• Title, Summary, Keyword: Design Sensitivity Analysis

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Development of Nonlinear Static Design Sensitivity Analysis Based ANSYS (ANSYS 비선형 정적설계민감도해석 외부모듈 개발)

  • Choi, Byung-Nam;Jung, Jae-Jun;Yoo, Jung-Hoon;Lee, Tae-Hee
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.543-547
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    • 2001
  • CAE has been settled down to an indispensable tool for the simulation of a mechanical system according to the development of computer-aided analysis rapidly. Particularly finite element programs have advanced to the one of most valuable things in the filed of CAE due to the remarkable progress in the implementation. But since this analysis tool mostly provides the result of the analysis, it cannot satisfy designers who are seeking for information to improve their designs. Therefore, design sensitivity analysis or optimization module has been incorporated into commercial FEA programs to satisfy the desire of designers since 1990s. Design sensitivity analysis is to compute the rate of change of response with respected to design variable. Design sensitivity analysis is classfied into static design sensitivity analysis, Eigenvalue design sensitivity analysis and dynamic design sensitivity analysis. In this research, it will be presented to nonlinear static design sensitivity analysis formulation and nonlinear static design sensitivity analysis external module based ANSYS have been developed and illustrated an example to verify the developed module.

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Augmented Displacement Load Method for Nonlinear Semi-analytical Design Sensitivity Analysis (준해석적 비선형 설계민감도를 위한 개선된 변위하중법)

  • Lee, Min-Uk;Yoo, Jung-Hun;Lee, Tae-Hee
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.492-497
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    • 2004
  • Three methods for design sensitivity such as numerical differentiation, analytical method and semi-analytical method have been developed for the last three decades. Although analytical design sensitivity analysis is exact, it is hard to implement for practical design problems. Therefore, numerical method such as finite difference method is widely used to simply obtain the design sensitivity in most cases. The numerical differentiation is sufficiently accurate and reliable for most linear problems. However, it turns out that the numerical differentiation is inefficient and inaccurate because its computational cost depends on the number of design variables and large numerical errors can be included especially in nonlinear design sensitivity analysis. Thus semi-analytical method is more suitable for complicated design problems. Moreover semi-analytical method is easy to be performed in design procedure, which can be coupled with an analysis solver such as commercial finite element package. In this paper, implementation procedure for the semi-analytical design sensitivity analysis outside of the commercial finite element package is studied and computational technique is proposed, which evaluates the pseudo-load for design sensitivity analysis easily by using the design variation of corresponding internal nodal forces. Errors in semi-analytical design sensitivity analysis are examined and numerical examples are illustrated to confirm the reduction of numerical error considerably.

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Design Sensitivity Analysis of Eigen Problem Using NASTRAN (NASTRAN을 이용한 고유치 문제의 설계 민감도 해석)

  • 윤광수;이태희
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.508-512
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    • 1997
  • Design sensitivity analysis of Eigen Problem give systematic design improvement information for noise and vibration of a system. Based on reliable results form commercial FE code(UAI/NASTRAN), three computational procedures for design sensitivity analysis of eigen problem are suggested. Those methods are finite difference,design sensitivity analysis using external module and design sensitivity analysis running with NASTRAN. To verify the suggested methods, a numerical example is given and these results are compared with the results from UAI/NASTRAN eigen sensitivity option. We can conclude that design sensitivity coefficient of eigen proplems can be computed outside of the FE code as easy as inside of the FE code.

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Displacement-Load Method for Semi-Analytical Design Sensitivity Analysis (준해석 설계민감도를 위한 변위하중법)

  • Yoo Jung Hun;Kim Heung Seok;Lee Tae Hee
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.28 no.10
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    • pp.1590-1597
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    • 2004
  • Three methods of design sensitivity analysis for structures such as numerical method, analytical method and semi-analytical method have been developed for the last three decades. Although analytical design sensitivity analysis can provide very exact result, it is difficult to implement into practical design problems. Therefore, numerical method such as finite difference method is widely used to simply obtain the design sensitivity in most cases. The numerical differentiation is sufficiently accurate and reliable fur most linear problems. However, it turns out that the numerical differentiation is inefficient and inaccurate in nonlinear design sensitivity analysis because its computational cost depends on the number of design variables and large numerical errors can be included. Thus the semi-analytical method is more suitable for complicated design problems. Moreover, semi-analytical method is easy to be performed in design procedure, which can be coupled with an analysis solver such as commercial finite element package. In this paper, implementation procedure fur the semi-analytical design sensitivity analysis outside of the commercial finite element package is studied and the computational technique is proposed for evaluating the partial differentiation of internal nodal force, so called pseudo-load. Numerical examples coupled with commercial finite element package are shown to verify usefulness of proposed semi-analytical sensitivity analysis procedure and computational technique for pseudo-load.

An Efficient Algorithm for Design Sensitivity Analysis of railway Vehicle Systems (철도차량의 설계 민감도 해석을 위한 효율적인 알고리즘 개발)

  • 배대성;조희제;백성호;이관섭;조연옥
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.299-306
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    • 1998
  • Design sensitivity analysis of a mechanical system is an essential tool for design optimization and trade-off studies. This paper presents an efficient algorithm for the design sensitivity analysis of railway vehicle systems, using the direct differentiation method. The cartesian coordinate is employed as the generalized coordinate. The governing equations of the design sensitivity analysis are formulated as the differential equations. Design sensitivity analysis of railway vehicle systems is performed to show the validity and efficiency of the proposed method.

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Optimal Design of Vehicle Suspenion Systems Using Sensitivity Analysis (민감도 해석을 이용한 현가장치의 동역학적 최적설계)

  • 탁태오
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.50-61
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    • 1994
  • A method for performing dynamic design sensitivity analysis of vehicle suspension systems which have three dimensional closed-loop kinematic structure is presented. A recursive form of equations of motion for a MacPherson suspension system is derived as basis for sensitivity analysis. By directly differentiating the equations of motion with respect to design variables, sensitivity equations are obtained. The direct generalize for the application of multibody dynamic sensitivity analysis. Based on the proposed sensitivity analysis, optimal design of a MacPherson suspension system is carried out taking unsprung mass, spring and damping coefficients as design variables.

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Design Sensitivity Analysis and Topology Optimization Method for Power Flow Analysis at High Frequency (고주파수대역에서 파워흐름해석법을 이용한 구조물의 설계민감도 해석과 위상최적설계)

  • 박찬영;박영호;조선호;홍석윤
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2004
  • A continuum-based design sensitivity analysis and topology optimization methods are developed for power flow analysis. Efficient adjoint sensitivity analysis method is employed and further extended to topology optimization problems. Young's moduli of all the finite elements are selected as design variables and parameterized using a bulk material density function. The objective function and constraint are an energy compliance of the system and an allowable volume fraction, respectively. A gradient-based optimization, the modified method of feasible direction, is used to obtain the optimal material layout. Through several numerical examples, we notice that the developed design sensitivity analysis method is very accurate and efficient compared with the finite difference sensitivity. Also, the topology optimization method provides physically meaningful results. The developed is design sensitivity analysis method is very useful to systematically predict the impact on the design variations. Furthermore, the topology optimization method can be utilized in the layout design of structural systems.

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Consistent Displacement Load Method for Nonlinear Semi-Analytical Design Sensitivity Analysis (준해석적 비선형 설계민감도를 위한 보정변위하중법)

  • Lee, Min-Uk;Yoo, Jung-Hun;Lee, Tae-Hee
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.29 no.9
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    • pp.1209-1216
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    • 2005
  • Three methods for design sensitivity such as numerical differentiation, analytical method and semi-analytical method have been developed for the last three decades. Although analytical design sensitivity analysis is exact, it is hard to implement for practical design problems. Therefore, numerical method such as finite difference method is widely used to simply obtain the design sensitivity in most cases. The numerical differentiation is sufficiently accurate and reliable for most linear problems. However, it turns out that the numerical differentiation is inefficient and inaccurate because its computational cost depends on the number of design variables and large numerical errors can be included especially in nonlinear design sensitivity analysis. Thus semi-analytical method is more suitable for complicated design problems. Moreover semi-analytical method is easy to be performed in design procedure, which can be coupled with an analysis solver such as commercial finite element package. In this paper, implementation procedure for the semi-analytical design sensitivity analysis outside of the commercial finite element package is studied and computational technique is proposed, which evaluates the pseudo-load for design sensitivity analysis easily by using the design variation of corresponding internal nodal forces. Errors in semi-analytical design sensitivity analysis are examined and numerical examples are illustrated to confirm the reduction of numerical error considerably.

Optimum Design of the Process Parameter in Sheet Metal Forming with Design Sensitivity Analysis using the Direct Differentiation Approach (I) -Design Sensitivity Analysis- (직접미분 설계민감도 해석을 이용한 박판금속성형 공정변수 최적화 (I) -설계민감도 해석 -)

  • Kim, Se-Ho;Huh, Hoon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.26 no.11
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    • pp.2245-2252
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    • 2002
  • Design sensitivity analysis scheme is proposed in an elasto -plastic finite element method with explicit time integration using a direct differentiation method. The direct differentiation is concerned with large deformation, the elasto-plastic constitutive relation, shell elements with reduced integration and the contact scheme. The design sensitivities with respect to the process parameter are calculated with the direct analytical differentiation of the governing equation. The sensitivity results obtained from the present theory are compared with that obtained by the finite difference method in a class of sheet metal forming problems such as hemi-spherical stretching and cylindrical cup deep-drawing. The result shows good agreement with the finite difference method and demonstrates that the preposed sensitivity calculation scheme is a pplicable in the complicated sheet metal forming analysis and design.

Design Sensitivity Analysis of Elasto-perfectly-plastic Structure for Stiffened Shell Structure (탄성-완전-소성 보강쉘 구조물의 설계민감도해석)

  • Jung, Jae-Joon;Lee, Tae-Hee;Lim, Jang-Keun
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.746-752
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    • 2001
  • Design sensitivity analysis for nonlinear structural problems has been emerged in the last decade as a glowing area of engineering research. As a result, theoretical formulations and computational algorithms have already developed for design sensitivity of nonlinear structural problems. There is not enough research for practical nonlinear problems using multi-element, due to difficulties of implementation into FEA. Therefore, nonlinear response analysis for stiffened shell which consists of Mindlin plate and Timoshenko beam, was considered. Specially, it presents the backward-Euler method which is adopted to describe an exact yield state in the stress computation procedure. Then, design sensitivity analysis of nonlinear structures, particularly elasto-perfectly-plastic structure, is developed using direct differentiation method. The accuracy of the developed sensitivity analysis was compared with the central finite difference method. Finally, on the basis of above results, design improvement for stiffened shell is suggested.

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