• Title, Summary, Keyword: Delinquency

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A Study on Janvenile Delinquents' View of Parental Attitudes (비행 청소년의 부모관 인식에 관한 일 연구)

  • 장선경
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.123-137
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    • 1989
  • The purpose of this study is to examine parental attitudes perceived by juvenile delinquents and to provide the basic material on the problem of juvenile delinquency. For this purpose, this study examines 1) the relation-ship between the juvenile delinquents' social demographic characteristics and the juvenile delinquents' view of parental attitudes 2) the correlation between the juvenile delinquents' social demographic characteristics and the content and the motive of delinquency, 3) the content and the motive of delinquency in accordance with the juvenile delinquents' view of parental attitudes. For the subject of this study, 318 juvenile delinquents who were in the custody of the institution in An-Yang were selected, and questionnaire sheets were used. Of 318 questionnaire sheets, 221 sheets were analyzed by statistical methods, and the data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, average, t-test, x-test, and F-test; 1. There is a significant difference in the juvenile delinquents' view of their fathers in accordance with their fathers' age. Namely, the younger the father is, the more the juvenile delinquent wants his father to be less negative. There is a significant difference in the juvenile delinquents' view of their mothers according to the existence of step-sibling. Juveniles with step-siblings deny their mothers' inconsistent attitude more than the juveniles without a step-sibling. 2. The social demographic characteristics influencing the content of juvenile delinquency are juvenile's age, the degree of education, the father's age, the style of possessing house and the region of a dwelling. The motive of delinquency show a significant difference according to the juvenile's age. 3. According to the results of studying the correlation between the view of parental attitudes and the content and the motive of delinquency, there is a significant difference in the father's protective attitude, and the content of delinquency as well as in the mother's positive denial, her rigid control, her inconsistent attitude and the content of delinquency. The subordinate domains are opposite to the traditional conception that the father is stern and the mother is peronssive. Today our society encourages the parents' equal and democratic attitude toward their children and the juvenile's view of parental attitudes is discordant with the reality. The juvenile delinquents' view of parental attitudes reflects the equalitariansim of the contemporary society but is influenced by the traditional view of the parents.

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The Effect of Adolescent Stress and Self-Esteem on Delinquency (청소년의 스트레스와 자아존중감이 비행에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Tae-Ryang;Kim, Gyeong-Hwa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.628-643
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study is to examine the mediating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between adolescent stress and delinquency. For this study, a survey with 565 middle and high school students in Daegu Metropolitan City was carried out, and using the data collected, frequency analysis, descriptive statistic analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis and Sobel Test were conducted. The study results are as follows. First, stress had a positively significant effect on delinquency. Second, stress had a negatively significant effect on self-esteem. Third, self-esteem had a negatively significant effect on delinquency. This shows that a high level of stress among adolescents led to an increase in delinquency. Also, a high level of stress perceived by adolescents negatively influenced self-esteem, a low level of self-esteem is related to an increase in delinquency, and self-esteem had a partial mediating effect. Based on these results, therefore, this study suggested methods of introducing a mental health program for reducing adolescent stress and improving self-esteem and of preventing and intervening in delinquency.

Effects of Ego-resilience on the Relationships between Risk Factors and Juvenile Delinquency (복지시설 이용 청소년의 위험요인이 비행행동에 미치는 영향에서 자아탄력성의 매개효과)

  • Park, Sun-Ah;Lee, Mi-Rim;Choi, Jae-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.539-550
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to find whether ego-resilience shows mediating effects between risk factors and Juvenile Delinquency. The data was conducted by using the multiple regression analysis. The results of the study were as follows: First, correlations among variables of risk factors and ego-resilience on subordinate variable of Juvenile Delinquency were significant. Second, the personal risk factors and ego-resilience have a significant influence on Juvenile Delinquency, and ego-resilience showed mediating effects between the personal risk factors and Juvenile Delinquency. Third, school related risk factors and ego-resilience have a significant influence on Juvenile Delinquency, and ego-resilience showed mediating effects between school related factors and Juvenile Delinquency.

Structural Equation Modeling about Family Relationship, Self-Efficacy, Self-Esteem, and Delinquency of Adolescent in Single-Parent Families (한부모가정 청소년의 가족관계, 자기효능감 및 자아존중감과 비행의 구조모형 검증)

  • Lee, Si-Yeon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.759-771
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    • 2014
  • This study examines the overall structure among family relationship, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and delinquency of adolescent in single-parent families using structural equation modeling to provide theoretical basis preventable juvenile delinquency. The data of 516 middle and high school students in the research into the promotion policies on children and adolescents' mental health(2012) by the National Youth Policy Institute analysed. The result of this study are: (1) family relationship affects self-efficacy, self-esteem, and delinquency of adolescent, (2) family relationship affects delinquency of adolescent by the mediation of self-esteem, (3) self-efficacy doesn't affect delinquency of adolescent. This study suggests the necessity of both intervention as well as the development implementation of practical methods for the prevention of delinquency of adolescent.

Model Development of Affecting Factors on Health Behavior and Juvenile Delinquency of Adolescents (청소년의 건강행위와 비행의 영향 요인에 관한 모형 구축)

  • Kim, Hyeon Suk;Kim, Hwa Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.171-187
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    • 1998
  • In recent years, adolescent issues including smoking, drinking, drug abuse, juvenile delinquency, deviant sexual behavior, mental health problems, high suicide rate, juvenile delinquency and absence without due notice, etc are emerging as serious social problems and the debate on these controversial issues is heating up. The previous studies on adolescent health behavior and social juvenile delinquency such as run-away from home and absence without due notice have been conducted mostly by cause analysis utilizing social demographic factors or biological factors. In other words, the main factors analyzed were demographic and economic factors or parent's educational level, etc, which were the fixed environmental ones that were unable to cause the change in the health behavior. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to analyze factors which are changeable and fixable among the factors influencing the adolescent's health behavior and misconducts and, eventually influencing factors which can be used as the basis to establish health policies and health promotion program to reduce the health risk behavior and misconducts of adolescents. The study subjects were selected by dividing senior high school student in Seoul by region and through random sampling. The 890 subjects were selected from 10 schools including the preparatory school, vocational schools and institutional schools. The duration of the study was for July 1-5, 1997 for the first survey and the second one, for August 25-September 10. Regarding the analysis method, the SAS program was used. The adoptablity of theoretical model was tested through covariance structural analysis utilizing PC-LISREL 8.12 Program. The major findings of the study are as follows: As a result of establishing the model of factors influencing health behavior and juvenile delinquency, in case of male students as the health behavior self-efficacy, education level of fathers, economic level, self-control and the health interest of parent were higher, students were more likely to practice the health promoting behavior. Juvenile delinquency and health risk behavior were prevalent among those with the less shyness, the lower health behavior self-efficacy, lower self-control, lower self-assertiveness, lower economic level. The self-control was the most powerful factor. In case of female students, those with higher health behavior self-efficacy were more likely to practice the health promoting behavior whereas those with lower health behavior self-efficacy, lower self-control, lower self- assertiveness, less shyness were more likely to practice health risk behavior and juvenile delinquency. In case of prep schools, those with higher health behavior self-efficacy and better perceived health status were more likely to practice the health promoting behavior while those with less shyness, lower health behavior self-efficacy and lower academic achievement were more likely to engage in health risk behavior and juvenile delinquency. In case of vocational schools, as health behavior self-efficacy and economic level were higher, the practice rate of health promoting behavior was higher. As the self-control, shyness, self-assertiveness, health behavior self-efficacy were lower, the rate of health risk behavior and juvenile delinquency were higher. In case of social institutional schools, as, the health behavior self-efficacy, social support and economic level, health interest of parents were higher, the rate of health promoting behavior were higher. As the self-control, shyness, self-assertiveness, health behavior self-efficacy and social support were lower, the rate of health risk behavior and juvenile delinquency were higher. So the health promoting behavior was positively related to the health behavior self-efficacy, health interest of parents, social support, education level of fathers, level of perceived health status, economic level. The health risk behavior and juvenile delinquency were higher with the lower health behavior self-efficacy, self-control and self-assertiveness, lower health locus control, less shyness and loneliness, lower economic level and academic achievement. In conclusion, the health risk behavior and juvenile delinquency can be reduced by enhancing self-control, self-assertiveness, health behavior self-efficacy and social support. According to the final model drawn by connecting health behavior and juvenile delinquency, the reduction of health risk behavior can greatly contribute to decreasing social juvenile delinquency as the process of juvenile delinquency was extended from common behaviors to problem behaviors and further into juvenile delinquency.

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An Ethnographic Study on Cyber-Delinquency among Adolescents (게임방 청소년의 사이버일탈 과정에 관한 문화기술적 연구)

  • Sung, Yun Sook;Lee, So Hee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.109-134
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    • 2003
  • Playing online games is popular among adolescents and may contribute to such social issues as game addiction and cyber-delinquency. The present study conducted an ethnographic analysis that addressed basic descriptive questions around the social significance of online games. The main findings were that peer pressure plays an important role; that is, adolescents play the games to fulfill their need to occupy higher levels of cyber-status among game players and build special relationships. They like to make money and buy what they want with money earned from game item deals. Game scenarios and mechanisms play an important role in game addiction. Adolescents sometimes exhibit social delinquency in cyberspace or the real world. Thus, adolescents' needs, game addiction and cyber-delinquency are intertwined.

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The Examination of Subgroup-Sensitive Risks and Needs among Delinquent Adolescents in the US

  • Lim, Ji-Young
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.47-60
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    • 2007
  • While there is growing evidence regarding the subgroup-sensitive nature of risk factors among delinquent adolescents, researchers have paid little attention to the tracking of risks and needs by subgroups (e.g., gender, ethnicity, and the timing of onset for delinquency) among youth who are currently involved in the juvenile court system. Therefore, greater empirical attention directed toward subgroup-sensitive risk factors experienced by delinquent adolescents is thought to be both timely and necessary. A final convenience sample of 2167 court-involved adolescents in the US was used to specify subgroup-sensitive risks and needs. The results demonstrated that there were various levels of risks according to subgroups associated with gender, ethnicity, and onset for delinquency group. The findings of this study add to the extant literature on delinquency by demonstrating the importance of considering subgroups associated with gender, ethnicity, and the timing of onset for delinquency when practicing treatment or intervention programs with delinquent adolescents.

The Effects of Parental and Peer Attachment in Elementary School Children on Early Adolescent Delinquency : The Mediating Role of Problem Behavior and Delinquent Peers (초등학교 아동의 부모애착과 친구애착이 남녀 청소년 비행에 미치는 영향 : 문제행동과 비행친구 유무의 매개효과)

  • Song, Ji-Young;Park, Seong-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.51-66
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the effects of parental attachment and peer attachment in elementary school children upon early adolescent delinquency. The participants were 2,844 taken from data from the Korean Youth Panel Survey (KYPS). Data from secondary questionnaires data on parent and peer attachment, problem behavior, delinquent peers, and delinquency were used for this study. Data were analyzed by means of a Structural Equation Model using AMOS 5.0. Our results indicated that, firstly, parental attachment was negatively related to problem behavior for both male and female adolescents, whereas peer attachment was positively related to problem behavior only for males, but not for females. Secondly, problem behavior in childhood has a direct effect on adolescent delinquency, which also can be indirectly mediated by contact with delinquent peers. In conclusion, the path model from parental and peer attachment in early childhood to adolescent delinquency was supported only in the case of males.

Online Game Addiction and Adolescent's Delinquency: Verification of the Moderating Effect of Depression and Anxiety (청소년의 온라인 게임중독과 비행 간의 관계 : 우울과 불안의 조절효과 검증)

  • KO, Mi-Na
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.644-655
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    • 2015
  • This study was planned to examine the moderating effects of depression and anxiety and the relationship between online game addiction and adolescents' delinquency. Data were collected from children and youth's mental health advocacy research by National Youth Policy Institute. The subjects were 409 adolescents aged between 14 and 18. Correlational analysis and hierarchical regression analysis were conducted to test research hypotheses. Results of this study were as follows: first, online game addiction had a significant positive relations with adolescents' delinquency. Second, depression and anxiety were significant positive relations with each other. And depression and anxiety were significant positive relations with adolescents' delinquency. The result from hierarchical regression analysis showed that significant moderating effect of depression was found. But the result wasn't exhibited twithin hat the two-way interaction effects of depression. On the other hand, result from hierarchical regression analysis showed that significant moderating effect of anxiety wasn't found. In conclusion, this study proposed the need for counseling approach focused on 'depression' in order to reduce the adolescent's delinquency.

A Study on Stressors of Initiation and Repetition of Serious Juvenile Delinquency (청소년 중비행의 촉발 및 반복에 영향을 미치는 스트레스 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Joon Beom;Park, Ha Yeon
    • The Korean Journal of Stress Research
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.223-230
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    • 2018
  • Background: This study aims to examine the influence of stressors on initiation and repetition of serious juvenile delinquency, and to provide grounds for intervention. Methods: For these purposes, 8,418 responses from the "A study on supporting mental health promotion for children and adolescents" data of the National Youth Policy Institute (NYPI) were utilized. Results: The results indicate that (1) 27.5% of adolescents experienced serious juvenile delinquency, (2) family and teacher relationship stress, and appearance stress were associated with the initiation of serious juvenile delinquency, and (3) All relationship stressors; family, teacher, peer, and senior-junior relationship stress had a significant effect on the repetition of serious juvenile delinquency. Conclusions: Regarding these findings, implications for intervention and further research were provided.