• Title, Summary, Keyword: Delinquency

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Kinetic Family Drawing According to Preschoolers' External Problem Behavior (유아의 외현화 문제행동 여부에 따른 동적가족화 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.61-72
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    • 2013
  • This study evaluated Kinetic Family Drawing according to preschoolers' external problem behavior. To achieve this, 120 preschoolers who were four or five years old were investigated and data were statistically analyzed using mean, and chi square analysis with the SPSS Win 13.0 program. The preschoolers' family drawings were analyzed by using the method in Kinetic Family Drawing(Burns & Kaufman, 1972). First, regarding characteristics, the preschoolers in the aggression group rotated certain person or drew the figure from behind, the preschoolers in the delinquency group drew long arms, the figure from behind, and angular forms. Second, regarding action depicted, the preschoolers in both aggression and delinquency groups perceived the lower activity level of their fathers, dangerous situations, and excluded family interaction. Third, regarding symbols, the preschoolers in the delinquency group drew objects such as balls. Finally, regarding drawing style, the preschoolers in the delinquency group drew edges and underline.

Correlation Between Alienation and Depression, Suicidal Ideation and Delinquency in High School Students (고등학생의 소외와 우울, 자살사고, 비행과의 관계 연구)

  • Lee Eun-Ju;Lee Eun-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.56-65
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of alienation, depression, suicidal ideation and delinquency in high school students and to explore the relationships between the variables. The respondents, 226 students attending a high school located in Chonnam province made up the convenience sample. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire which included the alienation scale, suicidal ideation scale, BDI, and delinquency scale. Data collection was done between June 20 and July 6, 2001. Data were analyzed with the SAS program and included descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficients. There were no significant association between alienation and general characteristics of the students. The scores for depression were significantly higher in female students, in students who had recently dropped in their school ranking compared to students who had improved. The scores of suicidal ideation were significantly higher in male students. Also, the scores of delinquency were significantly higher in male students, and students in the high economic class and those with low school rankings. There were significant positive correlations between alienation and other ; alienation and depression (r= .432, p= .000), alienation and suicidal ideation (r= 267. p= 000), and alienation and delinquency (r= 150, p= .024). Findings from this study suggest that subsequent practical study in consideration of Korean sociocultural background is needed to identify the cause of alienation and develop supportive strategies to maintain mental health in high school students. Also, study on alienation of students should be based on family, community and popular culture in combination with improvements in school environment.

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Developmental Pathways from Child Abuse to Delinquency (피학대아동이 비행에 이르는 발달경로)

  • Chung, Ick-Joong;Park, Hyun-Sun;Ku, In-Hoe
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.58 no.3
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    • pp.223-244
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the developmental pathways that mediate the effects of child abuse on delinquency. Data from the first wave of 'Seoul Panel Study of Children(SPSC)' were analyzed. The subjects consisted of 1,811 4th grade students from elementary schools. Structural equation model was employed for statistical analyses. The results showed that the relationship between child abuse and delinquency was indirectly mediated by self-esteem, peer rejection, and school attachment. The hypothesized structural model had a good model fit. Abused children were more likely to have low self-esteem, which was associated with higher levels of delinquency. In addition, abused children were more likely to be rejected by peers and to have low school attachment, which was also associated with higher levels of delinquency. Implications for social work practice from this study were discussed.

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The Effects of Parenting Attitude on Adolescents' Offenses : The Mediating Effects of Mobile phone Dependency (부모의 양육태도가 청소년 비행에 미치는 영향 : 휴대전화 의존도를 매개로 하여)

  • Kim, Ji-yoon;Kang, Hyun-ah
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.39-52
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of mobile phone dependency in the relationship between parenting attitude and juvenile delinquency. This study used the secondary data from the $1^{st}$, $2^{nd}$ and $3^{rd}$ waves of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey(2010, KCYPS). The data of 2,086 middle school students were analyzed by utilizing Structural Equation Model(SEM). The results are as follows. First, positive and negative parenting attitudes had no direct effects on juvenile delinquency, while positive parenting attitudes had significantly decreased adolescents' mobile phone dependency. In addition, negative parenting attitudes had positive effects on adolescents' mobile phone delinquency. Second, mobile phone dependency was fully mediated by parenting attitudes and juvenile delinquency. On the basis of these results of study, policy and practice implications were discussed to reduce juvenile delinquency by improving parenting attitudes.

Search of Gender-Specific Theory through Empirical Testing of Factors of Girls' Delinquency based on Feministic Perspectives (페미니스트 관점에 근거한 소녀비행 요인의 검증을 통한 성-특성적 이론의 모색)

  • Kim, Ji-Youn;Jo, Hyun-Bin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.275-285
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    • 2010
  • This research examines the relation of dissatisfaction about own real conditions, deviant labeling, self-esteem, abuse from parent, victimization and juvenile delinquency(smoking, drinking, run-away, assault, taking away stuffs or money, larceny). The evidence of a strong relation of these factors and girls' delinquency is well known through empirical researches by feminist criminologists. Feminist criminology had attention to the gender-specific factors that could explain girls' delinquency. Most of conventional delinquency theories, such as social bond theory, differential association theory, focused on bad boys' deviant behaviors. These theories has not been designed to apply to girls' troubles. According to the conclusion of the research, there seems to support researches of feministic perspectives.

An Analysis of Pathways from Parental Conflict, Parenting Behavior and Self-control to Adolescent Delinquency : Focusing on the Mediating Effects of Delinquent Peers and School Maladaptation (부부갈등, 부모양육행동, 자아통제력이 청소년비행에 영향을 미치는 경로분석: 비행친구와 학교부적응의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Jeong, So-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.59 no.1
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    • pp.145-170
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate pathways from family factors such as parental conflict, parenting behavior and adolescents' self-control to adolescent delinquency, and to explore the mediating effects of delinquent peers and school maladaptation. The 2004 Korea Youth Panel Survey data were used for analysis and the total number of subjects were 2,968 middle school students with two parents including step parents family. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling with AMOS 5 and SPSS 10. The major findings are summarized as follows. First, the effects of parental conflict on adolescent delinquency were mediated by parenting behavior, adolescents' self-control, delinquent peers and school maladaptation. Contrary to parental conflict, parenting behavior had a direct effect on adolescent delinquency as well as indirect effects. On the basis of these results, this article provided some suggestions for preventing or reducing adolescent delinquency.

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The effects of parental monitoring/affection perceived by adolescents on juvenile delinquency -A comparison between two-parent families single-parent families- (청소년이 인지한 부모 감독·애정이 청소년 비행에 미치는 영향 -양부모가정과 한부모가정 비교-)

  • Jeong, Kyu-Hyoung;Kim, Hee-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.56
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    • pp.195-220
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to compare between two-parent and single-parent families the relationship between perceived parental monitoring/affection and adolescent offline/online delinquency. we analyzed 1,812 cases of high school students (1,628 cases of two-parent families and 184 cases of single-parent families) using the $4^{th}$-and $5^{th}$-year data from the 'Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey'. We used structural equation modeling to understand the correlation between variables, and conducted multi-group analysis to confirm the distinction between family structures. The results of the study were as follows. First, perceived parental monitoring influenced offline adolescent delinquency only among two parent families, while perceived parental affection did not influence either family type. Second, perceived parental affection influenced online adolescent delinquency only among single-parent families, and the path also had a greater negative effect than two-parent families. In the case of perceived parental monitoring, it did not influence online adolescent delinquency regardless of family type, but the path had a greater negative effect on two-parent families than single-parent families. Based on these results-, more concrete social-welfare practical and political implications about adolescent delinquency proposed.

Development of Social Work Strategies for School-linked services - Based on Latent Class Growth Analysis of Delinquent Behaviors in adolescence - (학교연계 서비스를 위한 사회복지실천 전략 개발 - 청소년기 경비행행동의 차별적 발달궤적에 대한 잠재계층성장분석 -)

  • Lee, Sang-Gyun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.377-406
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    • 2009
  • This study used laten class growth analysis to identify discrete developmental patterns of delinquent behaviors in adolescence. This present article also examined associations among these trajectories to determine how the development of delinquent behaviors relates to protective and risk factors, which include parental monitoring, attachment with parent, association with deviant peers, self-control, and negative stigma from others. Four-wave panel data from a Korea Youth Panel Study were used for the latent class growth model analysis. The sample consisted of 3,446 adolescents who were assessed at 4 measurement waves with approximately 1-year interval. Four trajectories of delinquent behaviors emerged: delinquency persistence, delinquency increaser, delinquency decreaser, normative group(almost no delinquent behaviors). Association with deviant peers had the most proximal strong influence on the probability of being in the delinquency increaser and delinquency persistence group compared, noed to the normative group. Parental monitoring, self-efficacy and negative stigma also differentiated the four delinquent behavior trajectories from one another after controllig for socio-demographic variables. The study suggested that there is a significant heterogeneity in the timing and change rate of delinquency progression. Adolescent delinquency prevention and intervention programs will need to consider this heterogeneity and enhance attention to protective and risk factors depending on the subpopulation.

Adolescents' online and offline socializing and delinquent behaviors: Cross-domain influences (청소년의 온라인과 오프라인 교우활동과 비행행동 간의 상호영향 분석)

  • Kim, Hyoseon;Moon, Ui Jeong;Shim, Hee Sub
    • Korean Journal of Family Welfare
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.575-593
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    • 2018
  • Online and offline are not separate worlds, especially for adolescents. Many friends in offline settings originally met each other online, but cross-domain influences have rarely been examined. This study aims to examine how much time adolescents spend with peers in online and offline settings, and how time spent with peers influences their online and offline delinquent behaviors during their middle school years. This study used data from the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS). We focused on students for whom information was available from all three years of middle school. We used a cross-lagged panel model to examine the bi-directional effect of online and offline behaviors over time. Results show that more time spent with peers offline was associated with more offline delinquency, and more time spent with peers online was associated with more online delinquency. Cross-domain influences were also found: more time with peers offline increased online delinquency, and vice versa. However, this adverse cross-domain influence was observed only for male adolescents, not for female adolescents. Implications for intervention programs are discussed for male and female adolescents.