3) Academic problems had both direct and indirect positive effects on juvenile delinquency rates. 4) Peer relationship had a direct positive effect on juvenile delinquency rates. 5) The level of effects that each variable had differed by delinquency types. Based on these results, implications for preventing juvenile delinquency were discussed.

A Study on Relationship between Media Environment and Adolescent Cyber-Delinquency : Focused on X-rated Media Commitment (매체환경과 청소년 사이버비행과의 관계에 대한 연구 : 성인매체몰입을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Chang-Moon;Moon, Jin-Young;Park, Ju-Won
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.365-379
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate what factors affect cyber-delinquency after examining the previous research focusing on the general strain theory and the delinquency opportunity theory in the existing studies. And as adolescents move from middle school to high school, this study is intended to analyze what factors affect cyber-delinquency from a longitudinal perspective using KCYPS(Korea Child and Youth Panel Survey) elementary 4th grade fourth and seventh data. The adolescence cyber-delinquency probability of occurrence were analyzed through the panel logit fixed-effect model using STATA. And then the cyber-delinquency frequency of adolescents were analyzed through the panel tobit random-effect model. As a result of analyzing the factors affecting cyber-delinquency frequency, Adult media commitment, computer use time, and cell phone dependency increased cyber-delinquency frequency. On the other hand, among the parenting attitudes, the attitude of supervising attentively and adolescents' age-increasing decreased cyber-delinquency frequency.

Parenting as a Common Factor to Adolescents' Problem Behaviors : Focusing on Adolescents' Drinking and Delinquency (청소년 문제행동의 공통요인으로서 부모의 양육태도에 관한 연구 : 청소년 음주와 비행을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Yong-Seok;Park, Myung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.42
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    • pp.83-106
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the common factors that affect adolescents, drinking and delinquency. Previous studies have supported that parenting is the most important variable to explain adolescents' drinking and delinquency. For study, 497 adolescents from middle schools and high schools in Inchon city, Korea, were recruited. Instrument for measurement consists of affective-tie and supervision regarding parenting, drinking, and delinquency. Stepwise multiple regression was used as a main statistical analysis. According to the results, even though there is some association between drinking and delinquency, this study found that the most strong predictable variable in explaining adolescents' drinking and delinquency is parenting. That is to say, effective parenting can contribute to prevent adolescents's drinking and delinquency. Therefore, this study suggests that social services and programs to support effective parenting should be provided.

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Identifying the predictor variables of juvenile delinquency for the development of prevention programs (비행 예방 프로그램의 개발을 위한 청소년비행 예측 요인의 발굴)

  • Um, Myung-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.42
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    • pp.254-289
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    • 2000
  • This study conducted a step-wise discriminant analysis to determine which variables play key roles in distinguishing among 3 mutually exclusive delinquent groups - disclosed delinquency group, closed delinquency group, and no delinquency group - and to 'develop a procedure for predicting group membership for new cases whose group membership is undetermined. Variables included in this study were collected by the review of previous empirical studies, which were identified as related to juvenile delinquency. The variables can be classified as character-related variables, family-related variables, school-related variables, peer-related variables, and socioeconomic variables. A sample of 693 youths were employed to conduct the statistical analysis. Out of 35 possible predictors of juvenile delinquency 14 variables were included in the pool of predicting variables. This study used a hold-out sample (n=300) to test if the linear discriminant function classify cases correctly into one of 3 groups. The percentage of cases classified correctly by the discriminant function was turned out to be acceptable in the area of social sciences. Discussions and suggestions were provided in terms of prevention and intervention for juvenile delinquency with focus on the 14 predictor variables.

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Dynamic Relationships of Poverty and Delinquency Trajectories (빈곤과 비행 발달궤적의 역동적 관계)

  • Chung, Ick-Joong
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.113-125
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    • 2009
  • This study advances knowledge of developmental patterns in poverty and delinquency; data was obtained from waves 1-5 (2003-2007) of the Korea Youth Panel Survey. Semi-parametric group-based modeling (SGM) identified 4 trajectories of poverty from age 13 to 17 : non-poor, poverty increasing, low-level continuous poverty and chronic poverty groups and five developmental trajectories of delinquency : non-offending, late onset, low-level continuous, desisting, and chronic groups. A joint trajectory method predicted patterns of delinquency conditional on poverty trajectories. Chronic and low-level continuous poverty groups were more likely than others to follow chronic trajectories of delinquency; the non-poor group was more likely to be non-offending. Implications of this study for youth welfare were discussed to reduce risk for delinquency.

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Online Games and Cyber Delinquency among Adolescents (청소년의 온라인 게임과 사이버 일탈에 관한 연구)

  • 성윤숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.37-57
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    • 2004
  • Online games are very popular among adolescents in Korea. They sometimes lead to cyber delinquency. An ethnographic analysis was conducted in this study to address the social significance of online games. The results showed that the adolescents who were addicted to or indulged in the games were likely to commit delinquency online and/or offline. Delinquency in an information society is typically individualistic, whereas deviant behaviors in an industrial society are more social and collective, such as group violence. Parenting style, student-teacher relationship, peer pressure, game environment, and recreational facilities for the adolescents were intertwined with such adolescent delinquency. Finally, some implications of the online games from the perspective of social welfare practice were discussed to prevent online game indulgence and addiction and adolescent delinquency.

Ego-Resilience, Stress Coping Styles and Disposition to Delinquency in Middle School Students (중학생의 자아탄력성과 스트레스 대처방식 및 비행성향)

  • Kim, Mi-Ye;Park, Wan-Ju
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.415-422
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of ego-resilience, stress coping styles and disposition to delinquency in middle school students. Method: The data were collected from October 15 to October 30, 2005. The subjects were 223 middle school students in 2nd grade in G city. To determine the most effective variable of ego-resilience to stress coping styles and disposition to delinquency, the dada were analyzed using Canonical correlation with SAS 9.1 TS, and Pearson's correlation with percentages, means, standard deviations with SPSS 14.0 K. Result: Ego-resilience showed a significant positive correlation with active coping styles and a significant negative correlation with passive coping styles, and disposition to delinquency. Canonical correlation analysis of 5 sub-domains of ego-resilience showed that curiosity made the highest contribution to predicting stress coping styles and vitality made the highest contribution in predicting disposition to delinquency in middle school students. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that the development of ego-resilience for adolescents is important to improve stress coping strategies and decrease delinquency. Therefore, to increase ego-resilience, Stress Coping Programs should include curiosity and Delinquency Intervention Programs should include vitality.

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A Study on the Relationship Between School Uniform and Juvenile Delinquency (교복착용 여부와 청소년 비행행동간의 관계성 연구)

  • Lee In Sa
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 1992
  • The puropse of this study is to find out that whether the juvenile delinquency could be decreased by the revival of school uniform for the high school students. For this purpose, the difference and frequency of juvenile delinquency between uniformed students and none·uniformed students were surveyed. In addition, the relation among the students, social classes, receiving attitude for the sub-culture, with juvenile delinquency were also surveyed. For this study, 728 high school students were' studied with a questionaire. They were 328 ' uniformed students from 6 schools and 400 none-uniformed students from other 6 schools. The conclusions of this study are as follow: 1. The order of juvenile delinquency is resistance to their parents and teachers, cunning in examination, drinking, watching shameful video tapes, possession of dirty books and pictures, gambling, entering to thea rooms, billiard rooms, the prohibited cinema houses aild drinking houses, and smoking. The students' delinquency was chiefly misdeed against the public order and social position and most of them were without any victims. And there were no misdeed such as drug addiction, robbrry and bodily harm. 2. The difference of juvenile delinquency between uniformed and non·uniformed schools was not found. 3. More nisdeed were occurred when they were without uniform; especially in cases of entering to shameful video shops, drinking houses, tea rooms and billiard rooms. 4.The logical propriety that the juvenile delinquency would be decreased by putting on uniform to all students is scarce, because Ell misdeed were occurred when they were without uniform after school. Uniform were worn only when they go to school. 5. A negative effect between student's affection toward their parents and schools, and juvenile deliquency was found. Much they love their parents and schools, less misdeed occurred. 6. Positive effect between sub·culture and juvenile delinquency was found. The friendship with delinquent students gives a great influence to juvenile delinquency.

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Typologies and Characteristics of Adolescent-Peer Delinquency using Latent Class Analysis (잠재계층분석(LCA)을 이용한 청소년-또래 비행의 유형과 특성)

  • Park, Jisu;Kim, Ha Young;Yu, Jin Kyeong;Han, Yoonsun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.165-176
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    • 2017
  • Objective: Delinquent peers are important predictors of adolescent delinquent behavior. Few studies have classified individuals into groups based on patterns of delinquent behavior among youth and their peers. This study identified latent groups based on adolescent-peer delinquency and examined psychosocial characteristics of each latent group. Methods: First, the study employed latent class analysis based on a nationally representative data of South Korean middle school students (N = 2,277). Both adolescent and peer delinquent behaviors comprised 13 items in the questionnaire that was self-reported by adolescents. Second, the study used multivariate regression models to analyze psychosocial symptoms of latent groups and conducted Wald tests to compare differences among latent groups. Results: Patterns of adolescent-peer delinquency were classified into six latent groups. "Mutual total delinquent group (1.2%)" showed high rates in most delinquent experiences. "Mutual status delinquent group (5.7%)" mainly experienced status delinquency, "Mutual violence delinquent group (5.3%)" showed high rates of violent delinquency. "Peer-only total high delinquent group (3.8%)" reported friends to have engaged in all types of delinquency and "Peer-only total medium delinquent group (11.8%)" reported peer involvement in multiple status and few violent delinquency. Finally, "low risk group (72.2%)" reported low rates of delinquency for themselves and their friends. Regression analysis showed that every "mutual" delinquent group presented significantly worse psychosocial problems than the "low risk group." Conclusion: Using person centered latent class analysis, this study classified six latent classes while considering both delinquent agents and various types of delinquency and investigated specific groups with greater risk of psychosocial problems.