• Title, Summary, Keyword: Dimethoxycurcumin

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Effects of Curcumin Analogues and Metabolite on Oxidative Stress-induced Cytotoxicity in HepG2 Cells (Curcumin 유도체 및 대사체가 산화스트레스에 의한 HepG2 세포 독성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ki-Byoung;Lee, Su-Kyung;Kwon, Young-Dal;Yeom, Seung-Ryong;Song, Yung-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.51-61
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate antioxidant effects of curcumin from Curcumae Longae Radix. Methods : Using HepG2 Iiver-like cells, the antioxidant effects of curcumin, one of main components from Curcumae Longae Radix, and its analogues have been evaluated by measuring their effects on cytotoxicity induced by $H_2O_2$. Results : The pre-incubation for 6 hours with curcumin, bis-demethoxycurcumin, or dimethoxycurcumin protected HepG2 cells from $H_2O_2$-induced toxicity in a dose-dependent manner. However, tetrahydrocurcumin, one of curcumin metabolites, did not protect HepG2 cells from $H_2O_2$-induced toxicity. Interestingly, curcumin, bis-demethoxycurcumin, and dimethoxycurcumin were increased in the protein levels of heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) at concentrations that were also effective in cellular protection. In contrast, tetrahydrocurcumin did not induce HO-1 expression. Tin protoporphyrin-IX, an inhibitor of HO-1 activity, significantly abolished cytoprotection afforded by curcumin, bis-demethoxycurcumin and dimethoxycurcumin. Conclusions : These results demonstrate that curcumin, bis-demethoxycurcumin, and dimethoxycurcumin with two conjugated doble bonds on their structures may reduce $H_2O_2$-induced oxidative stress through HO-1 expression. HO-1 induction may be one of antioxidant pathways by which curcumin protects from oxidative stress-induced cytotoxicity.

Effects of Dimethoxycurcumin, a Synthetic Curcumin Analogue, on Nitric Oxide Production in RAW264.7 Macrophage (Dimethoxycurcumin 및 curcumin 합성유도체가 RAW264.7 대식세포의 nitric oxide 생성에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Seong-Heak;Shin, Byung-Cheul;Kwon, Young-Dal;Song, Yung-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.95-110
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    • 2008
  • 목 적 : 급성 및 만성 염증 질환은 iNOS에 의해서 생성된 과량의 NO와 관련이 있다. 따라서 이러한 질병 치료를 목적으로 NO 생성 억제물질 또는 iNOS 발현 차단물질을 개발할 가치가 있다. 본 연구는 대사 안정성을 개선시킨 dimethoxycurcumin (DiMC)이 활성화된 대식세포에서 NO 생성 및 iNOS 발현을 제어할 수 있는지 조사하였다. 방 법 : RAW264.7 세포를 DiMC (양쪽 방향성 고리에 각각 2개의 methoxy group을 가짐), curcumin (양쪽 방향성 고리에 각각 1개의 methoxy group을 가짐), bis-demethoxycurcumin (양쪽 방향성 고리에 methoxy group이 없음; BDMC) 및 tetrahydrocurcumin (양쪽 방향성 고리에 각각 1개의 methoxy group을 가지고 있지만 중앙 7개 탄소 사슬에 이중결합이 없음; THC)로 각각 전처리한 후에 LPS로 자극하였다. 이들 전처리 물질의 효과를 비교하기 위하여, NO 생성, iNOS 발현, NF-kB p65 인산화 및 p65 DNA-binding 활성을 조사하였다. 결 과 : DiMC, curcumin 및 BDMC는 NO 생성, iNOS 발현 및 NF-kB 활성을 억제하였으며, 그 세기에 있어서 DiMC가 가장 크게 관찰되었고 그 다음 curcumin 그리고 BDMC 순으로 관찰되었다. THC는 어떠한 활성도 보이지 못했다. 결 론 :DiMC는 NO 생성 억제, iNOS 발현 차단 및 NF-kB 비활성을 유도할 수 있음을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 효과는 연속된 이중결합 및 methoxy group의 증가와 관련이 있는 것으로 판단된다.

Antiproliferative Effects of Curcumin Analogues;Comparative antiproliferative activities of curcumin, tetrahydrocurcumin, dimethoxycurcumin and bis-demethoxycurcumin in human leukemia HL-60 cells

  • Jeong, Seon-Choong;Chong, Myong-Soo;Koo, Bon-Soon;Pae, Hyun-Ock;Chung, Hun-Taeg;Lee, Ki-Nam
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2007
  • Curcumin and its analogues(Tetrahydrocurcumin THC, demethoxycurcumin ; BDMC and dimethoxycurcumin DiMC) were compared for their ability to inhibit the growth of human leukemia HL-60 cells. The growth of HL-60 cells was inhibited by curcumin, DeMC and DiMC, but not by THC lacking ${\alpha},{\beta}-unsaturated$ carbonyl groups thus suggesting that ${\alpha},{\beta}-unsaturated$ carbonyl groups are crucial for antiproliferative activity. The order of antiproliferative activity was DiMC, curcumin and BDMC indicating that the number of methoxy groups on the aromatic rings of the active compounds plays an important role in enhancing anti-proliferating activity. In comparison with cellular uptake of the active compounds, uptake capacity was found to be highest with DiMC, followed by curcumin and BDMC. Therefore, it is most likely that the differential antiproliferative activities of DiMC, curcumin and BDMC are associated with their capacities of cellular uptake resulting in building up of enough concentration inside the cells.

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