• Title, Summary, Keyword: Denitritation

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Nitrogen Removal from ADEPT Effluent of Piggery Wastewater using Nitritation/Denitiritation System (ADEPT공정을 거친 돈사폐수의 아질산화-아탈질 공정을 이용한 질소제거)

  • Lee, Hwa-Sun;Min, Kyung-Sok
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.134-139
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    • 2006
  • Partial nitirification and denitrification process has been reported to be technically feasible and economically favorable, especially for wastewater treatment with high ammonium concentration or low Carbon/Nitrogen ratio. This research was performed to survey nitrite accumulation by nitritation in treating ADEPT effluent of piggery wastewater, which contains highly concentrated ammonia. To estimate the possibility of nitrite accumulation, DO concentration and SRT were investigated as key operational parameters. This result proved that nitritation to nitrite was steadily obtained under short sludge retention time. Oxygen limitation was proved to be just a subsidiary parameter. Energy efficiency of nitritation-denitritation process was higher than complete nitrification-denitrification because external carbon requirement for denitritation could be saved. Though the influent contained significant nonbiodegradable organic substrate, total nitrogen removal efficiency was more than 51% in nitritation-denitritation system.

Removal of Nitrogen in Seafood Processing Wastewater Using High-rate Anaerobic Process and Nitritation-denitritation (고율 혐기성 공정과 아질산-아탈질을 연계한 수산물가공폐수의 질소제거)

  • Choi, Yong-Bum;Kang, Dong-Gu;Park, Sang-Sung;Eum, Ki-Hyun;Rim, Jay-Myung;Kwon, Jae-Hyouk
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.315-322
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: Organic matter and nitrogen were removed using the EGSB process, a high-rate anaerobic process, in combination with a nitritation-denitritation process, in order to ensure the stable treatment of seafood processing wastewater. Methods: The upflow velocity of an EGGS reactor was operated at 10 m/hr for maximal organics removal efficiency. For removal of nitrogen from seafood processing wastewater a nitritation-denitriation process was applied Results: The efficiency of the EGSB process showed that it has an 80% or more organic matter (CODcr) removal efficiency with an HRT of six hours or more at influent loadings of 17.34 kgCOD/$m^3$/day or less. The methane product for TCODcr removal was 0.23-0.38 $m^3CH_4$/kgCODrem., which was similar to the theoretical generation of STP-state methane, 0.35 $m^3CH_4$/kgTCODrem. In the nitritation-denitritation process, the nitritation conversion rate to $NH_4^+$-N concentration was 82% to 87%, 72% to 81% and 64% to 69% when HRT was 24 hr, 21 hr and 18 hr, respectively. In the denitritation process, the ratio of SCOD consumption to NOx-N removal ranged from 2.347 to 2.587. It was 2.472 on average. Conclusions: The optimal HRT for stable processing of seafood processing wastewater is six hours or more. The ratio of nitrite to total NOx-N was 82% to 96%, which indicates that nitrite accounts for the largest portion of the product.

Denitrification of Piggery Wastewater by Internal Carbon Source (내부탄소원을 이용한 돈사폐수의 탈질화)

  • Rim, Jay-Myoung;Han, Dong-Joon;Woo, Young-Gug
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.16
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 1996
  • This research aims to investigate the effects of an internal carbon source in the denitrification of piggery wastewater. In this study, the raw wastewater and the effluent from each of anoxic basin and anaerobic basin were used as the internal carbon sources. The experiments were carried out in batch system and the results are as follows ; i) Denitrification rates were the highest in the raw wastewater and the lowest in the anaerobic effluent. ii) The piggery wastewater contained about 60 percent of the readily biodegradable organic(RDCOD), which led to a conclusion that the raw wastewater could be used as the internal carbon source for the denitrification. For the efficient denitrification, pre-denitrification process was found profitable. iii) In denitrification, alkalinity production rates were in the range of 3.4 to $3.6mgCaCO_3/mgNO_3-N$. iv) The denitritation of piggery wastewater came out to be possible, and the rate of organic carbon consumption decreased about 10 percent.

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Nitrite Accumulation of Anaerobic Treatment Effluent of Slurry-type Piggery Waste (슬러리상 돈사폐수의 혐기성 처리수의 아질산성 질소 축적)

  • Hwang, In-Su;Min, Kyung-Sok;Yun, Zuwhan
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.711-719
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    • 2006
  • The effluent from anaerobic digestion process of slurry-type piggery waste has a characteristic of very low C/N ratio. Because of high nitrogen content, it is necessary to evaluate nitrogen removal alternative rather than conventional nitrification-denitrification scheme. In this study, two parallel treatment schemes of SBR-like partial nitritation reactor coupled with anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) reactor, and a nitritation reactor followed by nitrite denitrification process were evaluated with a slurry-type piggery waste. The feed to reactors adjusted with various $NH_4-N$ and organics concentration. The nitrite accumulation was successfully accomplished at the loading rate of about $1.0kgNH_4-N/m^3-day$. The $NO_2-N/NH_4-N$ ratio 1~2.6 in nitritated effluent that operated at HRT of 1 day indicated that SBR-like partial nitritation was applicable to ANAMMOX operation. Meanwhile, the nitrite accumulation of 87% was achieved at SBR operated with HRT of 3 days and $0.4mgO_2/L$ for denitritation. Experimental results further suggested that HRT (SRT) and free ammonia(FA) rather than DO are an effective control parameter for nitrite accumulation in piggery waste.

LITHOAUTOTROPHIC NITROGEN REMOVAL WITH ANAEROBIC GRANULAR SLUDGE AS SEED BIOMASS AND ITS MICROBIAL COMMUNITY

  • Ahn, Young-Ho;Lee, Jin-Woo;Kim, Hee-Chul;Kwon, Soo-Youl
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.173-180
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    • 2006
  • Autotrophic nitrogen removal and its microbial community from a laboratory scale upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor were characterized with dynamic behavior of nitrogen removal and sequencing result of molecular technique (DNA extraction, PCR and amplification of 16S rDNA), respectively. In the experiment treating inorganic wastewater, the anaerobic granular sludge from a full-scale UASB reactor treating industrial wastewater was inoculated as seed biomass. The operating results revealed that an addition of hydroxylamine would result in lithoautotrophic ammonium oxidation to nitrite/nitrate, and also hydrazine would play an important role for the success of sustainable nitrogen removal process. Total N and ammonium removal of 48% and 92% was observed, corresponding to nitrogen conversion of 0.023 g N/L-d. The reddish brown-colored granular sludge with a diameter of $1{\sim}2\;mm$ was observed at the lower part of sludge bed. The microbial characterization suggests that an anoxic ammonium oxidizer and an anoxic denitrifying autotrophic nitrifier contribute mainly to the nitrogen removal in the reactor. The results revealed the feasibility on development of high performance lithoautotrophic nitrogen removal process with its microbial granulation.

Reaction Characteristics of Piggery Wastewater for Biological Nutrient Removal (생물학적 영양염류 제거를 위한 돈사폐수의 반응 특성)

  • 한동준;류재근;임연택;임재명
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.44-56
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to investigate the reaction characteristics of piggery wastewater for biological nutrient removal. The reaction characteristics were discussed the fraction of organics, the behavior of nitrogen, nitrification, denitrification, and the behavior of phosphorus. The fraction of readily biodegradable soluble COD was 11-12 percent. The ammonia nitrogen was removed via stripping, nitrification, autotrophic cell synthesis, and heterotrophic cell synthesis. The removal percents by each step were 12.1%, 68.9%, 15.0%, and 4.0%, respectively. Nitrification inhibition of piggery wastewater was found to occur at an influent volumetric loading rate over 0.2 NH$_{3}$-N kg/m$^{3}$/d. Denitrification rates were the highest in the raw wastewater and the lowest in the anaerobic effluent. The denitritation of piggery wastewater came out to be possible, and the rate of organic carbon consumption decreased about 10 percent. The phosphorus removed was released in the form of ortho-p in the aerobic fixed biofilm reactor, it was caused by autooxidation. The synthesis and release of phosphorus were related to the ORP and the boundary value for the phase change was about 170mV. In the synthesis phase, the phosphorus removal rate per COD removed was 0.023mgP$_{syn}$/mgCOD$_{rem}$. The phosphorus contents of the microorganism were 4.3-6.0% on a dry weight basis.

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