• Title, Summary, Keyword: Delinquency

Search Result 218, Processing Time 0.034 seconds

Predictors of Deviant Self-Concept in Adolescence and Gender Differences: Applying a Latent-State Trait Autoregressive Model (청소년기 일탈적 자아개념의 예측 요인과 성별 차이 : 잠재 상태-특성 자기회귀 모델 (latent state-trait autoregressive model)의 적용)

  • Lee, Eunju;Chung, Ick-Joong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
    • /
    • v.43 no.1
    • /
    • pp.5-29
    • /
    • 2012
  • The present study was to explore what makes adolescents think of themselves as troublemakers even without conduct problems. It was expected that the failure to attain socio-developmental milestones(e.g., healthy relationships with others, academic achievement) would lead to form trait aspect of deviant self-concept. A latent state-trait autoregressive modeling was used to analyze five annual waves of data from 3,449 adolescents taken from the Korean Youth Panel Study. We decomposed trait and state aspect of deviant self-concept and identified significant predictors of trait-like deviant self-concept, while additionally testing for gender differences. Our results showed that conduct problems had greater effect on deviant self-concept among girls compared with boys. Conduct problem was most predictive of deviant self-concept, and yet both poor peer-relations and school failures predisposed adolescents to have deviant self-concept. Low academic achievement conferred risk for trait aspects of deviant self-concept with no gender difference, whereas poor peer relation was more predictive among girls. It highlights the cultural value system underlying self-concept and how and why adolescents think of themselves as troublemakers.

Pathways to homelessness: The case of young adults in Korea (남성 청년의 노숙진입 시기에 따른 노숙 경로)

  • Kim, Soyoung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
    • /
    • v.47 no.4
    • /
    • pp.151-181
    • /
    • 2016
  • The objective of the study is to identify the sub-path of entry into homelessness of young men and enhance understanding them. In specific, homeless risk factors were extracted through their experiences, and based on which the entry paths into homelessness were drawn. The homeless young adults were divided into two groups of those who became homeless in their adolescence and those who entered into homelessness after 19 and their differences were analyzed. As a results, the most prominent differences between the two sub-groups included individual and social factors; most of those who entered homelessness after 19 had physical or psychological problems, while the other group showed delinquency factors in adolescence and adulthood. As for social factors, the former group experienced more financial damage in the process of achieving independence before being homeless, while the latter group had relatively more experience of physical and psychological damage such as bullying, harassment and violence before being homeless and financial frauds. As for investigating the causality relationship of key homeless risk factors by adding a variable of time, and based on which, a constant pattern of entry paths toward homelessness was drawn among each sub-group of homeless young adults. For policy on homelessness, it is required to develop according to the characteristics of homeless young adults. Especially, a specific approach is necessary for the different homeless pathways by sub-group. Furthermore, the study indicated that management and preemptive responses for various homeless risk factors that homeless young adults experienced throughout their lifetime could be important prevention policy against homelessness.

Influence of Protective and Risk Factors on Delinquent Behavior Trajectories (청소년 비행행동의 궤적에 영향을 미치는 보호요인과 위험요인)

  • Lee, Sang-gyun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
    • /
    • no.39
    • /
    • pp.315-342
    • /
    • 2008
  • The aim of this study was to examine growth trajectories of delinquent behaviors during adolescence. In addition, the effects of protective and risk factors that might account for individual difference in the level of delinquent behaviors and in the rate of change were examined. Four waves of data in the Korea Youth Panel Survey(KYPS) were used to analyze the linear growth modeling. The sample consisted of 3346 adolescents who were assessed at 4 measurement waves with approximately 1-year intervals. The results showed significant individual differences in both final level of delinquent behaviors and in the rate of change across 3 measurement occasions. Adolescent gender, family's socioeconomic background predicted the final level and the rate of change of delinquent behaviors. The protective effects of positive parenting and self-control were significantly associated with problem behaviors and the risk effects of the association with deviant peers and negative stigma were significant on the final level of delinquency. Self-control and deviant peer affiliation had differential influences over time significantly. Practice and policy implications as well as further research topic were discussed in the light of searching for important factors in preventing adolescent problem behaviors.

The effect of notification disposition in the current juvenile justice system from the perspective of institutionalized children's welfare (시설보호아동의 복지 관점에서 본 소년법상 통고제도)

  • Lee, Hyung-Seob;Jung, Sun-wook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
    • /
    • no.56
    • /
    • pp.69-99
    • /
    • 2016
  • Taking the perspective of children's welfare, this study aimed at critically analyzing the system of notification disposition which institutionalized children have experienced. Notification disposition is a juvenile justice process that, when a child (10 th 18 years old ) has been delinquent or is at risk for delinquency, is initiated without investigation or prosecution procedures by direct notification to a judge from the caregivers, school principals, chief probation officers, or directors of child care institutions. The data used in the analysis included case records of probation offices, and court sentencing documents of juvenile protective dispositions. Results showed that notification cases were initiated by directors of child shelters/care institutions. The most common reasons of notification were theft, runaway, physical violence, drinking, and smoking. Furthermore, there were more controversial reasons, such as "bad influence on another institutionalized children", "showing no remorse", "no sense of guilt"and "challenge of rearing in institutions" Based on the results, we discussed three problematic aspects of the direct notification system by directors of childcare institutions : (1) too much reliance on the judicature judgment of juvenile court; (2) less stability of the judicial status of notified children, and (3) inadequacies of the notifying eligibility for directors of child care institutions.

DEVELOPMENT OF SCALE FOR MEASURING DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR (청소년 비행행동 측정도구 개발)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sil;Kim, Hun-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.79-90
    • /
    • 2000
  • Objective:This study was performed in order to develop a measuring instrument for assessing and predicting delinquent behavior of the adolescents in Korea. Methods:This study was methodological research for developing a questionnaire for measuring delinquent behavior. Through the relevant literature review and personal interview using open-ended question with 12 adolescents in schools, outpatient basis and the juvenile corrective institutions, the author developed a pre-questionnaire with 31 items for assessing delinquent behavior among delinquentprone adolescents. Statistical method employed were test-retest reliability and Cronbach's alpha coefficient for testing reliability and factor analysis for testing validity of this questionnaire, and t-test for mean difference between student adolescents and delinquent adolescents, using SAS program. Subject served for this study consisted of 2,177 adolescents including 1,206 students and 971 delinquent adolescents by proportional stratified random sampling method. Results:1) Three stable factors were emerged and these contributed 52.2% of the variance in the total score. All 31 items loaded above .40 on each factor. 2) Factor I was named as antisocial delinquent behavior(17 items), factor II was named as aggressive delinquent behavior(8 items), and factor III was named as psychopathic delinquent behavior(6 items). 3) Comparison of these 3 factors between student adolescents and delinquent adolescents showed that there was a significant difference in factor Ⅰ(t=-42.91(student), -41.71(delinquent), p=.0001), factor II(t=-34.10(student), -35.72(delinquent), p=.0001), factor III(t=-14.24(student), -14.26 (delinquent), p=.0000), and total score(t=37.02(student), -36.38(delinquent), p=.0001). 4) Internal consistency reliability was tested by Cronbach's ${\alpha}$. Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ was .952 for total 31 items and .950, .866 and .721 for each 3 factors related to delinquent behavior. Conclusions:The author confirmed that this scale can use for measuring delinquent behavior, and hope to make a contribution to screening test and prevention of juvenile delinquency in Korea.

  • PDF

The Gap between Social Stratification in the Aftermath of the 1997 Financial Crisis: The Change of Living Conditions and Daily Life as a Consumer. (외환위기 이후 계층의 양극화: 변화된 일상과 소비생활)

  • Nam, Eun-Young
    • Survey Research
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-32
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study examines the changes of income, everyday life and living condition of consumer in the aftermath of financial crisis. In this period financial crisis was the crucial factor behind various social problems such as the dissolution of families and individuals. This research explores the range and degree of impact on individuals and social groups after the financial crisis. We explore the social mobility in terns of maintaining middle class and falling into the lower class measured by middle class identification. The 60% of the middle class before the financial crisis maintained the middle class position and the rest of people left out of middle class and fell into lower class. The 60% of those who has been maintained and has just became the members of middle class were college - educated people. The great part of people whose income and assets has increased after financial crisis belongs to college - educated group. Many of those whose income have decreased belong to the high school educated group and blow, the older than 50 years old, self - employed without employee and unpaid family employee. Those whose income and assets decreased and those who experienced downward mobility have undergone changes in everyday life and living conditions as a consumer. Many of them experienced the unemployment, nonpayment or credit - delinquency, dissolution of family, worsening health condition, depression, feeling the impulse to commit suicide simultaneously. The poor consumer disposition, reduction of living expenses, sound consumer culture have expanded to people since economic crisis. The middle class reported that the cost of private education often goes beyond the family ability to pay. The lower class has suffered from the cost of living. In a meanwhile luxury goods preference, consumer consciousness for status symbol have continuously increased among all the classes since 1997. Thus fluctuations of one's income and social mobility during past 10 years were some of the major determinants which brought about the various damaging life events, changes of living conditions and everyday lives as a consumer.

  • PDF

A Survey of Sexual Knowledge, Attitude, and the Need for Sex Education in Middle School Students (일부 중학생의 성에 대한 지식, 태도 및 성교육 요구도에 관한 조사연구)

  • Oh, Yun-Jung;Kim, Chung-Nam;Ha, Suk-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.467-481
    • /
    • 1998
  • The purpose of this survey, in which 2754 students from 35 middle schools from Taegu city participated, was to identify the degree and the relationship of sexual knowledge, sexual attitude and need for sex education. This information will provide useful data, and promote a more systematic, desirable and practical sex education. The data was collected from September 1 to November 8, 1997. Data was analyzed using the statistical computer package, SPSS to manipulate the data along with percentage, mean, $X^2$-test. t-test, F-test and Pearson correlation coefficient. The results from this study were summarized as follows: 1. The mean score of sex related knowledge showed significant differences between boys and girls in general knowledge(boys: 10.85 girls: 11.71, p=0.000), in the area of physical development(boys : 5.29 girls: 5.72, p=0.000), pregnancy & physiology (boys: 3.23 girls: 3.57, p=0.000) and venereal disease (boys: 2.33 girls: 2.42, p=0.000). 2. The mean score of sex related attitudes showed a significant differences between boys and girls on the whole(boys : 57.68 girls: 58.92, p=0.000), in the area of psychological differences of the other sex (boy: 26.13, girls: 28.08, p=0.000), and sexual delinquency and its prevention(boy: 14.28, girls: 13.68, p=0.000). However, in the area of other sex friendships (boy: 17.28, girls: 17.16, p=0.274). There were no significant differences between boys and girls. 3. Those who had a higher sex related knowledge score showed more positive attitudes towards sex, but was of no statistical significance(r= 0.312, p=0.000). 4. The majority of subjects wanted to learn about friendship with the other sex(40.1%), about physical and psychological differences in adolescence(24.0%), about prevention of sexual violence(15.0%), about pregnancy and delivery (7.5%), about venereal disease and medical cures(7.3%), about contraception methods (4.3%), as well as other aspects of sexual knowledge (1.8%), 5. The mean score of sex related knowledge generally was higher when one paid a lot of attention to health (F= 3. 148, p=0.014), when one's father was alive(t=3.930, p=0.000), and when one's mother was alive(t=2.807, p=0.005), Hobby activities also showed a significant difference(F=9.092, p=0.000). The mean score of sex related knowledge generally according higher when one had sex education(F=9.470, p=0.000), when one obtained sexual knowledges from a teacher (F = 5. 742, p=0.000), and when one had middle grade problems with sex(F=13.58 4, p=0.000). 6. The mean score of sex related attitudes generally showed significant differences when re ligion(F=2.691, p=0.03), hobbies (F= 3.499, p= 0.002) were considered. Those who had a father also had higher scores(t=2.538, p= 0.011). The mean score of sex related attitudes generally with respect to a subject's sex was higher when one had sex education(t=5.338, p= 0.000), when one had high grade problems with sex(F=6.023, p=0.002), and when one had the experience of friendship with the other sex(t= 8.106, p=0.000), The following suggestions are based on the above results, 1. Systematic sex education must be performed in middle schools in order to establish responsible attitudes toward sex, 2. Sexual knowledge, attitude, and general sex education classes must be performed seperately for early, middle, and late adolescents, In other words sex education programs are needed for each adolescent development stage.

  • PDF

Affecting Factors on the Safety on School -Focusing on U.S Public School Security Guard Patterns- (학교 내 안전에 영향을 미치는 요인: 미국 공립학교의 경비활동 유형을 중심으로)

  • Shin, So-Ra;Cho, Youn-Oh
    • Korean Security Journal
    • /
    • no.37
    • /
    • pp.137-163
    • /
    • 2013
  • This research will incorporate cases from U.S public schools to analyze the factors which influences the security within the school and efficient security patterns to suggest an adequate suggestion to elevate domestic school security system. This study is divided into two following models: a serious criminal offense model, which considers crimes occurred on campus as subordinate variables, and a school violence model, which considers as subordinate variables after limiting an act of delinquency and an a group action that can harm the safety of students, although they are not included in the categories of crimes. First, from analyzing the factors which influences security within school, the explanation power of serious crime offense safety model and school violence safety model is measured 12% and 11.3%. In serious crime offense safety model, the safety education for students, among the safety programs provided by schools(t=2.548, p=0.011), parent participation to school management(t=10.694, p=0.000), Security activities on campus(t=3.643, p=0.000), and CPTED activity(t=6.467, p=0.000) are statistically significant, as affecting factors on the safety from serious crimes. Similarly in school violence model, the safety education for students, among the safety programs provided by schools(t=3.228, p=0.001), parent participation to school management(t=12.034, p=0.000), security activities on campus(t=2.663, p=0.000), and CPTED activity(t=3.928, p=0.000) are statistically significant, as affecting factors on the safety from school violence. Second, according to the analytic results on figuring out the optimal pattern to heighten the security activities, the serious offence model's explanatory power was 4.4% and school violence safety model rated 3.9%. With the serious offense safety model, the activity factors which showed statistically significant in influencing safety from serious offenses were cooperation with local police force (t=2112, p=0.035), school policy management (t=3.309, p=0.001), security patrolling activity (t=2.548, p=0.011). In the school violence model, security activities initiated by the school which showed statistically significant from serious offenses were cooperation with local police force (t=2.364, p=0.018) and policy management (t=4.142, p=0.000). In accordance with the result of this study, education for students rather than education for teachers is more positive in terms of the safety on campus, and parent participation, like education, is consistently needed for the safety on campus. In case of CPTED activity, reinforcing plans should be prepared by intactly accepting examples in the USA. In case of security activity, plans that can increase visibility and reinforce cooperation with local police in a smooth way will provide a positive effect to the safety on campus.

  • PDF