• Title, Summary, Keyword: Dihydrotestosterone

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Androgen Hormone Inhibits Expression of iNOS and COX-2 Protein in Rat Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell

  • Bae, Hwa-Young;Park, Ji-Eun;Jeon, Eun-Mi;Kang, Young-Jin;Lee, Kwang-Youn;Choi, Hyoung-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.215-221
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    • 2005
  • We investigated the effects of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone on inflammatory response of iNOS and COX-2 expression in rat vascular smooth muscle cells. Rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) stimulated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide $(LPS;\;10{\mu}g/ml)$ for 24 hours were incubated with increasing amounts of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (1 and 100 nM). LPS was found to induce inflammatory response of iNOS and COX-2 mRNA and protein in VSMC. These processes were affected by male sex steroid hormones. For 3 hours, however, pretreatment of the cells with 100 nM each of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone suppressed LPS induced iNOS and COX-2 protein expression. RT-PCR analysis revealed that testosterone and dihydrotestosterone did not inhibit mRNA expression of iNOS and COX-2 stimulated by 24 hours of LPS incubation. Proliferation rate was slower in VSMC treated with testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. Testosterone enhanced androgen receptor expression, and LPS significantly reduced androgen receptor protein expression in VSMC. These results indicate that the expression of both iNOS and COX-2 proteins was suppressed by testosterone and dihydrotestosterone in LPS stimulated VSMC and leading to reduction of vascular inflammation.

Luminescence Immunoassays and Their Applications for Dihydrotestosterone and Testosterone( I );Establishment of LIA. (Dihydrotestosterone과 Testosterone의 섬광면역 측정법과 응용( I );측정법의 정립)

  • Yoon, Yong-Dal;Kim, Sung-Rye
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.138-148
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    • 1987
  • 5${\alpha}$-dihydrotestosterone(DHT)과 testosterone(T)은 남성 생식기관의 주 생성 호르몬들로 그 구조가 매우 비슷하여 이들 각 개를 특이하게 측정(specific determination)하는 방법이 개발되지 않고 있다. 본 연구는 고속액체 크로마토그라피(HPLC)를 이용하여 이들을 분리한 후 섬광면역측 정법(Luminescence immunoassay, LIA)으로 정량하는 방법을 개발하여 이들의 응용 가능성을 검토하고져 하였다. DHT와 T의 retention time은 각각 10.3min, 17.6min이었다. DHT-LIA와 T-LIA에 서 다른 스테로이드들과의 교차반응도는 방사면역측정법(RIA)과 대동소이하였다. 정도관리(quality control) 시료의 intra-assay variation은 DHT-LIA가 8.7%, T-LIA가 6.0%의 변이계수를 나타내었고, inter-assay variation의 변이계수는 각각 12.0% 및 15.3%이었다. 실측치(y)와 기대치(x)간의 관계를 보면, DHT-LIA경우는 Y=0.94X+0.9(r=0.989), T-LIA는 Y=1.01X+0.06(r =0.988)로 두 측정치 사이에는 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 없었다. 위의-측정방법을 이용하여 DHT-enanthate와 T-enanthate 처리후 혈청내 DHT 및 T의 농도변화를 조사한 실험결과 LIA와 RIA의 값사이에 유의한 차이가 없었다. 위의 결과로 보아 본 실험에서 개발된 DHT와 T의 섬광면역측정법은 정립되었다고 사려된다.

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The effects of testosterone propionate, dihydrotestosterone, nandrolone decanoate on the levels of phosphocreatine and creatine in the mouse seminal vesicle (Testosterone propionate, dihydrotestosterone, nandrolone decanoate가 마우스 정낭선의 phosphocreatine과 creatine의 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hang
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.263-270
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    • 1995
  • Creatine(Cr) and phosphocreatine(PCr), the important mediators of intracellular high-energy phosphate buffer system, were found in the tissues of mouse seminal vesicle and also in the extracellular fluids of seminal vesicle secretion. This study was performed m confirm that the secretion and accumulation of Cr and PCr is regulated by testosterone and its $5{\alpha}$-reduced metabolite, $5{\alpha}$-dihydrotestosterone(DHT). In addition, the effect of nandrolone decanoate(ND), a synthetic anabolic steroid, on the levels of Cr and PCr in the seminal vesicle was compared with those of testosterone propionate(TP) and DHT. Male Swiss-Webster mice were castrated and three groups of the castrates were treated with daily injection(sc) of same molar dose($1.45{\times}10^{-8}mol/g\;BW$) of TP, DHT, or ND. All three androgens rapidly increased weights of seminal vesicle tissue and fluid, and also increased concentrations of Cr and PCr in the tissue and fluid. However, ND was least effective in increasing seminal vesicle weights, whereas ND was as effective as, or in some cases, more effective than, TP or DHT in increasing Cr and PCr levels in the tissue and fluid. The results confirm that the accumulation of Cr and PCr in the seminal vesicles is regulated by testosterone and DHT, and also suggest that the effects of androgens on seminal vesicle growth and secretory activity may be differentiated.

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Effect of increasing nitric oxide and dihydrotestosterone by Taraxacum coreanum extract (포공영(Taraxacum coreanum) 추출물에 의한 산화 질소 및 dihydrotestosterone 증가 효과)

  • Mo, SangJoon
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.62 no.3
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    • pp.305-313
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    • 2019
  • Men's climactic syndrome, andropause, or testosterone deficit syndrome, is one of the new problems with the health of older men in the age of aging. This phenomenon is a natural phenomenon occurring in men as they age, clinically characterized by a decrease in blood testosterone levels and a marked decrease in physical and mental activity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of hydrothermal extract of Taraxacum coreanum by comparing the levels of nitric oxide (NO) in the cavernosum and the levels of male hormone in the blood. Taraxacum coreanum extract increased NO production in vitro and in vivo in a dose-dependent manner. Levels of dihydrotestosterone and 17-hydroxyysteroid dehydrogenases, as well as levels of neurogenic nitric oxide synthase and cGMP, increased significantly in elderly rats (22 weeks) after 4 weeks of daily intake of Taraxacum coreanum extract. However, prostaglandin $E_2$, testosterone, and sexually-hormone-binding globulin levels were not different among all groups. Furthermore, total sperm and motile sperm counts were also no significant difference. Overall, these results suggest the possibility of Taraxacum coreanum extract as a safe and effective natural substance for enhancing NO, cGMP and free testosterone.

The Biochemical and Histological Studies of the Oriental Medicine Extract on Hair Growth Effect

  • Lee, Yoon-Gyeong;Kim, Jeong-Ki
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.49-54
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    • 2004
  • The hair growth effect of the oriental medicine extract which is composed of Polygoni multiflori Radix, Angelica gigantis Radix and Lycii Fructus was studied biochemically and histologically. The study was conducted dividelly into three groups, control, propecia and oriental medicine extract and three groups were compared each other in skin androgen, testosterone (T) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), content biochemically and the number of hair follicular unit and hair follicle histologically. The oriental medicine extract and propecia decreased skin DHT conetent and increased skin total (T+DHT) content compared with control. In transverse sections of skin specimens the oriental medicine extract and propecia increased total counts of follicular units and follicles compared with control. On the basis of the result, the oriental medicine extract has same hair growth effect as propecia and it is suggested that the oriental medicne extract is capable of a therapeutic agent of alopecia.

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Theoretical Study for the Characteristics of Finasteride (피나스테라이드의 특성에 대한 이론적 연구)

  • Lee, Chul-Jae;Jung, Maeng-Joon;Kim, Dong-Yeub
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.69-74
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    • 2013
  • Finasteride, ($5{\alpha}$, $17{\beta}$)-N-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-3-oxo-4-azaandrost-1-ene-17-carboxamide), is a 5a-reductase enzyme inhibitor. This enzyme converts testosterone to the more potent androgen, a-dihydrotestosterone. This molecules a logical medical treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), as it induced a reduction in serum dihydrotestosterone and prostatic specific antigen levels with a concomittant increase in blood testosterone concentration . Despite its widespread use, little has been published concerning its molecular properties. Therefore, in this study, in order to explain characteristics of finasteride, total energy, net charge, vibrational mode of melatonin are calculated by PM3 methods of HyperCam 8.0.

Concentrations of Bioavailable Testosterone and Dihydrotestosterone Determined by Luminescence Immunoassay in Serum (혈청내 섬광면역측정법에 의한 활성적 Testosterone과 Dihydrotestosterone의 농도)

  • Yoon, Yong-Dal;Lee, Chang-Joo;Chun, Eun-Hyun;Lee, Joon-Yeong
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 1988
  • 혈액에서 생물학적 활성을 나타내는 (bioavailable) steroid hormone은 주로 비결합형(free form)과 알부민 결합형(albumin-bound form)으로 구성된다. 특히 Testosterone (T)과 5 alpha-Dihydrotestosterone (DHT)의 활성적 분획이 전체의 T, DHT 양에 비해 생리적 현상과 보다 잘 일치하는 것으로 알려지고 있다. 본 연구는 섬광면역측정법(Luminescence immunoassay, LIA)으로 혈청내 활성적 T 및 DHT의 농도의 측정에 이용하고져 하였다. 항체는 T- 또는 DHT-3-CMO-BSA를 항원으로 토끼에 면역주사하여 얻었다. 추적자는 T-3-CMO, DHT-3-CMO에 aminobutylethylisoluminol(ABEI)를 부착시켜 사용하였다. 항체중 IgG분획을 Protein-A-Sepharose CL-4B로 분리한 후 Immunobead(Bio-Rad)에 부착시켜 Solid-phase LIA를 실시하였다. 본 연구에서 LIA는 정확도(accuracy), 정밀도(precision), 감도(sensitivity), 교차반응도(specificity)등을 조사하고, 기존의 방사면역측정법(RIA)과 비교하여 만족할만한 결과를 얻었다. 혈청내 T및 DHT의 활성적 분획의 농도를 측정한 결과는 다음과 같았다. T의 경우는 남성에서 T의 전체량의 33% 이상으로 $7.1{\pm}1.5nmol/l$, 여성에서는 26% 이상으로 $0.28{\pm}0.05nmol/l$이었다. DHT의 활성적 분획은 남성의 경우 $601.7{\pm}85.8pmol/l$, 여성의경우 $52.4{\pm}19.9\;pmol/l$이었다. 이상의 결과를 보아 본 연구에서 이용된 LIA는 혈청내 활성적 농도를 측정하기에 충분하다고 사료된다. 또한 이 방법을 이용하여 여성의 Androgenicity 및 남성 정소기능등의 제어방법에 응용될 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

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Effects of Food Material Water Extracts on Content of Testosterone and Dihydrotestosteron in Serum and Skin of Rat (식품소재 물 추출물이 쥐 혈청과 피부의 Testosterone 및 Dihydrotestosteron 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • 이윤경;김정기;조종원;김순동
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.94-98
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    • 2003
  • Effect of mixture of food material water extracts(modouri) composed of Job's tears, maize, buckwheat Japanese mushroom, lovage, licorice and jujube(13 : 50 : 15 : 2 : 5 : 5 : 5, v/v)] on the content of testosterone(T) and dihydrotestosterone(DHT), biochemical and histological changes of rat were investigated. Animal experiments(30 rats) were divided into 3 experimental groups(control, modouri and propecia). The summarized results were as follows: Activities of GOT, GPT, ALP, ${\gamma}$-GTP and content of total cholesterol and total lipid are normal in modouri group. Therefore modouri does not give rise to any damage in the liver. Also in the histological view, modouri does not have any hepatotoxic effect and increase the number of hair folicle. Total(T+DHT) and DHT content in rat serum and skin are significantly decrease in modouri group compare to the control but there is not any significant difference with propecia.

6-sialyllactose ameliorates dihydrotestosterone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia through suppressing VEGF-mediated angiogenesis

  • Kim, Eun-Yeong;Jin, Bo-Ram;Chung, Tae-Wook;Bae, Sung-Jin;Park, Hyerin;Ryu, Dongryeol;Jin, Ling;An, Hyo-Jin;Ha, Ki-Tae
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.52 no.9
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    • pp.560-565
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    • 2019
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a common disease in elderly males, is accompanied by non-malignant growth of prostate tissues, subsequently causing hypoxia and angiogenesis. Although VEGF-related angiogenesis is one of the therapeutic targets of prostate cancer, there is no previous study targeting angiogenesis for treatment of BPH. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-induced expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in prostate epithelial RWPE-1 cells and human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs). Conditioned media (CM) from DHT-treated RWPE-1 cells were transferred to HUVECs. Then, 6SL inhibited proliferation, VEGFR-2 activation, and tube formation of HUVECs transferred with CM from DHT-treated RWPE-1 cells. In the rat BPH model, 6SL reduced prostate weight, size, and thickness of the prostate tissue. Formation of vessels in prostatic tissues were also reduced with 6SL treatment. We found that 6SL has an ameliorative effect on in vitro and in vivo the BPH model via inhibition of VEGFR-2 activation and subsequent angiogenesis. These results suggest that 6SL might be a candidate for development of novel BPH drugs.

Preventable effect of L-threonate, an ascorbate metabolite, on androgen-driven balding via repression of dihydrotestosteroneinduced dickkopf-1 expression in human hair dermal papilla cells

  • Kwack, Mi-Hee;Ahn, Ji-Sup;Kim, Moon-Kyu;Kim, Jung-Chul;Sung, Young-Kwan
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.43 no.10
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    • pp.688-692
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    • 2010
  • In a previous study, we recently claimed that dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-inducible dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) expression is one of the key factors involved in androgen-potentiated balding. We also demonstrated that L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (Asc 2-P) represses DHT-induced DKK-1 expression in cultured dermal papilla cells (DPCs). Here, we investigated whether or not L-threonate could attenuate DHT-induced DKK-1 expression. We observed via RT-PCR analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay that DHT-induced DKK-1 expression was attenuated in the presence of L-threonate. We also found that DHT-induced activation of DKK-1 promoter activity was significantly repressed by L-threonate. Moreover, a co-culture system featuring outer root sheath (ORS) keratinocytes and DPCs showed that DHT inhibited the growth of ORS cells, which was then significantly reversed by L-threonate. Collectively, these results indicate that L-threonate inhibited DKK-1 expression in DPCs and therefore is a good treatment for the prevention of androgen-driven balding.