• Title, Summary, Keyword: Delinquency

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Stability and Reciprocal Effects of Abuse and Neglect by Parents and Adolescent Depression and Delinquency (부모의 학대 및 방임과 청소년의 우울 및 비행의 안정성 및 상호적 영향)

  • Kim, Minjoo;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.133-148
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This study focused on the stability and reciprocal effects between abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency. We examined both parent and child effects by adopting the transactional model proposed by Sameroff (2009). Methods: Using autoregressive cross-lagged modeling, data from the $2^{nd}$ to the $4^{th}$ wave of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS) were analyzed. The sample consisted of 1,982 adolescents who were $8^{th}$ graders in 2011. Data were collected at three different phases: when participants were in $8^{th}$ grade (T1), $9^{th}$ grade (T2) and $10^{th}$ grade (T3). Results: First, the effects of abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency showed stability from the $8^{th}$ to the $10^{th}$ grade. Second, abuse at T1 and T2 had effects on adolescent delinquency at T2 and T3, respectively, but not on adolescent depression. In terms of child effects, abuse was influenced by adolescent depression only. Adolescent depression and delinquency had no reciprocal effects. Finally, there were reciprocal effects between neglect on one hand and adolescent depression and delinquency on the other. That is, there were child effects as well as parent effects. No significant effects were found in the reciprocal relations between adolescent depression and delinquency. Conclusion: The present study found the stability of abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency. Furthermore, this study identified the child effects as well as parent effects, thus supporting the transactional model of neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency.

Relationship between Juvenile Delinquency, Sensation Seeking, and Impulsivity: Focusing on Delinquency-Onset Type (청소년 비행과 감각추구성, 충동성 간의 관련성: 비행 시발 시기를 중심으로)

  • Yoon, Eon Jung;Kim, Kyong Yeon
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.639-649
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    • 2014
  • The main purpose of this study was to find the relationship between the delinquency-onset time in the source and the continuity of delinquency. In order to achieve this objective, we divided 350 first-year high school students into three groups early-onset type, late-onset type, and non-delinquent adolescents on the basis of the delinquency onset. The results of this study were as follow: (1) for the boys, the early-onset type shows a higher continuity of delinquency than both the late-onset type and the general adolescents. On the other hand, for the girls, the early-onset type shows a higher continuity of delinquency than the late-onset type, but there was no difference in the persistence duration between the late-onset type and the non-delinquent adolescents. (2) For the boys, the examination reveals that the early-onset type has a higher degree of sensation seeking and impulsivity than the general adolescents. In addition, the early-onset type shows a higher degree of sensation seeking than the late-onset type, whereas the two show no difference in impulsivity. For the girls, sensation seeking did not show any difference depending on the delinquency onset. However, more impulsivity appeared in the early-onset type than in the late-onset type or the non-delinquent adolescents. (3) The relative priorities of variables determining the group to which the students belong on the basis of the delinquency onset are in the order of sensation seeking and juvenile impulsivity. Therefore, this study, suggests that the early-onset type requires a different kind of intervention than the late-onset type.

A Longitudinal Study of Causal Relationships between Delinquency and Self-Esteem among Adolescents (청소년의 비행과 자아존중감간의 인과적 관계에 대한 종단 연구)

  • 김희화;김경연
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of the study was to explore the causal relationships between delinquency and self-esteem among adolescents. The subjects of this study were 497 adolescents attending middle schools in Pusan. The data was collected by longitudinal research design of 9 month interval In first, second wave, the participants completed the delinquency scale and the multidimensional self-esteem inventory that includes home self, peer-related self, teacher-related self, academic-general serif, physical appearance self, physical competence self, and personality self, respectively The major findings of this study were as follows: these causal relationships differed among subdimensions of self-esteem, 1)the causal relationship between delinquency and home self was bidirectional, 2)the causal relationship between delinquency and peer-related self, teacher-related self, academic-general self, and personality self was unidirectional, 3)the causal relationship between delinquency and physical appearance self, physical competence self was not statistically significant.

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The Relationship Between Mother-Child Interaction Play Assessment of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Delinquency-Oriented Behavior : Observational Study (주의력결핍 및 과잉행동장애 아동의 모-자녀 상호작용 놀이평가와 비행성향행동과의 관계 : 관찰연구)

  • Oh, Mi Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.59-74
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of the this study was to examine the relationship between mother-child interaction play assessment of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) and delinquency through observational method. The subjects were 30children(normal: 15, ADHD: 15) between 4-6 elementary school grade. Instruments used Parent-Child Interaction Assessment(P-CIPA), Inventory of Delinquency-Oriented Behavior and Korea Children Behavior Check List(K-CBCL). Results showed that following : 1) ADHD affect the delinquency-oriented behavior; 2) there were significant differences in mother-child interaction play assessment between normal children group and ADHD children group; and 3) there was a significant relationship between parent-child interaction play assessment and delinquency.

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The Effect of Sex Role Stereotypes on Juvenile Delinquency Mediated by Stigma : Focusing on Gender Difference (청소년의 성역할고정관념이 낙인을 매개로 비행에 미치는 영향 : 성별차이를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Eun Byeor;Jin, Mi Seon;Oh, Su Kyung;Park, Si Ha;Chung, Ick Joong
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.99-111
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sex role stereotypes and delinquency, and determine if it is mediated by stigma. The data was taken from the fourth wave of the 2010 Korea Youth Panel Survey(KYPS), which was administered by the Korea Youth Policy Institute. The major findings are as follows: First, sex role stereotypes were found to increase stigma and delinquency. Second, the relationship between sex role stereotypes and delinquency is mediated by stigma. Third, the results revealed that there was a significant gender difference in mediating models. As for the female participants, stigma had a mediating effect in the relationship between sex role stereotyping and delinquency. In contrast, for the male participants, the mediating effect of stigma was found to be insignificant. Based on these results, this research suggested that delinquency prevention programs need improvement considering gender difference and sex role stereotypes.

The effect of parenting behaviors on the cyber delinquency in adolescents - The mediating effects of moral sensitivity - (부모양육행동이 청소년의 사이버일탈에 미치는 영향 - 도덕적 민감성의 매개효과 검증)

  • Lee, Hyun
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.51-69
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations and paths among parenting behaviors, cyber delinquency, and moral sensitivity in adolescents to reduce and prevent cyber delinquency. Method: The data was collected by a survey for 270 students from a middle school and a high school in G city. The valid 262 cases were analyzed by frequency, descriptive analysis with SPSS 18.0 and tested by structural equation model by using AMOS 18.0 program. Results: Results showed that 1) 'control' among the parenting behaviors has positive effects on the cyber delinquency in adolescents, 2) 'intimacy and rationality' among the parenting behaviors has positive impacts on the moral sensitivity, 3) it shows that moral sensitivity has negative effects on the cyber delinquency in adolescents, and 4) bootstrapping test for indirect effect of moral sensitivity was verified significantly. We founded the full mediation of moral sensitivity and the path of 'intimacy and rationality' to cyber delinquency through moral sensitivity. Conclusions: The results implied 1) provision of the parent education and program for parents and newlyweds to learn positive parenting behaviors and 2) application of moral education to develop moral sensitivity of adolescents in schools and communities.

The impact of exposure to peer delinquency in elementary school students and the mediating effect of aggression: Comparison between male and female elementary school students (또래집단의 비행경험이 초등학생 비행경험에 미치는 영향: 공격성의 매개효과를 중심으로 -남녀 초등학생 비교-)

  • Lee, Sang Hoon;Choi, Bo Ram;Kim, Sung Hee;Jeong, Kyu Hyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.58
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    • pp.205-229
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in the impact of exposure to peer delinquency among elementary school-age students and the mediating effects of aggression. The study utilized 458 cases (220 male students, 238 female students) of data from the 2015 Korea Welfare Panel Study (KoWePS) conducted by the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs (KIHASA). The theoretical frameworks used in this study included Bandura's social learning theory, Akers' social learning theory, and Sutherland's differential association theory. The findings were as follows. First, there was no statistically significant effect on peer group's delinquency experience overall, aggression, and delinquency experience by gender. Second, male students' delinquency experience of their peer group had a statistically significant effect on their delinquency, however, this was not true for female students. Third, in the case of male students, aggression was found to mediate the relationship between peer group delinquency experience and their own delinquency, but not for female students. From these findings, we suggest a practical and policy-driven intervention plan, focusing on reducing the contact frequency of delinquency experience and aggression, The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in the impact of exposure to peer delinquency among elementary school-age students and the mediating effects of aggression. The study utilized 458 cases (220 male students, 238 female students) of data from the 2015 Korea Welfare Panel Study (KoWePS) conducted by the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs (KIHASA). The theoretical frameworks used in this study included Bandura's social learning theory, Akers' social learning theory, and Sutherland's differential association theory. The findings were as follows. First, there was no statistically significant effect on peer group's delinquency experience overall, aggression, and delinquency experience by gender. Second, male students'delinquency experience of their peer group had a statistically significant effect on their delinquency, however, this was not true for female students. Third, in the case of male students, aggression was found to mediate the relationship between peer group delinquency experience and their own delinquency, but not for female students. From these findings, we suggest a practical and policy-driven intervention plan, focusing on reducing the contact frequency of delinquency experience and aggression, which was found to adversely affect elementary school students' delinquency.

A Study on the Juvenile Delinquency (청소년범죄(靑少年犯罪)의 원인(原因)과 대책(對策)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Lim, Moung-Soon
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.3
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    • pp.205-230
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this paper is in establishment of the country measures to protect society from juvenile delinquency and bring up of sound juvenility. This paper studies by means of a literature standing method and statistics analysis with respect condition of juvenile delinquency centering on the recent data. And I concluded in the final part of this thesis that incessant education, concerns of home, school, society about the youth are the best ways to prevent the juvenile delinquency.

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Debt Decision and Repayment of US Young Adults

  • Lee, Jong-Hee;Yang, Se-Jeong
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.77-92
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    • 2008
  • This study investigates the characteristics of young debtors at risk of repayment problems. A cumulative logistic model is used in order to examine the effects of explanatory variables on the probability for young adults to pay off debt obligations. The following conclusions can be drawn from the results. First, the high indebtedness of young debtors increases the probability of payment delinquency whereas high income by young debtors decreases the probability. Second, financial emergencies that young debtors experienced and payment delinquency are positively related. Finally, financial resources for emergency needs reduced the probability of being delinquency on payment of household debt.

The Effects on Juvenile Response about Fear of School Violence (학교폭력으로 인한 두려움이 청소년의 반응에 미치는 영향 -대구지역 일반 고등학생을 대상으로-)

  • Kim, Sang Woon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.152-159
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    • 2013
  • Delinquency young people committed society as evolves is also increasing rapidly. Juvenile delinquency that occurred recently is serious. As a result, young people are feeling fear of delinquency. Fear of delinquency young people feel, a major impact on the personality development of the youth of the period of growth. In particular, the violent delinquency, to give a physical impact, damage youth receives is large. As well as physical damage to people in and around the juvenile victims, given the damage mental serious form, fear violent delinquency has been shown in many previous studies. Therefore, in this study you have the purpose to study the effects on the reaction of juvenile victims for fear of delinquency caused by the delinquency of violence. Set randomly on campus and external experience and damage directly or indirectly, are classified into action evasive action defensive reaction of fear by delinquency, factors that affect the risk caused by violent delinquency, Daegu after conducting a survey of high school students in general in the areas in which we tested the hypothesis. As a result of the verification, exerting a significant influence in order to act defensive becomes clear, experience of direct damage and experience of damage indirect fear of delinquency, avoided experience of direct damage it was found to exert a significant effect on to the action manner.